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Philo Paper

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POLITICAL JUSTICE, AND DEMOCRACY: Understanding Plato's Criticism

Fall 2015

Mahlou Ryme

Dr. Jacques Carlos Flores

Philosophical Thought

School of Humanities and Social Sciences

Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane
Essay Question 3:
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Plato’s defines political justice as each social class doing what it is supposed to do according to its nature and function within society. This definition then serves as the basis for his criticism of democracy. Critically evaluate Plato’s criticism of democracy.
Throughout the course of history, every nation has struggled at some point in choosing the correct form of government that is most adequate to its functioning. Depending on many variables such as human and natural resources, geography, and diplomacy, each state has selected a political system that ranges from totalitarian regimes to mass democracies. Centuries before that, philosophers were debating about the significance of each form of government. Although modern political studies assert that democracy is the best form of government as it gives the power to people, some historic thinkers had their criticisms about the democratic approach and its incompatibility with the factual meaning of political justice. Plato was one of the most pivotal figures of philosophical thoughts that still have an impact on modern thinking. He was one of the philosophers who criticized the pure democracy pledging that it is governed by mass thinking rather than through individualistic ideals, which goes against the foundations of political justice.
We are back to Athena, 399 years BC. Plato was highly frustrated by the political, economical and social conditions of the Athenian democratic republic (John, P). The reining government has sentenced to death his mentor, Socrates, for corrupting the young and pledging allegiance to...

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