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Organisation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By xxivten
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Organization is a consciously coordinated social entity, with a relatively identifiable boundary, that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals.

Organizations are social entities that are goal directed, are designed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems and are linked to the external environment. They are systematically arranged frameworks relating people, things, knowledge and technologies in a design intended to achieve specific goals. It takes many different forms in different societies.

Organization theory is an area of study whereby organizations serve as the phenomenon of interest for theorization and explanation.

The modernist perspective views organizations as objectively real entities operating in a real world and takes a positivist approach to generating knowledge. When well-designed and managed, organisations are systems of decision and action driven by norms of rationality, efficiency and effectiveness for stated purposes. Organisations in a modernist perspective are free of human constructions and drives towards achieving common goals.

The symbolic interpretivists view organizations as continually constructed and reconstructed by their members through symbolically mediated interaction. The symbolic interpretive perspective focuses on the organization as a community sustained by human relationships and uses a predominantly subjectivist ontology and an interpretive epistemology. Organizations are socially constructed realities where meanings promote and are promoted by understanding of the self and others that occurs within the organizational context. Symbolic interpretivism focus of organizations evolves around interpretation through language and people in organisations tend to objectify themselves.

The postmodernists view organizations as sites for enacting power relations,...

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