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Patho Test 3

In: Science

Submitted By sheena7994
Words 673
Pages 3
Which is responsible for structural support within a cell? microfilaments
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Successive, rapid impulses received from a single neuron on the same synapse best describes: temporal summation
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The midbrain contains the tegmentum
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Which is a function of the thalamus? Major integrating center for afferent impulse
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It is true that the cerebellum: maintains posture and balance
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Which structure is involved in pain transmission? Substantia gelantinosa
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The neurotransmitter released from the postganglionic parasympathetic axon terminal is acetylcholine
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When a patient experiences a brain injury and the medulla oblongata is affected, it is reasonable to expect the client will experience: heart rate changes. alterations in respirations. altered blood pressure. problems swallowing.
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The meninges surrounding the brain comprise the dura mater, arachnoid & pia mater
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It is TRUE that the specificity theory of pain relates the amount of pain to the amount of soft tissue injury
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The reticular and limbic systems regulate what we feel about pain. .
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Which activity has been documented to increase the levels of circulating endogenous endorphins? stress
- Stress, sexual intercourse, acupuncture, and excessive physical exertion have all been linked to increased levels of circulating endorphins
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A young child presents with redness of the eyes. The parents indicate that this condition seems to be 'going around' the daycare. Which is the most likely diagnosis? conjunctivitis
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Acute bacterial conjunctivitis, or pinkeye, is a highly contagious bacterial infection. Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids. Keratitis is an infection of the cornea. Trachoma is a bacterial infection caused by poor hygiene and is the leading cause of preventable blindness. .
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A patient who reports that 'everything tastes unpleasant' is exhibiting symptoms of dysgeusia
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Endogenous opioids include enkephalins. endorphins. dynorphins. endomorphins. 
The term that describes "obvious changes in cell function that result from stimulation by a particular hormone" is direct effects
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It is TRUE that the hypothalamus is: made up of neurosecretory neurons that secrete releasing hormones.
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Which hormone is secreted by the A nterior P ituitary [APP] P rolactin
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Which hormone is secreted by the P osterior P ituitary [PPO] O xytocin .....and ADH
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It is TRUE that the parathyroid gland secretes the most important factor in Ca++ regulation
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The posterior pituitary is composed of the median eminence, stalk, infundibular process
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The thyroid gland contains: C-cells. follicles. isthmus. chromophils. 
Abnormalities in endocrine function may be caused by a(n) absence of antibodies against specific receptors.
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A symptom of SIADH is hyponatremia
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It is true that DI occurs with organic lesion of the hypothalamus or pituitary.
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It is correct to assume that pituitary adenomas arise from the anterior pituitary.
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A patient with visual changes that begin in one eye then progress to the second eye is likely experiencing pituitary adenoma.
- With a pituitary adenoma, there can be increased pressure on the optic chiasm, and growth of the tumor can cause visual changes in both eyes.
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A symptom of a prolactinoma would include: galactorrhea.
-Galactorrhea is the spontaneous flow of milk from the breast, unassociated with childbirth or nursing.
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Medication used to threat thyrotoxic crisis includes: iodine
-Beta blockers, PTU (propylthiouracil), iodine, and supportive care are used to treat thyrotoxic crisis.
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Myxedema coma is generally associated with: lactic acidosis
-It is associated with a diminished level of consciousness due to severe hypothyroidism.
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Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a result of: increased fat metabolism
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Which symptom would a patient diagnosed with pheochromocytoma also experience? headaches
-Pheochromocytoma causes excessive release of epinephrine and norepinephrine resulting in hypertension, tachycardia, decreased insulin secretion, and headaches due to changes in cerebral blood flow
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Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone hypersecretion (SIADH) may result from: ectopic production of ADH by tumors. pulmonary disorders like asthma. central nervous system disorders such as encephalitis. psychiatric disease treated with antidepressants or antipsychotics
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Which description appropriately defines the term anemia? decreased erythrocytes in circulating blood
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Which statement regarding folate is TRUE? Dietary intake is about 50 to 200 micrograms/day
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What is the primary function of albumin as a component of human blood? Albumin regulates the movement of water and solutes via osmotic pressure
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continuous circulation of blood does not prevent cellular breakdown

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