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Organization Behavior

In: Business and Management

Submitted By tinakeita
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Now let’s talk about ability.
Employees need to have certain abilities that will make them a valuable addition to an organization. But when talking about ability, we know that we weren’t all created equal in our abilities. No matter how talented you are, it’s unlikely for you to act as well as Scarlett Johansson (the black widow in the Avengers), play basketball as well as LeBron James (the famous NBA basketball player), or write as well as the author of Harry Potter, J.K. Rowling, etc.
Hence, from management’s standpoint, it’s very important to use the knowledge that people differ to increase the likelihood an employee can or will perform his or her job well. Organizations need to identify key abilities of employees that will lead to success, and managers need to understand what abilities will lead to a good job fit with certain employees.
So, what does Ability mean? Ability is an individual's capacity to master numerous tasks in a job.
Intellectual and physical abilities are two key types of traits that organizations look for employees to have depending on the job requirements. (p5)
First of all, let’s talk about Intellectual Ability.
Companies view intellectual ability as one of the most valuable attributes in employees. This ability deals with mental capabilities such as thinking, reasoning, problem solving, etc. which are all important elements of worker skill in companies.
Certain jobs require more intellectual ability than other types of jobs. For example, a factory worker that sews the same piece of pants each hour and day requires minimal intellectual ability.
In general, it has been found that employees with more intelligence are usually more creative and can adapt to change and solve problems quicker.
So, there are tests that are designed to ascertain a person’s intellectual abilities. For examples, IQ test, SAT & ACT tests for the college...

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