Free Essay

Patterns Ground Zero

In: English and Literature

Submitted By trose27
Words 3018
Pages 13
Tala Hughes
Mrs. Martin
DC English Comp. 111
20 November 2015
“Ground Zero”
Paragraph Summaries 1. Berne is visiting Manhattan’s financial district for the first time to give respect to the tragedy that took place there at the World Trade Center. 2. There were people from all over the world and of all ages there to visit the site. 3. Although it may seem like you are looking at nothing, you are really looking at the absence of what used to be. 4. To a tourist, the site simply looks like a construction site. 5. Looking at the site even gives off the vibe that construction gives, of hope and curiosity. 6. Then your eyes adjust to the most striking part about the scene: the light. 7. Berne compares ground zero to a bowl of light, empty yet vast. What is missing becomes clearer as a watery glow from the light reflecting off the Hudson River covers everything. 8. Suddenly, she starts to see the tragedy, including the firefighters and the boarded windows. 9. Suddenly, the cemetery is visible, along with all of the personal belongings and headstones. 10. It takes time to see the tragedy and make sense of it all. 11. An old man near her is trying to explain to her son how he saw the site before the towers were even built. 12. It is clear many people are dissatisfied with being able to express only vague expressions. 13. Most of the people were picturing what they saw in the media, with the towers with black smoke around them. 14. Berne decided to get tickets for the viewing platform to get a better idea of the scene and had to ask dozens of people and cops for directions. 15. Berne watched a bad juggler as she waited at the ticket kiosk for the next available viewing in four hours. 16. She left and went to a deli and waited by a glass window with her pastrami sandwich. 17. She finally got her ticket. 18. She could see firefighters honoring remains that were found in the pit. 19. Everyone in the dining room stopped eating out of respect. 20. Berne realized that all of the visitors were filling the spot where so many lives were lost.
1. She means that she goes from seeing just the empty space to seeing what was missing in that space. 2. It takes a while for all of the emotions to sink in and to get a good visualization of the site. 3. The media pictures of ground zero were different than seeing it in person because the media displays the photos of the tower falling with smoke everywhere and seeing it in person is just an emptiness. 4. Ground zero is this quiet, empty space in the large, busy city of Manhattan. Berne reacts to this contrast by feeling a stronger emotion towards ground zero. 5. In the conclusion, Berne is expressing how the site is in a way being repopulated with visitors, because the site is so empty. I feel like she is being very serious when discussing this topic and is not using any sarcasm.
Purpose and Audience 1. I feel like Berne states her thesis in her opening sentence, “On a cold, damp March morning, I visited Manhattan’s financial district, a place I’d never been, to pay my respects at what used to be the World Trade Center.” I think she states it to avoid any confusion on the topic. In my own words, Berne’s thesis is “I visited ground zero to give respect to the tragedy.” 2. Berne’s purpose in this essay is to express the emotions that one feels when seeing the breathtaking site of what was lost. 3. Berne assumes that her readers know what ground zero is and what happened at the world trade center.
Style and Structure 1. Berne begins by saying that she has never been to Manhattan to explain that she never saw the towers when they were there. 2. Berne uses a chronological organization scheme, which benefits her by keeping the sequence of events in order but has a disadvantage of having to stick to the order to avoid digression and confusion. 3. She describes ground zero in so many ways because there are various ways to see it depending on one’s emotional stand point of the tragedy. 4. The space in between paragraphs 17 and 18 allows a shift from simply looking at the site to looking into the site. 5. She ends her essay describing the people on the platform to explain that many people came to this site and are having unique experience all together. I think she feels the need to include these observations to show the reader how many people are having this effect. 6. The repetition of the word suddenly in paragraph 9 creates the effect of all of the senses and emotions flooding and overwhelming her all at once. She could have achieved this effect another way by quickly listing how she was feeling at that moment.
1. Shearling: a skin from a recently sheared sheep or lamb that has been tanned and dressed with the wool left on. 2. Potent: having great power, influence, or effect. 3. Periphery: the outer limits or edge of an area or object. 4. Laminated: overlay (a flat surface, especially paper) with a layer of plastic or some other protective material. 5. Devastation: great destruction or damage. 6. Incredulousness: incredulous is an adjective that means not disposed or willing to believe; unbelieving. If you are incredulous that means you can't or won't believe something. 7. Repopulation: the total number of persons inhabiting a country, city, or any district or area.

“No Wonder They Call Me A Bitch”
Paragraph Summary 1. Hodgman has always been curious about the different types of dog foods. 2. She now has a better understanding on dog foods after spending a week tasting various types. 3. She has always been intrigued by Gaines-burgers dog food when she was a kid, and felt excited to be able to try it. 4. That brand has, “Dogs love real beef!” exclaimed on the packaging and she was fascinated to find out that it does include real beef yet not real poultry. 5. A Purina spokesman informed Ann on what actually is in poultry by-product and expressed his fear for her eating dog food. 6. She described the look of a Gains-burger as a red patty made out of Play-Doh. 7. Ann heated up a skillet for the patty while she formed the cheese into a small bird and ate it. 8. The cheese tasted like a tangy cheddar with a soy after taste. She contrasts the textures of the cheese a fresh play-doh and the patty as old play-doh. 9. The patty did not cook like an actual burger and just turned black. When put into the sink, it drained red-dye. 10. The burger was nothing compared to the canned dog food. She feels like whenever she’ll use the can opener, she will be spreading the animal by-product. 11. Gaines had different cycles of canned food, 1 for puppies, 2 for adults, 3 is low fat, and 4 is for older dogs. 1 was mush and wet, 2 was fatty and meaty, and 3 was virtually tasteless. 12. Cycle 4 had small nuggets that tasted almost like baked-beans that a Purina spokesman once called the “dried beef digest” as “enzymes.” 13. Next she tried Kal Kan Pedigree Chunky Chicken that was brown chunks with a meatloaf texture. 14. For canned dog food, smooth consistency means low quality and chunky lumps mean high quality. The highest quality of canned food that she tried was the Kal Kan Pedigree Select Dinners which came in small foil and tasted like canned hash, even though the grey veined chunks were alarming. 15. Ann was eager to try dry dog food, and the Gravy Train was the first. The gravy was basically just tap water and not very beefy at all. 16. The Butcher’s Bland is a dry dog food where the different bites are marked with either a T for beef, a curl for chicken, or an S for bacon. 17. Purina O.N.E. is for people that want to feed their dogs quality food without putting much thought into it. 18. Hodgman likes that O.N.E. provides a nutritional benefits list for everything that is in the food. 19. She actually liked the O.N.E. whether it is the extra fat it has or the clever packaging. 20. Dog snacks are much better tasting than dog foods and each has a unique saying to attract buyers. 21. Hodgman lined up all seven of the milkbone treat flavors and did not taste any difference between them. 22. She prefers Bonz bone with simulated marrow, which tasted like cornmeal but she felt uneasy about the marrow part. 23. She makes a note to answer any questions. 24. A question is asked about the sizzling word “beef” on the packaging. 25. She states that that type of thing never happens. 26. A question is asked about the comparison of cat food. 27. Canned cat food was a bit more chicken-tasting than the dog food. 28. A question is asked about any dog food that she wasn’t willing to try. 29. Hodgeman was unwilling to try Mighty Dog and gave it to raccoons.
1. Hodgman decided to try eating dog food simply because she was curious about it. I do not find her motives convincing because dog food is gross for a person to eat. 2. Even if the packaging is beautiful and exciting, dog food is still dog food. 3. Hodgman disliked Mighty Dog the least and wouldn’t even bring herself to try it. She liked the Purina O.N.E. the best. 4. Hodgman describes the packaging on dog food as very elaborate and pretty trying to attract consumers. The advertising tries to convey how good the good tastes.
Purpose and Audience 1. The essay has an implied thesis. The thesis is not explicitly stated because it would seem too strong to just say, “I tried dog food for a week because I wanted to.” 2. Hodgeman is trying to create the dominant impression that she is tasting the dog foods to see if their tastes really comply with the packaging. 3. I think Hodgman expects her readers to react in a disgusted way because of the topic, which is shown in how graphically she describes the tastes, textures, and looks of the dog foods. These expectations just cause her to become even more graphic in her descriptions.
Style and Structure
My reaction to the title was shock because I wasn’t expecting such vulgar language. The advantage of using the word can cause readers to see the ironic humor and a disadvantage is that it could cause readers to not want to read the story. 1. The details are arranged by the different types of dog food, like canned to dry. I feel like organization would be better going from least tasteful to most tasteful. 2. I feel like she fully describes how the dog foods taste and that there is no possible room, for any more detail. If she was any more detailed, we would basically be eating the food ourselves. 3. Hodgeman uses mostly similies in her essay, such as, “…it tasted primarily like tap water, so it wasn’t nauseating either.” These help explain to the reader what the foods tasted like, looked like, and felt like. 4. I think Hodgman ends her essay answering questions because when discussing such an odd topic, it is obvious that there will be questions.
1. By-products: an incidental or secondary product made in the manufacture or synthesis of something else. 2. Carcass: the dead body of an animal. 3. Palatable: (of food or drink) pleasant to taste. 4. Malleable: easily influenced; pliable. 5. Extrusions: a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile. A material is pushed through a die of the desired cross-section. 6. Rivulets: a very small stream. 7. Unsavory: disagreeable to taste, smell, or look at. 8. Imperious: assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering. 9. Rancid: (of foods containing fat or oil) smelling or tasting unpleasant as a result of being old and stale. 10. Arcane: understood by few; mysterious or secret. 11. Semiotics: the study of signs and symbols and their use or interpretation. 12. Kitschy: something that appeals to popular or lowbrow taste and is often of poor quality; a tacky or lowbrow quality or condition

“The Hidden Life of Garbage”
Paragraph Summaries 1. Garbage trucks collect the trash early in the morning into the trucks compacting unit, which is taken to the garbage depot when it gets full. 2. Land dumping is very popular in the U.S. because it is so cheap. They are often away from the public. 3. The landfills are hidden from the public because if they say the destruction, they would get concerned. 4. Where the dumping takes place is called the “working face” and is covered with trash and smells pungent. 5. GROWS, geological reclamation operations and wastes systems, is a new breed called “mega-fills.” It is the largest recipient of New York City’s waste. 6. WMI is in the old Warner Company grounds, where they mined the area for gravel and sand. Now, they fill it with waste. 7. On top of the GROWS landfill, trucks dump twenty four tons each into the pile, and is every now and then compacted with a giant “landfill compactor.” 8. Once you are away from the landfill, it is hard to know it is there because any small trash is caught with the litter net and the smell is brought down with a spray mixture. 9. New landfills line the cells with a giant liner that collects the waste water runoff which is taken to a treatment facility. 10. Once a cell is filled, it is capped off with dirt, clay and the liner. 11. New regulations make sites like GROWS less harmful, yet still pose long term issues. The liners are expected to last about thirty to fifty years, which could possibly be enough time for the owner to not be blamed for any contamination. 12. Waste treatment facilities are expensive operations that try to stay green and keep up with the latest regulation, yet always seem like they’re hiding something. 13. The harder that the facilities try, the more it seems like we need to reduce our waste.
1. Landfills are hidden from the public so they don’t raise any concern. 2. The landfills working face is the top where the trash is dumped. Compared to other parts of the landfill, this is where the most action and commotion takes place. 3. Rogers thinks GROWS is aptly named because it is supposed to have a positive connotation for a negative system. Rogers thinks it is ironic. 4. New state of the are landfills pose dangers such as having toxic waste water leak into the water supply. 5. The repressed question that is not being asked is, “what if we didn’t have so much trash to get rid of?”
Purpose and Audience 1. Rogers states her thesis in the concluding paragraph, which helps her emphasize the importance of the amount of trash we are producing. 2. Rogers tries to create the dominant impression that it is inevitable for garbage to be toxic, regardless of how high tech the waste facilities become. 3. Roger’s attitude towards waste is negative and that people shouldn’t be creating so much garbage. She also feels that garbage facilities are just as bad.
Style and Structure 1. Rogers specifically describes how the garbage trucks pick up the waste bins and dump and cram the trash in the collector. The description is an opening for something that most people are used to seeing happen to or garbage, and leads into something that we are not used to seeing. 2. Roger arranged her essay from less gruesome into most gruesome, leading into more horrible thoughts of what could happen with our garbage in landfills. 3. The essay gives objective descriptions when explaining how the garbage trucks and landfills work, and subjective descriptions when describing how she feels about the waste. 4. Rogers puts the phrase “environmentally responsible” in quotation marks to show sarcasm. 5. I feel like she doesn’t need to offer a solution because her purpose is to just raise awareness. However, I feel like she would have a more effective essay if she did offer one.
1. Hydraulic: operated, moved, or brought about by means of water <hydraulic pressure 2. Rejectramenta: things rejected : a quantity of rejects : rubbish, refuse, wrack. 3. Sequestered: (of a place) isolated and hidden away. 4. Hydroseeded: a planting process that uses a slurry of seed and mulch. It is often used as an erosion control technique on construction sites, as an alternative to the traditional process of broadcasting or sowing dry seed. 5. Butte: an isolated hill with steep sides and a flat top (similar to but narrower than a mesa) 6. Aptly: something done in a competent, appropriate or suitable way. An example of an aptly named landform is the Grand Canyon. 7. Fetid: smelling extremely unpleasant. 8. Putrescence: the state or process of rotting or putrefying 9. Cascades: a small waterfall, typically one of several that fall in stages down a steep rocky slope. 10. Leach: (with reference to a soluble chemical or mineral) drain away from soil, ash, or similar material by the action of percolating liquid, especially rainwater. 11. Encapsulate: enclose (something) in or as if in a capsule. 12. Palpable: able to be touched or felt; clear to the mind or plain to see. 13. Lavish: sumptuously rich, elaborate, or luxurious. 14. Obliteration: the action or fact of obliterating or being obliterated; total destruction.

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...V |Team 4: Adam Winterstrom | | |Cheng-yu Chang | | |Thuan Dinh |EE175WS00-4 | | |June 14,2000 | Quarter Wavelength Microstrip Antenna for Communication between Vehicles Final Report Technical Advisor: Alex Balandin Project Advisor: Barry Todd Table of Contents Executive Summary………………………………………………………………..3 Keywords……………………………………………………………………………3 Introduction………………………………………………………………………….4-6 Problem Statement…………………………………………………………………6 Possible Solutions…………………………………………………………………..7-8 Solution……………………………………………………………………………….9-13 Engineering Analysis………………………………………………………………..14-15 Discussion of Results………………………………………………………………..16-25 Conclusions and Recommendations……………………………………………….22-23 References……………………………………………………………………………25-26 Appendix………………………………………………………………………………26-46 Executive Summary: A low......

Words: 8415 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Aperture Theory

...Aperture Theory And The Equivalence Theorem Adriaan J. Booysen, Member, IEEE Grintek Avitronics, P 0 Box 8492, Centurion, 0046 I. INTRODUCTION The equivalence theorem [I] provides an elegant method for analysing electromagnetic radiation and scattering from structnres. A specific class of problems is where a source is enclosed within a structure which forms a cavity with an aperture, as depicted in Figure 1. From a radiation point of view, the fields wilhi the cavity are not of any rcal interest, only thc 'external' fields radiated from the apermre. If the field distribution in the aperture is known (even if only approximately),this n priori knowledge can be exploited to limit calculations to the 'external' part of the problem This technique is commonly referred to as 'aperture theory' and is discussed in many antenna textbooks, e.g. [2]. This paper deals with the methods in which the equivalent apermre current densities are incorporated into the surface equivalence theorem. It will be shown that the application of image theory to problems involving radiation hom apertures in half-spaceis incorrect and that the conventional formulation of apelture theory violates a basic condition of the equivalence principle. A new apermre theory formulation is presented. The method is very simple to implement and will be shown to be exact in as far as the exact aperture fields are known. II. THE SURFACE EQUIVALENCE THEOREM REVISITED Consider Love's external equivalence as discussed...

Words: 1776 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Phase Angle Control

....………..11 3.0 3.1 COMPLETE CIRCUIT DIAGRAM………………………………………………………………………………………11 POWER SUPPLY AND ZERO CROSS DETECTION UNIT CIRCUIT……………………………….………11 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.2 ZERO CROSS DETECTING UNI……………………………………………………………..13...

Words: 11939 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

Ip Addressing

...Using the knowledge that an octet can only show numbers between zero and 255, classes were developed for the numbers that designate a network, which has nodes - or devices - within it. Class A networks are ones that the first octet starts with binary digit zero, so 00000001 to 01111111 or 1 to 127. It is accepted that is not used as an IP network. It is only used within your computer, often as a loopback address to ascertain whether TCP/IP is properly installed and functional. As part of the definition of a...

Words: 954 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Commensurate Coriolis force on the ground with the sine of the latitude at the site. Where such a force equal zero at the equator and reach the maximum at the poles. The method Merry Go-Round (Tempozan) of the best and simplest ways to get to know the amount of the Coriolis force and unique direction. Stand near the outer edge of the rotary swing slow rotation so that they are in the face of the middle of it, taking care to hold strongly in the bars every time. If you try to tilt forward in the direction of the center, you will feel a kind of side force - the Coriolis force. But commensurate amount of this force with speed Tempozan and tilt forward speed. Alternatively, try to roll the ball on the length of a quick swing rotation, as shown in this film on the University of Illinois. Affecting also the phenomenon of the Coriolis Effect on the weather patterns. It is known that the wind caused by the movement of air from a high pressure areas to a low-pressure areas. If the land is fixed, this movement will be in a straight line, but on the ground roller, the Coriolis effect tends to work to turn the direction of the wind in the...

Words: 556 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pass Year Sciene Paper

...t year NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12 PHYSICAL SCIENCES: PHYSICS (P1) FEBRUARY/MARCH 2013 MARKS: 150 TIME: 3 hours This question paper consists of 15 pages and 3 data sheets. Copyright reserved Please turn over Physical Sciences/P1 2 NSC DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013 INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION 1. Write your centre number and examination number in the appropriate spaces on the ANSWER BOOK. This question paper consists of TWO sections: SECTION A SECTION B 3. 4. 5. 6. (25) (125) 2. Answer ALL the questions in the ANSWER BOOK. You may use a non-programmable calculator. You may use appropriate mathematical instruments. Number the answers correctly according to the numbering system used in this question paper. YOU ARE ADVISED TO USE THE ATTACHED DATA SHEETS. Give brief motivations, discussions, et cetera where required. Round off your final numerical answers to a minimum of TWO decimal places. 7. 8. 9. Copyright reserved Please turn over Physical Sciences/P1 3 NSC DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013 SECTION A QUESTION 1: ONE-WORD ITEMS Give ONE word/term for each of the following descriptions. Write only the word/term next to the question number (1.1–1.5) in the ANSWER BOOK. 1.1 The type of electromagnetic radiation that is used to take pictures of the human skeleton The product of mass and velocity The principle which states that each point on a wave front acts as a source of secondary waves The unit of measurement equivalent to a coulomb......

Words: 3195 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

State of Matter

...“God Particle” What is the Higgs boson and the Higgs field? The Higgs field has been described as a kind of cosmic "treacle" spread through the universe. According to Prof Higgs's 1964 theory, the field interacts with the tiny particles that make up atoms, and weighs them down so that they do not simply whizz around space at the speed of light. But in the half-century following the theory, produced independently by the six scientists within a few months of each other, nobody has been able to prove that the Higgs Field really exists. Prof Higgs predicted that the field would have a signature particle, a massive boson. What would the world be like without the Higgs boson? According to the Standard Model theory, it would not be recognisable. Without something to give mass to the basic building blocks of matter, everything would behave as light does, floating freely and not combining with other particles. Ordinary matter, as we know it, would not exist. How long has the search gone on? Scientists have been looking for the Higgs since the 1960s, but the search began in earnest more than 20 years ago with early experiments at Cern in Europe and Fermilab in the US. Does finding the Higgs boson mark the end of the search? It's just the end of the beginning. Confirming the existence of the Higgs would only be the start of a new era of particle physics as scientists focus on understanding how it works and look for unexpected phenomena. How do you find a Higgs boson? To......

Words: 1561 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sociology Films on Demand

...Virginia Merlini Social institutions such as that of family, religion, education, economic and political standings, are set standards or patterns of governing within society. In many cases, this is used to rule over others, in matters of wealth and hierarchy. These social institutions are important because they provide some structure for society. However, not all forms of structure are appropriate. Many of these behaviors are used to control others or hold a type of power over them as a way to exploit them. “Unbreakable: One Girl Changing the World: The Story of Malala” This is a story of a brave young girl, eager to learn, who simply wanted to get an education. However, within her culture, girls are not allowed to go to school. Females are expected to stay home and are only allowed to leave the house if they are accompanied by a male. From a functionalism standpoint, everyone has a role. Women are to stay home, have and raise the children and take care of the house. The males are responsible for going to work and supporting the family. In recent years, the Pakistani government has opened up more to the idea of educating girls and have even opened a few girl’s schools. However, there is still much conflict within their society, as a result of fear of a local terrorist group known as the Taliban. The Taliban uses violence and fear to control the citizens and keep them from adapting to newer, different or “Western” ways....

Words: 1084 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

M, K .Ll;, ; ', ';, '

...UAE Innovation Challenge 2015 ArduPilot Curriculum Table of Contents Install Mission Planner 3 Installing firmware for ArduPilot Mega(APM) 2.6 5 Setting Up Your APM Board 6 Connect the Autopilot 6 Initial Setup and Install Firmware 6 Connect to MavLink 7 Calibrating Hardware While connected to the APM Board 8  Accelerometer 8  Compass 9 Calibrating Hardware While Connected to the 3DR Telemetry Radio 11  Radio Calibration 11  Flight Modes 13  Battery Monitor 14  Airspeed Sensor 15 Flight Data Screen 17 Tuning your Airframe 19 Basic Tuning 19  PID’s (Proportional, Integral & Differential) 19  Period 20  Navigation Angles 20  Throttle 20  Airspeed 20  General Notes on Parameters 20 Recommended Process for Tuning When Starting with New Plane 21 Advice for Tuning: Poor Waypoint Reaction 22 Mission Planning 23 Recording and Playing Back Missions 24 First-time Flying Checklist 26 Ground Calibration 26 Launching in Auto Mode 26 Install Mission Planner * The link to install the Mission Planner software can be found at: * The installation utility will install the necessary drivers. You will probably get the following warning. Select "Install this driver software anyway." * (Note: If you get a DirectX installation error, then your copy of Windows doesn't have an updated version of DirectX....

Words: 5091 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Physics Experimental Report

...DESIGN Hypothesis – A car moving in a straight line with a non-zero initial velocity will finally come to a rest as a result of friction, given that the car has no engine or external tractions. This motion can be considered as a uniform accelerated motion because: 1. The car is moving in a horizontal straight line so weight is cancelled by the normal reaction force from the ground. The only other force existed is the friction between the car and the surface therefore it will be equal to the net force 2. According to the formula Fr = μN, the amount of the friction depends on two factors: the friction coefficient and the normal reaction force, both of which are fixed. Therefore the amount of friction is constant throughout the motion 3. According to Newton’s Second Law F = ma, a constant net force will result in a uniform acceleration (deceleration). The acceleration is negative in this case as cars are slowing down to a rest. For convenience, this decelerated motion can be inverted into an equivalent motion in which the car is acceleration from rest. It should follow the equation of x = ut + 1/2 at2, where x = distance traveled, u = 0 (seen as the initial velocity but actually is the final velocity which is zero at rest), a = acceleration (actually deceleration) and t = time taken during that motion. This formula can be simplified as x = 1/2 at2....

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Spc Charts

...In addition the analyst will examine the graphs for patterns showing either expected random behaviour or the tendency towards an out-of-control condition. The QUALITY GURUS: Deming, Juran, Crosby, Taguchi, Feigenbaum were the...

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...• 4 No. 26963 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 12 NOVEMBER 2004 DEPARTMENT OF MINERALS AND ENERGY DEPARTEMENT VAN MINERALE EN ENERGIE • No. R. 1304 12 November 2004 MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT, 1996 (ACT No 29 of 1996) Under section 98 (1) (Y) of the mine Health and Safety Act, 1996 (Act No 29 of 1996), I Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Minister of Minerals and Energy, hereby make the regulations in the Schedule. GCUKA ERALS AND ENERGY Creamer Media Pty Ltd +27 11 622 3744 STAATSKOERANT, 12 NOVEMBER 2004 No. 26963 5 SCHEDULE CHAPTER 17 SURVEYING, MAPPING AND MINE PLANS 17(1) DEFINITIONS In this Chapter, unless the context indicates otherwise "bedded mineral deposit" means any reef, coal seam, lode, mineral bed or fissure, which occurs conformably within it's country rock and is not of a massive nature; "chart datum" means the height referencing datum as determined by the Hydrographer of the South African Navy; "competent person" means: (a) in the case of an underground mine or an opencast mine where blasting takes place, a person in possession of a Mine Surveyor's Certificate of Competency issued by the Department of Minerals and Energy; or a person in possession of at least a Level 6 qualification in mine surveying and mapping registered on the National Qualifications Framework and which qualification includes appropriate and relevant legal knowledge; (b) in the case of an opencast mine where blasting......

Words: 4322 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Survey over Image Thresholding Techniques

...Journal of Electronic Imaging 13(1), 146 – 165 (January 2004). Survey over image thresholding techniques and quantitative performance evaluation Mehmet Sezgin ¨ ˙ Tubıtak Marmara Research Center Information Technologies Research Institute Gebze, Kocaeli Turkey E-mail: ¨ Bulent Sankur ˇ ¸ Bogazici University Electric-Electronic Engineering Department Bebek, ˙stanbul I Turkey Abstract. We conduct an exhaustive survey of image thresholding methods, categorize them, express their formulas under a uniform notation, and finally carry their performance comparison. The thresholding methods are categorized according to the information they are exploiting, such as histogram shape, measurement space clustering, entropy, object attributes, spatial correlation, and local gray-level surface. 40 selected thresholding methods from various categories are compared in the context of nondestructive testing applications as well as for document images. The comparison is based on the combined performance measures. We identify the thresholding algorithms that perform uniformly better over nondestructive testing and document image applications. © 2004 SPIE and IS&T. [DOI: 10.1117/1.1631316] 1 Introduction In many applications of image processing, the gray levels of pixels belonging to the object are substantially different from the gray levels of the pixels belonging to the background. Thresholding then becomes a simple but effective tool to separate objects from the......

Words: 16889 - Pages: 68

Premium Essay

Res342 Etext

...The regression equation is: =30.7963+0.0343 (b) State the degrees of freedom for a two tailed test for zero slope, and use Appendix D to find the critical value at α = .05. (c) The degrees of freedom as shown in the output is 33 The critical value at =0.05 is 2.035 (d) What is your conclusion about the slope? The t-statistic...

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...A Financial Analysis on Indian Chemical Industry [pic] Submitted To: Prof. Jadhav Aditya Mohan Submitted By: |Name |Seat # |Enrollment # | |Soumya Chaturvedi |5 |11BSPHH010831 | |  |  |  | |  |  |  | |  |  |  | |  |  |  | CONTENTS ➢ Acknowledgement……………………………….. ➢ Objective…………………………………………1 ➢ Covariance………………………………………. ➢ Correlation………………………………………. ➢ Beta and its role…………………………………. ➢ Beta coefficient………………………………….. ➢ Capital asset pricing model (capm)……………... ➢ Cost of equity……………………………………. ➢ Weighted average cost of capital (wacc)………... ➢ Bibliography……………………………………... ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my gratitude to our finance professor MR. JADHAV ADITYA MOHAN who gave us the opportunity and subsequent guidance to complete this project. A mission of this project was to get practical insight of the chemical and fertiliser industry. This project helped us in learning of financial concepts by applying them and ascertaining the various financial details of......

Words: 2479 - Pages: 10