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Optics Lab

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Submitted By jacquelineoh
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Optics

Materials: * Optics bench * Optics kit, including a lens/mirror mount * Convex lens of known focal length * Concave mirror of known focal length * Light source/candle * Screen * Meter stick/metric ruler * Two polarized films * Prism * Laser pointer * Protractor * Graph paper * Electromagnetic spectrum chart

Materials for Exploring Further:

* Plane mirror * Ripple tank, with sheet of plastic or glass that fits on part of the bottom of the tank, and objects that can be used as boundaries to obstruct the pathway of waves * Wave-motion rope * Tuning-fork kit * Stroboscope * Resonance-tube kit

In this lab, you will investigate the relationship between the focal lengths of a mirror and lens and the type of image that is generated.

Procedure 

Part 1: Image from a Lens 

1. Place the light source, convex lens, and screen on the optics bench as shown in figure 1. Start with the light source at a distance greater than 2ƒ from the lens. 


Figure 1

2. Measure the height of the light source, or "object" (ho), and record it in data table 1. Also measure and record the distance between the lens and the light source (do) in the data table. Using the lens equation and the given focal length, calculate the distance from the lens to the image (di) and the height of the image (hi): and .

Record your calculations in the "Calculated" section of data table 1.

3. Keeping the light source and lens in the same position, turn on the light source and adjust the screen until a clear, real image is formed on the screen. Measure the experimentally determined di and hi, and record your observations in the "Experimental" section of data table 1.

4. Place the light source a distance of exactly 2ƒ from the lens....

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