Premium Essay


In: Other Topics

Submitted By jhugz
Words 785
Pages 4
Controller Strike of 1981
Bob Saget
Utah Valley University

The PATCO strike of 1981 was a turning point for labor relations in the United States. Labor and management went head to head in one of the most famous strikes in the history of our country. In the end, labor lost, and thousands of controllers were fired for standing up for their profession. I believe the controllers were wronged and terminated unfairly. Every worker should have a right to better their profession and collectively bargain for their job. We will first look at the events that led up to the strike and then discuss the outcome from the controller’s perspective as I believe they were in the right.
The major concerns of the union leading up to the strike included pay, benefits, and schedule. The union cited safety for a reduced work week that would be 32 hours long. They also wanted a pay increase and better retirement benefits. Negotiations began in February but stalled shortly after. On August 3rd, 1981, 13,000 PATCO members go on strike due to unsuccessful contract negotiations. Management did try to negotiate with the controllers offering a pay raise, however the union did not view the other improvements as satisfactory. The union and its members were willing to participate in what was considered an illegal strike for a couple different reasons. The union was just coming down off of many major victories for their workers over the past decade. PATCO leaders thought they had an excellent position for the upcoming contract negotiations. When they didn’t get what they wanted, they felt as if the FAA would cave into their demands again if met with force. Another reason they were willing to participate in the strike was because previous government workers before them struck without consequences. They could have never imagined the outcomes might be so different.
I believe…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...Several early unions were formed. * The FAA realized it was one of the few federal agencies whose operation was vital to the well being of the country, but whose workforce was permitted to unionize. * In 1963 the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) was formed. * On April 1, 1967, a cabinet level coordinating agency became a reality, the Department of Transportation (DOT) was created. * The Federal Aviation Agency was merged into the new DOT and became the Federal Aviation Administration. * The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) was created at the same time, the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), was also merged into DOT with responsibilities limited to commercial routes and fares. * In 1978 the Airline Deregulation Act was enacted. * It reduced the influence of the CAB and eventually eliminated. * Airlines were free to determine own fares and routes without government approval. * Forced airlines to compete for passengers. * New airlines formed overnight in direct competition with older airlines. Fares were reduced to all-time lows * Many major airlines adopted “hub-and-spoke route systems overwhelm the ATC system. * August 3, 1981, PATCO staged an illegal strike, 2 days later after controllers disregarded a presidential order to return to work over 10,000 controllers were fired. * Temporary flight restrictions were necessary to reduce workload. A system of reservations was established to reduce......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


... Bio-Green Chinese Herbal Medicine LTD (UK) Biomarin Europe Ltd Grays London Essex Tier 2 (A rating) Tier 2 (A rating) Tier 2 (A rating) Biomet UK Healthcare Ltd Mid Glamorgan Tier 2 (A rating) Tier 2 (A rating) BIOPHARM SERVICES LTD Biopharma Technology Ltd BIO-PHARMA(UK) LIMITED Bio-Rad Laboratories Ltd Bioregional Development Group BioReliance Ltd Chesham Tier 2 (A rating) Winchester Tier 2 (A rating) LUTON Hemel Hempstead Wallington Glasgow Page 181 of 1704 BEDFORDSHIRE Tier 2 (A rating) Herts Tier 2 (A rating) Surrey Tier 2 (A rating) Organisation Name Town/City County Tier & Rating Sub Tier Tier 2 (A rating) Tier 2 (A rating) Biotec Worldwide Supplies Group Limited Bipin Kantilal Patel t/a Patco Newsagents biplob tandoori restaurant Bir Holdings Birch Trees Nursing Home Bircham Dyson Bell LLP Birchester Medicare Ltd Birchfield Corporation Ltd BIRCHFIELD INDEPENDENT GIRL'S SCHOOL Birchwood Medical Practice Bird & Bird LLP Tier 2 General Intra Company Transfers (ICT) Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Tier 2 General Intra Company Transfers (ICT) Tier 2 General Creative & Sporting Tier 2 General Intra Company Transfers (ICT) Tier 2 General Intra Company Transfers (ICT) Tier 2 General Bridgend London Vale of Glamorgan Tier 2 (A rating) Tier 2 (B rating) swindon Tier 2 (A rating) Stratford upon Avon Midhurst London Tier 2......

Words: 405779 - Pages: 1624

Premium Essay

Aviation Legislation Homework

...entrant airlinesAnswer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   prevented unions from making their accustomed demands for wage increases. | | | | | * Question 11 3 out of 3 points | |   | Which of the following is NOT true of events when the Boeing 737 was introduced into the fleet in the 1960s?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   Binding arbitration ruled that safety concerns did not warrant three pilot crews. | | | | | * Question 12 3 out of 3 points | |   | A strike by federal employees (like air traffic controllers) is prohibited by theAnswer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. | | | | | * Question 13 3 out of 3 points | |   | A strike called by PATCO in 1981 resulted inAnswer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   the firing of over 11,000 air traffic controllers by President Reagan. | | | | | * Question 14 3 out of 3 points | |   | In 1983, the International Association of Machinists called a strike against Continental Airlines after Frank Lorenzo took over the company. What was the result of that strike?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   The strike is technically still in progress. | | | | | * Question 15 3 out of 3 points | |   | Financial hardships for some incumbent airlines has caused which of the following new developments in labor negotiations?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   concession bargaining and two-tiered wage......

Words: 5218 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Striking for Benfits

...left in the AFL-CIO, or the NEA, who actually knows how to lead a strike, and of that handful, nearly no one who has ever really led one. For the last 25 years and more the AFL-CIO just organized one series of concessions after the next. The labor bosses in power now are habituated to losing, and are unable to make strategic estimates and tactical plans for a fight, even if they wanted to fight -- and they do not want to fight as that might interrupt dues income and their coming pensions. Even if the UFCW drew on the widely proclaimed vast resources of the AFL-CIO for this strike, the arsenal was empty.      34. Unfortunately, it is clear that the work force understood none of this, had learned nothing from the period following the 1981 PATCO strike (when newly-elected Ronald Reagan was allowed to smash the air-controllers strike by the inaction of the AFL-CIO). <>      35. That the UFCW members did not know any of this is testament to the US educational system which manages to train people to overlook the obvious, to become instruments of their own oppression -- even to desire it -- and to search for someone else to save them, to tell them what to do. The decisive viewpoint that "all of history is the history of class struggle" is obliterated in US schools, as is the base-point of learning anything: you can understand and change your world.      36. As significant, however, is the success of US public schooling in......

Words: 10243 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

His145 Week 5

...the 40th President of the United States of America, with his presidential term running from 1981 to 1989. Ronald Reagan left behind various legacies throughout his tenure as President, which included drastic reductions of taxes, and stricter control of government spending, allowing him to succeed in managing inflation and stimulate the growth of the American economy. Reagan was known as the president who implemented the modern war on drugs, pioneering the “just say no” campaign and enacting the greatest expansion of zero tolerance legislation in history. Reagan was also known for being harsh against labor unions, with the most significant act being in 1981 with the blanket termination of professional air traffic controller organization (PATCO) members, who despite federal law, walked off the job and refused to end their strike and return to work. But Reagan may be most notably remembered for being the president who ended the cold war. President Reagan adopted an economic strategy known as “stagflation” in which he implemented drastic cuts of income taxes from approximately 70% to 28%, which effected the upper most income tax rate, and the corporate tax rate. These cuts, combined with reductions in government spending, allowed him to help control the supply of money and overall inflation. These policies became commonly known as “reaganonmics” where many of his economic theories focused on the supply side of the economic ladder, relying on tax cuts for citizens and......

Words: 1306 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Should Public Sector Employees Be Allowed to Strike

...union grew significantly in the 1960’s and 1970’s. At the beginning of the decade 12.8% of government employees belonged to a union and in 1974 that number grew to 20.6%. This expansion was in large part of expanded government budgets through the 60s and early 70’s (Katz 2008) This expansion started to slow down in the mid 70s. Even with local governments struggling financially this did not led to try aggressively to do away with unions. During this time a large number of government ran into financial problems. The general public started to backlash against government employees and government budgets. Under President Reagan, he went directly after the public sector and their unions. In 1981, the Air Traffic Controller Union (PATCO) led its members out on strike. The union wanted better wages and benefits. President Reagan then fired all of the air traffic controllers. The Federal Labor Relations Authority eventually decertified the Union. This legitimized hard lined bargaining by public and private sector employees. From the 1990s on the public sector has had extreme pressure to improve performance and shrink in size. Some are calling to “reinvent government’, to improved the perceived inefficiencies of government. The Need for the Right to Strike To have a fair negotiation both sides need the same power to either accept or reject the other sides offer. As a result of this scenario, the right to negotiate and the right to strike are closely related.......

Words: 4435 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Ronald Regan a president, not being from the United States and of course at the time not even living in this country, I did not live through any of the policies he put in place or took away, therefore I found it difficult to make a decision based purely off of what I could read watch or look at. My spin on this will be apparent at the end of my paper Regan tried hard to cut many departments within the government, the department of energy, and also the department of education. Legislators wouldn’t allow that to happen so he cut the budgets to them. I believe that’s why some of our education programs now are a mess. When his secretary of transportation Drew Lewis opposed an illegal strike by the Professional Air Traffic Controllers’ Organization (PATCO), Regan fired them all 11,500 air traffic controllers had to be replaced and trained. Regan had ordered Drew Lewis to do this, the action of Regan cost billions and took several years to recover from, thinking about it how Regan avoided an air disaster I don’t know. How a man who held a union card could be so opposed to them is a mystery. Ronald Regan was also again affirmative action and over time he cut budgets to the civil rights department and there was less African Americans hired into official positions, he didn’t seem to care about all the progress that had been made by presidents before him. By 1981 “Reaganomics” was in full swing, he had managed to seize political initiative, redefine the public agenda and managed to get most......

Words: 1397 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Labor Relations

...Labor Relations -Collective Bargaining in the Public Sector I. Union Membership II. Union Organization A. Unfair Labor Practices B. “Friendly Societies” III. Public Sector Unions A. Early Organization 1. Ten hour workday 2. Postal Workers 3. Boston Police Strike B. Legislation 1. Wagner Act 2. New York Executive Order 49 IV. Collective Bargaining A. Wisconsin B. Executive Order 10988 C. Taylor Law D. PATCO E. Opposition F. Advocacy V. Summary VI. Bibliography Labor Relations Today, union membership is at an all time low. It has been steadily declining since the 1980’s. Private sector union membership has been affected the most, while that of the public sector has remained relatively strong. Collective bargaining allows employees a voice regarding their wages, benefits and working conditions. The need for unions was a direct result of the unfair labor practices employed during the Industrial Revolution beginning in the late 18th century and continuing on into the early 20th century. During the Industrial Revolution, government adopted a hands-off attitude towards business. Therefore, business owners could treat their workers however they wished. It is largely due to the unsafe conditions, abuse of workers, and the employees’ lack of a voice over their employment......

Words: 1444 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Middle Class

...Buffalo, Cleveland, Flint and Detroit still haven’t recovered. Neither has the middle class. “You can’t grow an economy, grow a middle class, without making things, producing stuff,” says Mike Stout, a steelworker who lost his job when Pennsylvania’s Homestead Works closed in 1986. “It’s just impossible. I haven’t seen it anywhere.” Reagan also fired the striking members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization. He argued that he was simply trying to end an illegal strike by public employees, but his action encouraged private employers to use the same tactic. Once workers realized they could lose their jobs by joining a picket line, the number of strikes dropped tenfold, from 300 a year before 1981, to 30 a year today. Pre-PATCO, 21 percent of workers belonged to unions (still down from the all-time high of 30 percent). Now, fewer than 12 percent do. Union membership is at 14.7 million, the lowest total since just before World War II. There’s a well-known graph that shows middle-class income share declining along the same axis as unionization. Bill Clinton continued down the same deregulatory path, signing the North American Free Trade Agreement and the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which prohibited commercial banks from owning investment firms. NAFTA, which resulted in hundreds of small manufacturers moving to Mexico, was passed over the vehement objections of labor. In 1994, Rep. Glenn Poshard of Illinois tried to persuade the Labor Department to......

Words: 2827 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...subject test, but did not score high enough on the biographical test to move on in the selection process. And he will be too old to enter FAA training next year because it only takes applicants age 31 and under. Of 28,000 candidates, only 2,200 made it past the biographical assessment to be considered for 1,300 air traffic controller openings this year. About 1,700 openings will be filled next year, Foxx said. The FAA says the screening will make hiring less costly and more objective in identifying people who can succeed in the high-stress job of directing aircraft takeoffs and landings. The FAA is on a hiring boom because large numbers of its 15,000 air traffic controllers are retiring. Many were hired after 1981 to replace members of the PATCO air traffic controller union who went on strike and were dismissed. The FAA says biographical screening to find the candidates that have the best education, aviation experience and personalities to be successful as air traffic controllers is a high-stakes endeavor. It takes about two to three years to train an air traffic controller at an annual cost in salary and benefits of about $93,000. About one-fifth of those who begin the training do not finish, according to an FAA report.

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Puette, Through Jaundiced Eyes. file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Juan%20Mart...0-%205-books-collection%20(html)/501/year-107.htm (3 of 3) [01/03/2003 15:42:20] Year 501: Chapter Eleven [3/6] Year 501 Copyright © 1993 by Noam Chomsky. Published by South End Press. Chapter 11: The Third World at Home Segment 3/6 Previous segment | Next segment | Contents | Overview | Archive | New World Media | ZNet Caterpillar decided in the '80s that its labor contract with the UAW was "a thing of the past," the Tribune study observes: the company would "permanently change it with the threat of replacement workers." That tactic, standard in the 19th century, was reinstituted by Ronald Reagan to destroy the air traffic controllers union (PATCO) in 1981, one of the many devices adopted to undermine labor and bring the Third World model home. In 1990, Caterpillar shifted some production to a small steel processor that had broken a Teamsters Local by hiring scabs, "a swift and stunning blow to the workers, a harbinger" of what was to come. Two years later, the hammer struck. For the first time in 60 years, a major US manufacturer felt free to use the ultimate anti-labor weapon. Congress followed shortly after by effectively denying railroad workers the right to strike after an employer lockout that stopped the trains. Congress's General Accounting Office found that companies felt much more free to threaten to call in "permanent replacement workers" after Reagan used the......

Words: 312620 - Pages: 1251