Free Essay

Persuasion Notes

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tamarhavi
Words 1313
Pages 6
Likable people are more persuasive: 1. Physical attractiveness- attractive people are more persuasive both in terms of getting what they request and in changing another's attitude.

2. Similarity- we like people who are like us.

3. Increased Familiarity- through repeated contact is another factor

4. Association- By connecting themselves or their products with positive things, advertisers, politicians, and merchandisers frequently seek to share in the positivity through the process of association.

Commitment and Consistency:
People want to be consistent for 3 reasons-
1.To be valued by society- personal consistency is highly valued by society
2. It is beneficial to daily life- also has a positive effect on public image
3. It provides a shortcut through life's complexity
Commitments are most effective if they are-
1. Active
2. Public
3. Effortful
4. Internally motivated
"Throwing a low ball"- telling someone you will do something, then once they agree and join you , you take it back and they will still be "onboard" because they've already found other reasons to be onboard.

Rule for reciprocation- one person has to pay back what the other has provided, etc. You scratch my back and I will scratch yours. This rule allows one to give to someone with confidence of what he is giving will not be lost. This sense of future obligation develops the continuation of relationships, transactions, and exchanges.

The decision to comply with another's request is frequently influenced by the reciprocity rule. Reciprocity is exploitable. It is exploitable due to three characteristics: 1. It has a strong impact on us 2. It works even if you didn't ask for what you got! 3. We want to get rid of the feeling of being in debt so we just settle for less and do it. i.e the person does a HUGE favor in return when in fact he only received something small and should only have to repay with something small- yet he does not want this feeling of "owing" on his shoulders so he returns the HUGE request.

Door-in-the-Face- a method used that includes reciprocity AND compliance
Also known as "Rejection and then retreat technique. It relies heavily on the pressuring to reciprocate concessions. By starting with an extreme request that is sure to be rejected! Then the requester can profitably retreat to a smaller request (the one that was desired all along) which is likely to be accepted because it appears to be much more reasonable than the first request.
This rejection-then-retreat Technique is ALSO known as " perceptual contrast"
You take two things and put them side by side and naturally one will seem better than the other so you chose it, even tho both are bad choices.

CIALDINI Chapt. 1.
Humans are like animals, at times we process automatically –like when we use heuristics. It saves energy and relieves us from cognitive work.
Pro's VS Con's:
Pro- efficient, fast, and easy
Con-Naturally increases the chance for error, especially when someone is directing a specific stimuli at a bad time.
We've programmed automatic shortcuts for responding with compliance to certain situations. These "TRIGGERS" can be used by others to manipulate behavior.

1.A cogent deductive argument must be _VALID_ a cogent inductive argument must be _STRONG__.

2. Fixed action patterns in non-human animals resemble which of the following behaviors in humans? use of heuristics

4. 3. The success of the rejection-then-retreat persuasion technique is based in part on: b. perceptual contrast.

4. According to Cialdini, banning information (i.e., censorship) typically leads audiences to… a.Want the information more than they did before it was banned
b. Believe the information more than they did before it was banned

5. According to Asch’s (1951, 1956) conformity experiments, the rate of conformity concessions is reduced under which of the following conditions?
a. When at least one other dissenter is present.
b. When responses are private.
c. When the number of confederates is less than 3.
d. All of the above.

6. What is pluralistic ignorance:
Pluralistic ignorance is

7. ELM model?

Aronson-mass communication, propaganda and persuasion: 1. Media Influence- i.e "The day after" movie (1983) caused 40million US households to tune in and received vast coverage in national news magazines, hotlines were created to assist disturbed viewers afterwards, it even EFFECTED president Ronald Reagan who wrote about it in his diary. It made the people think about nuclear war and it influenced their attitudes towards a potential threat of nuclear war.

IT HAD A NEGATIVE EFFECT: 2. Attempts at persuasion-
Mass persuasion. This may effect our vote, our attitude toward other nations. REPEATED vivid imagery shapes attitudes and opinions.
-Influence is subliminal
-Media can determine which events are given exposure
-Action is more entertaining
-News and Media tends to show violence because people want to see "action" so those who are involved in more peaceful positive things will not be heard of in the media. Coverage does nto present a balanced picture of what is happening.

i.e. Tylenol Example: in 1982 tylenol was laced with cyanide. This tragedy was all over the news media nationally. "Copycat poisonings" then took place across the nation.
This can also be seen in "copycat suicides" 4. Politicians as entertainers:
It has become a reality that contemporary candidates must look good on television. Most candidates spent much time making TV Commercials and being groomed in public appearance and speaking. TV Commercials being made are millions of dollars.

5. Effectiveness of media appeal?
TV commercials are lying to us buy yet we still cannot resist. The more familiar an item is, the more attractive it is. "I may just reach for the most familiar item". It was also discovered that the candidate who dishes out he most $ to get his/her name out there will in the end get the most votes. More publicity, more familiarity, more likely to be the one chosen.

6. Two Major Routes to Persuasion: * Central= consists of solid arguments based on relevant facts and figures that get people to think about issues in a systematic fashion * Peripheral= Less judicious- the person responds to simple, often irrelevant cues that suggest the rightness, wrongness, or attractiveness of an argument without giving it much thought.

* READING #2: * Zajonc, R.B. (2001). Mere exposure: A gateway to the subliminal. Current Directions in Psychological Science,:

* Preference is the result of rationality- or is it?...............repeated exposure.
The more you are exposed to something, then the more "normal" it seems. Also when you are not even aware that you have been exposed this too can effect your choices,decisions, outcomes. The more exposure you have the more comfortable you are with it.

Morales, A.C. (2005). Giving firms an “E” for effort:
This research shows that consumers reward firms for extra effort. The rewarding process is defined broadly as general reciprocity. When consumers infer that effort is motivated by persuasion, however, they no longer feel gratitude and do not reward high-effort firms.

Mrs. Keech and prophecy: In the 1950's a cult that brainwashed people into leaving their homes, families, jobs, etc. to prepare to leave on a flying saucer.

The Persuaders (Douglas Rushkoff, 2004)-how advertising companies are using Media, film, Commercials to win over consumers. How Political parties are doing this as well. …i.e DATAMINING- how there are rooms full of information on each person in the world. So that companies can know each person's habits, likes, dislikes, statistics etc.

Wag the Dog (Barry Levinson, 1997- When the president is caught in a sex scandal 2weeks before re-election, PR crisis Management agent comes in to create a diversion----by creating a "fake war". He hopes that the media will focus on this instead of the current sex scandal.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Minimizing Interruptions

...continue. Ask another co-worker to count the number of times you interrupt in a day. Opportunistic Listening Look for Main and Supporting Points Sometimes it is appropriate to ask politely for the speaker’s thesis. E.g. “I’m trying to pull together what you’ve been telling me about the problems you’ve been, having meeting your quotas. Could you summarize for me?” At other times, however, it isn’t appropriate to ask the speaker outright. “Over all, then, would you say your division is losing its market share?” Take Notes You are unlikely to remember every deadline, every comment or even every topic in a meeting or conversation unless you jot it down. You don’t have to scribble every word in every setting, but when the topic is important, put it in writing. Repeat what you heard When it is not possible to take notes, repetition works well in these cases. Go over the important parts of the message as soon as possible. Re-state it aloud, to a co-worker or a...

Words: 1315 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Com 156 Entire Course

...DQs 1 COM 156 Week 2 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 3 Assignment Complete an Outline COM 156 Week 3 Assignment COM 156 Week 3 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 3 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 3 Video Transcript Developing Outlines COM 156 Week 4 Assignment Write Your Thesis Statement PART 1 COM 156 Week 4 Assignment Write Your Thesis Statement PART 2 COM 156 Week 4 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 4 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 5 Assignment Revision Practice COM 156 Week 5 Assignment COM 156 Week 5 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 5 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 6 Assignment Effective Persuasion COM 156 Week 6 Assignment COM 156 Week 6 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 6 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 7 Assignment Rough Draft of Your Final Paper COM 156 Week 7 Assignment COM 156 Week 7 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 7 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 7 Assignment Compare and Contrasts Paragraphs COM 156 Week 8 Assignment COM 156 Week 8 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 8 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 9 DQs 1 COM 156 Week 9 DQs 2 COM 156 Week 9 Final Activity mode aims to provide quality study notes and tutorials to the students of COM 156 Entire Course in order to ace their studies. COM 156 ENTIRE COURSE To purchase this visit here: Contact us at: SUPPORT@ACTIVITYMODE.COM COM 156 ENTIRE COURSE COM 156 Final Assignment Persuasive Essay Final Paper COM 156 Week 1 Assignment Challenges of a Paper COM 156 Week 1 Assignment COM...

Words: 1237 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Persuasion is a procedure aimed at influencing someone’s or a group’s attitude, beliefs or behavior. This type of convincing could be done by expressing information, a message or feelings by using written or spoken words. Persuasion takes strategic planning. We have learned about the seven most popular persuasive strategies used in our daily lives. I never realize how much persuasion is used every day. We see it a lot in marketing and advertising daily. Everyday someone is trying to persuade us to buy an item on TV, radio or signs. Or vice versa we try to influence our peers to do something or feel some way. Many times in my life I have been in situations which involve the persuasion of Reciprocation. I’m going to show that we are always inclined to repay another person with a kind gesture. My part time job is babysitting for a family every day after school and occasionally when needed. One of my experience of reciprocation happen last year right before spring break. I was exhausted studying for midterms and working and trying to get my stuff ready for my trip. The last day before my trip the husband handed me my paycheck and a nice envelope with my name on it. I opened the envelope and to my surprise there was a gift card for $60 and a note wishing a safe trip. I was so excited that I gave him a big hug and thanked him several times. By the time I got home I was so overwhelm that I took time and wrote them a thank you note. As we can see in this situation I felt......

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Authority vs Persuasion

...American Economic Review: Papers & Proceedings 2009, 99:2, 448–453 Beliefs and disagreement in OrganizatiOns † Authority versus Persuasion By Eric Van den Steen* Managers often face a choice between authority and persuasion. In particular, since a firm’s formal and relational contracts and its culture and norms are quite rigid in the short term, a manager who needs to prevent an employee from undertaking the wrong action has the choice between either trying to persuade this employee or relying on interpersonal authority.1 Herbert Simon (1947) noted, for example, that “when … disagreement is not resolved by discussion, persuasion, or other means of conviction, then it must be decided by the authority of one or the other participant” and that “in actual practice … authority is liberally admixed with suggestion and persuasion.” Obviously, in choosing between persuasion and authority, the manager makes a cost-benefit trade-off. This paper studies that trade-off, focusing in particular on agency conflicts that originate in open disagreement, in the sense of differing priors. To that purpose, I will study a setting in which a principal and an agent are involved in a project. The project’s outcome depends both on decisions and on implementation effort by the agent, i.e., on effort to execute the decisions. A key issue is that the principal and agent may openly disagree on which decisions are most likely to †......

Words: 4341 - Pages: 18

Free Essay

Theoretical Concepts on Persuasion

...Part I: Theoretical discussion of some concepts on Persuasion 1. Define persuasion and distinguish it from other forms of communication. Persuasion is a form of communication that involves the ability to convince others to change his/her position on a certain subject. But unlike negotiation, which suggests some degree of backing down or meeting in the middle. “Rather than compromising, as in negotiation, effective persuasion will actually convince the opposing party to abandon their previous position and embrace yours (” In other words, effective persuasion enables you to get other people to willingly do what you want them to do. Looking closely at the definition of Perloff (2003) “Persuasion is a symbolic process in which communicators try to convince other people to change their attitudes or behavior regarding an issue through the transmission of a message, in an atmosphere of free choice.” The two most important component of this definition are: (1) the deliberate intention to change the attitude or behavior of another person, and (2) voluntary compliance, that is, not by force. Therefore, although persuasion is like any other form of communication such that it is a “process of stimulating meaning in the mind of another by means of a message (Putnam, 2014).” it is different from the accidental type since in the accidental form there is no intention to change attitudes or behavior but simply to......

Words: 2478 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Employee Safety, Health, and Welfare Law Paper

...persuasive leaders maintain styles of leadership that are conducive to methods of persuasion. For instance charismatic leaders and consensus based leadership styles are more apt to employ methods that are persuasive to followers or organizational members. This is in contrast to leaders who are autocratic or manipulative. When leadership is viewed in this way the ability of leaders to persuade becomes intricately linked with the style and methods of leadership. Leaders employ different methods including rational persuasion, blocking, inspirational appeals, consultation, ingratiation, pressure, and coalition building (Rusaw, 2003). These methods of influencing individuals will typically coincide with the leadership style of the leader. For example an autocratic leader will be less likely to employ a rational persuasion or inspirational appeal because these types of leaders maintain more rigid views of how leadership should be. These types of leaders might be more apt to apply pressure or threats as a means of persuading followers (Rusaw, 2003). In the same framework of leadership democratic leaders might be prone to using rational persuasion or consultation approaches to persuading followers. Regardless of the type of leader there are several components of persuasive leadership which leaders must possess in order to be effective. There are four components of leadership which create effective persuasion. These components include: Building trust, Credibility,......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...The Necessary Art of Persuasion by Jay A. Conger Harvard Business Review Reprint 98304 This document is authorized for use only in MIM FEB 2012 - Organizational Behaviour by IE Business School from January 2012 to March 2013. HarvardBusinessReview M AY– JUNE 1998 Reprint Number DAVID J. COLLIS AND CYNTHIA A . MONTGOMERY CREATING CORPORATE ADVANTAGE 98303 JAY A . CONGER THE NECESSARY ART OF PERSUASION 98304 CHRIS ARGYRIS EMPOWERMENT: THE EMPEROR’S NEW CLOTHES 9 8302 JEFFREY PFEFFER SIX DANGEROUS MYTHS ABOUT PAY 98309 M AHLON APGAR , IV THE ALTERNATIVE WORKPLACE: CHANGING WHERE AND HOW PEOPLE WORK 9 8301 ORIT GADIESH AND JA MES L . GILBERT PROFIT POOLS: A FRESH LOOK AT STRATEGY 9 8305 ORIT GADIESH AND JA MES L . GILBERT m anager’s to ol kit CONSTANTINE VON HOFFM AN HBR CASE STUDY GORD ON SHAW, ROBERT BROWN, and PHILIP BROMILEY ideas at work L ARRY E. GREINER HBR CL ASSIC HOW TO MAP YOUR INDUSTRY’S PROFIT POOL DOES THIS COMPANY NEED A UNION? STRATEGIC STORIES: HOW 3M IS REWRITING BUSINESS PLANNING EVOLUTION AND REVOLUTION AS ORGANIZATIONS GROW JEFFREY E. GARTEN 9 8306 98311 9 8310 9 8308 BO OKS IN REVIEW OPENING THE DOORS FOR BUSINESS IN CHINA This document is authorized for use only in MIM FEB 2012 - Organizational Behaviour by IE Business School from January 2012 to March 2013. 98307 The language of leadership is misunderstood,......

Words: 8591 - Pages: 35

Free Essay

Team Communication

...Team Communication Skillset #1 – Presenting and Persuading Team communication is essential in business and everyday life. Employers place a heavy importance on communication skills for effective job placement, performance, career advancement, and organizational success. Communication skills are one of the most required skills during the hiring process. However, people are not born with great communication skills. Although personal traits can improve communication skills such as the ability to read, write, and speak, they still need to be learned and improved. Understanding the process of communication is important for team communication. The process of communication begins with the sender who as an idea. The idea can be influenced by mood, frame of reference, background, culture, and physical makeup, as well as the context of the situation. Once the idea is formed, the sender encodes the idea in a message. When encoding the message, the encoder must be aware of the target audiences’ culture, background, and attitudes. After the idea is encoded in a message, it is travels over a channel such as computer, phone, spoken words, letters, fax, and so on. For example, when companies send brochures to your mail, they are delivering a message to you. When the receiver receives the message, he or she decodes it. Lastly, feedback is generated by the receiver and sent back to the user through a channel. When communicating in a team, there can be many barriers to communication. For......

Words: 1343 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Personal Management

...Dr. Robert Cialdini and 6 principles of persuasion By Tom Polanski, EVP, eBrand Media and eBrand Interactive I have long been a big fan of Dr. Cialdini. I originally became familiar with his work years ago through, “Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion”. It’s a must read. It gave me useful tools to use for marketing to others and taught me how to resist the marketing efforts of others. Here is a reprint from a leading publication regarding his work and a new book he’s coauthored. It’s the cliff notes version of his original book which I referenced in the preceding paragraph. SUMMARY: Influencing others isn’t luck or magic – its science. There are proven ways to help make you more successful as a marketer and an office politician. We talked to a renowned expert on the science of influence and pulled excerpts from two of his books to demonstrate ways to make people say “yes” to your messaging and management. Includes links to scientific studies and takeaways to use at work or at home. Robert Cialdini, Regents’ Professor of Psychology and Marketing, Arizona State University, has spent 30 years studying the ways people are influenced. He’s whittled his findings down to six key principles, found in the fifth edition of ‘Influence: Science and Practice’. We interviewed Cialdini and also read through ‘Yes! 50 Scientifically Proven Ways to Be More Persuasive’, a book he co-authored with Noah Goldstein, a professor at the University of Chicago School of Business, and Steven Martin,...

Words: 2128 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

151 Hero

...Smarthinking's E-structor Response Form (Your marked-up essay is below this form.) HOW THIS WORKS: Your e-structor has written overview comments about your essay in the form below. Your e-structor has also embedded comments [in bold and in brackets] throughout your essay. Thank you for choosing Smarthinking's OWL; best wishes with revising your paper! Hello there, Ramesh! My name is Erin I., and I will be helping you with your persuasive essay on today video games. Let's begin! *Strengths of the essay: First of all, I would like to commend you on this part of your first paragraph: The most generally utilized "positive" effect feature diversions are said to have on youngsters is that they may enhance a player's manual mastery and PC education. Continually enhancing innovation likewise gives players better illustrations that give a more "sensible" virtual playing knowledge. Providing background details about the impact of video games to children familiarizes your readers with your subject. This can prepare them for the discussions you will have in the rest of your paper, which helps them have a better understanding of your draft. This also makes your essay informative and detailed. Nice work! :) Main Idea/Thesis: Please clarify the kind of essay you are trying to write so that the next tutor can guide you more effectively. Right now, based on your draft, it seems that you are trying to write a persuasive essay on video games, so this is what I will work with. Now,...

Words: 1544 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Persuation Tactics

...2011 Assignment 2 Persuasion, Science of influence Kunal Nagar,W0782056 MSIS ,Santa Clara university , 3/10/2011 Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion Persuasion is a form of social influence. It is the process of guiding oneself or another toward the adoption of an idea, attitude, or action by rational and symbolic (though not always logical) means.1Persuasion is often referred to as an art and influencing others isn’ luck or magic –its science. t Persuasion and Influence is big part of any consumer behavior, this goes in line with self-actualization theory and projected self or a corporation. There are proven ways to help make you more successful as a marketer and an office politician. In a world where every e-mail, every request and every event we plan competes against other compelling demands, the skill of persuasion is essential ,The ability to persuade others is critical to success, whether you are selling cars or a new corporate strategy. Psychology and marketing Professor Robert Cialdini has examined the component parts of influence, in the lab and on the street. He has learned that persuasion is a science as well as an art. So why do you want to know it? To communicate with your customers so that they become your raving fans ,they like you ,they like to read your message ,they give positive response ,cialdini ‘ techniques are used to increase sales ,to have s more responsiveness for customers, in case you want to research for requirement ,to make......

Words: 4218 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Persuasion and Influence

...Seminar in Leadership – Andre Jaundoo Reading Assignment #6 – Persuasion and Influence By Andre Jaundoo 1. Summarize the advice given by Chris Anderson. (1 point) a. In summary the advice that Chris Anderson provides on how to give a Killer presentation. Is broken up into several categories. The first is being able to “Frame your Story”. Within any preparation is it vital to conceptualize and frame what the presenter wants to say. More importantly being able to take the audience on a journey where they feel engaged. And be able to share real life stories with value that the audience can relate to. Point number two was to “Plan your delivery”; which is broken into three main approaches to include reading it off a scripts or a teleprompter, develop a set of bullets to speak from, or to be really good. You can always memorize your presentation verbatim. Chris emphasized that it would behoove a person not to read the presentation or even read off a teleprompter. Or else you will lose the audience. Nevertheless, memorizing the talk will ultimately be your best option. However, as mentioned it to can prove quite the challenge in memorizing your talk, just for the fact that at times most people go “Through That Valley of Awkwardness”, where they have yet to memorize there talk to a tee, and at times the audience are able to recognize when the lecture presented now all of a sudden comes across as recited. Bottomline it will behoove you if given the right amount......

Words: 2153 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...2011: HUSTLE year of the hustle YOUR WAY TO THE TOP BY RAMIT SETHI Psychology of Persuasion Live Webinar with BJ Fogg, Phd Transcript ...................................................... PERSUASION WEBINAR TRANSCRIPT ...................................................... 2 2011: HUSTLE year of the hustle PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSUASION Ramit Sethi: Everybody, welcome! This is Ramit Sethi here from I Will Teach You to Be Rich and Earn 1k. We are going to get started in about 25 seconds, I’m here with BJ Fogg, just give us couple seconds to finalize our tech, and then we’ll get started. So, BJ, welcome ethically, greasing the persuasion process, so that when we met someone he would know exactly what to say. BJ Fogg: Thank you. Ramit Sethi: I’m thrilled to have you here tonight. Okay, everybody! Welcome to the webcast. This is Ramit Sethi from I Will Teach You to Be Rich and BJ Fogg: Thank you, I’ve been looking forward to Earn 1k, I’m thrilled to have one of my professors, this. one of my mentors online with me, Dr. BJ Fogg, and I want to introduce him to you. BJ Fogg is a Ramit Sethi: Alright, now before we get started, Stanford Psychologist and Director of the Stanford let me just mention a couple ways that you can Persuasive Technology Lab. He is the father of the connect with BJ Fogg. BJ Fogg is on Twitter at field of Captology, also known as Computers as BJFogg. He also has a website: Persuasive Technologies, which show how......

Words: 12543 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Mntra Persuana

...The Persuasion Mantra Understanding the brain is critical to being a stunning persuader. Conscious vs subconscious ??Which one makes the decisions?? * Why do people eat hot and soupy food in rainy weather? * Ask anyone in the world be it American, Asian, African, Middle East, they will all answer the same, they want hot and soupy food in rainy weather. WHY? >>>>>>People are hotwired in the same way<<<<<<< * There are 6 primary emotions that a human display * Fear * Anger * Distrust * Sadness * Happiness * Surprise If you CAN tap on to these emotions you can sell ice to Eskimos if you want to. * Why you chose what you chose, ( people ) E.g.: Why do you have a closet full of black colors? Why do you buy clothes with pattern? What kind of dress do you wear? >>>>maybe because it brought u happiness.<<<< People will forget what you said. People will forget what you did. But people will never forget how you made them FEEL. * Watch Some Ads you see online or on TV. After watching it a few times, your brain will actually create new connections and map a new reward circuit. Every time you listen to that music, and see that Advertisement, some emotion will go through you. You are a WALKING, BREATHING electric machine. E.g Macdonalds >> You don’t know what is in the meat (E.g NUGGETS) yet you still come back for more. From......

Words: 641 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Proposing to the Physician Partners to Reorganize Staff and Hire 3 New

...Proposing to the Physician Partners to Reorganize Staff and Hire Three New Positions Name: Instructor: Course: Date: Part 1 Through health care practice, the hospital is able to offer health services to the immediate community. However, the main problem is the disorganization among the staff members. The other major issue is excess workload for the staff. The hospital requires immediate action to be taken so that health care practice and service are adequate and efficient. As the operations manager, I propose reorganization of the staff and hiring of three new positions to help solve this problem. Generally, contemporary hospitals refer to community resources. Such resources get organized in a manner that they provide patients with care, as well as improving the population’s health. The hospital can only perform these functions by bringing together a wide range of skills through a diverse and adequate workforce. In addition, this entails collecting and storing information, providing facilities and equipment, as well as organizing systems of work. Consequently, the work done by community volunteers, medical and paid staff and trustees cannot be underestimated (Lee, 2011). This proposal is not something. This is because research indicates that different organizations do experience shortages. However, the shortage of health practitioners has over the time received huge public attention. Nevertheless, hospitals have few technicians, pharmacists, housekeepers,......

Words: 1183 - Pages: 5