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Outline the Types of Institutions Which Comprise the Emerging Global Civil Society. What Is Their Potential for Contributing to ‘Globalization with a Human Face’?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By gx15396
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University of Bristol: School for Policy Studies
Master’s Programme in Public Policy 2007-2008

Governance, Institutions and the
Global Political Economy

Assessed Essay Question:
Outline the types of institutions which comprise the emerging global civil society. What is their potential for contributing to ‘globalization with a human face’?

Essay Number: 707004
Word Count: 3491

I. Introduction

While globalization processes have propelled the world into an era of shrinking borders, rapid technological advances and intensifying connectedness, global civil society has risen at an equally rapid pace. Though global civil society is not a new phenomenon, the realm has become increasingly compelling in light of the explosion of civil society institutions that constitute a truly global sphere (Falk, 2000). By 2002, more than 30,000 international nongovernmental organizations existed alongside more than 20,000 global civil society networks, ninety percent of which had emerged during the previous three decades (Edwards, 2002). As numbers continue to increase, the true estimate of global civil society institutions is likely in the millions (Matthews, 2003). The growth of global civil society in the era of globalization leads naturally to questions regarding the institutions included in this sector and their contributions to the processes of globalization. Consequently, this essay will review the institutions that comprise the emerging global civil society and critically assess their potential to promote ‘globalization with a human face’, as defined by the 1999 United Nations Human Development Report. Many global civil society actors have developed with missions to combat the destructive forces of globalization. The discussion will focus on the effectiveness and limits of these institutions in their efforts to ensure that the...

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