Premium Essay


In: Religion Topics

Submitted By ronied125
Words 584
Pages 3
February 9, 2014

Themes (Messages) of the Pentateuch

1) The Sovereignty of God
“sovereign” - ruler, leader
“sovereignty” – leadership, authority

This is the first theme (or the first thing that is emphasized) in the Pentateuch.

a) Genesis 1-2: assumes the preexistence and eternality of God * God created the universe with no assistance from anyone * God created the universe out of nothing, “ex nihilo” (will be tested)

* Genesis 1 clearly establishes God’s sovereignty (authority) over His creation

b) This is further demonstrated with God’s dealings with people like Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and Moses. * God always assured them of his presence, protection, and guidance

c) God’s sovereignty over Egypt * Helping the Israel’s out of Egypt (the most advanced and sophisticated nation of the time) * The 7 plagues – demonstrated that God was the ruler, not only of Egypt, but all over the earth. * Exodus 19 – God appears at Mount Sinai; presents 10 commandments to Moses. This portrayed that God’s sovereignty had no geographical boundaries.

2) History
The writings of religions such as Confucianism and Buddhism express their theology (study of the nature of God) through myths in which those events took place beyond time and space.

But, in the Old Testament, God created history and worked and through its events: * Genesis 1:5, 9-10 – God talks about Day and Night; the ocean, sky and land.

So, the Old Testament constantly presents theological truth through history.
This is the same thing in the New Testament – the time of Jesus’ birth, life, death, and resurrection – all of the Bible is tied to historical events.
In other words, and most importantly – God reveals himself to his people, not out of time or out of space.

3) Fallen Condition of Humanity
This message is very simple –...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pentateuchal Judaism

...Pentateuchal Judaism was brought to Jerusalem, by Ezra, by introducing the Pentateuch to Jerusalem as law, after the upper class of Jerusalem returned from exile. Pentateuchal Judaism created a socially constructed world based on boundaries and strict rules that, when followed, deemed members pure and part of the society. The society created by Pentateuchal Judaism was one that focused on distancing itself from the rest of the world. Pentateuchal Society viewed people of the world in one of two ways; either they were part of the true Judaic Society, through following the rules set by the Pentateuch and remaining what was considered pure, or they were an outsider of the faith. Those considered to be outsiders of Pentateuchal Judaism were attacked by the actions the Pentateuchal Jews took towards them. The Pentateuchal Society created boundaries, defining its society, around the Pentateuchal concept of cleanliness and adhering to the practices of the Pentateuch. The concept of cleanliness in the Pentateuchal Society was very well defined, and contained multiple degrees of cleanliness. Purity and cleanliness were considered interchangeable, therefore the more “clean” one was considered, the more pure, while the less clean, the less pure, and vice versa. Purity, and therefore cleanliness, could be judged on many different aspects of the world, such as location, books, and even animals. Location was based on concentric realms of increased purity (Lightstone, 4.3). This......

Words: 1740 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Study Guide Exam 1

...Dr. Lane Study Guide for Exam #1 Feb 2014 In brief, Exam #1 will cover two broad areas: (1) Everything we have covered in class on the Pentateuch. (2) The nature of covenants, and which OT covenant is which, so far. Here are the handouts the exam will cover: #12.2 Genesis 1–4, Creation & the Fall The exam will not ask about the different views of creation, but the other material is testable. #14 Essential Passages in the Pentateuch #16 Basic Nature of OT Covenants & ANE Treaties #17 Thirteen Propositions Re: . . . Covenants #19.1 Conclusions from the Pentateuch Be able to identify each of the five books we've covered, by way of main events (esp., the covenants), the main characters, and where the books fit into the redemptive-historical context of the Pentateuch. Know which sort of covenant is which (esp. H/O #16), and esp.(!) what are the specific covenants we have seen so far in the OT. What are their features, whom are they with, etc. A few must-know chapters & verses: (These are not the only ones; these are the must-know chapters). Gen 12, 15, 17 & 22 Exod 19, 20 & 24 Exod 34:6 Lev 26:12 Lev 26 Deut 7 Otherwise, be able to identify the chapters in boxes . Other items / ideas we have stressed: Israel's religion and cosmology and cosmogeny (vs.( that of pagan religions. Be able to......

Words: 479 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Exodus

...Introduction How exciting it is to open the bible to the book of Exodus and read the narrative of the fulfillment of God’s promise in the rescue of the Israelites from captivity in Egypt—the call of Moses, the plagues, and the dramatic manifestation of God on Mt. Sinai. Though the book of Exodus is most famous for the revelation of the Ten Commandments contained in Chapter 20, it remains vague in terms of where the biblical account actually occurred, and yet we cannot begin to fully understand the Old Testament if we look at it as merely a piece of great literature, or as some have suggested nothing more than interesting legend, or the elaboration of superior ideals. … The Book of Exodus is a narrative of the sacred history of Israel from the sojourn in Egypt to the completion of the Tabernacle in the wilderness. The term Exodus comes from the Greek terminology and literally means “going out,” an appropriate title for the book that narrates how under the leadership of Moses, the Israelites escaped from Egyptian persecution and began their journey back to the Promised Land. To be certain, all human history is the scope of God’s sovereignty. God became especially involved in the lives of a relatively unknown people, culminating a historical event that changed biblical history and altered the course of their lives and culture. When we seek to understand the meaning of our individual life events, we don’t actually begin with birth or infancy, even though a biographical......

Words: 2839 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Old Testament Observation Genesis

...Bible Observation After reading Genesis 1-10 my observation of the reading was that this was one of the beginning stories of man. In addition this was when God created the heavens and the earth including the light, water, land, and creatures. It took God six days to make the earth, and on the seventh day God rested. In addition Adam and Eve were the first two humans that God had created they were the first couple, and first to sin. Adam recognized that Eve was his wife by marriage, and has verse 24 suggested this is the basis for marriages today in the present. In the Garden, the myth tells of how God places a serpent within Eden. The serpent knows that God has given all the fruits of the trees except one. The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. This particular tree is forbidden to be eaten by man. The serpent is crafty though and gets Eve to think she will be as knowledgeable as God by eating this fruit. She falls into temptation and eats of the tree. She then convinces Adam to also eat. He follows and the result is the final and horrible downfall of man. After Adam and Eve committed the first Sin this was a disobeying by God, and that’s why they had become ashamed of showing their bodies. The serpent is forced to travel on in belly which explains why they were not created with legs. To women, the explanation of child birth and the extremely horrible pains of labor are answered. Woman is also given a place in society as now having to be under the control of man.......

Words: 1006 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Covenant Essay

...The Early Covenants between God and Man Gabriel B. Eagle Grand Canyon University: BIB 351 October 18, 2014 The Early Covenants between God and Man Throughout the Hebrew Old Testament and especially throughout the history of the nation of Israel, covenants have been made and used between many different parties. God has made the most significant and important covenants with his creation. Some of these early covenants provide a very interesting insight on exactly what the word ‘covenant’ means. According to the Biblical texts and narratives provided in the Hebrew Old Testament, especially in the Pentateuch, there is a constant theme and definition that can be gathered on the word ‘covenant’ and its meaning. A Biblical Definition of ‘Covenant’ After surveying the Pentateuch, one can see how a ‘covenant’ is the creation of a union between two parties, oftentimes commemorated through special ceremonies, eventually seeking to establish some kind of solemn promise, sometimes resulting in tasks needed from both parties. The clearest example of this union is seen through the Abrahamic Covenant (Beckwith, 1987). Through this covenant, God and Abraham were brought together in a special kind of union, one in which solemn and divine promises were made both by God and Abraham (Wenham, 2003). As a result of these promises, both God and Abraham had tasks to accomplish, obedience by Abraham and fulfillment of blessing by God, in order to fulfill and respect the......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Bible Views

...Biblical Law, God's Law, or the Books of Moses, the term Old Covenant refers to the statements or principles of religious law[->11] and religious ethics[->12] codified in the first five books or Pentateuch of the Christian Bible[->13]. There are diverse views of the issues involved, with many traditional Christians of the view that only parts are applicable[->14], many Protestants with the view that none is applicable[->15] and a minority with the view that all are still applicable[->16] to believers in Jesus[->17] and the New Covenant[->18]. In Judaism[->19], the first five books are referred to as the Torah[->20], in Hebrew[->21]: תּוֹרָה,[2] and generally translated as "the Law" in English translations of the Bible[->22]. Rabbinic JudaismHYPERLINK \l "cite_note-2"[3][->23] asserts that the Laws of the Jewish Bible[->24] were presented to the Jewish people[->25] and converts to Judaism[->26] and do not apply to gentiles[->27], including Christians, with the notable exception of the Seven Laws of Noah[->28] which apply to all people. Rabbi Emden[->29] of the 18th century was of the opinion that Jesus' original objective, and especially Paul's, was only to convert Gentiles to Noahide Law while allowing Jews to follow full Mosaic Law. Although Christianity affirms that the Pentateuch[->30] is part of Scripture that is inspired of God[->31], Christian tradition, in this case similar to Jewish tradition, denies that all of the Old Covenant...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Book Report

...Miller’s Book Review This is a review of Patrick D. Miller’s book entitled Deuteronomy: Interpretation - A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Miller begins with an introduction to his book by declaring himself and what this book is about, where Miller (2012:1) states, “The aim of this introduction is to ask some typical questions having to do with the background of the literary work and to think about it as a whole.” Miller pointed out that in doing so the book of Deuteronomy may give readers some clues to understanding the book and its purpose. He stated that the title of the book normally gives some indication of the subject matter and that sometimes the title may be clear upon reading the book. Miller claims that Deuteronomy gives readers some indication of the book’s character (Miller, 2012:1-5). The author provides a rich and comprehensive interpretation of the text through the book, describes the revelation of the Book in the New Testament, analyses the blueprint for a moral and just society as prescribed by The Laws of Moses, defines the proper role of leaders and priests from the Biblical perspective, and expounds upon exactly how individuals must interact in a divinely-inspired society. The book of Deuteronomy self-consciously addresses different generations of readers, creating unusual problems in understanding and interpretation. Miller did a wonderful job of steering preachers and teachers through these difficulties, carefully discussing the......

Words: 1235 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Exegetical Analysis of Ecclesiastes

...Paper Topic 3 There is a Time For Everything: An Exegetical Analysis of Ecclesiastes 3:1-15 Timing is everything. This is a statement that holds a great deal of truth. The difference between a good joke and a bad one is a person’s sense of timing. An appropriate pause makes a joke, an inappropriate pause can kill the same joke. Timing is essential when dealing with people. One must pick the right time to approach a coworker or friend about a problem. Timing is important in cooking. The moist cake in the oven is still runny batter if baked for too little time and a clump of charcoal if it is baked too long. Timing is important in medicine. If you catch a problem early you will be able to treat it more effectively. Timing is important in taking medication. If you take your medicine as directed it will be helpful. If you skip doses it loses its effectiveness. If you take extra doses it can be deadly. Timing is important in finance. When you invest in a particular stock and when you sell the particular stock will make the difference between whether you make money or lose it. We, as a society have time indicators hanging on the walls, built into our cell phones, computers, and cars. Timing is everything in today’s world, and society as a whole is very time-oriented. Timing is important in spiritual life as well. It is critical to live life with an acute awareness of God’s predetermined timing for life. The importance of timing is portrayed throughout Ecclesiastes 3:1-15. The......

Words: 3510 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Hebrew Literature

...of them are embedded in the biblical books, they have Scrip- entirely disappeared. Thus the Book of the Wars of the Lord is mentioned in Num. xxi. 14; the Book of Jashar in Josh. x. 13, 2. Sam. i. 18; the Song of the Well is quoted in Num. xxi. 17, 18, and the song of Sihon and Moab, ib. 27-30; of Lamech, Gen. iv. 23, 24; of Moses, Exod. xv. As in other literatures, these popular elements form the foundation on which greater works are gradually built, and it is one function of literary criticism to show the way in which the component parts were welded into a uniform whole. The traditional view that Moses was the author of the Pentateuch in its present form, would make this the earliest monument of Hebrew literature. Modern inquiry, however, has arrived at other conclusions (see Bible, Old Testament), which may be briefly summarized as follows: the Pentateuch is compiled from various documents, the earliest of which is denoted by J (beginning at Gen. ii. 4) from the fact that its author regularly uses the divine name Jehovah (Yahweh). Its date is now usually given as about Soo B.C. 1 In the next century the document E was composed, so called from its using 1 The dating of these documents...

Words: 9933 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Essay On Exodus

...periods and contexts, all for the single, united aim of imparting divine revelation. The bible shows how God reveals Himself and His love for His people in many ways. The miracles God created in Exodus served to show the Israelites His power, as well as His faithfulness and mercy. As part of the Pentateuch, Exodus is considered one of the most important, central books of the Old Testament, while the rest of the Old Testament books revolve around the Pentateuch by providing reflection and commentary. It is often difficult to identify authors of the biblical books because stories are passed on through oral traditions, undergoing a lengthy editing process before finally arriving at their current written form. Several verses in Exodus and other books of the Old and New Testaments such as Deuteronomy, Ezra, Nehemiah, 2nd Chronicles, Luke and Acts refer to the Pentateuch as "the law/book of Moses", so there is strong belief that Moses is the author. However, more careful scrutiny showed many inconsistencies that would make more sense if there were multiple authors instead of just one. From here again opinions diverged, with some saying Moses used different sources in writing the Pentateuch and others saying he had no role in it and the sources had been written long after Moses' time. This led to the rise of the Documentary Hypothesis that suggests four primary sources - Yahwist, Elohist, Deuteronomist and Priestly. For the third chapter of Exodus, there is conflict over......

Words: 1591 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

How Judaism Has Affected America

...JUDAISM Who is a Jew? Where is identity located? * Jude: One who comes from Judea; and identity in terms of land and region. * Israel: Name given to Jacob; means one who strives with God. It is religious identity. * Hebrew: The people and the language they speak. * Most probably the word “Hebrew” comes from the word “Apiru” from Phoenician language, meaning ‘The one who rides caravans; nomadic people. BACKGROUND IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF JUDAIC THOUGH * Preceding Judaism, we have Neat Eastern Religions which comprise the Sumarian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Egyptian religions. They seem to have influenced the development of Judaic though historically. 1. The Near Eastern Religions: Polytheistic, but try to conceive one highest god (i.e Marduk in the Babylonian religion) Apsu(Sweet Waters) Ti’amat(Salty Waters) Mumy(Mist) 2. They try to conceive of heaven and hell and idea of reward and punishment. 3. We find a parallel Myth of Flood to the Hebrew Bible story of Noah. But, it is Judaism which becomes 1st monotheistic religion of mankind. Judaism becomes the foundation of prophetic religious tradition in West, thereby we have religions such as Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Islam. Zyandusthia- Middle Eastern God with flood myth, 7 days of rain instead of 40. THE HEBREW BIBLE * Judaism is often associated with the land of Israel, but Judaism is better understood when one studies the Hebrew Bible. * History of Jewish people *......

Words: 366 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...LIBERTY UNIVERSITY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY The Significance of the Covenant Blessings and Curses in Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28 for the History and Theology of the Old Testament Submitted to Dr. Don Clark, Semi 500 – B21 by Willie C. Stovall Jr. May 2015 Option A: OT Research Paper – OBST 515 You will choose a topic from the attached list and write a 1600-1800-word research paper. You must follow current Turabian format and present a well-researched analysis and discussion of the chosen topic. A minimum of 7 scholarly sources must be used when writing this paper. Biblical evidence and explanation of key biblical texts is essential. Sources are cited, referenced, and/or quoted must be footnoted, and the paper must be your original work. In light of the length of this paper, avoid lengthy quotations and make sure that the paper stays on topic. Use headings to mark off the major sections of your paper. A bibliography of sources must be included. Submit the OT Research Paper by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 7. Bibliography Manby, T. D. (2008). An exigetical study of leviticus 26: Mosaic covenantal laws, blessings, and curses with implications for the reading of selected old testament canonical books (Order No. 1461646). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304817742). Retrieved from Rivard, Derek A.. Blessing the World : Ritual and Lay......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Interpretive Journey Paper

...east; for they cover their houses with a flat roof or floor, so that you may walk about as far as the houses go, and the neighbors walk over the tops of their houses to visit one another; and sometimes in the summer they slept on the top of them.'' 1 Step 1 Grasp the text in their town Summarize the original situation and the meaning of the text for the biblical audience. The children of Israel are traveling to the promise land. When they get there they will build new houses for themselves. Deuteronomy 22:8 KJV says, “When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, 1. Wolf, Herbert M. An Introduction to the Old Testament Pentateuch. Chicago, IL....

Words: 1002 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Jewish Religion During The Holocaust

...a part of it. That event was called the Holocaust and it took place around World War II. A jew’s religion shows understanding and empathy for what took place during the Holocaust. For starters, most people don’t know a lot about jews and their religion. All Jewish religion is referred to as Judaism. An encyclopedia states that, “Jews believe in one god and the teachings of the Hebrew Bible” (“Judaism”). Some of their everyday language is spoken in Hebrew and some jews speak in other languages or live in different places. There are also some jews who are non-religious and who are called jews because of their ancestry. Also, they can study the Torah and the commandments. The Torah is the written law, it is also known as Pentateuch....

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Northern Caribbean University School of Religion and Theology THE SIZE OF ISRAEL, WERE THEY NUMERICALLY SMALL OR NOT A research paper Presented in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Course RELB307 Pentateuch By Tyrone Gregory October 2006 TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION 1 TOWARD PROPER INTERPRETATION 2 HISTORY OF INTERPRETATION 2 TEXTUAL ANALYSIS 6 CONCLUSION 9 BIBLIOGRAPHY 10 INTRODUCTION TOWARD PROPER INTERPRETATION The censusses of Numbers with their results have been the source of much debate among scholars over the years. Cupeled with Dueteronomy7:7 which states Israel was indeed a small people has led scholars to formulate many theories about the size of Israel. This paper will explore and give the proper interpretations to the texts Numbers 26:51 and Dueteronomy7:7. History of interpretation The basis upon which proponents of the argument that Israel was a numerically small unit are one, they view the scripture as fables, that it was composed by people trying to validate their status. Anderson argues that there is overwhelming evidence of folklore in the story of Jacob and Joseph, and as to how Israel got into Egypt. It is not a biographical account but a story for edification.[1] Two, scholars who promote the Documentary Hypotheses also base their arguments on the belief that scriptures were composed by sources namely, J,E,D,P; and later......

Words: 1818 - Pages: 8