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Personality & Values

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rajithafernando
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Personality & Values
Organizational Behavior
By: Rajitha Fernando

Personality
• The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others • Most often described in terms of measurable traits that a person exhibits, such as shy, aggressive, submissive, lazy, ambitious, loyal and timid. (Personality traits)

2

Jungian Personality Theory
• Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung • Jung proposed four main functions of consciousness: 1. Two perceiving functions: Sensation and Intuition

2.

Two judging functions: Thinking and Feeling 2

• Each of the functions are expressed primarily in either an introverted or extraverted form

• From Jung's original concepts, Briggs and Myers developed their own theory of psychological type, described below, on which the MBTI is based.
3

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
(MBTI)
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions.

Dichotomies Extraversion (E) – (I) Introversion Sensing (S) – (N) Intuition Thinking (T) – (F) Feeling Judging (J) – (P) Perception
4

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
 Extroversion versus introversion
• Extroverted individuals are outgoing, sociable, and assertive. Introverts are quiet and shy

 Sensing versus intuition
• Sensing types are practical and prefer routine and order. They focus on details. Intuitives rely on unconscious processes and look at the big picture

 Thinking versus feeling
• Thinking types use reason and logic to handle problems. Feeling types rely on their personal values and emotions

 Judging versus perceiving
• Judging types want control and prefer their world to be ordered and structured. Perceiving types are flexible and spontaneous
5

Five-Factor Personality Model (CANOE)
Conscientiousness...

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