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P2- Explain Different Sociological Approaches to Health and Ill Health.

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Health and social care
Unit 7- Sociological Perspectives in health and social care
P2- Explain different sociological approaches to health and ill health.

The functionalist approach:
This approaches needs to make sure that everyone in the society has to be healthy in order to work together and functionally. Once an individual is seen as an ill health they are consider as deviance. This is because when an member is ill all of their social role are not produced functionally. There work are left in the middle and the society doesn’t perform society just because an individual is of ill health. If people are ill then new roles and responsibilities come in places for the individual.
The sick roles includes an individual to be excuse from normal social obligations. Hence an example will be school, family and work. Parson states that when an individual is ill then they are expected to be looked after there family but this can make individual be dependent on them. Additionally, the individuals need to make sure that they also looked after themselves so that can continue their functions in society. The individual should co operate with medical professions to make themselves better.
The functionalist believes that illness happen because of social consequence. When an individual is ill they need to look after themselves so that they can resume their functions in society. This can be negative because the individual is ignoring their social role in society. This role includes father, mother, son, employee etc.
I agree with this approach because to make run the society smoothly an individual has to be looked after and when the family will look after the individual as this is important for the individual to make them feel better. Moreover, I disagree with this approach because when an individual is ill their illness is consider as deviant. The illness should not be...

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