Free Essay

Paris History

In: Historical Events

Submitted By octaviomz123
Words 2872
Pages 12
ITESM Campus Querétaro
Dinámica de Sistemas
Profesor. Joaquín Galarza
Andrea Carrillo Flores // A01123885
Octavio Martínez Zamora //
Mauricio Martín Colín Rodríguez // A01201929
Félix Negrete Pliego // A01206890
Actividad 2: Crecimiento de la población desde el punto de vista sustentable
19 Marzo 2015
París
París es la capital de Francia con una población actual de 2, 265,886 personas, sin contar los suburbios que rodean a la ciudad. Cuenta con 20 municipios, dentro de los cuales la población está distribuida de la siguiente manera: Municipio | Población | Paris 1er canton | 17,268 | Paris 2e canton | 22,558 | Paris 3e canton | 36,727 | Paris 4e canton | 28,068 | Paris 5e canton | 61,080 | Paris 6e canton | 44,154 | Paris 7e canton | 58,166 | Paris 8e canton | 39,409 | Paris 9e canton | 60,293 | Paris 10e canton | 95,436 | Paris 11e canton | 156,831 | Paris 12e canton | 146,527 | Paris 13e canton | 184,235 | Paris 14e canton | 142,535 | Paris 15e canton | 240,723 | Paris 16e canton | 170,239 | Paris 17e canton | 171,945 | Paris 18e canton | 202,780 | Paris 19e canton | 187,799 | Paris 20e canton | 199,113 |

De los datos históricos obtenidos la siguiente gráfica representa los cambios en la población del área de París, sin contar con sus suburbios:

Marco Histórico de París.
Para explicar el porqué del comportamiento de la gráfica, creemos necesario mostrar en marco histórico sobre el cual la ciudad de París se ha desarrollado a lo largo del tiempo. Aunque la ocupación por parte de los seres humanos en la zona de lo que actualmente es Paris data desde hace aproximadamente 700 mil años, la historia formalmente como ciudad se desarrolla de la siguiente manera: * En la antigüedad.
Comienza alrededor del siglo III a.C. Por estas épocas la tribu gala de Parisii se instala en la isla de la Cité, que en ese momento era un paso estratégico hacia el norte del país y para el comercio de estaño, consciente de esto Julio Cesar envía a sus tropas a apoderarse de dicho lugar.
Después del año 280, fecha en la que la ciudad de Lutecia (bautizada así en después de la batalla de Lutecia en el año 52 a.C.) es destruida por los bárbaros, Lutecia es rebautizada alrededor del siglo IV con el nombre de Paris. * En la edad media.
Durante esta etapa suceden hechos relevantes que ayudaron a que la población de aquel entonces decidiera comenzar a vivir dentro de la ciudad de Paris, entre ellos destacan: * En el año 508, Clodoveo, rey de los Francos, hace a París la capital de su reino. * En 1163 se comienza la construcción de la catedral de Notre-Dame (finalizada en 1345). * Felipe Augusto, gran urbanista, rodea a la ciudad de murallas y construye la fortaleza de Louvre. Durante este periodo se consagró a Paris como capital, ya que para el siglo XIII Paris es la ciudad más poblada con 200 mil habitantes y la más rica de Occidente. * En el siglo XV, Paris es ocupada por los ingleses durante 16 años.

* En la época moderna (La Revolución/ Napoleón/ El Perfecto Haussmann).
Para esta etapa, alrededor del siglo XVI, siendo Rey Francisco I, la capital se vuelve aún más bella con construcciones renacentistas como el nuevo Louvre y el Ayuntamiento. Surgen también varios monumentos como el Museo de Historia Natural y el Palacio de Luxemburgo. Más tarde con el rey Enrique IV decide que la ciudad de Paris debe honrar a su soberano y exaltar su poder, por ello surgen las plazas reales.
El 14 de julio de 1789, los parisinos sublevados por la represión del rey asaltan la Bastilla que para ellos era símbolo del absolutismo, marcando el inicio de la revolución francesa y la caída de la monarquía. El 15 de julio de 1789 Jean-Sylvain Bailly es elegido primer alcalde de Paris.
La República es proclamada por primera vez en 1792. Un año después, el rey Luis XVI y la reina María Antonieta son ejecutados en la plaza de la Concordia. Después de un periodo de terror, el golpe de Estado organizado por Napoleón Bonaparte pone fin al régimen del Directorio y a la Revolución. Napoleón es consagrado emperador en 1804 en la catedral de Notre-Dame, a él se deben la construcción del canal del Ourcq, los muelles, excavación de alcantarillados, casas, entre otros.
Durante los siguientes años sucedieron acontecimientos importantes tanto para la ciudad como para Francia, entre ellos se encuentran hechos como: * En 1836, seis años después de la revolución de Julio que derroca a Carlos X, bajo el mandato de Luis Felipe, se finaliza el arco del triunfo. * Se proclama de II República después de la revolución de 1848. * En 1852, Paris se transforma bajo el mando del perfecto Haussmann quién duplica el ancho de las vías de circulación, generaliza las aceras, acondiciona dos mil hectáreas de bosques, planta 90 mil árboles a lo largo de ejes viales, desarrolla una red de alcantarillado de aproximadamente 500 km. * Entre 1855 y 1880 los edificios aumentan su precio de venta en 136%. * En 1870 se proclama la III República, manchada por la invasión de los prusianos donde la Comuna es aplastada durante la semana sangrienta, esto deja como saldo un total de entre 20 000 y 30 000 víctimas, la tercera parte de la ciudad incendiada y el ayuntamiento de Paris ha sido destruido, en este punto, en estado de sitio, Paris pierde su estatus como capital por un periodo de tiempo. * En 1889, se inaugura la torre Eiffel. * En 1910 Paris se inunda por la crecida del rio Sena.

* En la actualidad (Las dos guerras mundiales)
Paris estuvo en el centro de las dos guerras mundiales, en la primera se salva de la ocupación alemana gracias a la victoria conseguida en la batalla del Marne, pero durante la segunda guerra mundial la ciudad se encuentra ocupada por alemanes de 1940 a 1944. Paris es liberado el 25 de agosto de 1944 y gracias a que el comandante alemán Dietrich von Choltitz desobedece la orden de Hitler de demoler monumentos de la capital, Paris no sufre daños considerables en su infraestructura y monumentos.
Durante los años 60 se construyen torres de inmuebles, Para el 68 se tiene una revolución estudiantil. Para los 70, se finalizan el boulevard periférico, la torre Montparnasse y el Palacio de Congresos. A lo largo de los años siguen floreciendo números monumentos y para el año 2006 regresa el tranvía en el sur de Paris después de casi 69 años.
Comportamientos inusuales.
Para explicar, los picos de la gráfica, considerando a la vez los descensos de la población, se investigaron eventos históricos que pudieron haber influenciado este tipo de comportamientos, a continuación se presenta la misma gráfica de población mostrada anteriormente donde se explican los cambios en la población señalados:

1. (1150-1365). El crecimiento que se observa puede ser debido al crecimiento en sí de la ciudad, la fundación y el crecimiento de los primeros colegios y universidades de París, así como la construcción del mercado de Les Halles, donde comerciantes llegaban de todas partes para vender sus bienes, volviéndose así un punto de interés de la ciudad.

El descenso en la población se puede atribuir principalmente a dos razones: 1) A las cruzadas que reiniciaron a principio del siglo XIII y 2) A la Peste negra que azotó a París y Eurasia durante la mitad del siglo XIV, donde en la zona del mediterráneo (Italia, Francia y España) se estima que pereció del 75 al 80% de la población en un periodo de 4 años.

2. (1500-1801). Durante el siglo XVI y XVII, la infraestructura de París crece de manera rápida, con la construcción de universidades, puentes, edificios, palacios, puertos, muelles, teatros e iglesias. También se construyen bombas de agua para transportar agua del río Sena. Sin embargo, a principios del siglo XVIII el frío extremo pega a Francia y París, donde solo en semanas mueren 30,000 personas en París y casi un millón en Francia a causa del frío y el hambre.

A finales de este mismo siglo comienza la Revolución francesa, donde ocurren ejecuciones sistemáticas tanto de la realeza como de prisioneros y la población en general, siendo la guillotina el método seleccionado para las decenas de miles de ejecuciones. Paralelo a este evento, tormentas de granizo azotan Francia, destruyendo cosechas, hogares y ganado, ocasionando la migración masiva de campesinos a París.

3. (1851-1861). A mediados del siglo XIX y con la llegada del ferrocarril, se construyeron rutas y vías que conectaban a la ciudad con otros puntos del país y del continente. Además se organiza la Exposición Universal de Paris en 1855 que atrae a 5 millones de visitantes, estableciendo aún más a París como una ciudad atractiva y de primer mundo. Finalmente la población de la ciudad se ve incrementada rápidamente por el decreto de Napoleón III donde se crean nuevos distritos para albergar a la población y se anexan las comunidades de los alrededores, haciendo que las cifras oficiales de las ciudad aumenten de 1,100,000 a 1,700,000.

3. (1954-1975). El decrecimiento de la población durante esta época que duró casi 30 años se debe a las consecuencias de la guerra de independencia de Algeria, por la cual hubo diversos ataques terroristas en Francia, el fin del superávit de inmigración y el fin del “baby boom” post guerra, alentando así el crecimiento de la población.
Gráficas complementarias de variables
No se encontró información específica de Paris que contara con datos explícitos de los factores elegidos a partir de la carta de la tierra. Es por eso que se utilizan datos del país entero, Francia. Lo que se asume es que lo que sucede en Francia ocurre en París a una escala menor. Y lo que encontramos es lo siguiente:

El Producto Interno Bruto en precios constantes refleja el verdadero crecimiento económico de país ya que los datos se ajustan por la inflación de cada año, empezando desde 1950. Se observa que el crecimiento ha sido continuo, lo que refleja la calidad de país que es Francia, económicamente hablando.

Las toneladas de CO2 se han ido reduciendo drásticamente, ya que Francia pasó de producir el 1% de su energía en base a la energía nuclear al 80% y este tipo de energía no produce CO2.

La esperanza de vida ha ido aumentando desde 1960, aunque por motivos desconocidos hay años en los que muestra un descenso pero justo después continúa con la tendencia de crecimiento continuo.

Esta es la tasa de desempleo en Francia, desde el año 1996 hasta el año 2015, la cual nos muestra un comportamiento generalizado de que el desempleo está incrementando en Francia y que después de que existe una baja en el desempleo, existe un fenómeno contrario que aumenta la tasa de manera muy rápida. Esta gráfica representa la tasa de homicidios en Francia, desde el año 2001 hasta el año 2012, se puede ver que la tasa disminuye de manera casi lineal con respecto a la población de cada periodo estudiado.

La tasa de alfabetismo en Francia ha ido aumentando desde un 6% de la edad media hasta un 99% hoy en día, reflejando los cambios sociales y políticos que ha tenido el país a lo largo de su historia.

Principios según carta a la tierra
Respeto y cuidad o de la comunidad de la vida * Inmigración: Este término hace referencia a la persona que llega a otro país para residir en él, generalmente por motivos económicos, políticos o académicos. París es un auténtico carrusel de distintas etnias, ya que su calidad de vida incita a los demás países a inmigrar a esta ciudad que está catalogada como “tierra prometida” pero al llegar a la ciudad se encuentran con una pesadilla ya que tienen mucha dificultad para encontrar trabajo. * Calidad de vida: determinar el nivel de ingresos y de comodidades que una persona, un grupo familiar o una comunidad poseen en un momento y espacio específicos. La calidad de vida en París recae en qué tanto ingreso tengas para poder gozar de esta ciudad ya que vivir aquí es muy caro, pero en cuanto a salud y educación proporciona una excelente opción debido a que cuenta con alrededor de 13 universidades y el servicio médico es gratis para los ciudadanos parisinos.
Integridad Ecológica * Contaminación: la contaminación es la introducción de algún tipo de sustancia o energía que atentará contra el normal funcionamiento y equilibrio que ostentaba el medio. Debido a la densidad de población de París es muy alta en sólo un 1% del territorio de París donde se encuentra el 20% de la población de la ciudad, esto hace que París tenga un gran índice de contaminación. Las tres principales fuentes de contaminantes en París son: transporte, calefacción y la industria.

Justicia social y económica

* Pobreza: es la situación o condición socioeconómica de la población que no puede acceder o carece de los recursos para satisfacer las necesidades físicas y psíquicas básicas que permiten un adecuado nivel y calidad de vida tales como la alimentación, la vivienda, la educación, la asistencia sanitaria o el acceso al agua potable. En París según datos obtenidos del Insee, el indicador de pobreza es de un 4.2% de la población que habita en esta ciudad. * Desempleo: hace referencia a la situación del trabajador que carece de empleo y, por lo tanto, de salario. Según datos del 2014 el número de desempleados incrementó un .3% en París.

Democracia, no violencia y paz * Seguridad: es la ausencia de riesgo o a la confianza en algo o en alguien.
En el centro de parís es relativamente poco común la delincuencia, pero lo más concurrente son los carteristas lo cuales son niños menores de 16 años ya que a estos no se les puede juzgar por ser menores de edad.
Otro factor importante que afecta la seguridad de París es la corrupción ya que un reporte emitido por la “Transparency International” dice que 72% de los franceses percibe que en el gobierno los políticos son corruptos. * Índice de delincuencia: Número de actos de delincuencia por cada 100 000 habitantes. * Índice de corrupción: número de actos de corrupción por cada 100 habitantes.

Educación: proceso mediante el cual se transmiten conocimientos, valores, costumbres y formas de actuar. También es un proceso de vinculación y concientización cultural y moral.
El sistema educativo de París está muy desarrollado, un dato relevante es que tan solo en París se concentra más del 25% de la enseñanza superior del país, y tienen un porcentaje de alfabetización del 99%.
Diagrama Causal

Dudas y Problemas
Durante la elaboración de esta actividad se nos dificultó encontrar información específica de esta ciudad, por lo que recurrimos a usar algunos datos de todo el país, otra dificultad encontrada fue que los institutos encargados de los datos estadísticos de parís están en francés por lo que fue difícil investigar datos exactos en estas páginas.
Conclusión
Gracias a la gráfica del comportamiento poblacional y a las gráficas encontradas de los factores que forman parte de la carta de la tierra, logramos crear un modelo que simule aproximadamente el comportamiento poblacional de la ciudad de Paris, los factores elegidos se pueden observar en el diagrama de arriba, y vemos como están estrechamente ligados a el comportamiento histórica de la población de Paris, dado que ha aumentado de manera generalizada el desempleo, el aumento en la población desacelera, podemos ver relaciones similares a esta comparando la gráfica poblacional a través del tiempo con el marco teórico. Podemos concluir que existe una tendencia a que la población de Paris empiece a estabilizarse, ya que los datos recopilados muestran un incremento marcado desde el siglo XII, por otro lado en la actualidad observamos una línea que a partir de los años 50´s pareciera ser una constante, con una pendiente mucho menor comparada con las anteriores.
Bibliografía
CAFE BABEL. (2014). Illegal Immigrants in Paris - Between a Rock and a Hard Place. Marzo 16, 2015, de CAFE BABEL Sitio web: http://www.cafebabel.co.uk/society/article/illegal-immigrants-in-paris-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place.html.
Aquicn. (2015). Real-time Air Quality Index (AQI). Marzo 16, 2015, de aquicn Sitio web: http://aqicn.org/city/france/paris/paris-centre/
BBC. (2014). Paris car ban imposed after pollution hits high. Marzo 16, 2015, de BBC EUROPE Sitio web: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26599010
Financial Times. (2014). France Jobless. Marzo 16, 2015, de Financial Times Sitio web: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/4c0d7bce-9f14-11e3-8663-00144feab7de.html#axzz3UbX2QrGm
Fierro, A. (1996) Histoire et Dictionnaire de Paris. French & European Pubns.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (s.f.). Complete databases. Sitio web: http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx#
Trading Economics. (2015). Trading Economics France. Sitio web; http://www.tradingeconomics.com/france/ paris.fr. (Marzo de 2015). Obtenido de http://www.paris.fr/es/presentaci-n-de-la-ciudad/historia-de-par-s/rub_8310_stand_33719_port_19227
Roser, M. (2015). Literacy. Sitio web: http://ourworldindata.org/data/education-knowledge/literacy/
Bullis, K. (2013). To Meet Emissions Targets, We’ve All Got to Be like France. Sitio web:http://www.technologyreview.com/view/518711/to-meet-emissions-targets-weve-all-got-to-be-like-france/

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Essence of Paris

...The Essence of Paris By: Samantha Knowles Paris is a beautiful city with a history of prestige and grandeur, and French people put a lot of effort in preserving the glory they once had in the past. The Eiffel Tower sure contributes to its popularity and attracts millions of tourists each year. However, I think even if the Eiffel Tower never existed people would still come to see the beautiful city architecture and historical places, the fashion and the culinary and exquisite French culture. There is just something very attractive in the overall package. To say that the French revere their time spent soaking up arts and culture is an understatement. In Paris, loads of venues are accessible within a few square miles. It is common to find the French devoting their weekends to exploring the wealth of museums and cultural havens. Likewise, many of the provincial areas are blessed with impressive monuments to art and architecture. Paris' modern buildings have developed gradually out of earlier styles; palaces and mansions have survived by transforming into apartments and shops, and most streets harbor a range of buildings from various centuries. Paris traces a millennium of historic buildings, and what is amazing is that so much remains visible and integrally important to the way that Paris works, from the earliest Medieval period through the most contemporary constructions. The most important monument in Paris would have to be the Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel Tower is the...

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Memoral Journey

...my trip to Paris in 2012. Imagine a boy with 16 years old, that his parents gave the opportunity to go to the old continent, alone. This trip will ever a dream come true. I was so happy and excited to go to France I did my suitcase, weeks before leaving the country. The feel of knowing that I was going to spend one month without the responsibility of telling at what time I arrived home to my parents was something incredible. The catch behind this amazing trip, was that I had to attend to French classes, from Monday to Friday, from 9:00-12:00pm, and I didn’t see this so complicated. My journey began on July 26, 2012, taking a night flight from Santo Domingo to Paris. That flight was one of the worst of my life, the feeling of being in the middle of two people who don’t know for more than eight hours, was something that irritated me and made ​​me feel uncomfortable. Even though I had a bad flight, my welcome to the city of lights wasn’t pleasant, the cold it was killing me since I left the airport. But I have to admit something, since taking on the bus, I could immediately see the beauty of a city that I never thought of visiting, the order of society and the traffic is something worth to see, green areas were almost completely clean and you could say that the word“trash”didn’t exist. In a month, a lot of things can be done. But there are some things that you can’t miss if you're in Paris, so from my first week I started to visit the most famous sites of Paris such as......

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dsda

...Rise of the Youth Culture And1980s-1990s: The Unisex Bags……….8 * Twenty-First Century: "Man Purse" And Modern Origin……….9 * A casual men's messenger bag……….11 * history and evolution……….13 * Different Old And New And Expensive Bag……….14 * Top 5 Famous Bags..........15 * History And Prices (Bags)……….16 Conclusion * My Survey..........17 Bibliography Website And respondents of the survey……….18 15 Top 5 Famous Bags In The World 1. Louis Vuitton 2. Hermes 3. Chanel 4. Fendi 5. Marc Jacob History And Prices 1. Louis Vuitton is actually synonymous with the term luxury. The company was established in 1854 and is based in Paris. It has been named the most valuable luxury brand in the world for six straight years...

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pr and Events in Luxury - Lv Case Study

...consists of a variety of activities by individuals and organizations intended to promote a positive relationship or image among. General kinds of PR work: Publicity, Event management, Publication design. (Their products are intended to influence public opinion and are designed to promote and protect an individual or organization's image and products.) • Tactics Financial public relations Consumer/lifestyle public relations Crisis communication Internal communications Luxury Brand Government relations Food-centric relations IN LUXURY History of Louis Vuitton • • • • In 1854 it was first introduced as a French Fashion House by Louis Vuitton. By the 1945s, Louis Vuitton launched its leather products. In 1959, the company restore its signature Monogram Canvas. In 1987, Louis Vuitton merged with Moët-Hennessy to form the world’s largest luxury conglomerate LVMH. Brand Heritage Art Creativity Long history Craftsmanship Exceptional quality Unstoppable innovation Master of...

Words: 3658 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Analysis of Moulin Rouge

...around a main thematic idea. Baz Luhrman’s 2001 Oscar winning masterpiece Moulin Rouge (Luhrman, 2001) is one such film that contains each of these narrative elements: sound, cinematography, mise-en-scene, and editing. A more in-depth analysis requires that mise-en-scene to be broken down into the categories of setting, color usage, costume, makeup and hairstyle, and props. Through these elements, the movie’s theme of Bohemian inspired ideals of beauty, freedom, truth, and above all things: love is illustrated. Along with highlighting the prominent themes and symbols evident in the film, I will analyze how each of the above mentioned are used. The film is set in the village of Montmarte, Paris during the pre-war era between 1899 and 1900. Christian (Ewan McGregor), an impoverished poet, comes to Paris and falls in with a group of Bohemians who want to sell a musical number to Harold Zidler (Jim Broadbent), the owner of the Moulin Rouge. Zidler needs a financial backer to transform the bordello into a modern theater; the rich Duke of Worcester (Richard Roxburgh) is persuaded to back the renovations as well as a spectacular new show, written primarily by Christian, in return for Zidler’s guarantee that the Duke retains the exclusive favors of Satine (Nicole Kidman), the club’s star and infamous courtesan known as the ‘Sparkling Diamond’. But Christian and Satine fall in love and their secret, yet doomed romance plays out amidst the Duke’s advancements toward Satine, the......

Words: 1410 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Watts Towers

...(1921-1954). Simon Rodia called the Watts Towers “Nuestro Pueblo” . When Simon Rodia was asked why he wanted to built the towers he said, “he wanted to create something big, so he did”. This is very impactful because a man saw a vision and refused to settle for anything that what he imagined. The Watts Towers are a monumental part of the Los Angeles Art , they exemplify architecture, art, and culture. The Watts Towers are considered a historical landmark and also a California landmark. The towers are a collection of 17 towers and the tallest being 99 feet. The location of these towers are not in the safest area of Los Angeles , but the towers add beauty to this area. These towers are breathtaking and a valuable asset to the Angeleno history. The words that came to mind when I first saw the towers were very descriptive. Some words were breathtaking, colorful, modern, and perplexed. The Watts Towers are an example of a “Diamond in the Rough” . I would have never expected to see such beautiful towers in Los Angeles. The towers are a beautiful representation of steel and mosaic design. The fusion of steel and the color really make the towers pop. The steel intertwines to create a unique design. No one tower looks the same and it is important because it shows that Rodia, took time to create this masterpiece. The color in the tiles really described the feel the artist was going for. Rodia wanted to portray how he sees reusable objects. The mosaics represent the beauty in......

Words: 519 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Artist

...her Birth name is Taylor Alison Swift. Swift is a multi- Grammy award – winning American singer/songwriter. And some interesting facts about Swift, she grew up on a Christmas-tree farm in Pennsylvania, and her Grandmother was a professional opera singer, Swift also began performing at the age of 10, and at 14 was the youngest staff songwriter ever hired by Sony Tree publishing house in Nashville, and she also wrote or co-wrote all of her songs on her self- titled debut album, and in 2009 made her acting debut,and in 2010 became the youngest artist in history to win the Grammy award for Album of the Year, and Swift was only 20 years old at the time. Also Swift was named Billboard’s Women of the Year in 2011. She was also named the American Music Awards Artist of the Year, as well as the Entertainer of the Year for both Country Music Association and Academy of Country Music. Swift is also the top-selling digital artist in music history. My next artist I am going to discuss is Leonardo de Vinci, perhaps most noted for an artist da Vinci was also an inventor an architect and chronicler of science, he was born April 15, 1542 in Vinci, Italy, and was born out of wedlock to a prominent attorney notary, and a young peasant girl. His early childhood years were spent living on his father’s family estate in Vinci. And during this time period of his life he was greatly influenced by an uncle and he loved the nature and help him mature during his formative years. da Vinci had not......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Persuasive Paper

...there on vacation next year. There is so much to see and do there that I believe what you will learn in France is worth the cost associated with it. One reason to go to France is because of all of the history. Paris is home to many famous historical monuments such as Notre Dame, The Louvre Museum, the Eiffel Tower, the Arc de Triompe, and Versailles. Notre Dame is a famous cathedral. You will love seeing all of the intricate designs and craftsmanship built into it. It is amazing to think that the builder was able to make this building before there were machines. We can go to the Louvre Museum and see the Mona Lisa. To be able to look at the same smile that millions of other people have seen would be awesome. We have seen photos of the painting but nothing can compare to seeing it in person. Everybody knows about the amazing view from the Eiffel Tower. Wouldn’t you like to say that you have seen it? We can also go to Arc de Triomphe. The arc honors those who fought in the French Revolution. It also has the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I. We can compare it to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier that we saw in Washington D.C. Outside of Paris, we can visit Nice. I know you have expressed an interest in visiting there someday. We can travel from Paris to Nice by high speed train and be there in less than 6 hours. The train goes over 200 mph. Can you imagine what that must be like? It will feel like we are flying through the Alps. Nice is one......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Louis Vuitton Time Line

...Vuitton produces a vast amount of products including travel luggage, handbags, accessories, shoes, jewellery and books (as defined from their sales website subcategories). The brand associates themselves with the ‘explore and travel’ notion, offering suitcases or holdalls. Introduced in 1924, Louis Vuitton identify their holdalls as ‘Keepalls’ thus providing a feature to differentiate it from holdalls designed by competitors. The range of holdall sizes also have specific identifications to specify the size of each holdall; they are named by ‘45, 50, 55, 60’ associating with the length of the holdall in centimeters.      Brand History A brief history of the brand: when it was created and any significant events or changes, changes in ownership etc. Louis Vuitton has a strong heritage of over 150 years. Louis Vuitton decided to open his first Paris workshop in 1854. Louis Vuitton was made popular through Vuitton’s flat-bottomed trianon canvas trunks, which are easy for stacking. To protect the brand from increasing number of counterfeits in 1876 Louis Vuitton Protection Against Duplication, Louis Vuitton passed away in 1892 and his son Georges Vuitton inherited the business. He then came up with the Signature Monogram Canvas and made a worldwide patent on it, Marc Jacobs became the Artistic Director in 1997 enhancing the brand as a luxury travel brand by...

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Cinema and Society

...orphan in 1930s Paris, whose solitary life, keeping the clocks up to date in the railway station, is changed once he encounters a shopkeeper with a remarkable past. While it is a fantastic story, the use of real places makes the mise-en-scene naturalistic; the story is mostly constructed in a Parisian train station. The challenge of setting the film in just a station is refreshing, reminding me the film “The Rope” by Hitchcock, and how innovative it was to create a whole plot line in one apartment. A train station can be viewed as an anonymous place where people like Hugo can live without being noticed. Besides, the people walking around the train station make great comedy with their interactions and thus enhancing the narrative. The characters such as the police officer, who makes every effort to send any parentless child in the station to the orphanage, the flowershop girland the old couple also enable the director to jump between story lines throughout the narrative, keeping the audience interested. Another subject that twists the narrative is the early film history, which takes us on a journey when Melies flashbacks to his time as a movie director. On the other hand, the mise-en-scene is constructed in a manner so that we as the audience can believe that the movie is set in Paris. The costuming of the every scene brings the viewers to the city of Paris; the hat that Isabelle wears can easily be associated with French artists. To convey the feeling of Paris, the train......

Words: 1855 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Tour the Louvre

...Musée du Louvre Tour Hum 111 Dr. Wayne Marshall 12/14/2011 Hernan Garcia   Musée du Louvre, 75058 Cedex 01 Paris – France, national museum devoted to the pre-Impressionist art, both fine arts and decorative arts and archeology. It is considered the world's largest museum. It is located in the former royal palace of the Louvre. The opening of the Louvre in 1793 meant, in the history of museums, the transfer from the private collections of the ruling classes (monarchy, aristocracy and Church) at publicly owned galleries to enjoy the whole society. The first work to expose is The Louvre Palace was an ancient XII century fortress of King Philip II of France, built as a walled city to defend the river Seine against the invaders. Had at its center a tubular tower: The Donjon or "Tower of Homage." Some of these remains are in the so-called Sully Wing of the Museum. This residence was strength rather than a large arsenal which was ordered demolished in 1546 by King Francis I to make a home more. Among the remains of the tower were found in the library of King Charles V of the sixteenth century it was in the northwest corner of the medieval castle of the Louvre. The design of this tower can be marked on the floor of the crypt Sully. The second work to expose is the moment when Napoleon crowned Josephine (his wife), a celebration that became famous because Napoleon himself crowned king self without the Pope, the author of this work...

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Visitor Attractions

...A) Introduction: my task in this assignment is to investigate visitor attractions and visitors. I will use both books and websites to help with my research in this assignment. The aim of this assignment is to develop their understanding of the importance of both built and natural attractions to the appeal and popularity of destinations or areas within the UK and the world. b) A definition of visitor attraction: “A visitor attraction is a feature in an area that is a place, venue or focus of activities and does the following things: Sets out to attract visitors/ day visitors, Provides a fun and pleasurable experience, Is developed to realise this potential, Is managed as an attraction, Provides an appropriate level of facilities and services, May or may not charge an admission for entry”. (Walsh – heron and Stevens (1990) citied by Swarbrooke (2002) The term visitor attraction can be difficult to define because people can be easily confused as to the purpose of visitor attractions. Because many visitor attractions are different because some are either natural or manmade. Visitor attractions are classified by whether they are purposely built attractions, natural attractions or non-purpose built attraction C) London Eye: The London Eye is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom, visited by over 3.5 million people annually each year. The London eye is situated in central London and is become a landmark......

Words: 2277 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Paris City of Love

...Paris: City of Love ‘The city of lights’, ‘the city of Romance’, ‘the culinary capital of the world’, all these are just names Paris, France is known by. Over seven million people visit each year. Paris, France is one of the most amazing places i will ever visit. There are so many phenomenal things to see and never get bored. The most Prominent landmark in Paris would have to be the Eiffel Tower. More the seven million people visit the Eiffel Tower each year. For a small fee i can ride the elevator to the top. The view from the top is spectacular. I want some exercise so, can take the stairs that go from the ground to the second platform. Many People like to go to the Eiffel Tower at night because it is all light up. At night when it is lit up it looks an attractive golden color, instead if the dark brown it is painted. The Eiffel Tower took two years to build. It was finished on March 31, 1889. The Eiffel Tower was originally built for the world exhibition in 1889, but today it is used as a radio transmission tower and a tourist attraction. The Eiffel Tower is named after Gustave Eiffel, the main contractor and architect. The Arc De Triomphe and Versailles are some of Paris’s other famous landmarks. The Arc De Triomphe is a 164 ft. arch. It honors all the soldiers who have fought for France, particularly during Napoleon Bonaparte’s reign. Under the Arch lies the Tomb of an Unknown Soldier, which honors all of France’s......

Words: 1826 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Eurodisney

...Barcelona, Spain. f) Too few seats at restaurants for guests at breakfast. g) No alcohol served with meals h) French visitors stayed away from EuroDisney (Cateora, Graham, 2007, pp. 614-616) 2. To what degree do you consider these factors were a) Foreseeable because Disney knew they were taking a risk by opening the theme park. The post Gulf War kept visitors from taking summer vacations. The World’s Fair in Seville and the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona drew visitors away from EuroDisney. Disney didn’t know what to expect for breakfast and was unprepared. b) Controllable because Disney could have anticipated the French custom of having wine with every meal. They could have lowered costs on hotel rooms and flights into Paris to see EuroDisney right away. (Cateora, Graham, 2007, pp. 614-616) 3. What role does ethnocentrism play in the role of EuroDisney’s launch? Ethnocentrism played an important role in the story of EuroDisney’s launch that Disney believed that the French visitors would really go for a Disney theme park. The variety the theme park had to offer needed to change to attract French visitors and people from other countries in Europe. (Cateora, Graham, 2007, pp. 614-616) 4. How do you assess the cross-cultural marketing skills of Disney? The cross-cultural marketing skills needed to be improved on by Disney. The French people were not originally recognized as being culturally different from the Americans and some......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

School

...student ambassador. The following summer I got to visit England, France, and Italy; my journey is a cultural experience that I will never forget. On the first day of our travels, we left the airport in Atlanta, GA for our fifteen hour journey to London, England. We arrived in the U.K. touring city learning the history of statues and gardens, witnessing the changing of the guards at Buckingham Palace, and viewing the beautiful city from the top of the London Eye. The following night we took an overnight ferry to Normandy, France to visit the D-day Memorial Beaches to receive a history lesson on what occurred during the last days of World War II. Our next stop on the agenda was Paris, France, the shopping capital of the world! The highlight of our Paris tour was going to the top of the Eiffel Tower, eating beignets in the café, and running from African venders. Days later we arrived in Italy where I met my homestay family, the Viviani’s. Accompanied by my host Gloria, we strolled along the Mediterranean beaches, propelled down a castle, and attended a birthday celebration. On the last day of our voyage we toured Rome visiting the Vatican and becoming more educated about the history of the different painters. That night we returned to the U.S. to be reunited with our families. My life as an African American, living in the south has not been easy. For a very long time, I felt as though I was being judged...

Words: 405 - Pages: 2