Premium Essay

Person Centred Approach

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nicki69
Words 403
Pages 2
Forging relationships

We all can probably recount our personal experiences of receiving some form of nursing care. This might have been as a patient in hospital, in a community or doctor’s clinic or in some other kind of health service provision. The personal relationships we formed with the nurses responsible for our care will have been important to us. For all patients, and their families, the relationships forged with nurses and other carers are central to the quality of their healthcare experience. The quality of these relationships is singled out in patient satisfaction surveys as being of particular importance. To engage successfully with their patients, nurses need to listen carefully, and to get to know their patients as people. Getting to know the person behind the patient is the raison d'être of person-centred nursing care.

So what is person-centred nursing?

A person-centred approach to nursing focuses on the individual’s personal needs, wants, desires and goals so that they become central to the care and nursing process. This can mean putting the person’s needs, as they define them, above those identified as priorities by healthcare professionals. In the words of Bob Price, a nurse academic writing for the Nursing Standard in 2006, ‘the term person-centred care is used…to indicate a strong interest in the patient’s own experience of health, illness, injury or need. It infers that the nurse works with the person’s definition of the situation, as well as that presented through a medical or other diagnosis’.

There are a number of different frameworks that have been developed by nurse academics to help practising nurses implement person-centred care. While these frameworks are all slightly different, they all share some key components:

# knowing the patient as an individual
# being responsive
# providing care that is meaningful
# respecting...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Person Centred Approach

...PA theoretical exploration, both of the philosophy underpinning the Person-Centred Approach and of ‘the Approach in action in a psychotherapeutic context. Introduction Carl Rogers (1902 – 1987) is the pioneer of Person-Centred therapy. In this essay, I will discuss the approach, which revolved over 70 years of his life. His necessary and sufficient conditions which he said was all that was needed to self-actualize and become a fully functioning person. I will also talk about contributions from others and expansion of his theory and lastly, I will discuss the limitations of person-centred approach that may result in ineffective therapy. Philosophy of person-centred approach Carl Rogers developed person-centred therapy in the 1940s. He wanted to move away from therapist reliant to a therapeutic relationship where he had a more humanistic philosophy which is captured nicely by the metaphor of “how an acorn, if provided with the appropriate conditions will “automatically” grow in positive ways, pushed naturally towards its actualization as an oak.” Rogers was born in Illinois to a very strict religions family. He originally studied agriculture, then theology and finally psychology. Rogers approach was developed over four periods. The first being in the 1940s which saw the birth of “non-directive counselling”. Rogers became the leading figure in the third force of psychology known as the Humanistic psychology movement. His philosophy was that people are......

Words: 1919 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Unit 9 Person Centred Approach

...home, and, if necessary, the individual’s doctor and advocate. I would also make a record of this, which I would sign and date.’ COMMENTARY FOR EVIDENCE FOR ACs 3.1 and 3.3 • Assessment Method: The assessor has used a clear open question with this learner ‘Tell me about…’ this encourages the learner to think about the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support and what steps to take if consent cannot readily be established. The assessment method is valid as it measures the learner’s understanding and knowledge of establishing consent when providing care or support • Quality of Evidence: The learner’s response is of a good quality because the learner reflects well own understanding of the importance of establishing consent: ‘…so as to include that individual with any decision-making, in order to ensure that they do not feel left out, ignored; in this way they can understand and agree to that element of their care or support…’ The learner also then explain the series of steps to take if consent cannot be readily established: ‘I would discuss the problem, that consent cannot be established, with the supervisor or manager of the home, and, if necessary, the individual’s doctor and advocate. I would also make a record of this, which I would sign and date’. • Breadth of Evidence: The learner has included a detailed explanation of how to establish consent when providing care or support. The learner’s evidence meets AC3.1 and 3.3 fully in terms......

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Person Centered Planning

...Carlow with their Person Centred Planning (PCP) approach to client care? ➢ What is the attitude of RehabCare to the concept of empowerment, and how does it fit into the implementation of the PCP process in RehabCare, Carlow? ➢ To what extent does PCP at RehabCare contribute to the underlying goal of greater social inclusion? CONTENTS TITLE PAGE……………………………………… P 1 CONTENTS PAGE………………………………... P2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS……………………….. P3 INTRODUCTION………………………………….. P4 LITERATURE REVIEW………………………….. P5 METHODOLOGY…………………………………. P11 FINDINGS………………………………………….. P13 ANALYSIS…………………………………………. P16 CONCLUSION…………………………………….. P18 BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………….. P20 APPENDIX (Interview Transcript)……………….. P22 THE END……………………………………………. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to take this opportunity to thank the management at RehabCare in Carlow, for being so helpful and informative. I would also like to thank the lecturer of this course, Ruth Casey, for all of her input and advice. Introduction Hereafter, I will discuss my participation in this endeavour in the third person, as the “researcher”. The researcher’s choice was to conduct a study of RehabCare in Carlow; and through the process of investigation in this organisation, an attempt was made to answer one main question, and two related sub-questions. Main Question: • How successful is RehabCare in Carlow with their Person Centred Planning (PCP) approach to client......

Words: 7458 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Systematic Approach to Care Through Effective Person-Centred Care Planning.

...Systematic Approach to Care through Effective Person-Centred Care Planning. The NHS places a strong emphasis on delivering person-centred care to patients. Patient-centred planning was adopted as national government policy in 2001 via the “Valuing People” paper and more recently as part of the “Valuing People Now” document (DOH,2009). Person-centred planning is now promoted as a key method in delivering the personalisation objectives of the Governments “Putting People First” programme for social care (DOH, 2007). The Coalition continues this commitment towards personalisation of care with its “Capable Communities and Active Citizens” document (DOH, 2010). One key area to ensure that care is delivered in a systematic person-centred way is through effective care planning that involves the patient in the process as a key stake holder. Several systematic models to nursing care are available that will facilitate practitioners in ensuring that all needs of the individual are identified and met. This essay will define what is meant by the term “person centred care”, will explore the systematic nursing models of care delivery and will highlight good practice in constructing person-centred care plans. This will be done using examples of an original care plan (constructed by the author for a real patient whose name has been changed) - and will draw upon information and evidence from a range of contemporary sources. It is appropriate in the context of this essay to firstly......

Words: 1679 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Person Centred Therapy

...PYC4809 Section A 1. Person- centred Psychotherapy Carl Rogers (1920-1987) was one of the most influential pioneers and inspiration behind person-centred psychotherapy. Rogers and his colleagues where innovators that refined the concepts and methods of person-centred therapy and that would later become one of the most influential and controversial of therapeutic approaches. During the 1940’s Rogers developed nondirective counselling. His theory was developed in four stages over the span of his career. This was a new direction of counselling that highlights that the direction and locus of control in therapy were clearly centred in the client, shifting the power to the person seeking help away from the therapist. The client rather than the therapist determined the direction and goals of therapy and the therapist’s role was to help the client clarify feelings. He described his new approach in a speech in 1940, December 11 titled “Newer Concepts in Psychotherapy” as follows: “The aim of this newer therapy is not to solve one particular problem but to assist the individual to grow, so he can cope with the present problem...It relies much more heavily on the individual drive towards growth, health and adjustment...This newer therapy places greater stress on the emotional elements...then on the intellectual aspects....(It) places greater stress upon the immediate situation than upon the therapeutic relationship itself as a growth experience.”(David J. Cain,......

Words: 1322 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Assisgnment 305

...Assignment 305 Understanding person-centred approaches In adult care settings Task B Bi Write a reflective account derailing an example of how you have or could have, used a person centred approach in a sensitive or complex situation A new lady arrived at the home where I work with her family and was shown to her room, I asked the lady’s name and she informed me that it was Pat. Pat and her family remained in her room and was brought a tray of tea and biscuits. Pat and her family chatted with the other members of staff and some of the other residents. It was approaching lunchtime and the family was still with her, as Pat did not wish for them to leave just yet, they stayed for lunch with Pat and where still chatting when I returned to see how Pat had settled in, the family where very happy but Pat had started to become agitated that her family where about to leave, the family where trying really hard to comfort Pat saying they would be back the next day to see her. Pat started to follow them out the door to go with them, looking back at it now I could have been more person centred by talking to Pat to try and distract her taking her for a cup of tea and chatting to her to keep her mind of her family leaving. By talking to Pat I could have gained her trust and made her feel welcomed and safe, rather than letting her fret over not seeing her family again. Bii Explain how finding out about an individual’s history, preferences, wishes and needs is an important part......

Words: 996 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Christian Counselling

...my own and where other authors have been either quoted or paraphrased, this has been precisely referenced. I understand that any person found guilty of plagiarism will not only automatically receive a failing grade for this paper—but possibly for the whole course; and may face additional academic penalties that could include dismissal from the Faculty of Arts or from Helderberg College. Sign: Table of Contents: Introduction: 3 Biblical view: 3 What PCT is all about and how its effects people in counselling: 4 My View of Effective Christian Counselling: 6 Conclusion: 7 Bibliography: 8 Pastoral Counselling 1 Term Paper – Person Centred Therapy Introduction: “Person-centred therapy (PCT) is a humanistic approach, a belief that humans can achieve happiness and can solve their own problems. The fundamental belief is that people tend to move towards growth, self actualisation and healing.” This is one of the therapies used in counselling today and it supports personal growth but does not always include Christian virtues. The approach seem very important because it claim to mould a person from the help seeking broken state they in to self actualisation and fullfilment. In reality, is it really what happen to people being counselled using PCT as their method of counselling? PCT method of counselling recommend a non-directive approach that allow the client to lead himself and can anything good come from within us without God, the source of life. Our...

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Unit 207 - Understanding Person Centred Communication

...Understand person centred approaches in adult social care setting 1.1Person centred values are based on individuality, Rights, Choice, Privacy, Independence, Dignity, Respect and Partnership. It is important to work in a way that embeds person centred values for the Following reasons: to meet the needs of the individual; to provide the best possible quality care service; to ensure a good quality of life of the individual; To treat the individual as you would want to be treated. 2.1In order to find out the find out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of the individual I would need sources of information, this could include asking the individual, their family and friends or carers, other professionals such as GP, social worker; or by reading documents . In order to take into account the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual when planning care and support, I would need to follow the principles of person-centred care. This approach aims to see the person as an individual, rather than focusing on their illness or on abilities they may have. Person-centred care takes into account each individual's unique qualities, abilities, interests, preferences and needs. Person-centred care also means treating the individual with dignity and respect. A care plan is a written document that details the day to day requirements and preferences for care and support for the individual. Working with a person in a......

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Reflective Practice Piece

...Reflective Practise Piece Description The patient was attending, on her own, a 60 minute consultation with the resident Hearing Aid Audiologist. The lady came to us having been recommended by word of mouth by family and friends. She had been tested 6 months ago by another Specsavers Hearing practice, so access to a previous audiogram revealed a mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss. No other case notes were available at the time of the consultation. Key Issues The key issues I found particularly interesting were: 1 Communication between the patient and the audiologist 2 Impact of case history forms 3 Hearing loss stigma Reflection and Influencing Factors According to Maltby (2009) client –centred problems solving is the most widely used approach to adult aural rehabilitation. I was keen to observe the rehabilitative process and reflect on its benefits. The audiologist was informed of the arrival of the patient and called the patient through to the consultation room. Formal introductions were made. Although the patient had previously had a hearing test, she seemed uneasy and a little tense. The audiologist explained the consultation process so the patient would feel more relaxed about the test. The standard questions from the case history forms were asked and during the case history the patient started to relax and made much more eye contact with the audiologist. When asked if she felt she had a hearing problem she said her son said......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Health and Social Care

...Unit Title: Promote person centred approaches in health and social care Unit sector reference: HSC 036 Level: 3 Credit value: 6 Guided learning hours: 41 Unit accreditation number: Y/601/8145 Unit purpose and aim This unit is aimed at those working in a wide range of settings. It provides the learner with the knowledge and skills required to implement and promote person centred approaches. Learning Outcomes The learner will: Assessment Criteria The learner can: 1 1.1 Explain how and why person centred values must influence all aspects of health and social care work 1.2 Evaluate the use of care plans in applying person centred values Understand the application of person centred approaches in health and social care Exemplification Person centred values include:  Individuality  Rights  Choice  Privacy  Independence  Dignity  Respect  Partnership A care plan may be known by other names eg support plan, individual plan. It is the document where day to day requirements and preferences for care and support are detailed 2 Be able to work in a person centred way © OCR 2010 2.1 Work with an individual and others to find out the individual’s history, preferences, wishes and needs 2.2 Demonstrate ways to put person centred values into practice in a complex or sensitive situation 2.3 Adapt actions and approaches in response to an individual’s changing needs or preferences ...

Words: 1159 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Unit 4222- 305

...Unit 4222-305 Promote person centred approaches in health and social care Outcome 1 Understand the application of person centred approaches in health and social care Person centred values must influence all aspects of health and social care. The individual is at the centre of the care and are involved in every aspect of it. This ensures that their support, activities, care plans and support plans are tailored to the individual and meet their needs in a way that is appropriate to them. There are person-centred values which must be used to underpin the above. These are respect, partnership, individuality, rights, choice, privacy, independence and dignity. In following the values, people are then empowered to live their lives and achieve their potential. A care plan details a persons needs and wishes, what is being done to meet them and who is involved in doing so. If a care plan is person-centred it reflects their individuality and will contain their own views and wishes, inform you about what they think is important and how they feel about their circumstances and tell; you how they want to live their life. By knowing this, it means you can support them to live how they want and achieve their dreams, recognising their choices and ideas. Outcome 2 Be able to work in a person-centred way Identity, self-image and self-esteem are all linked. Self-image is all about how we see ourselves, and our opinions of our won worth. Self-esteem is all......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Qcf 5

...518 4.1 4.2 4.3 Be able to promote others understanding of the role of assessment I work with my team to develop their understanding of why we carry out assessments and that there are different types of assessments available dependant the individuals needs. I do this by taking staff with me and they contribute to the assessment process. I identify the services user’s needs and if we are not qualified to provide that services I would advise staff of other agencies that can provide that service. We discuss the service user’s needs and what can be put in place to facilitate, and so provide positive outcomes for the service user. I explain how important it is to involve the service user in all areas of the assessment process, to enable them to make an informed choice. I explain the importance of joint working with other agencies that have made the referral. Keeping social worker informed of any change in needs of the individual. At the referral, I make staff aware that this can be a very stressful process for the individual being assess. We are strangers coming into their homes and asking a lot of very personal question about some very sensitive issues. I explain to staff to go with their instincts if they feel that to ask all these questions in one go is too much for the individual in one session. For them to explain, to the individual that we......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Patient Centred Care

...This essay aims to describe briefly what is meant by patient-centred care. It will also focus and expand on two key aspects of patient dignity - making choices and confidentiality. Patient-centred care (PCC) is an extensively used model in the current healthcare system (Pelzang 2010:12). PCC is interpreted as looking at the whole person and considering their individual values and needs in relation to their healthcare. By implementing a PCC approach it ensures that the person is at the very centre of any plans that are made and has a dynamic role in the decision making process (Pelzang 2010:12). Service users of NHS Scotland are no longer being looked upon as being inactive receivers of care and are invited to have more involvement in the decision making. The Healthcare Quality Strategy for NHS Scotland was launched in May 2010 and one of the three Quality Ambitions is person-centred care:- “ mutually beneficial partnerships between patients, their families, and those delivering the healthcare services which respect needs and values, and which demonstrates compassion, continuity, clear communication and shared decision- making” (NHS Scotland healthcare quality strategy 2010). It is evident from the above aim that shared decision making plays a significant part within the patient-centeredness approach that is emphasized continuously within NHS Scotland at present. By encouraging a more active patient role in making decisions it is said to have a positive impact and......

Words: 1297 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Nvq Level 3

...in children and young people with learning disabilities and autism. The broad aims of the policy are: • the prevention of challenging behaviours; • that, where used, restrictive physical interventions promote the best interests of children and young people; • that all risks associated with the use of restrictive physical interventions are continuously assessed; • to maintain the safety and dignity of children, young people and staff; • that managers and employers discharge their responsibilities effectively; • to highlight the training needs of staff in the use of restrictive physical interventions. 2.1 Define the term ‘challenging behaviour’ Behaviour of such intensity, frequency or duration that the physical safety of the person or others is placed in serious jeopardy or behaviour which is likely to seriously limit or deny access to the use of ordinary community facilities. 2.2 Explain the reasons for the term challenging behaviour coming into use Experience and research suggests that what professionals call "challenging behaviour" is often a reaction to the challenging environments that services or others create around people with developmental...

Words: 1698 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Person Centred Theory

...part to counter existing conditions of worth,but even so, there seems to be a grey area of interpretation here. By making it a condition of his ‘certain type of relationship’, I feel Rogers has undermined the intended unconditionalityto some degree.There is another way in which Rogers’ theory is confusing. Ultimately, both the ‘self asperceived and the ‘real self’ are part of the same reality of experience. While we could viewthe ‘self as perceived’ as an abstract construct of the mind developed from experiences over time, those experiences are as much a part of the physical world that is actually experiencedby the ‘real self’. On this level, we could argue that while there may be incongruence betweenperception and actual experience in a person, they still belong to the same reality, rather thanexisting as distinct worlds, real or imagined. This argument may be too philosophical toexplore properly here, but I feel it is worth mentioning as a weak point in the theory.Likewise, Rogers’ theory does not seem to include any explanation for why different peoplefeel differently about different experiences. Using the example of the young boy attracted toothers boys in Sanders (Sanders, 2006, p18), Rogers might explain how the negative regardof his parents in relation to this lead to certain conditions of worth. What he does not explainhowever, is where the...

Words: 880 - Pages: 4