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Palladian Architecture Drawing

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The evolution of architectural drawing was heavily influenced with the start of the ‘Palladian’ style. This stemmed from both the text and visual contributions of Andrea Palladio, an architect who gained fame mainly due to his publication of The Four Books on Architecture. The series was published in 1570, gaining world wide recognition quickly for their genius even today. Although his physical villas standing still in Vicenza are lesser known than his drawings, they became inspirations for generations of architecture to come. Palladio had a unique and detailed drawing style, coupled with an influence from Roman orders and architectural values which helped form his recognizable style. His style is one that closely follows classical concepts …show more content…
Palladio took this and set a precedent for the way the public could be taught architectural techniques through early printed books. His work resulted in a series of four books; the first book of the series consists of information and images related to building techniques and materials, drawn in vivid detail, as well as a devotion to the five orders of architecture; Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite. The second book included diagrams and drawings of palaces and mansions of Palladio’s own design, those located in the area of Veneto, Italy. The third book included information concerning bridges, streets, piazzas and basilica design of mostly Roman origin, tying in with the fourth and final book, which Palladio used for reproductions of ancient roman temples such as the Pantheon. Palladio designed his works after the principles of Roman architects Vitruvius and Alberti, who too based their architecture characteristics on math and symmetry and further away from exaggerated ornamentation. Palladio’s inclusion of figures, scales and proportions on many of his illustrations indicated his ability to provide the reader with all the information necessary to to mentally construct his buildings. He took crtitiscim and refinement of his ideas seriously as he was constantly changing designs and his own motifs in his works. Palladian style became synonymous with classical order …show more content…
One of the buildings illustrated in the second book of Palladio’s collection is the “Villa La Rotunda”. It was constructed in 1552 as a summer home with a 360 degree view with windows on every side of the structure. The design also consisted of a central hall with wings expanding on all four sides. His influence from Roman design translates to his implementation of classical temple fronts so as to make each entrance to his buildings grand in the same way ancient Roman temples were built. This particular structure was built on a hilltop in the city of Vicenza and designed with more sophistication than other villas in his series. This building was described as a palazzo rather than a villa due to its grand appearance. As analyzed from the drawings of the Villa La Rotunda, aptly named for the circular hall with its dome above, shows Palladio’s attention to symmetry. While a Rotunda usually referred to a circular structure with a dome, this building had only a dome atop the square mid section of the structure as seen in Figures 3 and 4, which are illustrations of the Villa from the architecture books. The drawings highlight the square plan of the structure and its intersection with a cross, resulting in four facades with equally extending portico on every side. Palladio placed major importance on proportions and mathematical precision according to his

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