Premium Essay

Philosophy - Admission of Ignorance

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By cteague582
Words 1541
Pages 7
“The Admission of Ignorance as the Starting Point of Philosophy”

Philosophy 101
July 1, 2010

Plato’s story of the “Apology” professes to be a record of the actual speech that Socrates delivered in his own defense during his trial and conviction before a jury of 501 men in Athens. Socrates was charged with corrupting the youth of Athens and introducing strange gods to the city.

Socrates addresses the men of Athens as follows: “Do not create a disturbance, gentleman, even if you think I am boasting, for the story I shall tell does not originate with me, but I will refer you to a trustworthy source. I shall call upon the god of Delphi as witness to the existence and nature of my wisdom, if it be such. You know Chaerephon; he was my friend from youth, and a friend of most you, as he shared your exile and your return. You surely know the kind of man he was, how impulsive in any course of action. He went to Delphi at one time and ventured to ask the oracle – as I say, gentlemen, do not create a disturbance – he asked if any man was wiser than I, and the Pythian replied that no one was wiser. Chaerephon is dead, but his brother, will testify to you about this.” (Plato 25-26)

Socrates recounts to the men of Athens how he took this news with great puzzlement. “What can the god mean? And what is the interpretation of this riddle? What can the oracle mean when he says that I am the wisest of men?” Socrates knew the oracle could not lie, and yet he thought that he had no particular wisdom or specialized knowledge at all

So Socrates set out on a quest with two goals in mind: 1) To disprove the oracle by finding at least one person in Athens wiser than he. 2) To figure out the riddle of the oracle, since its meaning was probably hidden.
In order to test the oracle, or to prove it wrong, Socrates sought out and questioned Athenian men who were...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Admission of Ignorance as the Starting Point of Philosophy

...Consider the – how, why, where, when , what, etc., Here is a sampling of quiz questions and detailed answers that did receive full credit, and a few examples that did not: |Explain what Socrates means in Plato's "Phaedo" when he says that philosophy is the practice of death. | |Student response: |Philosophy is the practice of the separation of the soul form the body and in that it is like death. | |Score: |[pic] | Notice here how there is no development at all to the answer. The term ‘explain’ indicates much more than a one or two sentence answer. |Student response: |"I want to make my argument before you my judges, as to why I think that a man who has truly spent his life in | | |philosophy is probably right to be of good cheer in the face of death and to be very hopeful that after death he | | |will attain the greatest blessings yonder." These are Socrates famous words to his judges explains a little of what| | |he means by saying philosophy is...

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Creative Thinking

...learned from other people and are often a defining characteristic of groups. It can also be genetic. A strong attitude is very resistant to change. To change attitude, spot and match the balance of affective/cognitive/behavioral components, especially in the person’s self-image. Where there is affective attention, offer emotional arguments. For cognitive listeners, use a rational argument. For the behaviorally focused, do something. 2- Do you believe that you are free of prejudice? After reading this chapter, which of the many factors that cause prejudice do you think is most important to change? Prejudice is an adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge or examination of the facts. Prejudice can come from ignorance and also fear, because individuals can be prejudice to a certain culture where they could know a little about them, and is afraid of how that certain culture is different from them in language, behavior or customs. 3- How do Milgram's results—particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected obedience—relate to some aspects of modern warfare? 4- What are some of the similarities between Zimbardo's prison study and the abuses at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq? The Abu Ghraib guards clearly wanted less interaction with their prisoners than the Stanford guards wanted with theirs. At Stanford, roll calls initially lasted 10 minutes but grew to...

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

World Religions Report

...World Religions Report Katherine Grenfell HUM/130 Religions of the World September 21st 2014 Shannon Richmond World Religions Report Buddhism is considered to be beyond religion as it is more of a philosophy and a way of life (A Basic Buddhism Guide: 5 Minute Introduction, 2014). Buddhism sprang from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama who lived for approximately eighty years in the fifth century BCE. His name means “wish-fulfiller” or “he who has reached his goal” (Fisher, 2014, p138) and through his search to find an end to suffering he became the Buddha, or awakened one. Buddhism is a very personal religion as it encourages its teachings to be tested and explored by each individual, allowing each follower to use the religions in their own way. Having been brought up to explore and question all things, this seems a beautiful philosophy that I could not wait to explore. Siddhartha was born to a wealthy family that sheltered him from all suffering. According to the legend, the Gods arranged for Siddhartha to see four sights: an old man bent with age, a sick person, a dead body, and a vagrant who sought happiness rather than worldly pleasure (Fisher, 2014). The first three sights left Siddhartha contemplating the impermanence of life and the cycle of birth, life, and death, while the final sight intrigued him and interested him in a life of renouncement. He set out as a wandering ascetic in search of discovering a way to total liberation from suffering,......

Words: 2151 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Shopping

...Scarlett Hospital was presented with a dilemma of losing patients. The improvements in infrastructure of transportation have sourced the Scarlett Hospital top executives to reflect on the effect of a construction of new highway might have on the facility. Easy admission to the larger Salem city and its institutions of healthcare fetches the risk of prospective consumer’s loss to Scarlett Hospital. CEO and the president of Scarlett Hospital, Timothy Rogers is endowed with the decision making of discovering finest strategy for the Scarlett hospital to continue being competitive with the bigger facilities in Salem. Timothy Rogers believes his beliefs to convey the utmost medical care quality will carry on helping Scarlett Hospital contend in the additional competitive surroundings. For 14 years Timothy Rogers has been working with Scarlett Hospital proceeding to the merger amid two contending hospitals. With having earlier experience countenancing challenges from additional institutions of healthcare, I believe Scarlett Hospital and Mr. Rogers are prepared to contend with the additional effortlessly accessible Salem institutions. Complacency Complacency relates to self-satisfaction particularly when escorted by ignorance of real danger or deficiencies; it can be a case of typically uninformed or unaware self-satisfaction. When tackling with complacency, the pitch habitually place by irritated managers can tag workers as lazy or don’t care. Complacency doesn’t breed merely......

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Perspectives on Crisisology

...PERSPECTIVE ON CRISISOLOGY (A Brief Commentary) By MUHAMMAD SANI ISA Abstract They are number of words in the dictionary whose meanings are self-expressive. One of such is the word crisis. By the virtue of its phonology and perceptual disruptive characteristics, it needs no introduction. However, over the years, men and women both educated and uneducated have become victims on a number of reasonable and unreasonable grounds ranging from acts of God, ignorance, materialism, human error and as well as unsafe acts, lack of standard of operations, government decisions/indecisions. As it is world-wide, crisis has assumed the right of occupancy in the affairs of mankind, making it extremely imperative for us to critically and objectively explore, expand and to deepen our understanding about its triggers, escalations, life-cycle, dimensions and including every conceivable aspects of crisis through education, sensitisation and conscientisation on the platform of Crisisology. Key words: crisis, emergency, disruption, management and Crisisology Crisis is the occasion of pain, injuries, illnesses, disabilities, deaths, and property damages. It disrupts means of livelihood and unleashes other undesirable consequences to lives and the environments that threaten growth, development and communal survival. Crises are inevitable. No individual, organisation or society is immuned from it. A crisis is one of the purest forms of global equality – blind to race, culture, religion,......

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Solyndra

...Founded in the year 2005, by Dr. Chris Granet, in the Fremont District of California, Solyndra is a company that deals in Solar Energy. Involved in the manufacturing process of Tubular Solar Panels, it’s an unrivalled player in this business. The company also offers a variety of other Solar Product options, as it’s been in the books of most solar manufacturing companies to use Flat panels which are traditional to Solyndra’s PV Solar System. Contrary to the Standardized solar panels as used in Ballast, the Solar Products manufactured by Solyndra are not entitled to be Standard specific. (David 2008). The manufacture and exercise of solar panel have a true ethical implication. There are issues wherein the admission to solar panel and the economic development has led to the distribution of resources that has affected the environment and also due to the usage of exhaustible resources with the purpose of certain kind of ethical values. As the Solyndra’s problem gradually started since 31st August 2011 onwards as the filling of legal plaintiff in the bankruptcy case (chapter 11). It had to receive the payment of more than half a billion which was basically a loan funding from the energy department of US after 2 years, $25.1 million dollars were also added which was generally tax exempt from the California’s Alternative Energy & Advance Transportation Authority (CAEATA), they were also given the permission to provide a helping hand to the Solyndra finance in the process of......

Words: 1460 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Bus101

...wiloludjournal.com ADMISSION AS A FACTOR IN THE NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES’ MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS Babatunde Oyedeji Dept of Politics and International Relations, Lead City University, Ibadan ABSTRACT Admission is a necessary foundation building for joining a university institution for study or for scholarship. It is the climax to a string of academic activity starting from the cradle (of applicants) onto the matriculation watershed. Universities therefore take the task of admission of Students into their portals seriously insisting that as part of its basic academic freedom, the University Senate should provide and protect policies and processes for admission. Phillip G Altback described the central elements of academic life as ‘….. the admission of students, the curriculum, the criteria for the award of degrees, the selection of new members of the professoriate, and the basic direction of the academic work of the institution’1. This paper seeks to dissect the background and circumstances affecting and afflicting the admission process and its pivotal role in the business of tertiary education in Nigeria. It will attempt to draw connections as between admissions and variables such as the quality, quantity, stakeholder involvement, institutional effectiveness of the process and how it features as an instrument for higher quality higher education. KEYWORDS: University, Admissions, Examinations, Education, Centralisation INTRODUCTION Despite the primacy of admission within the......

Words: 6362 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Dealing with Customer Complaints

...Content Intoduction 3 Why do customers complain? 3 Complaints are a goldmine of information 6 Why is Complaints Handling Important? 7 Intoduction A consumer complaint or customer complaint is “an expression of dissatisfaction on a consumer’s behalf to a responsible party”. It can also be described in a positive sense as a report from a consumer providing documentation about a problem with a product or service. In fact, some modern business consultants urge businesses to view customer complaints as a gift. Consumer complaints are usually informal complaints directly addressed to a company or public service provider, and most consumers manage to resolve problems with products and services in this way, but it sometimes requires persistence. If the grievance is not addressed in a way that satisfies the consumer, the consumer sometimes registers the complaint with a third party such as association of the rights of the consumers , a county government (if it has a “consumer protection” office) and etc. These and similar organizations in other countries accept for consumer complaints and assist people with customer service issues, as do government representatives like attorneys general. Consumers however rarely file complaints in the more formal legal sense, which consists of a formal legal process. Internet forums and the advent of social media have provided consumers with a new way to submit complaints. Consumer news......

Words: 2452 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Management Structures

...WayerskiLMGT7019-8-3 | . ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- August 17th, 2013 3 The year was 2002 and Tyco International LTD chairman of the board and also serving as the Chief Executive Officer, Dennis Kozlowski announced his resignation due to soon to be accused of 30 counts of fraud to the amount of $150 million. That wasn’t the only thing that Kozlowski took in addition he embezzled over $400 million dollars between private stock sales, unauthorized loans, unapproved bonuses and frivolous spending during his hierarchy (Kaplan 2009). Kozlowski was employed with Tyco for over 27 years and was an intricate force of their development of becoming one of the most successful U.S companies with a worth of over $100 billion. Kozlowski was becoming a leader to watch due to his success at leading Tyco. Kozlowski was also second highest paid CEO in the U.S at 170 million annually (Kaplan 2009). Kozlowski quoted about his leadership style “I really believe in finding the best people in the world to run our businesses. We are very decentralized and......

Words: 2063 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Higher Education: a Wise Investment

...Higher Education: A Wise Investment The world is perpetually changing, and people are changing with it. Every day, there are new demands, necessities, and ways to achieve success in the 21st century. Consequently, to evolve at this rapid pace, people desperately seek opportunities to grow intellectually and feel they have succeeded in life, because everyone has his/her own inner power to make the world better. According to a contemporary model of a liberal society, humans are placed in the center of the planet around them. They are not just observing what is going on, but also participating. They have the right to express their opinion. These ideas might seem to be not very related to an educational process. However, a basis of such concepts like a freedom of speech, a critical thinking and self-respect are formed at school and polished at higher educational institutions (Bronfenbrenner). Everybody has a unique individuality. Studying at a university or college is efficient for liberating consciousness and developing the creativity of young people. Thus, investing into a higher education might lead to efficient results in this sphere. All around the world, universities are considered to form free-thinking members of the democratic society. The latter tend to make themselves and their communities better (Sokol). It is quite difficult to state that attending a university is a sine-qua-non for everyone in society. However, most experts would agree that higher......

Words: 3424 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

On Her Knees

...completed application forms are submitted to the University and the student is accepted. The signing of the application form establishes the legal liability of the student and his/her other funder for the payment of all fees as determined by the Council. This can vary according to the student's circumstances. These fees are published in the annual Rhodes University Calendar, and are available on the WEB. In any discussions or negotiations about fees, it will be assumed that a student and his/her other funder have made themselves aware of the provisions of this section and of the equivalent fees schedule. While the University attempts to keep fees as low as possible, student fees usually increase annually by approximately 10% per annum. Ignorance of the fees payable does not provide grounds for avoiding liability for any fees due and payable. Alteration of fees The University Council reserves the right to alter all fees payable to the University, or to impose a fees surcharge if circumstances require it. In the case of an alteration of fees or the imposition of a fees surcharge, notice will be sent to all registered students. Nonreceipt of such a notice does not provide grounds for avoiding liability for the contents of the notice. Arrears Any student whose fees are not......

Words: 7332 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

What Is Christian

...Essay on Christianity. By Percy Bysshe Shelley. From the 1880 edition of The Works of Shelley in Verse and Prose, edited by H. Buxton Forman. Click here for Forman's editorial preface. ESSAY ON CHRISTIANITY. THE Being who has influenced in the most memorable manner the opinions and the fortunes of the human species, is Jesus Christ. At this day, his name is connected with the devotional feelings of two hundred millions of the race of man. The institutions of the most civilized portions of the globe derive their authority from the sanction of his doctrines; he is the hero, the God, of our popular religion. His extraordinary genius, the wide and rapid effect of his unexampled doctrines, his invincible gentleness and benignity, the devoted love borne to him by his adherents, suggested a persuasion to them that he was something divine. The supernatural events which the historians of this wonderful man subsequently asserted to have been connected with every gradation of his career, established the opinion. His death is said to have been accompanied by an accumulation of tremendous prodigies. Utter darkness fell upon the earth, blotting the noonday sun; dead bodies, arising from their graves, walked through the public streets, and an earthquake shook the astonished city, rending the rocks of the surrounding mountains. The philosopher may attribute the application of these events to the death of a reformer, or the events themselves to a visitation of that universal Pan who——......

Words: 10307 - Pages: 42

Free Essay

Gothic Women

...“The role of women in the gothic genre is as victims, always subject to male authority.” Compare and contrast the extent to which this interpretation is relevant to your three chosen texts. “The wolf consumes red riding hood – what else can you expect if you talk to strange men, comments Perrault briskly. Let’s not bother our heads with the mysteries of sadomasochistic attraction” Angela Carter; Foreword to Perrault’s Short Stories. In much of today’s feminist writings, the Gothic era is frequently defined as a period in which the oppression of females was at its most intense. In response to fin de siècle anxieties of a social revolution in which gender stereotypes could be overhauled, gothic writers, it is claimed, sought to reassert cultural and gender norms – a reassertion which inevitably resulted in the oppression of women. In view of such contemporary analysis, it is thus all too tempting to offer a sweeping judgement of gothic literature as victimising, oppressive and misogynistic; Dracula’s “victims” are all “unambiguously women[1]”, Poe victimises through an “idealised and dehumanising image of women[2]”, while Carter is a “pseudo feminist” who merely “reinforces patriarchal views” with her “pornographic” writing[3]. Yet such views are largely artificial, and are primarily based on potted summaries of the above works, rather than a closer textual analysis. If one takes the definition of a victim as a being who is subject to the successful predatory actions of...

Words: 5092 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Essay S on Gita

...© Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust 1997 Published by Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publication Department Printed at Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press, Pondicherry PRINTED IN INDIA VOLUME 19 THE COMPLETE WORKS OF SRI AUROBINDO Publisher’s Note The first series of Essays on the Gita appeared in the monthly review Arya between August 1916 and July 1918. It was revised by Sri Aurobindo and published as a book in 1922. The second series appeared in the Arya between August 1918 and July 1920. In 1928 Sri Aurobindo brought out an extensively revised edition in book form. For the present edition, the text has been thoroughly checked against all previous editions and against the manuscripts of the revised Arya. CONTENTS FIRST SERIES I Our Demand and Need from the Gita II 3 12 20 29 39 47 57 68 81 94 105 114 124 The Divine Teacher III The Human Disciple IV The Core of the Teaching V Kurukshetra VI Man and the Battle of Life VII The Creed of the Aryan Fighter VIII Sankhya and Yoga IX Sankhya, Yoga and Vedanta X The Yoga of the Intelligent Will XI Works and Sacrifice XII The Significance of Sacrifice XIII The Lord of the Sacrifice CONTENTS XIV The Principle of Divine Works XV 134 145 158 168 177 188 200 212 224 234 247 The Possibility and Purpose of Avatarhood XVI The Process of Avatarhood XVII The Divine Birth and Divine Works XVIII The Divine Worker XIX Equality XX Equality and Knowledge XXI The Determinism of Nature XXII Beyond the Modes of Nature XXIII Nirvana and Works in......

Words: 230457 - Pages: 922

Premium Essay

Early Philosophers

...The Project Gutenberg EBook of Phaedo, by Plato This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Phaedo The Last Hours Of Socrates Author: Plato Translator: Benjamin Jowett Release Date: October 29, 2008 [EBook #1658] Last Updated: January 15, 2013 Language: English Character set encoding: ASCII *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK PHAEDO *** Produced by Sue Asscher, and David Widger PHAEDO By Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett Contents INTRODUCTION.PHAEDO | INTRODUCTION. After an interval of some months or years, and at Phlius, a town of Peloponnesus, the tale of the last hours of Socrates is narrated to Echecrates and other Phliasians by Phaedo the 'beloved disciple.' The Dialogue necessarily takes the form of a narrative, because......

Words: 46205 - Pages: 185