Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Taye
Words 1357
Pages 6
Applying Organizational Psychology
Organizational psychology utilizes scientific methodology to get a better understanding of people behavior who works in organizational settings. Organizational psychology has principles to help employees understand the behavior of the people working in organizational settings (Jex & Britt, 2008). The knowledge obtained from organizational psychology helps organizations to become more effective. Organizations are defined through defining characteristics, behavior patterns, and structures imposed on the perspective applicants. This paper will contain discussion of these principles within the recruitment process from both organizational and applicant perspectives along with how organizational psychology principles is used in the recruitment process, organizational socialization concept, and applying organizational psychology to organizational socialization. This paper gives personal insights of how they relate to work experiences.
Organizational and Applicant Perspective of Recruitment Process According to Taylor and Bergmann (2006), organization’s recruitment process is toward green production. Employees and organization receive benefits that attract ideal employees because organizational recruitment has affected the reactions applicants have towards organizations and the job attributes associated with the positions such as salary and organizations locations. Organizational perspective of the recruitment process is that behavior can begin in the attraction recruitment stage. Based on the organization perspective, recruitment applies specific tools and designs to identify the best candidate for the job.
An example is when job availability is posted, and the advertisement contains the skills requirement for job, education requirement, and hours per week. By posting this information, organizations can reduce the number...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Paper Dana Martinez Organizational Psychology /428 August 9, 2010 Antonio Borrello Abstract Everything we in life has a tremendous impact on the way we behave, from the kind of foods we eat, the cars we drive, to the roof over our heads. Organizational psychology is described as a field that utilizes scientific methodology to better understand individuals working in organizational settings (University of Phoenix 2008). The use of organizational psychologist is designed to help the organization function more effectively. There are several benefits from an effective organization. This paper will not only define organizational psychology, but will also explore the role of research and statistics in organizational psychology and describe how organizational psychology can be used in organizations. Organizational Psychology Organizational psychology is the scientific study of individual and group behavior in formal organizational settings (University of Phoenix 2008).To further this definition, psychology alone focuses on individual behavior. Organizations will fall apart if they would allow its employees to do their own thing and not have structure. Organizational psychology is a must in all organizations. Without organizational psychology, employees will be allowed to do their own thing without being aware of the behavior of their co-workers. Organizational psychology is mostly focused on group-type settings, most commonly in offices and......

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Government agencies, corporations, for-profit, and not-for-profit organizations are all composed of individuals making a larger, whole organization. Several factors can influence an individual, and the organization. Stress, working conditions, and external factors such as work-life balance influence an organization. Organizational Psychologists offer organizations ideas in the area of work environment conditions, work-life balance, and production improvements by using available methods of analysis and research. Organizational Psychology is "a field that utilizes scientific methodology to better understands the behavior of individuals working in organizational settings” (Jex & Britt, 2008 p.1). Organizational psychology concentrates on the human aspect of the working environment. Using research, surveys and interviewing, organization psychology will allow the psychologist to suggest process improvements and other ways to improve workplace conditions. Similar concentration of study will affect and can also improve production efficiencies. Organizational psychologists study and report on employee behaviors. Organizational psychologist will offer suggestions for improvements with the goal of influencing positive production, employee morale, and increase in profits. Research and Statistics Psychologist will use research and statistical exploration to develop theories, suggestions, and then offer recommendations to organizations regarding......

Words: 767 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Paper Cherrise Smith University of Phoenix October 25, 2010 Wanda Moore Define organizational psychology The definition of organizational psychology is simple; it involves settings that are based on workplace or office psychology. These settings are applied to different types of groups, which take research, intervention, theories, and communication strategies to a whole different level in both non-workplaces and workplaces. Groups of people in this area get with each other and work together to accomplish important task and assist them to understand there connections. Organizational psychologists work with different types of people from middle executive to those of lower rank and management teams. Some workplaces want the employees to be as creative as possible. All in all, this means making sure everyone is communicating with each other and ensuring their bodies and minds are doing the same. Organizational psychology also focuses on individual behavior. Although it is focused on groups, individual behavior has become common in the setting to obtain information about the individual’s influences. Unlike groups and organizations, people behave. You derive a person’s sense of humor, taste and other behavioral elements from them, not the group or organization they are affiliated with. The focus on how individual’s influence and are influenced explain organizational processes that are not like social science disciplines, which do......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology PSY/428 January 9, 2012 Maria Cuddy-Casey, PhD Organizational Psychology Organizational Psychology is quickly becoming a permanent main stay within organizations all over the globe. Organizational psychology is thought of as the understanding and study of people in the working environment. With a large number of company’s offering accurate services and high expectations of continued growth, the organizational psychologist will no doubt prove a significant necessity. Organizational psychologists give the organization unbiased, proven thoughts of continued improvement and advanced knowledge into various ways of research and study. This study will concentrate on uses brought forth by organizational psychology, the statistical information, and study of in its purest form, thus giving proven ways and ideas organizational psychology will benefit the company and its workforce. The definition of organizational psychology is “a field that utilizes scientific methodology to better comprehend the behavior of individuals working in an organizational setting” (Jex & Britt, 2008, p1). The practice of organizational psychology consists of working with organizations to achieve one or more of the following objectives: (1) raise performance levels, (2) improve relationships, (3) create fairness and equality among employees, (4) increase personnel well-being. Within the context of organizations, interventions may focus on individuals, multiple......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Gilda McCarty PSY/428 May 07, 2012 Sally D. Williams, Ph. D. Organizational Psychology As organizations began to grow and expand their services to a global level, the growing number of business competitors who offer the same services and products becomes greater. Organizational psychologists play an important role in an organization and can be beneficial to the organizations success, regardless of its size. Organizational psychologist can produce ideas that are fresh and innovative through the research and scientific study of individual and group behavior in the workplace. One step deemed to be important in understanding the individuals within an organization is to understand their behavior. How individuals behave in the workplace influence their lives, the lives of their co-workers, and the life and success of the organization. The purpose of this paper is to define organizational psychology, explain the role that research and statistics play, and describe how organizational psychology may be used in an organizational setting. Definition of Organizational Psychology “Organizational psychology is......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology PSY 428 December 5, 2011 Jeff Sanders Organizational Psychology Organizational psychology is a field that utilizes scientific methodology to better understand the behavior of individuals working in organizational settings (Jex, S. M., & Britt, T. W., 2008). Work is a major factor for many individuals, and for this reason, the study of human interaction becomes an essential part of individual success. Individuals spend the majority of their waking time in the workplace; “employed persons worked an average of 7.5 hours on the days they worked (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010).” Work is essential; without work, individuals are unable to achieve goals, provide for their families, or attain the basic necessities needed for survival. The field of Industrial – Organizational (I/O) Psychology is a varied one, and encompasses almost any aspect of a workplace and the people within organizations. The work environment and job title vary as well; ranging from employment consultants in private firms to testing and assessment experts in government agencies to psychology and business professors in university or research settings (Society for Organizational & Industrial Psychology, Inc., 2011).  The study of organizations and the impact they have on their employees is critical. An organization is only as good as the individuals it is comprised of. Said employees must work as a cohesive group in order to achieve the objectives of the organization. ......

Words: 846 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Paper Gerald D. Sash University of Phoenix Organizational Psychology PSY/428 Denisha White April 19, 2010 Organizational Psychology Paper To understand the full concept of organizational psychology, he or she should be able to define organizational psychology. Simply put, organizational psychology is the structure of a company and the ways people react within that particular company (Rego, 2010). Several organizations use some form of organizational psychology to improve desired results of his or her employees. More than a few believe that companies utilize organizational psychology to understand why people act in a certain way, or perhaps to determine ones outcome prior to the end. Research and Statistics is at the foundation of I/O psychology in the scientist-practitioner perspective (Rego, 2010). I/O psychology informs the company about one’s behavior. The use of evidence-based information depends on the integrity of using correct collected data, and analyzing them in a meaningful way (Rego, 2010). Some of the methods used by psychologist are as follows: surveys, experiments, quasi-experiments, and observational studies (Webster, 2010). Other forms of statistics include human judgments, historical databases, and other measures of one’s work performance. Leadership, job performance, and employee stress, all selection techniques that depend on the validity of data received. Simply put, the company’s ability to learn new methods and......

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Michelle Brito Psych/570 December 23, 2013 Prof. Linda Whinghter Organizational Psychology The behavior that people experience in a workplace can be studied in organizational psychology. Organizational psychology is a sub-category to organizational/industrial psychology better known as I/O psychology. The I/O psychology is divided into two different groups. Each subject focuses on an essential part of the organization. There are two related discipline in organizational psychology, which are organizational behavior and Industrial psychology. Although both are similar to organizational psychology, each side has its differences. Research statistics are an essential part to an organizing development and problem solving. Organizational Psychology The study of organizational psychology understands the dynamics of people in a workplace. Organizational psychology uses scientific methods to understand the conduct of people who work in an organization setting (Jex & Britt, 2008). Rules, structure, and guideline aids employee to work as a group instead of working as individual towards a common goal. The purpose of organizational psychology is to help better employee’s performances, better fairness, and better the relationship between employees. The core of an organization is patterned human conduct (Katz & Kahn, 1978). The rules, structure, and guideline aids the employees to perform the task at hand and can also have a psychological effect.......

Words: 1243 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Lecture №1. Introduction, Definition and History Psychology is the study of behavior and mental processes. Psychologists use systematic scientific methods to understand behavior and human thought processes. Different branches of psychology have emerged to explore different topics and perspectives. Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology is the specialty area within psychology that studies human behavior in work settings. It is concerned with: - The study of behavior in work settings. - The application of psychology principles to change work behavior. Therefore I/O psychology has two objectives: 1. To conduct research in an effort to increase our knowledge and understanding of human work behavior. To apply that knowledge to improve work behavior, the work environment, and the psychological conditions of the worker. Roots and History of Industrial/Organizational Psychology The Beginnings. Around the turn of the 20th century, Frederick Taylor, an engineer, believed that scientific principles could be applied to the study of work behavior. “One best method” Time-and-motion studies - work tasks are broken down into simple movements. Scientific management, a movement started by Taylor, was a method of using scientific principlesto improve the efficiency and productivity of jobs. Drawbacks of Taylor’s philosophy: - Complex jobs, demanding sophisticated skills. - Fewer and fewer people are engaged in physical labor. - For some jobs there is no “one......

Words: 2399 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational psychology is just one of the many practice areas of the much larger domain, psychology. Both organizational psychology and its overarching study, psychology are rooted in science and use scientific data to help them find, diagnose and fix problems. Although both organizational psychology and general psychology diagnose and solve problems, their practice areas and methodologies are very different. General psychology focuses on psychological disorders and helping individuals in their personal lives. Organizational psychologists are not trained to diagnose psychological disorders. Organizational psychologists focus their attention on individuals as a larger group, generally found in the workplace. The objective of an organizational psychologist’s work is usually to help an organization become more effective. Just as organizational psychology is a subfield of psychology, it is also a subfield of the broader field of industrial-organizational psychology, or I/O psychology. According to “Industrial and Organizational Psychology” (2014), “Industrial/Organizational (I/O) psychology is both the study of behavior in organizational work settings and the application of the methods, facts, and principles of psychology to individuals and groups in organizational and work settings” (para. 1). I/O psychology combines two major divisions: industrial psychology and organizational psychology (Huelsman, 2008). Industrial psychology could be considered psychology for......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Organizational psychology also known as industrial psychology is “the scientific study of employees, workplaces, and organizations. Industrial–organizational psychologists contribute to an organization's success by improving the performance and well-being of its people”. Industrial/organization(I/O) psychology both work together to help the success of an organization, however; industrial psychology focuses on recruitment, performance, and training, organizational part focuses on group performance, leadership, and motivation. Research is important for organizational psychology. Evidence based practice be used along with collecting data to provide real life examples of how real life works. Theories and research are used in work and non work groups, this helps one another interact better so that later both can also work well together. Organizational psychologist also practice scientific-practitioner model to help create a foundation of research and techniques to help solve problems within an organization. Organizational psychology is not a science to many although it may involve research and theory and evidence. “How organizational psychology can be used; organizational psychology can be applied in a multitude of ways, for example, to analyze individual personality variables and career interests. Evaluate prospective employees as well as train, develop and evaluate the job performance of current employees. Study how work conditions affect......

Words: 605 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology is the science of psychology applied to work and organizations. It is a field of enquiry that spans more than a century and covers and increasingly diverse range of topics as the nature of work continues to evolve. The Field of Organizational Psychology focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well being of employees. Organizational psychologists perform a wide variety of tasks, including studying organizational culture, employee attitudes and behaviour, organization effectiveness, individual performance management, employee well-being and conducting leadership and Team Development programme. The overall goal of this field is to study and understand human behaviour in the workplace. industrial-organizational-psychology-88 There are two elements to Organizational Psychology. The first element is often referred to as personnel psychology, which involves looking at how to best match individuals to specific job roles. Work in this area might include assessing employee characteristics and then matching these individuals to jobs in which they are likely to perform well. Other work would include training employees, developing job performance standards, and measuring job performance. The second element of Organizational Psychology is the organizational and is more focused on understanding how organizations affect individual behaviour. Organizational structures, social norms, management......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Industrial/Organizational Psychology

...Industrial/Organizational Psychology Melissa Hayes January 16, 2012 Industrial/Organizational psychology is a type of psychology that is used in organizations. Industrial organization is one part of the psychology that deals with me and partnerships threw out the organization. Industrial psychology focuses on the different types of human resources that are provided. Organizational psychology is the individual’s in a work areas behavior, efficiency, and attitude. The psychiatrists that deal with Industrial/Organizational psychology have to take everyone’s differences and try to make the company run a lot smoother. There are different ways they can help things improve and that is by rewarding their workers when they have done a good job, and using different techniques to improve the way everyone works. These psychiatrists come up with ways to eliminate or minimize the injuries that are on the job, review job applications, and find ways to increase the organizational. Industrial/Organizational psychology was developed some time in the 20th century. We have to learn psychology and what it is in order to use psychology. Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott were part of the psychiatrist that made the job more efficient. Additionally, Munsterberg and Scott used psychology to the issues which exists in companies (Spector, 2008). Each employee is reviewed to make sure they were suitable for the job they were hired for. Frederick Winslow Taylor was an engineer that used......

Words: 1549 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Customarily, businesses develop organizations to function within their hierarchy. However, in today’s aggressive business environment, organizations must be ready to adjust again and again. Instead of focusing on creating product consistency, organizations concentrate on devising ways to kindle and support change to uphold excellent performance The focus of this paper will be on relating how organizational psychology assists organizations break new ground. Organizational psychology is the scientific study of the workplace (Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Inc., 2011). Organizational psychologists use an evidence-based process, employing research and data to guide and put into operation improvements that contribute to an organization's success by performance improvement and wellbeing of its people, help manage risk, and provide operational improvements. The model and scientific methods of psychology are applied to matters of concern in the workplace, including training, employee selection, organizational development, motivation, leadership, and performance. Organizational psychologists are behavioral scientist- practitioners specializing in human behavior in the workplace that develop a set of guidelines of individual, group, and organizational behavior through research. Common research and practice areas may include job performance or analysis, performance appraisal and management, training, training evaluation,......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology PSY 423 December 13, 2010 Organizational Psychology According to Rutgers University, they are preparing their students to become professionals in the field of organizational psychology by teaching them to intervene with organizations to achieve particular goals. An organizational psychologist should provide three services for the company. They should be able to increase performance, “enhance fairness and equity, and increase subjective well-being” (Rutgers, 2007, para 1). Definition of Organizational Psychology Jex and Britt (2008) define “organizational psychology as a field that utilizes scientific methodology to better understand the behavior of individuals working in organizational settings” (p. 1). Organizational settings can take different forms however. They can be formal, such as in a company or place of employment. They exist for a stated purpose such as selling or serving. The structure comes from the way the purpose is imposed on the behavior of the people in the organization. Rules and regulations are essential in keeping a company functioning. Organizations also can be informal. Any group that meets regularly for a regular reason can be called an organization. They may not have anything written explicitly about their meetings or what will transpire even though there may be specific rules and traditions. This distinction must be made to define organizational psychology as the study in which, in the “context of......

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5