Premium Essay


In: Other Topics

Submitted By annienomou
Words 308
Pages 2
FEU Fern College Economics 2 (Microeconomics) 2nd Term – AY 2013-2014 Professor: Mr. Raymund A. Angeles

TERM PAPER A Proposal on Improving the Allocation of the Priority Development Assistant Fund (PDAF)

Submitted on November 25, 2013 by Student Name Student ID no. xxxxxxx Course, Major Student Email Address

CONTENTS (follow the main topics listed below in creating a table of contents; include sub-topics under them and indicate corresponding page numbers)







GUIDELINES in creating the Term Paper:

Abstract Short (three-quarters of a page) description of the paper. Describe what the issue or problem is,(in this case, the current issue/problem on PDAF) why it is important or interesting, and your findings.

• • • •

Introduction What is the issue or problem? Literature review: what is current thinking, findings, and approaches on the problem? What is the significance of the problem? How do you plan to deal with the problem? What is your solution?

Methods How did you search for information or data on the topic? Results What are your findings? What is the impact of the problem to the national economy?

• •

• • • • •

Discussion Should the PDAF be removed or not? Why? Describe the scenario if it is removed. Describe the scenario if it is not removed. Make a comparison. How can the PDAF be allocated properly so that it will reach the intended recipients and that misuse will be prevented? Give 10 government agencies which need prioritization and direct receipt of funds if ever PDAF is abolished. Rank them according to priority. Explain why you ranked accordingly. In no less than 5 sentences for each government agency, how and for what purpose will they be using the funds they directly receive. Once they receive the funds and use them appropriately, describe its contribution in improving the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Pdaf Scam

...The 10-Billion Pork Barrel Scam The Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) more commonly known as Pork Barrel is a budgetary allocation that is given to the House of Representatives and the senate from 2006. ₱70 Million for each of the congressmen and ₱200 Million for each of the senators. This fund should be used for financial assistance in development projects which the senate and congressmen would sponsor. However, on August 2013 a public outrage have blasted after whistleblower Benhur Luy have alleged that Janet Lim-Napoles, a Filipino-born Chinese woman was behind the P10 billion scam that also involved several senators and congressmen. They have allocated their PDAF to ghost projects which were “implemented” through Napoles’s companies but have produced no tangible output. Napoles, who specialized in trading agricultural products, frequently used the procurement of agricultural inputs in the propagation of the scam. Either her employees would write to legislators requesting for funds for the implementation of a particular project (e.g. farm inputs), or a legislator would indicate to the DBM a particular recipient agency for his or her PDAF funds that would be pre-selected by Napoles. Once received, this is forwarded to the DBM, which would then issue a Special Allotment Release Order (SARO) indicating the amount deducted from the legislator's PDAF allocation, and later a Notice of Cash Allocation (NCA) given to the recipient agency. The NCA would then be......

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Iloilo Pdaf

...PDAF * Home * PDAF * Summary * District Representative * Legislator PDAF Releases Breakdown Legislator PDAF Releases Breakdown for Fiscal Year 2013 | Legislator: | Treñas, Jerry P. | District: | Lone District, Iloilo City | Region: | Region VI | Province: | Iloilo | Project | Recipient | Municipality/City | Implementing Unit | Release Date | Total | | SOCIAL SERVICES | Financial assistance for the implementation of Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (CIDSS) program such as transportation, medicine, burial, tuition fee, food, clothes and hospital bills; Community-based projects: livelihood and capacity-building assistance in the Lone District of Iloilo City. | | DSWD - Region 6 | 2013-01-22 | 2,500,000 | HEALTH | Financial assistance for indigent patients either confined or our-patients in the Lone District of Iloilo City. | | DOF - Bureau of the Treasury (Philippine Heart Center) | 2013-01-22 | 150,000 | EDUCATION Financial assistance for the implementation of scholarship program at the following schools to approximately 2,858 students in the Lone District of Iloilo City: | 1. ABBA 2. ACSI 3. Cabalum Western College 4. Central Philippine University (CPU) 5. Colegio De San Jose 6. College of Western Visayas 7. Iloilo Doctors’ College (IDC) 8. Iloilo Technical College (ITC) 9. John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation (JBLCF) 10. St. Anne College of Iloilo Inc. 11. St. Augustine 12. St. Pauls’ University 13. St.......

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Pdaf Scam Issue

...Sample 2: Application Letter for Teaching Position (Full Block Format) Dr. John M. Miller, Superintendent Harrison School District 200 Mill Stream Road Harrison, NY 12345 Dear Dr. Miller: Please consider this my application for an elementary school teaching position in the Harrison School District. As my resume reveals, I will graduate from Manhattan College in May with a BS degree in Education and a concentration in Psychology. In addition, I am in the process of obtaining my New York State certification, which I expect to receive in May. My student teacher experiences afforded me the opportunity to assume all the responsibilities of an elementary teacher at multiple grade levels. My student teaching experience includes several urban settings with diverse student populations. I have also worked successfully with students with various disabilities. Furthermore, with a strong background in psychology, I bring a true understanding of the many factors affecting the education of children. I feel confident and qualified to take on the challenges that teaching offers. I am eager to demonstrate my talent and teaching skills within a school district that is committed to high standards in the education of children. I look forward to an opportunity to meet with you and further discuss my qualifications. In the meantime, should you need to reach me, please feel free to call me at 914-779-2050. If I am not in, please leave a message on my answering machine and I will return your call......

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Pork Barrel

...The Priority Development Assistance Fund scam, also called the PDAF scam or the pork barrel scam, is a political scandal involving the alleged misuse by several members of the Congress of the Philippines of their Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF, popularly called "pork barrel"), a lump-sum discretionary fund granted to each member of Congress for spending on priority development projects of the Philippine government, mostly on the local level. The scam was first exposed in the Philippine Daily Inquirer on July 12, 2013,[1] with the six-part exposé of the Inquirer on the scam pointing to businesswoman Janet Lim-Napoles as the scam's mastermind after Benhur K. Luy, her second cousin and former personal assistant, was rescued by agents of the National Bureau of Investigation on March 22, 2013, four months after he was detained by Napoles at her unit at the Pacific Plaza Towers in Fort Bonifacio.[2] Initially centering on Napoles' involvement in the 2004 Fertilizer Fund scam, the government investigation on Luy's testimony has since expanded to cover Napoles' involvement in a wider scam involving the misuse of PDAF funds from 2003 to 2013. It is estimated that the Philippine government was defrauded of some ₱10 billion in the course of the scam,[1] having been diverted to Napoles, participating members of Congress and other government officials. Aside from the PDAF and the fertilizer fund maintained by the Department of Agriculture, around ₱900 million in royalties......

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Effect of the Proposed Abolition of the Pork Barrel

...another option? An alternative perhaps? The reason why I chose this topic is because it somehow affects all of us. I want to know the reason why some people take PDAF for granted not only the politicians but also those who are pretending to organize projects, etc but instead they use it for their personal gains. Is pork barrel the real root of corruption? These questions are just some of the many subjects that are inclined with the topic. With all the commotion and protest over the pork barrel scam, there are still a number of Filipinos who have no idea what it is. This term paper aims to give information about the Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) or the pork barrel and some issues and controversies connected with it; thus enlightening the effect of the proposed abolition of the pork barrel. Generally, pork barrel refers to the appropriation of government spending for localized projects secured solely or primarily to bring money to a representative's district. The usage originated in American English. In election campaigns, the term is used in derogatory fashion to attack opponents. Scholars, however, use it as a technical term regarding legislative control of local appropriations ( In the Philippines, "pork barrel" is the common term that refers to the Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) which is defined as a discretionary fund allocated to the members of the Congress - Philippine House of Representatives and the Philippine Senate - to......

Words: 3029 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Pork Barrel

...dozen senators and scores of congressmen had directed billions in pork-barrel money into fishy NGOs over three years. The money (given to members of Congress to spend in their constituencies on projects of their own choosing) was disbursed during Mrs. Arroyo’s term. But Mr. Aquino’s first reaction was to defend the pork-barrel scheme. That is because he is at the apex of the Philippines’ pyramid of political patronage, so has the final say on whether other politicians get their pork. When he was member of Congress, he received pork-barrel funds. In the absence of an effective political party system, the pork-barrel arrangement gives Mr. Aquino a degree of influence over Congress. The Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF), a government program, has...

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Pork Barrel: to Be Abolished or Not

...government officials allegedly channelling their pork barrel funds to fake non-governmental organizations with nothing but ghost projects to show for has yet again raised the issue of abolishing the pork barrel. I. Introduction to Pork Barrel A. Definition of Terms B. PDAF in the Philippines C. Importance of PDAF II. PDAF scam A. People involved B. Reactions and Protests III. Abolishment of Pork Barrel A. Benefits B. Consequences C. Alternatives D. Opinions about the issue E. What the government will do after abolishing the Pork Barrel IV. Conclusion  V. Recommendation I. Introduction to Pork Barrel A cure, a treat, an alliance, a devastation or just a play. What do we really know about that so called Pork Barrel? A. Definition of Terms The Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) is a discretionary fund in the Philippines available to members of Congress. Originally established as the Countrywide Development Fund (CDF) in 1990, it is designed to allow legislators to fund small-scale infrastructure or community projects which fell outside the scope of the national infrastructure program, which was often restricted to large infrastructure items (Nograles and Lagman ). The PDAF is commonly called the "pork barrel", and has been the subject of much public criticism following exposés on abuses perpetuated by members of Congress on use of the fund in 1996 and 2013. According to the Random House Dictionary, Pork barrel is the......

Words: 4110 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Leonard Ramos Joins Warehouse.Com

...legislators to get a subsidy was evocative of the stampede of the slave of the pre American Civil war. Pork barrel formally defined as the appropriations of public funds for projects that do not serve the interests of any large portion of the country’s citizenry but are nevertheless vigorous promoted by a small group of legislators because they will pump outside taxpayers’ money and resources into the local districts these legislators represent ; an effective legislation and use of pork barrel results into the legislator being re-elected. As defined by a Civil Society group in the Philippines, PDAF Watch, “pork barrel funds are those allocated to politicians such as congresspersons and senators, to be used, based on their decision, to fund programs or projects in their districts ”. Keeping the pork thin or thick?  In a position paper of Nograles and Lagman to decry the scrapping of PDAF , it was brought into the fore the origin of the pork barrel and how was it used in the Philippine fiscal activity. It described the American colonial accent with the keeping of central leadership of the ruling party with the pork barrel as spoiling incentives for the legislators. Towing the line would mean an increased access to the fund without contest of use or misuse during the martial law era. This offensive taking of the government fund by the legislators...

Words: 2276 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Pork Barrel

...Policy Making and Policy Implementation Public policy refers to the actions taken by government — its decisions that are intended to solve problems and improve the quality of life for its citizens. At the federal level, public policies are enacted to regulate industry and business, to protect citizens at home and abroad, to aid state and city governments and people such as the poor through funding programs, and to encourage social goals. A policy established and carried out by the government goes through several stages from inception to conclusion. These are agenda building, formulation, adoption, implementation, evaluation, and termination. 1. Agenda building Before a policy can be created, a problem must exist that is called to the attention of the government. Illegal immigration, for example, has been going on for many years, but it was not until the 1990s that enough people considered it such a serious problem that it required increased government action. Another example is crime. American society tolerates a certain level of crime; however, when crime rises dramatically or is perceived to be rising dramatically, it becomes an issue for policymakers to address. Specific events can place a problem on the agenda. The flooding of a town near a river raises the question of whether homes should be allowed to be built in a floodplain. New legislation on combating terrorism (the USA Patriot Act, for example) was a response to the......

Words: 2424 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...A Reaction Paper on His Excellence’s 6th State of the Nation Address I The numerous islands of the Philippines lend their attentions on the President’s annual report of the countries status on his State of the Nation Address. Local TV networks, radio stations and the social media served as the instrument for the citizens to listen to what the President is about to convey. Aquino’s 6th and last SONA was delivered last July 27, 2015, highlighted the following issues and affairs. Comparison to the Former Administration After the President’s greetings to the mass, he started pointing out the past administration issues and affairs. He’s still blaming Arroyo’s presidency for the problems the government is facing during his term. He also mentioned scandals and controversy, like the, Fertilizer Fund Scam, NBN ZTE Deal, Hello Garci Scandal, and the Maguindanao massacre, the former government has brought to the country and the troubles that was carried-over to him. The President seemed to expose how corruption worked on the former admin. Appointment of Government Officials In connection with the corruption issues of the previous government, he pointed out what his administration has done during the early years of its term. He gave focus on the appoint of the officials whom stand with integrity and trust and the removal and conviction of some officials of corruption, like ex-CJ Corona and Senators Estrada, Revilla and Enrile. He also gave recognition to those cabinet......

Words: 1907 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Corrupt Politicians (the True Kidnappers of Our Society)

...CORRUPT POLITICIANS (The true kidnappers of our society) TABLE OF CONTENTS Preliminaries Page Title i Biographical Data ii Table of Contents ii Chapter I INTRODUCTION 1 Background of the study 2 Importance of the study 2 Definition of term 3 Statement of the problem 3 Scope and Delimitation of the study 3 Time and Place of the study 4 Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 5 Chapter III METHODOLOGY 7 Research Design 7 Respondents 8 Data Gathering 8 Instrumentation 8 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION • BACKGROUND OF STUDY Many corrupt politicians run in a position that they can make sure after they are elected, the power that they have will use in improper way; that affects the economy of a particular country, is an interesting research work of tackle. This research entitled: Corrupt Politicians: The true kidnappers of our society that seeks the answer to the following questions. 1. What is a Corrupt Politician? 2. How do Corrupt Politicians become a kidnapper? 3. How do they affect the economy of a particular country? 4. Why does Corrupt Politicians are accused as kidnapper? 5. How do Corrupt Politicians avoid such behavior? • IMPORTANCE OF STUDY The result of this study will help many...

Words: 1324 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Death Penalty

...POE -help the private sector formulate an industrialization and it plan, so that there would be more ‘made in the Philippines’ products. -strengthen the “study now, pay later” program. -give farmers their own land, boost irrigation and push for mechanization, and look for a program to make fishing, farming and livestock propagation profitable for the farmers and the youth. - look for ways to lower power costs and resolve the frequent brownouts in Mindanao. And find ways for the development of renewable energy. - People should be able to rely on expanded benefits through Philhealth. - bring about reforms to achieve inclusive growth, global competitiveness, and transparent government. POE -help the private sector formulate an industrialization and it plan, so that there would be more ‘made in the Philippines’ products. -strengthen the “study now, pay later” program. -give farmers their own land, boost irrigation and push for mechanization, and look for a program to make fishing, farming and livestock propagation profitable for the farmers and the youth. - look for ways to lower power costs and resolve the frequent brownouts in Mindanao. And find ways for the development of renewable energy. - People should be able to rely on expanded benefits through Philhealth. - bring about reforms to achieve inclusive growth, global competitiveness, and transparent government. SIMILARITIES * To provide adequate Education * Help the poor and the...

Words: 1237 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...State of the Nation Address Of President Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino The purpose of having a SONA is to report the economical stability of our country. But, does our country are now more progressive than before? Do we commit the main goal of the main goal of our president which is the straight path in achieving such ideal state? These questions always come into my mind as I watch and listen to the SONA of our president. Let us all notice the achievements of President Aquino as I summarized his last State of the Nation Address. The president of the Philippines, President Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino conducted his most important SONA last July 5, 2015. He started by a peaceful greetings. The Muntinlupa-Cavite Expressway ( MCX ) was opened and approved in his administration wherein, they pay 925 million pesos in giving the privilege to make the infrastructure into a reality. President Aquino blames the past administration during the leadership of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. He mentioned all the anomalies during the leadership of Arroyo. Based on my own opinion, we blame the part administrations. But instead, as a President, why should you do your first step in order to change that makes our country more progressive? In fact, in politics, there's on perfect administration. It depends on how a President should showcase his promises during his candidacy. Besides, the more he keeps on blaming the past administration, the more he proofs that his leadership wasn't enough. After all, there's......

Words: 595 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...July 8, 2013 Bishop Soc Villegas heads CBCP Villegas to pursue fight against RH law The protégé of the late Jaime Cardinal Sin, Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop Socrates “Soc” Villegas, was elected president of the influential Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) on Sunday amid a continuing conflict between the Church and the Aquino administration on the controversial reproductive health (RH) law. At 52, Villegas will lead the 96 active and 40 honorary members of the bishops’ collegial body when Cebu Archbishop Jose Palma ends his term on Dec. 1. To succeed Villegas as vice president is Davao Archbishop Romulo Valles. While Villegas is known to have had strong ties with the late President Corazon Aquino, the mother of the incumbent Chief Executive, he is perceived as one who will not give in to the whims of the current administration. “One thing is certain, the archbishop will talk as needed. He will not keep quiet,” Archbishop Emeritus Oscar Cruz told the Inquirer over the phone on Sunday. “This man is intelligent and courageous. He will exercise his [pastoral duties] and will put into action his qualifications.” Cruz said. Cruz cited a pronouncement that Villegas made amid the debate on the RH bill last year, which he noted “had angered the Palace.” “My dear youth, contraception is corruption. The use of government money, taxpayers’ money to give out contraceptive pills is corruption. Contraceptive pills teach us it is all right to have sex with......

Words: 4486 - Pages: 18

Free Essay


...pamahalaan. Nakalulungkot na pinaniniwalaang sangkot sa iba’t ibang kaso ng katiwalian ang mga lingkod-bayad. Higit pa rito, mistulang isinasantabi ang linyang naghahati sa tatlong sangay ng pamahalaan. Mistulang teleseryeng sinubaybayan ng taumbayan ang mga pangyayari sa pork barrel scam. Mula sa paglantad ni Benhur Luy, pagkakadawit ng ilang mga senador, at pagsuko at pagkakakulong kay Janet Napoles. Ikinagalit ng maraming Pilipino ang pagbulsa ng ilang mambabatas sa perang pinaghirapan ng mga manggagawang Pilipino. Naglunsad ng ilang pagtitipon ang ilang sa ating mga kababayan upang tuluyang tanggalin ang pork barrel. Sa pagtindi ng kontrobersya, sinuportahan ni Pangulong Benigno Aquino III ang pagbuwag sa Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) at pagbuo ng bagong mekanismo sa pamamahala ng pondo. Hati ang saloobin ng mga eksperto hinggil sa hakbanging ito mistulang pagpapalit lamang ito ng pangalan upang humupa ang init ng ulo ng taumbayan? Sa pagkakadawit ni Senador Jinggoy Estrada bilang isa sa mga nangulimbat sa kaban ng bayan, inihayag niya ang pamamahagi ng tanggapan ng pangulo ng salapi pagkatapos ng impeachment ni Renato Corona. Kapansin-pansin na mas malaki ang pondong ipinagkaloob sa mga senador na nagpatalsik kay Corona, mistulang pabuya sa kanilang pakikiisa. Bilang depensa, sinabi ni Presidential Spokesman Edwin Lacierda na dagdag pondo ito at galing sa Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP). Sadyang napapanahon nga naman ang dagdag pondong......

Words: 645 - Pages: 3