Free Essay

Parental Development

In: People

Submitted By nickthemick
Words 533
Pages 3
* -------------------------------------------------

6. The 3 main types of prenatal development are the zygote, embryo, and fetus. The zygote is the fertilized egg in the womb; it lasts for 2 weeks and begins when the sperm first fertilizes the egg. Soon afterwards, the zygote becomes an embryo. During the embryo stage, the actual human organism is mad and this lasts from the 2nd week to the 2nd month. During the fetus stage, the organism is in its developmental stage. This begins after 9 weeks of pregnancy. A teratogen is an agent that can cause harm to the womb ex. If a pregnant woman is drinking a lot of alcohol, she can harm the fetus because alcohol is a teratogen and she could potentially cause fetal alcohol syndrome.

7. The brain capacity of newborn babies is a lot smaller than that of an older person. That’s why we don’t remember most of our infancy. Once we are born we start to make a neural network that allows us to complete basic functions, like talk, remember, etc. The habituation for the infant cognition is a very simple way of learning. When the babies are exposed to something multiple times, they lose fascination in it.

8. Piaget developed 4 stages of cognitive development that show how humans develop mentally. Stage 1 is the sensorimotor stage. This is the stage that occurs from 0 to 2 years and this is when we start to interact with our senses. The 2nd stage, Preoperational, 2-7 years old, is when language begins but isn’t completely understood and is used with logic reasoning. Concrete Operational is the 3rd stage from 6 to 11 years old. This is when kids start to understand and use logic reasoning. At 12 years old, Piaget’s last stage of cognitive development begins. It is the formal operational stage.

9. The benefit of secure attachment kids are more loving and trust you more and do not live life scared and fearful. Parent Neglect shows that kids have a fear towards the earth. Kids with parent neglect never learn what trust is and they can never comprehend it. Parent seperation impacts children because they are hopeless and they think nobody cares for them.

11. Kohlberg’s stages of morality show that there are 6 stages and 3 moral levels. The “Pre-moral Level” is the early level and it is about a persons interests and egocentrism. Stage 1 consists of a child not being able to see others’ interests and is always scared of the future punishment. In the second stage, the kids start to view other people’s interests and want people to respond to them in the same way. The “conventional morality with interpersonal relationships,” is the next stage. In stage 3, children want to live up to people’s expectations with trust and loyalty. This is when kids are concerned and care for other people. In stage 4, children follow and interpret rules and regulations of society. In the third and final level, the child gets a basic understanding of judgment. In stage 5, they realize some rules are more important than others and that morals don’t follow rules. In stage 6, it’s all about “Universal ethnic principles.”

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Optional Unit - 3MER = 6 credits - 2000 words On final submission please enter your total word count (excluding bibliography): [pic] Learning Outcome 1: Understand the impact of employment law at the start of the employment relationship. |Assessment Criteria | |Describe the internal and external factors that impact on the employment relationship. | |Indicative Content | |Context: | |the context within which the employment relationship operates, the impact of internal and external factors. | |Think about your own organisation and consider the internal and external factors that may have an impact on the employment relationship | |Describe at least 2 external factors and explain why they have an impact | |Describe at least 2 internal factors and explain why they have an impact | | ...

Words: 5578 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Employment Law

...Entitlement to pay, and superannuation during maternity leave, depends on the terms of the contract of employment. Employers are not obliged to pay women on maternity leave. Maternity Benefit, which is a Department of Social Protection payment, may be paid if the person has sufficient PRSI contributions. An employee’s contract could provide for additional rights to payment during the leave period. An example of this is, the employee could receive full pay less the amount of Maternity Benefit payable. (ii) Parental Leave The Parental Leave Act 1998, allows parents to take parental leave from employment in respect of certain children. Since 8 March 2013, the amount of parental leave available for each child amounts to a total of 18 working weeks per child. Where an employee has more than one child, parental leave is limited to 18 weeks in a 12-month period. This can be longer if the employer agrees. Parents of twins or triplets can take more than 18 weeks of parental leave in a year. The 18 weeks per child may be taken in one continuous period, or in 2 separate blocks of a minimum of 6 weeks. There must be a gap of at least 10 weeks...

Words: 3299 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Music Censorship

...Music censorship began its journey in the early 1950’s with the “controversial” music of Blacks during the time period. It has then evolved from a form of racism to a method of suppression. It touches all major genres, but is most commonly issues with both rap and rock music. Major groups such as the Record Industry Association of America (RIAA) have been formed to try and monitor the lyrical messages that are expressed in songs. The RIAA is not out to completely censor music, but to advise buyers of the messages they may be listening to on a certain album. Then there is the party that feels censorship at any level shall not be present. It is suppressing one’s First Amendment rights in freedom of expression and also suppresses an artist abilities to fully paint a vivid picture with their lyrics to the audience. The last group believes that censorship is a must, and that any songs that carry the censored material shall be taken off of the shelves. That specific group believes that contaminating society with explicit lyrics should not reward artists. The side that believes censorship of music should not exist at all states that music is a form of art. Many tend to separate music from forms of art, such as paintings and poetry. However, the lyrics in the music are an art form as well, and they cannot restrict that due in part to the First Amendment. It is part of our Bill of Rights as American citizens, and no governing powers can take that away from us. Also, society favors......

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Working Parents

...lack thereof) for family leave. Data will also show that when workers are provided with paid leave, some managers and employers pressure employees not to utilize the time off. Multiple studies have shown that nationalized mandatory paid leave policies are an economic boon to countries. In fact, states within the US that have enacted paid leave at the state level have seen the advantages. Solutions to these problems range from personal changes to national policy. Unfortunately the political climate of the United States prevents national policy changes, regardless of the data proving the benefits. Progress is being made as far as awareness of the issues discussed. Further improvements depend upon multiple points of change: economic development, social beliefs, and an understanding of the data. Managers who are hiring have a preconceived notion that parents are poor workers or are more likely to take off more time than childless workers (Linn, 2013). Since the economic downturn of 2008, businesses have depended on worker dedication to do more with fewer employees. This has led to a work culture where all employees are expected to dedicate their lives to the company. Those without children are more likely to be hired because it is assumed that they have no needs outside of the office (Linn, 2013). While discussing...

Words: 2816 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Why the Current Fmla Policy Is Not Enough

...Why the Current FMLA Policy is not Enough? Annette Fininen Prof. Davenport ENG 215 May 26, 2013 Why the Current FMLA policy is not Enough? The dynamics of the American family have changed. No longer is a working father, stay at home mother, and kids considered the norm. Even the definition of “family” has changed dramatically. Changes in the American “norm” raise an important question, “Should the Family and Medical Leave Act be changed?” to meet our communities evolving needs. In the United States, the current Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) only provides up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave, but compared to other counties with similar policies the act does not have enough coverage to protect the average worker and should be changed. A woman walks into her human resources office crying, asking to speak to someone. She is currently on FMLA leave to care for her sick child who has been diagnosed with leukemia. She is a single parent with two other children at home to care for as well. Even with insurance coverage, the bills are mounting because FMLA is unpaid and she has exhausted all of her personal time off (PTO). With her steady income cut-off, she is concerned how she will pay her bills. She has no close family to turn to for support and does not qualify for government assistance. Her story is just one example. According to the United State Census, in 2010 single parent households comprised about 9.6 percent of the......

Words: 4180 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay


...Supporting Good Practise in Managing Employment Relations Permanent: This is a contract where you are employed by the company with no fixed end date. All permanent contracts must include a Principal Statement detailing the following: * Your name and your employer’s name * Your job description * The start date of your employment * Your salary and salary pay date * Your hours of work * Holiday entitlements * Sick pay arrangements * Termination notice required from both parties * Information about disciplinary and grievance procedures * Pension scheme details As the contract is a mutual agreement signed copies should be kept. As permanent contracts are for an indefinite period the employer is obliged to add some flexibility into the contract such as working hours, employee benefits, maternity, paternity, pay rules and also details should they change working hours or location. A permanent employee could be employed in either a full time or part-time capacity and the hours agreed will be written into the contract. Temporary: This refers to an employment situation where the working arrangement is limited to a certain period of time based on the desire of the employer, the temporary worker is hired to assist employers to meet business demands but allows the employer to avoid the cost of hiring a permanent employee, it’s usually the employer that benefits from employing temporary workers. Temporary workers can also be employed on a full......

Words: 3718 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Managing Employment Relations

...bargaining may have similar effects in the public sector where wage demands must be satisfied, along with competing claims for resources, from fixed budgets set by officials. On the other hand, unions can lead to improved employment relations through effective communication between management and employees and the resolution of employee grievances. Quits are lower where unions are present and where unions are stronger supporting the idea that effective union voice reduces employee exits and therefore contributes to stability in employment relationships. Diversity in the workforce is normally regarded as a positive for companies that manage it effectively as enhances customer relations, creativity, flexibility and innovation and development, however if not well managed, significant differences in ethnicity, race, religion, gender and other individual traits can produce negative effects. If you have a diverse workforce there is more opportunity for discrimination since diversity is based on distinguishing traits among employees. Building a workforce with employees from different cultures increases the language barrier in communication. Organisations need to address all kinds of harassment and bullying policies and ensure employees develop personal behaviours based on a culture of respect....

Words: 3976 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Work Life Balance

...Abstract Work-life balance effects families all over America. This paper examines many contributing factors that determine the work life balance of families and they include ethnicity, social status, type of work, work leave policies, flexibility of employers, and what industry employees are employed in. There are few government regulations that help with the work-life balance of employees. Most of the work-life balance decisions are made by the employee’s family structure and employers policies. When there are work life imbalances stress, spillover, and burnout occur at work and also effect the family. This literature review aims at looking at all the factors that contribute to the growing issue of work-life balance in America. Currently only one law, the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) passed by the United States (US) government gives employees unpaid time off for certain situations. The review reveals a lack of US government and private companies’ involvement in creating better work-life balance policies for employees. Work-Life Balance People across the United States struggle with work-life balance. Married and un-married people are just trying to make ends meet and provide for family. The same people have to make sure the house stays maintained and children are taken care of. Finding time for stress relieving activities or something enjoyable can be tough. Companies can help with work-life balance by providing certain policies to increase the......

Words: 4643 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Supporting Good Practice in Managing Employee Relations

...GOOD PRACTICE IN MANAGING EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS GUIDANCE LEAFLET. Understand the impact of employment law at the start of the employment relationship Internal and external factors that impact on the employment relationship Internal: • Performance, pay and reward: employers should set clear and transparent targets in order to make it easier for employees to know what is expected of them. If these targets are followed employees can be rewarded and this should improve the relationship between employer and employee. • Management style: there are two types of manager: autocratic and democratic. Autocratic managers make decisions without involving the staff. This can be a good idea in some circumstances (for example the need to make a quick decision to avoid catastrophe or missing a deadline or target) but if this style is used all of the time it can be detrimental to staff motivation, commitment and well-being. Democratic managers involve staff with decision making as much as possible which means everything is agreed on by the majority of staff. This can lead to increased levels of motivation, commitment and well-being which subsequently could increase the profitability of the business. External: • Economic factors: slow economic growth or a downturn can make employees just thankful they have a job. This can put pressure on them because employers may decide to increase workload by making individuals do more work in the same time. With the fear of redundancy looming and...

Words: 3077 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

3mer Guidance Leaflet

...Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development 3MER Supporting Good Practice in Managing Employment Relations Assignment and Content Activity Investigate resources and write a guidance leaflet which covers key points of the areas detailed below. The impact of employment law at the start of the employment relationship including: * 2 Internal and 2 external factors which can impact on the employment relationship * 3 different types of employment status and 3 reasons why it is important to clarify/determine an individual’s employment status Employee rights during the employee relationship including: * The importance of work life balance and related legislation concerning holidays, rest periods, working hours and night working * Family/parent related legal support, including maternity leave, paternity leave, adoption leave and dependents leave * 2 reasons why employees should be treated fairly in relation to pay * The main points of equalities legislation including the concepts of direct and indirect discrimination, harassment and victimisation * The concept of the ‘psychological contract’ and examples of policies and procedures which can underpin this Issues to be addressed at the termination of the employment relationship including: * The difference between fair and unfair dismissal * The importance of exit interviews to both parties * The key stages to be followed in managing redundancies and the impact of redundancy on the......

Words: 4537 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Does a Paid Parental Leave Policy Create an Organizational Culture That Contributes to the Advancement of Women in Government?

...Does a Paid Parental Leave Policy Create an Organizational Culture that Contributes to the Advancement of Women in Government? April 23, 2015 Jessica Butherus, Amber Chaudhry, LeBrit Nickerson, Caty Rogers & Marcia Straut I. Introduction The 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) was a vital step toward improving workers’ access to leave, in order to help care for new children or ill family members. Unfortunately, the law does not require employees to be paid and does not cover organizations with less than 50 workers. Therefore, many workers still do not have access to leave, and those that do often find it financially difficult to take advantage of the benefits (Gault, Hartmann, Hegewisch, Millie, and Reichlin, p.4). With no legal requirements, only 11% of employees working in the private sector and only 16% of government employees have access to paid leave (Rosen). Discussion of paid parental leave has recently made it back in the spotlight. This January, President Barack Obama signed a presidential memorandum directing agencies to allow federal employees to take up to six weeks of advanced sick leave to care for a new child or ill family member (Mufson and Eilperin). City governments, including Boston and Seattle, recently announced paid parental leave policies of their own (O’Brien, Capitol Hills Time Staff).    As aspiring female leaders in the federal government, we chose to explore: Does a Paid Parental Leave Policy Create an Organizational Culture......

Words: 9324 - Pages: 38

Free Essay

The Parental Leave Provisions Provided for in the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) Are Different to Those on Other Countries. Contrast the Employers’ Fair Work Act Obligations with Those Found in Legislation of Another Common

...Introduction The provision of parental leave and benefits in Australia is vastly different from the Canadian parental leave policy on many dimensions. This paper compares the Canadian 2011 Employment Insurance Maternity and Parental Benefits (EI) scheme to the parental leave provisions provided for in the Australian Fair Work Act 2009, in an attempt to assess the extent of major differences in the platforms and to extract any advantages and disadvantages of the systems. The provisions and use of unpaid parental leave vary due to eligibility criteria and segmentation of the workforce. Canadian maternity, paternity and parental leave is administered on the provincial level, creating differences in leave guarantees across provinces. A separate “federal jurisdiction” covers employees of companies working in inter-provincial or international commerce or for the federal government, regardless of their province of residence (Doucet, Lero & Tremblay, 2013). Since the ten provinces and three territories deliver the programme, they modify some details. These variations are minimal. In this analysis, we have taken the median amount of leave guaranteed by these 13 jurisdictions. At present, sections 67 to 85 of the Australian Fair Work Act 2009 (FWA) set out the legislative provisions for parental leave. Australia provides three types of child-based leave: maternity, paternity and adoptive leave. Substantive Differences in Parental Leave Provisions between Australia and Canada ...

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Child Care Policies Around the World

...Human Growth and Development Multicultural Research Paper Child care policies differ around the world. Only four countries have no national law mandating paid time off for new parents. Liberia, Papua New Guinea, Switzerland, and the United States do not have laws. The United States does not have a policy of paid leave for child care however, each state has different requirements. Currently the United States falls well short of these practices. They do not require companies to provide any paid leave for new parents. Tennessee employers that have eight or more workers must grant female employees sixteen paid weeks leave for child birth. In California, Hawaii, and New Jersey employees who are pregnant receive partial wage replacement in the form of temporary disability insurance benefits for the weeks they are absent (HR specialty, 2013). European countries have the longest parental leave regulations in the world. In Czech Republic it is standard that mothers stay home for 3 years after a child’s birth. For this entire time, mothers are supported by the state. I can’t imagine getting paid to sit at home and take care of my child. Think of how lucky those parents are getting to see the children grow up doing all the first things in life. Sweden provides working parents with sixteen months paid leave per child at eighty percent pay rate (Karen, Sternheimer, 2010). Parents can take an eighteen month job protected parental leave with......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Overzealous Parents

...January 25, 2011 Overzealous Parents There is one at almost every sporting event. They are parents that yell outrageously at the players, coaches, and referees, disrupting the sporting event, or pausing games. Even though there are other families and younger children around. These are parents that are displaying unsportsmanlike conduct and sometimes even violent behavior. Over the years there are more and more parents that are becoming over involved in their children’s sporting activities. Parents today are demonstrating over involvement, over spending, and are over booking their children in youth sports and extracurricular activities. Sports are supposed to be fun and competitive but more fun and entertaining than anything. Parental over involvement is becoming a problem because they can take the fun out of sports for the kids. Parent’s voices can go along way. Yelling and cheering on players and teams is a good thing. Parents should be excited and giving the kids good complements. But when parents display bad sportsmanship it is a different story. As parents are yelling mean statements they are not thinking about how that might make that kid feel. The child’s parents are most likely around somewhere and may get upset as well. If kids are hearing insults and inappropriate words yelled at them the game would also become less fun and hard to focus on. Some kid’s use it to their advantage, and play better because they want to prove themselves. But that’s not......

Words: 2329 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...CIPD ASSIGNMENT SUBMISSION DECLARATION To be completed by candidate: |Centre name: |ACACIA LEARNING | | |Candidate name: |Ali Yassen | | |CIPD Qualification undertaken: | |CIPD Membership No: | |Unit code(s): |3MER | |Unit title(s): |Supporting Good Practice in Managing Employee Relations | |Unit tutor: |Mr. Kevin | |Date due for assessment: |08-05-2016 |Date submitted: |05-05-2016 | |Word Count: |3490 | |State number of word used | | |Candidate declaration: ...

Words: 5070 - Pages: 21