Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By neerehman
Words 22600
Pages 91
A2 Religious Studies

Revision Booklet













To be used alongside the textbook and your classnotes.




Contents

G581: Philosophy of Religion

Religious Language......................................................………p.1

Religious Experience........................................................…...p.7

Miracles..................................................................…………...p.12

Nature of God............................................................………...p.16

Life and Death.........................................................…………..p.20





G582: Religious Ethics

Meta-ethics...........................…………………………………….p.25

Free Will and Determinism………………………………….……p.28

Conscience.......................…………………………………….…p.32

Virtue Ethics………………………………………………………..p.36

Sexual Ethics…………………………………………………...….p.40

Environment and Business Ethics……………………………….p.44













Religious Language


















Introduction

The problems of religious language:
• If we use language univocally about God, then we are limiting him / making him like a human
• If we use language equivocally about God, we cannot be sure what the word means when applied to God
• Are statements about God supposed to be cognitive – if so, what evidence proves / disproves them?
• Are statements about God supposed to be non-cognitive – if so, do they have any meaning?


The Verification Principle

The Vienna Circle
This group of philosophers argued that a statement is only meaningful if it can be verified empirically, or if it is a tautology. This idea is known as the verification principle, or sometimes the strong verification principle. For example, ‘the chair is blue’ is easy to verify with our senses; ‘the widow’s husband is dead’ is a tautology. Both of these…...