Premium Essay

Paper Z

In: People

Submitted By zalvarth
Words 1408
Pages 6
Luis Suarez
Professor Haight
WRC 1013.0G3
10-09-15
E cigarette uprising
Tobacco is the greatest cause of preventable death in the United States, leading to the premature deaths of more than 480 000 Americans annually (Amato sec.1). Regardless, the sale of cigarettes and tobacco is a multi-billion dollar industry. Farelly’s studies show that in the year 1990, the average number of packs sold per person that year was well over a hundred. Cigarettes however, might not be worth all the issues and conflicts associated with the product, such as rising tobacco illness and health care costs. Cigarettes are highly addictive, create harmful health consequences, and entail high health care costs. Tobacco distributors target their audience to start smoking as early as 18 to their 20s. (Freeman Advertisements in the past positively advertised cigarettes; however, nowadays cigarettes are mostly negatively advertised to protect the new generation after the discovery of just how harmful they are to our health. Cigarettes becomes a controversial topic due to distributors’ claims to freedom of speech and the new found harmfulness of cigarettes. Also an issue regards underage teens being influenced by advertising to pick up smoking at such a young age which in turn leads back to the controversial topic of advertising smoking positively or negatively.
With the increasing awareness of the harms of cigarettes, the tobacco industry, being on the ropes, has shifted their approach in their product presentation and advertisements. In Robert N. Proctor’s book, The Golden Holocaust, he explains the companies’ approach in making light of the dilemma of the effects of tobacco by giving claims, such as cigarettes being, “…inherently risky.” “The hope was to glide safely through the collapse of the denialist project, using the reassuring rhetoric of “risk”: Isn’t life, after all, inherently…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Jay Z Paper

... Matson Imaginative Literature October 11, 2013 Letters to the Government The song “Open Letter” by Jay-Z is a response to the criticism he has been faced with on his recent trip to Cuba. He released this song within 24 hours after the uproar of government officials. Jay-Z talks about political issues that are occurring today and tries turn the criticism on them by pointing out economic flaws. He also mocks the government by saying that he is above them because of the amount of money that he generates. The overwhelming theme in this song is his message of being untouchable to government and how he is above the law. Jay-Z talks about his invincibility because of his ties with the President Obama. Jay-Z starts his first verse with “I done turned Havana to Atlanta.” This is referencing his recent trip to Havana the capital of Cuba. He is implying that he walks the streets of Cuba the same way he does in Atlanta with confidence and a sense of control. Jay-Z does this calmly even though it is illegal for Americans to visit Cuba. He totally disregards government laws and visits anyway because he knows the consequences won’t be too harsh. This is because he has such a close connection with President Obama and thinks he will not be incarcerated for his crime. Jay-Z is also trying to make a statement that he can do whatever he wants no matter what the law says. Jay-Z is a multimillion dollar man and can afford to go anywhere in the world no matter the cost and there is one......

Words: 886 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Strategy

...Oliver Wyman 78 (49) 44 (21) 43 (17) 23 (13) 11 (5) 8 (5) 7 (1) 6 (3) 5 (3) 4 (2) 3 (2) d ^ d : d /E^  ^  E /E^   ^ /E^  : W W W d K W W d W W D d  W W / D s D W ^ : W ^  K ^  ,/>> W E / W s W s E D  / E / D W W E Z  ^  /  K W W W ' & / : W D ^ D Z : ,/>> D Z D E / ^ / /  /  K W W W ' & / ^ W  / ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡  , D D D D d  D  D < D < D < D < t  , t  D < // ' , ' t  ^ '  d < E d  D :  D d < K D < h D <  >  >  '  , < ^ d D/d   /d /D d d  ' >< D D < K  D ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡ d / D d  & ^  D D <  ' ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡ ^  D D ' ^ d ^ ' K /d d W & d & ^ ^  Z ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡ , ' • • • • W d h K ^ • • • • d ^ ^ h ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡ ' / / d d D   / / , d & & / d  D • ^  d , • /  d • W D  Z DZ   ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡ • E Z D d   D d    D > / • D & Z / &  ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡ W d /E^  d / / ^ /E^  d , /E^    ƒ†„‘‘ ƒ‰‡  t h^ ^ t & E z ^  d t K /E^   /E^  /E^  /E^  ^  W  W Insider scoop ‘The strong hands-on approach to tasks and the easy accessibility of my colleagues, who readily help each other are some of the things I valued most at Accenture.’ ^ /E^......

Words: 3105 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Uncertainty, Trade Integration and the Optimal Level of Protection in a Ricardian Model with a Continuum of Goods

...Optimal protection Specialization Continuum of goods a b s t r a c t This paper analyzes the effects of increasing trade integration on individual utility when the international specialization pattern is stochastic, i.e. when the range of goods each country produces depends on the realization of a random variable. Using a Ricardian continuum of goods model it is shown that under uncertainty a trade-off emerges. As in the standard deterministic model, higher trade integration reduces prices and increases expected real income. However, higher trade integration, reducing the number of active sectors in the economy, also increases the displacement cost the worker suffers when the sector she is employed into has to close down because, ex-post, the foreign country’s competing sector results to be more efficient. Two are the main results of the model. First, it is shown that, under uncertainty and job specificity, increasing trade integration is not always welfare enhancing. Second, there exists an optimal level of protection that is higher the smaller the price reduction induced by trade integration and the more technologically similar are countries. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction The process of globalization of production has been accompanied by increasing concerns about its economic and social effects. Even if by now thousands of theoretical and empirical papers have analyzed the many issues involved, the debate on the economic......

Words: 7282 - Pages: 30

Free Essay

Mr Drimple

...Systems of Linear Equations in Three Variables Answer the following questions to complete this lab. Show all of your work for each question to get full credit. 1. Solve the following system of equations: a. x –2y+z=6 b. 2x+y –3z= –3 c. x –3y+3z=10 Add equation b and c: 2X+Y-3Z=-3 +X +3Y+3Z=10= 3X-2Y=7 Add equation a and c, attempting to cancel out variable c. (multiply equation a by -3. -3(x-2Y+Z=6): -3X+6Y-3Z=-18 + X-3Y+3Z=10 = -2X+3Y=-8 Add the new equations together to isolate one variable. Multiple each equation by the necessary coefficient to cancel out a variable. 3(3X-2Y=7) =9X-6Y=21 and 2(-2X+3Y=-8)=-4X+6Y=-16 add together 5X=5. X=1 Back substitute X=1 into one of the two variable equations. -2(1)+3Y=-8, 3Y=-6. Y=-2 Back substitute Y=-2 and X=1 into one of the original three variable equations. 2X+Y-3Z=-3 , 2(1)+(-2)-3Z=-3, -3Z=-3 Z=1 Now check you variables by plugging into one of the original equations and making sure statement is true. X-2Y+Z=6. (1)-2(-2)+(1)=6 True. 2. The opening night of a theater sold a total of 1,000 tickets. The front orchestra area cost $80 a seat, the back orchestra area cost $60 a seat, and the balcony area cost $50 a seat. Total revenue from ticket sales for the night was $62,800. The combined number of tickets sold for the front and back orchestra seats was equal to the number of......

Words: 557 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Predicting Financial Stress - Home Depot/Lowes

...Predicting Financial Stress 2014MAY – FSA712 Final Project Abstract This research paper will discuss methods used for measuring and predicting financial stress for business enterprises. The accounting literature includes several financial stress prediction models, the most common of which are the Altman Z-Score and Ohlson O-Score. The role of the above models is to focus on the use of financial ratios, earnings measures, market values and cash flow. Models that predict the financial stress of companies can be used as early warning tools meant to direct a company’s management to take necessary corrective action before the company goes into financial difficulty and eventual bankruptcy proceedings. This paper specifically will discuss and analyze the three main financial stress prediction models, the Altman Z-Score, Ohlson’s O-Score and Merton’s Distance to Default. The two selected companies that will be analyzed are Home Depot and Lowes’ Company. The Home Depot, Inc. operates as a home improvement retailer. The Home Depot stores sell various building materials, home improvement products, and lawn and garden products as well as provide installation, home maintenance, and professional service programs to do-it-yourself, do-it-for-me, and professional customers. The company offers installation programs that include flooring, cabinets, countertops, water heaters, and sheds, as well as......

Words: 2054 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Dfcedf

...Year Paper Answer) September 2010 1 (a) Z=92 , x =20 , y =16 (b) Laspeyres price index = 108.43 2 (a) Year 2006 2007 2008 Total Deviation Average deviation Adjustment Adjusted seasonal factor,S Q1 -2.00 -3.13 -5.13 -2.57 0.06 -2.63 Deviation (Y-T) Q2 Q3 0.87 4.62 1.37 6.50 11.12 2.24 5.56 1.12 0.06 0.06 5.50 1.06 Q4 -3.50 -4.25 -7.75 -3.88 0.05 -3.93 (b)(i) (ii) 3 (a)(i) (ii) Limit is exist (iii) f(x) is continuous at x =-2 (b)(ii) Area = (c) 4 (a) Equation of normal : (b)(i) f(x) is increasing at f(x) is decreasing at (ii) Local maximum point = Local minimum point = 1 FHMM1124 General Mathematics II (Past Year Paper Answer) December 2010 1 (a) g=34 , u =2 , v =6 (b)(i) Aggregate price Index for 2008=90.48 Aggregate price Index for 2009=112.38 (ii) Laspeyres price index = 89.53 2 (a) Week/ Day 2006 2007 2008 Total Deviation Average deviation Adjustment Adjusted seasonal factor,S Mon -12.20 -13.80 -26.00 -13.00 0.06 -13.06 Deviation (Y-T) Tue Wed 2.00 14.80 1.40 17.20 0.80 32.00 4.20 16.00 1.40 0.06 0.06 15.94 1.34 Thu 27.6 29.00 56.60 28.30 0.06 28.24 Fri -31.60 -33.20 -64.80 32.40 0.06 -32.46 (a)(iv) Yp=98 (b)(i) (ii) 3 (a)(i) (ii) Limit does not exist. (iii) f(x) is discontinuous at x = 0 (iv) c = 8 (b)(i) f(x) is increasing at f(x) is decreasing at (ii) Local maximum point = Local minimum point = (iv) Absolute maximum point =155 Absolute minimum point = -53 2 FHMM1124 General Mathematics II (Past Year Paper......

Words: 1319 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Math

...95 P (0 to Z) =0.4744 = 1- (0.4744 + 0.5) = 0.0256 Z0= -0.25 P (0 to Z) =0.0987 = (0.0987+ 0.5) = 0.5987 Section 2.6 Degree of Freedom= 12 + 12 - 2= 22 a. t0=2.30, 2.074, 2.508; .05,.02 b. t0= 3.41, 2.819, 3.792; 0.01, .001 c. t0= 1.95, 1.321; .200 d. t0= -2.45, -2.074, -2.508 Section 2.7 t0=2.31 t0=3.61 t0= 1.95 t0=2.19 2.18 a. H0: M=.255 H1: M>.255 Z0= .255- .2545/(0.0001)*sq rt(10)=1.58, z(0.05) P=1-0.94295=0.05705 95%=1-0.94295=0.05705 2.24 H0: M1=16 H1: M1=M2 |Machine 1 |Machine 2 | |Mean |16.015 |16.005 | |Variance |0.00082 |0.000585 | |Sample Number |10 |10 | | 2.25 H0: M1>M2 H1: M1>10 Z0= (162.5-155.0)/sq rt {(1.062/10) + (1.0^2/12)} =1.75, = 0.95994 No based on the Z-value, we will not be rejecting the null hypothesis. Hypothesis: The flight distance of the lighter paper airplane, M(g) is greater than the flight distance for the heavy paper airplane (with 2 paperclips) H0: M1 =M2 H1: M1> M2 Flight # |Light Paper Airplane Distance (ft) |Heavy Paper Airplane Distance (ft) | |1 |16 |8 | |2 |17 |8 | |3 |17.25 |8.25 | |4 |17.25 |8 | |5 |17 |7.75 | |6 |16.75 |7.75 | |7 |16.50 |7.75 | |8 |16.25 |8 | |9 |17 |8.25 | |10 |17.5 |8.25 | | Mean of Light Paper Airplane: = (16 + 17 +17.25 + 17.25 + 17 + 16.75 +16.50 +16.25 + 17 +17.5) 10 = 16.85 Mean of Heavy Paper Airplane: = ( 8 + 8 + 8.25......

Words: 500 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Radio Talk

... Jasbir Kaur Class: 5 Science 3 Members: Muhammad Zhafran bin Ahmad Dirsan ( DJ Z) Syahrul Syafiin bin Sulaiman (Chef Piin) Adi Nazrin bin Samsuri (Caller 1: Mr. Adi) Muhammad Afiq Bin Mohd. Aris (Caller 2: Mr. Afiq) DJ Z: Hey, hey, hey. How’s everybody doing this morning? Today, you’re with me, DJ Z on Space FM, where there is no gravity, brought to you by Secret Nasa, providing you with the latest covert space technology! As usual, this morning is another segment of ‘Cook like a Pro’ teaching you the latest recipes- from the very most unusual to the most disgusting! So, let’s meet the man who’s doing it live on air, Chef Piin! So, chef, tell us more about yourself. Chef Piin: Thank you! Thank you! It took me a while to come here since you called me on my way to Africa to cook for hungry children there in order to avoid starvation, but since you insist, I’ve came here with the bodyguards you hired. Well, I had involved in Culinary Arts when I was 17 years old taking ICT as my major. It was a dream comes true. After that, I was denied from taking Masters in Culinary due to my degree certificate in programming. But, it did not made me quit, I studied Bakery and Pastry during my years in ‘Sugar N Spice’, a private college in the middle of Sarawak’s Rainforest. Years of training and hard work had earned me the title of ‘Best Chef in South-East Asia’. I’m quite happy about it. DJ Z: Er… Thank you for the intriguing and curious story. Now, what are you going to......

Words: 896 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Best at Life

...how many paper balls can you shoot into a garbage can that’s 10feet away. In order to get all of our data we each tried each game three times and wrote down our data in a table such as: EVENT 1 (time): How long can you stand on one foot, after being spun around? Lucy | 3min | 5min | 8min | Tiffany | 5min | 7min | 8min | Skye | 3min | 2min | 3min | Seanie | 1min | 3min | 3min | Amanda | 4min | 5min | 6min | EVENT 2 (length): How far can you hop? Lucy | 2ft | 2ft | 3ft | Tiffany | 3ft | 4ft | 5ft | Skye | 2ft | 4ft | 1ft | Seanie | 1ft | 3ft | 2ft | Amanda | 2ft | 4ft | 2ft | EVENT 3 (# of successes out of 10): Shooting paper balls in a trashcan 10 times Lucy | 0/10 | 2/10 | 0/10 | Tiffany | 2/10 | 0/10 | 3/10 | Skye | 3/10 | 0/10 | 0/10 | Seanie | 0/10 | 1/10 | 1/10 | Amanda | 2/10 | 2/10 | 0/10 | After, we got all of the data we had to determined if each test was a Normal Distribution in order to make a graph. At first we noticed that test 2 & 3 were weird because their median and Q1 in test 2 were the same. When we made box and whiskers graphs and only test 1 made sense. This is how we determined that: After looking at each Graph we felt like test 1's graph was the only one that was close to being normally distributed. But we could not tell weather it was normally distributed, because there was only 15 results , which was not enough to help find who was the best at life. We decided to find the z-score......

Words: 764 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Test

...This paper is not to be removed from the Examination Halls UNIVERSITY OF LONDON ST104A ZB (279 004A) BSc degrees and Diplomas for Graduates in Economics, Management, Finance and the Social Sciences, the Diplomas in Economics and Social Sciences and Access Route Statistics 1 (half unit) Friday, 4 [Month] 2012 : ##.##Xm to ##.##Xm [Day], ## May 2012 : 10.00am to 12.00pm Candidates should answer THREE of the following FOUR questions: QUESTION 1 of Section A (50 marks) and TWO questions from Section B (25 marks each). Candidates are strongly advised to divide their time accordingly. A list of formulae and extracts from statistical tables are given after the final question on this paper. Graph paper is provided at the end of this question paper. If used, it must be detached and fastened securely inside the answer book. A calculator may be used when answering questions on this paper and it must comply in all respects with the specification given with your Admission Notice. The make and type of machine must be clearly stated on the front cover of the answer book. © University of London 2012 UL12/0218 D01 PLEASE TURN OVER Page 1 of 21 SECTION A Answer all parts of Question 1 (50 marks in total). 1. (a) The following data represent different types of variables. Classify each one of them as measurable (continuous) or categorical. If a variable is categorical, further classify it as nominal or ordinal. Justify your answer. (Note that no marks...

Words: 2576 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Analysis on Dhaka Stock & Chittagong Stock Exchange

...of share / granting approval to the transaction/transfer of share outside the trading system of the exchange (As per Listing Regulations 42) - Market Administration & Control. - Market Surveillance. - Publication of Monthly Review. - Monitoring the activities of listed companies. (As per Listing Regulations). - Investors grievance Cell (Disposal of complaint bye laws 1997). - Investors Protection Fund (As per investor protection fund Regulations 1999) -Announcement of Price sensitive or other information about listed companies through online. Company Listing by Alphabetical Order:  A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | # |A |B |C | |ABBANK (AB Bank ) | | | |ACI (ACI Limited. ) | | ......

Words: 8245 - Pages: 33

Free Essay

Compensation

...Research Paper 781 SALESFORCE COMPENSATION PLANS IN ENVIRONMENTS WITH ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION Rajiv Lal* and Richard Staelin** October, 1984 * Graduate Shool of Business, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706 ** The authors wish to thank Professors Milton Harris, Joseph Hotz, Jim Noel, and Tom Paifrey for their several helpful comments and suggestions. ABSTRACT In this paper, we present a theory of salesforce compensation plans to explain the type of plans implemented by IBM and St. Regis Paper where the members of the salesforce are provided an opportunity to choose a compensation scheme from a menu of contracts offered by the firm~We model this interaction in an agency-theory framework, as in Basu, Lal, Srinivasan and Staelin (1984), but relax the assumptions of information symmetry and salesforce homogeneity to demonstrate the optimality of such compensation plans. We also show that even when these assumptions are relaxed there are situations where the plans characterized by Basu, Lal, Srinivasan and Staelin (1984) are still optimal. 1. Introduction Most salesforce compeiisation plans include not only a salary, but also some form of remuneration (e.g., comrni~~sions) based on the output of the salesperson. Recently, Basu, Lal, Srinivasan, and Staelin (1984), hereafter referred to as BLSS, proposed a model which provided insights into why the proportion of salary to......

Words: 6503 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Economics 30330: Statistics for Economics Problem Set 8 - Suggested Solutions

...confidence interval for the mean. We know σ, therefore we should use the z − table. This is a one-tailed (lower tail) test, so the 95% confidence interval will be given then by σ x − z.05 √ , ∞ ¯ n 2 19.4 − 1.65 √ , ∞ 40 The 95% confidence interval is µ ∈ [18.878, ∞). (b) What is the p-value? The p-value is the area in the lower tail. First, we calculate the z-value: z= 19.4 − 20 √ = −1.9 2/ 40 Using the normal table with z = -1.9, p-value =.0287. (c) At α = 0.01, what is your conclusion? p-value > .01, so we fail reject H0 at the 99% level. (d) What is the rejection rule using the critical value? What is your conclusion? c Reject H0 at the 99% level if z ≤ zα =-2.33. In this example, -1.9 > -2.33, so we fail to reject H0 at the 99% level. 2. Consider the following hypothesis test: H0 : µ = 15 HA : µ = 15 A sample of 50 provided a sample mean of 14.5. The population standard deviation is 3. 1 (a) Create a 95% confidence interval for the mean. We know σ, therefore we should use the z − table. This is a two-tailed test, so the 95% confidence interval will be given then by σ σ x − z.025 √ , x + z.025 √ ¯ ¯ n n 3 3 14.5 − 1.96 √ , 14.5 + 1.96 √ 50 50 The 95% confidence interval is µ ∈ (13.67, 15.33). (b) What is the p-value? The p-value is the area in the upper and lower tails. First, we calculate the z-value: z= 14.5 − 15 √ = −1.18 3/ 50 Using the normal table with z = -1.18, p-value = 2(.1190) = 0.238. (c) At α = 0.01,......

Words: 2220 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Consistent Query Answers in Inconsistent Databases

...Bertossi Pontificia Universidad Cat6lica de Chile Escuela de Ingenieria Departamento de Ciencia de Computaci6n Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile bertossi@ing.puc.cl Jan Chomicki Monmouth University Department of Computer Science West Long Branch, NJ 07764 chomicki @monmouth.edu Abstract In this paper we consider the problem of the logical characterization of the notion of consistent answer in a relational database that may violate given integrity constraints. This notion is captured in terms of the possible repaired versions of the database. A rnethod for computing consistent answers is given and its soundness and completeness (for some classes of constraints and queries) proved. The method is based on an iterative procedure whose termination for several classes of constraints is proved as well. 1 Introduction Integrity constraints capture an important normative aspect of every database application. However, it is often the case that their satisfaction cannot be guaranteed, allowing for the existence of inconsistent database instances. In that case, it is important to know which query answers are consistent with the integrity comtraints and which are not. In this paper, we provide a logical characterization of consistent query answers in relational databases that may be inconsistent with the given integrity constraints. Intuitively, an answer to a query posed to a database that violates the integrity constraints will be consistent in a precise sense: It should......

Words: 8845 - Pages: 36

Free Essay

Jay-Z

...Latham MUS 005 12 November 2013 Jay-Z Shawn Corey Carter, born December 4, 1969, started his life off as a regular kid, just like every other kid. He was born and raised in a part of New York City known as Marcy, also known as the projects. Shawn was one of four children belonging to Gloria Carter and Adnis Reeves. Early on, his friends game him the nickname of Jay-Z or Jay for short. Who knew he was going to become the man he is today? Jay-Z was a former drug dealer, but is now known for being one of the most successful rappers and entrepreneur alive. According to Saddleback Educational PublishingJay-Z’s net worth is over $450 Million, he has over fourteen Grammy Awards, owns two 40/40 clubs, created his own clothing line [Rocawear], owns Def Jam Recordings, Roc-A Fella Records, and owns a minority share of the Brooklyn Nets. His rap career started early on when he came upon a group circled up, clapping their hands to make a beat, with a kid named slate in the middle of the circle spitting out rhymes. Jay-Z was very intrigued, he had never seen anything like it. Jay remembered, “It was like watching some kind of combat, but he was alone in the center. All he had were his eyes, taking in everything, and the words inside him. I was dazzled.” (Saddleback) Jay-Z started writing down his own rhymes, he wrote at every opportunity, and stated by Saddleback, when he ran out of paper, he would go down to the store and buy a soda just to use the paper bag to write down even......

Words: 1767 - Pages: 8