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Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories

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Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories
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Personality Analysis: Dispositional and Learning Theories
Historically, behavioral scientists longed for a method by which they could gain a better understanding of the progression of human behavioral development. A group of such scientists believed that neglecting the study of the individual and focusing only on groups and behavioral generalities did a disservice to the individuality of every person (Feist & Feist, 2009). Gordon Allport was at the forefront of these scientists and emphasized the uniqueness of the individual (Feist & Feist, 2009). Allport and his dispositional theory, believed that people may display like characteristics, stubbornness, for example, but that two individuals displaying stubbornness are displaying differences of the same trait since, in the end, no two people are alike (Feist & Feist, 2009), and believed that using a person’s personal writings – letters, journals, or diaries – could provide a unique view of such individual uniqueness (Barenbaum, 1997).
Individuality means just that – that each person is unique, distinctive, and unlike any other. Personalities are distinctive, belief systems are individual, and thought process unique. Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory observed we are each singular moral agents, capable of influencing our lives within the constructs of social mechanisms (Bandura, 2001). He also posited that the human animal is capable of learning in a flexible manner and in many ways, including vicariously – that is learning occurs through watching others (Feist & Feist, 2009).
The aim of this paper is to provide a glimpse into dispositional and learning theories and explore the role of personality in affecting situational behavior; examine the personality...

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