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Phi 101 Exam

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jrsaunde49
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John Saunders
PHI 101 10178

Utilitarianism is based on a person’s measure of happiness from a utility prospective. The belief is the moral value is determined by its measured utility in providing someone with pleasure or happiness. Utility is described in the text as property in any object that tends to produce advantage, pleasure, good or happiness is to prevent mischief or evil doing to the individual or community.
Kantianism is Kant’s view that that moral value was based on an individual using his or her own rational faculties as described in the text chapter nine. Faculties are reference to our intellectual minds. Kant believed a person needed to develop a clear understanding of the universal morals that are shared by all people with in all circumstances. His argument for defense is good will is irreducible source of moral value as stated in the text.
Virtue ethics give emphasis to one’s disposition of self morals. The text describes a “virtuous character” to state that people achieve their moral base through making moral choices in time as our daily lives advance. The text refers that acting natural expressing moral principles is virtue ethics or a virtuous character.
Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism is complete opposites. Kant is more believe that if a person practices good will and follows certain standards or moral laws they will have done well. He believed that good will is good due to its intentions not necessarily its outcome. A person who tries to follow the Ten Commandments and fails occasionally in Kant’s view has not failed to do good will. The persons inclinations may have misguide them though their objective was to achieve good moral soundness. Utilitarianism places value on obtaining greater pleasure or wealth for happiness. A utilitarian will try to achieve their happiness without regard to outcome of others. Suppose an evangelist preacher...

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