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Organizational Culture Past and Present

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Submitted By sangamdc
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ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE
IN THE TWENTIETH AND TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY

ABSTRACT
Culture is the medium by which organization expresses itself to its employees or members. The core of the culture is formed by the values which are not visible but are shared by people even when membership in group changes. Shared values and norms focus employees’ attention on organizational priorities and guide their behavior and decision making.
The paper starts with defining the core concepts or the key words in the introduction phase, and the four organizational culture has been allocated as per its usage on the past and the present i.e. in the twentieth century and the twenty-first century. Further, the article has tried to identify the implications on the Nepalese context which shows how the organizational culture of Nepalese business houses compared to the global scenario.
Also, the paper has tried to identify the problems that are faced while following the organizational culture and during the shift from one culture to the other. Lastly, the paper ends with a conclusion which is also a recommendation.
Keywords: Organizational Culture, Types of Culture

INTRODUCTION
Organizational culture includes an organization's expectations, experiences, philosophy, and values that hold it together, and is expressed in its self-image, inner workings, interactions with the outside world, and future expectations. It is based on shared attitudes, beliefs, customs, and written and unwritten rules that have been developed over time and are considered valid. Also called corporate culture, it's shown in the ways the organization conducts its business, treats its employees, customers, and the wider community. Further, it is the extent to which freedom is allowed in decision making, developing new ideas, and personal expression, how power and information flow through its hierarchy, and how...

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