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Pasteur, Jenner, Eisen and You

In: Science

Submitted By arose34
Words 511
Pages 3
With Anton Van Leeuwenhoek inventing the microscope, Edward Jenner pioneering vaccines, and Louis Pasteur discovering germs (Rhodes, 2014), it was obvious that science was beginning to advance in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today’s “common knowledge” was just being discovered during that time period. People were curious how things worked and how to improve the lives of others. Even though it took a while for a theory to be accepted in the scientific community, little was known about science or microbiology. It was believed that illnesses were caused by outside influences like bad air or divine punishment (Disease Warriors, 2006), when in actuality the rise of contagious diseases and infections were caused by many people crowded into a small area with little to no sanitation (Rhodes, 2014). Today, with the knowledge that was discovered in the 18th and 19th centuries and other technologies we are allowed to expand our knowledge even further. When Edward Jenner discovered the first vaccine, he did not know if using the puss from cowpox would even work as a vaccine, but he tested his theory on a healthy boy (Disease Warriors, 2006). In today’s society, testing like that would not be allowed to happen to any human, especially a child.
Scientists today have developed more vaccines, cures and antibiotics because of the beginning research done by those in the 18th and 19th centuries. Antibiotics are used to cure many different types of illness, but they are too strong and can kill off the good microbes with prolong use (Eisen, 2012). The microbe community was not known to be a good thing for the human body, but as more research is completed, it is seems that it could be viewed as another organ, another critical part of being healthy (Eisen, 2012). It is theorized that the destruction of the good microbes can cause a change in the metabolic rate or the start of an...

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...Do you think the social and cultural environments of the 18th and 19th centuries helped or hindered the study of microbiology in particular and science in general? Why? After reviewing all three videos I believe both the social and cultural environment of the 18th and 19th centuries both helped the study of microbiology and science. I feel this way because during this time, it was believed that illness were caused by outside influences like bad air, or divine punishment as stated in Pasteur and understanding Disease video section. These types of cultural no social beliefs in my option aided the scientist of the time to research the true cause of illness something that could be seen no proved. Do you think that microbiology and science are influenced by today’s social and cultural environments? Provide examples to support your statements. I do believe Microbiology and science are influenced by today’s social and cultural environment. Over the years with much trial no error science/microbiology has come to the level it is currently at. For example the try and see approach used by Jenner in regards to using the scraping from the lady with cowpox to inoculate against smallpox. Jenner didn't know if that would work he just reasoned since the milkmaids didn't contract smallpox then maybe since they were exposed to cowpox the had built an immunity. In today’s society the social cultural environment would not allow for a child to be subjected to this kind of testing. With......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3