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Personal Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By cmmcdoyle
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Introduction This paper explores three philosophical issues. The concepts examined are personal identity, virtue ethics, and ethical relativism. A personal philosophy in relation to each concept is identified and described. In conclusion, philosophical findings are incorporated into a personal view on the ultimate meaning of life.
Philosophical Issues
Personal Identity
Personal identity of the most basic nature is “what makes one the person one is” (Olson, 2010). This basic nature then leads to the complexities of personal identity. Complexities include questions such as: * Who am I? * What is it to be a person? * What does it take for a person to persist from one time to another – that is, for the same person to exist at different times? * How do we find out who is who? * What am I? * How could I have been? * How different could I have been from the way I actually am?
(2010)
These questions are crucial to discovering self-purpose of life. Hume’s philosophy is that personal identity is “nothing but a bundle or collection of different perceptions” and “too inconstant” (n.d.). Several philosophers disagree, arguing that “when the soul and the body are united, then nature orders the soul to rule and govern, and the body to obey and serve” (Chaffee, 2011, p. 91).
There are many theories of philosophy pertaining to personal identity and social identity. In most cases, the compulsion to rationalize identity by understanding and knowing who we are and where we belong is a derivative of human nature need. We are compelled to find answers to self-identity questions by our nature. Human nature is traditionally viewed as humans are “composed of two kinds of things: a material body and an immaterial mind, or ‘soul’” (Velasquez, 2012, p. 84). This traditional view is known as dualism. Dualism establishes that “the mind and body are two...

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