Peaceful End of Life Theory of C. Ruland and S. Moore
a. Entire lives and careers are dedicated to postponing or avoiding death while caring for the living. Yet each day that passes, death is one day closer, unwavering. It is inevitable and unavoidable. Leaving loved ones behind creates sadness and shakes even the most stoic. Possibilities of pain evoke fear. Questioning faith, even the most devote become anxious when considering what has never been felt or seen. Ruland and Moore theorize that by easing the fears and anxieties, both real and/or perceived for the patient and family, nurses can create a more peaceful end of life, rather than simply complete the tasks at hand in the day to day when caring for the dying.
II. Theory Perspective
b. Defining “Peaceful”
c. Dying is a personal experience and should never be alone.
d. Five Outcome Indicators
e. 16 Outcome Criteria
III. Relationship to Nursing Practice
f. Relevancy to Nursing
g. Observe. Look, listen and feel
h. Understand and Interpret
i. Intervene with dignity, respect and empathy
IV. Case Scenario
Bjarnason, D. (2000, May). End-of-life care: Understanding and enhancing the nurse-patient dialogue. Retrieved May 3, 2011, from Proquest: http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=732206511&Fmt=2&clientId=14884&RQT=309&VName=PQD
George, J. B. (2011). Nursing theories: The base for professional nursing practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Moore, S. M., & Ruland, C. M. (1998). Theory Construsction based on standards of care: A proposed theory of the peaceful end of life. Nursing Outlook, 169-175.…...