Premium Essay

Outline and Evalute the Working Memory Model (12)

In: Social Issues

Submitted By elmaham
Words 802
Pages 4
Outline and evaluate the working memory model.
The working memory model was proposed in 1974 by Baddeley and Hitch, who felt that Atkinson and Schifrin’s multi store model, was too simplistic, therefore the working memory model acted as an alternative, unlike the multi store model the working memory model presents short term memory stores because it focuses on the short term memory. The term working memory is used by Baddeley and Hitch to refer to the part of the memory that is active, for example calculating sums or reading a sentence all of which are collecting data to be stored.
There are three parts main of the original working memory model: the central executive, phonological loop, visual spatial sketch pad and the later added episodic buffer. The central executive controls attention and draws on the other the other two systems also known as slave systems. The central executive only has a limited capacity, which is supported by the dual task technique. This is when an individual struggles to do tasks that require the same component – this is because they are competing for the central executive’s capacity. There is evidence to suggest that there may be more than one component of the central executive, for example Eslinger and Damasio study. Their findings were that a patient, who had recently had a brain tumour removed, performed well on tasks that required reasoning, but not on decision making tasks.
The two slave systems in the working memory model have similarities – this is because both the visual spatial sketchpad and the phonological loop both deal with different kinds of sensory information. The visual spatial sketch pad (also known as the inner eye) manipulates images in two and three dimension, for example two dimensions would be remembering a person’s face from long term memory and you can imagine a room in your house in three dimensions. The...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Information Security

...Fred. Charlie looked at Gladys, then answered, “Well, there will be some extra expenses for specific controls and software tools, and we may have to slow down our product development projects a bit, but the program will be more of a change in our attitude about security than a spending spree. I don’t have accurate estimates yet, but you can be sure we’ll put cost-benefit worksheets in front of you before we spend any money.” Fred thought about this for a few seconds. “OK. What’s our next step?” Gladys answered, “First, we need to initiate a project plan to develop our new information security program. We’ll use our usual systems development and project management approach. There are a few differences, but we can easily adapt our current models. We’ll need to appoint or hire a person to be responsible for information security.” The Need for Security Our bad neighbor makes us early stirrers, Which is both healthful and good husbandry. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564–1616), KING HENRY, IN HENRY V, ACT 4, SC. 1, L. 6-7. Fred Chin, CEO of...

Words: 24411 - Pages: 98

Free Essay

Physics

...Introductory Physics I Elementary Mechanics by Robert G. Brown Duke University Physics Department Durham, NC 27708-0305 rgb@phy.duke.edu Copyright Notice Copyright Robert G. Brown 1993, 2007, 2013 Notice This physics textbook is designed to support my personal teaching activities at Duke University, in particular teaching its Physics 141/142, 151/152, or 161/162 series (Introductory Physics for life science majors, engineers, or potential physics majors, respectively). It is freely available in its entirety in a downloadable PDF form or to be read online at: http://www.phy.duke.edu/∼rgb/Class/intro physics 1.php It is also available in an inexpensive (really!) print version via Lulu press here: http://www.lulu.com/shop/product-21186588.html where readers/users can voluntarily help support or reward the author by purchasing either this paper copy or one of the even more inexpensive electronic copies. By making the book available in these various media at a cost ranging from free to cheap, I enable the text can be used by students all over the world where each student can pay (or not) according to their means. Nevertheless, I am hoping that students who truly find this work useful will purchase a copy through Lulu or a bookseller (when the latter option becomes available), if only to help subsidize me while I continue to write inexpensive textbooks in physics or other subjects. This textbook is organized for ease of presentation and ease of learning. In particular, they......

Words: 224073 - Pages: 897

Premium Essay

Berk Demarzo

...FUNDAMENTALS OF Corporate Finance SECOND EDITION This page intentionally left blank FUNDAMENTALS OF Corporate Finance SECOND EDITION Jonathan Berk STANFORD UNIVERSITY Peter DeMarzo STANFORD UNIVERSITY Jarrad Harford UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Prentice Hall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo The Prentice Hall Series in Finance Alexander/Sharpe/Bailey Fundamentals of Investments Bear/Moldonado-Bear Free Markets, Finance, Ethics, and Law Berk/DeMarzo Corporate Finance* Berk/DeMarzo Corporate Finance: The Core* Berk/DeMarzo/Harford Fundamentals of Corporate Finance* Bierman/Smidt The Capital Budgeting Decision: Economic Analysis of Investment Projects Bodie/Merton/Cleeton Financial Economics Click/Coval The Theory and Practice of International Financial Management Copeland/Weston/Shastri Financial Theory and Corporate Policy Cox/Rubinstein Options Markets Dietrich Financial Services and Financial Institutions: Value Creation in Theory and Practice Dorfman Introduction to Risk Management and Insurance Dufey/Giddy Cases in International Finance Eakins Finance in .learn Eiteman/Stonehill/Moffett Multinational Business Finance Emery/Finnerty/Stowe Corporate Financial Management Fabozzi Bond Markets: Analysis and Strategies Fabozzi/Modigliani Capital Markets:......

Words: 195133 - Pages: 781

Free Essay

Fundamental of Cost Accounting

...acid-free paper. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 WVR/WVR 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 ISBN MHID 978-0-07-352711-6 0-07-352711-4 Vice president and editor-in-chief: Brent Gordon Editorial director: Stewart Mattson Publisher: Tim Vertovec Director of development: Ann Torbert Development editor: Emily A. Hatteberg Vice president and director of marketing: Robin J. Zwettler Marketing director: Sankha Basu Marketing manager: Kathleen Klehr Vice president of editing, design and production: Sesha Bolisetty Senior project manager: Susanne Riedell Senior production supervisor: Debra R. Sylvester Interior designer: JoAnne Schopler Senior photo research coordinator: Jeremy Cheshareck Senior media project manager: Allison Souter Cover design: JoAnne Schopler Typeface: 10.5/12 Times New Roman Compositor: MPS Limited, A Macmillan Company Printer: World Color Press Inc. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Lanen, William N. Fundamentals of cost accounting / William N. Lanen, Shannon W....

Words: 73102 - Pages: 293

Premium Essay

Book

...fundamentals of cost accounting fourth edition William N. Lanen Shannon W. anderson Michael W. Maher ® accounting The integrated solutions for Lanen/Anderson/Maher’s Fundamentals of Cost Accounting, 4e have been proven to help you achieve your course goals of improving student readiness, enhancing student engagement, and increasing their comprehension of content. Known for its clear and engaging style, the Lanen solution employs the use of real-world scenarios, LearnSmart, and instant feedback on practice problems to help students engage with course materials, comprehend the content, and achieve higher outcomes in the course. Our new Intelligent Response Technology-based content offers students an intelligent homework experience that helps them stay focused on learning instead of navigating the technology. Finally, McGraw-Hill’s adaptive learning component, LearnSmart, provides assignable modules that help students master core concepts and come to class more prepared. LearnSmart with Lanen is an introductory managerial accounting review, providing students with a refresher on these topics for their cost accounting course. PROVEN EFFECTIVE Get Connected. FEATURES Intelligent Response Technology Intelligent Response Technology (IRT) is Connect Accounting’s new student interface for end-of-chapter assessment content. Intelligent Response Technology provides a general journal application that looks and feels more like what you would find in a general......

Words: 233973 - Pages: 936