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Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison

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Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison
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CJS/230
June ?, 2012
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Abstract
In this overview the following points will be addressed: based on the ideals of the penitentiary, what it should be like, the principal goal of a penitentiary, the differences between the two prison models, the benefits and the drawbacks of those models, and the model considered to be the winning model.

Penitentiary Ideal and Models of American Prison
Unlike American prisons and penitentiary’s we see today, they were much different as we look back into our history in the early eras of how prisons, penitentiaries, and inmates were handled. Penitentiary is defined as a prison or place of confinement where persons convicted of felonies serve their term of imprisonment. Based on the ideals of a penitentiary it is supposed to be a place of humane punishments instead of the harsh physical type. Furthermore, it was supposed to be a specific punishment. It was to be clean and sanitary in comparison to jails. The most important focus and principal goal of the penitentiary was to practice corrective discipline by the creation of habits of industry by the enforcement of rules. Inmates were to work consistently and not idle. It seemed like good intentions and motive went into trying to organize this type of system.
The two prison models according to Corrections: The Fundamentals, by Burk Foster. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc, Chapter 2 reading were the eastern and the auburn models. The eastern prison model was completed in 1836 and cost $780,000 it included the use of Quaker reformative imprisonment: isolation of inmates, fair treatment, and opportunity for work, reflection and reformation (Foster 2006). The benefits of this model included that it was open and expansive (foster 2006), it had lots of room, and inmates had a skylight…...

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