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Operations

In: Business and Management

Submitted By moura
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Pages 8
Introduction
In essence, this report will comprise three parts: first it will provide a definition of linear programming and its uses, second it will evaluate the critical path analysis and networking planning but also how the critical path can be applied or is used in an organization and finally it will explain the various operations planning and control issues that company faces.

Task 1- (A.C.:3.1.) Explain linear programming and it uses.
According to slack et all (2013 ) linear programming is a technique that is useful for allocating scarce resources among competing demands. As has been argued Slack et all (2013) those resources may be money, time, or materials but also the limitations are known as constraints.Shim & Siegel ( 1999) argued that the linear programming was originated during the early 1950s by Prof.G.B Dantzig which it was called as an operation research technique. According to Chary (2004) the main basic problem solved by Linear Programming is that of optimising either total cost or profit. However as has been argued Chary(2004) it takes into considerations the limitations or constraints on the availability or usage of different resources. Also Shim & Siegel (1999) agreed that this technique could be applied in different situations: long term planning, production planning, decision-making, marketing , quality control decisions, material utilisation decisions etc. Slack et all (2010) suggested that linear programming consists in two important ingredients: Objective function: the organization must provide the specific objectives to be achieved Constraints: Constraints are in the form of restrictions on the availability of resources or meeting the minimum requirements.
Applications LP can be use to to solve some problems in operations management (Chary, 2004)
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