Personality Theories

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Personality Theories
Personality is defined as the combination of “physical, mental, emotional, and characteristics of an individual” (, 2005). Thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are the elements that make each individual’s personality unique and although people may carry the same traits, not one personality is exactly like another. An individual’s personality might alter throughout one’s life, but the foundation remains consistent. Consistency or a regularity of behavior is a component to one’s personality. According to Cherry (2014), personality is of both psychological and physiological construct. There are many theories that psychologists conceive in order to better understand and explain the development of an individual’s personality. Psychologists, such as Sigmond Freud, Carl Jung, Carl Roberts, and Abraham Maslow, devised their own theories on how one’s personality develops based on their own beliefs and research.
Sigmond Freud was one of the world’s most controversial psychologists. His theories on personality and thoughts on human behavior and beliefs about the conscious and unconscious mind made an immense impact within the world of psychology. Some of Freud’s beliefs and personality theories focused primarily on sexual desires and motivations. Throughout his life, Freud established many theories that “were enormously influential, but subject to considerable criticism both now and during his own life.”(Cherry, 2014) He was the founder of the psychoanalytic theory which concentrated on the unconscious mind and the influence it had on human behavior. Freud’s theory on the unconscious mind suggested that the mind was divided into three sections: the conscious mind, the pre-conscious mind, and the unconscious mind. This was just the beginning. He next proposed a psychoanalytic theory on personality that explained that personality…...

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... as physique, temperament, and also intelligence (Feist & Feist, 2009). According to Revelle (1995), in studying personality many theoretical approaches are used. Some approaches used in studying personality are biological theories, behavioral theories, psychodynamic theories, humanistic theories, and trait theories. Hans Eysenck was a significant biological theorist. Eysenck, along with other biological theorists, argued that personality is directly linked to genetics or biological processes. Behavioral theorists argue that an individual’s personality is directly linked to that individuals personality is directly linked to that individuals interaction with the environment. Behavioral theorists approach personality with no consideration of feelings or thoughts (Feist & Feist, 2009). A few of the well-known behavioral theorists are John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner. Sigmund Freud significantly influenced psychodynamic theories with his development of the psychosexual theory. Another theorist who significantly influenced psychodynamic theories was Erick Erickson with his development of the stages of psychosocial development. Psychodynamic theorists link the unconscious mind as well as childhood experiences to personality (Revelle, 1995). Also, according to Freud id, ego, and superego are directly linked to personality. According to Erickson personality is linked to stages and conflicts existing in each stage. Additionally Erickson argued that success was directly linked...

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