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Phobias and Addictions

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Phobias are a persistent, irrational fear of a specific object, activity or situation that leads to a compelling desire to avoid it. This desire can interfere with a person’s ability to work, socialize, or go about his or her daily routine.
Mary was walking down three flights of stairs when she tripped and fell and sprained her ankle. Once Mary’s ankle healed she no longer was the same, she tried to avoid walking up the stairs at all cost. Every time she walked up a flight of stairs she would exhaust herself from panic and fright. Mary tried climbing the stairs but with every step toward the top she grew fearful. Through research, it was discovered that Mary suffered from a fear called Climacophobia.
Climacophobia is a fear based on climbing, a person is not afraid to see stairs but once the person starts climbing up the stairs they become scared of climbing. According to Sigmund, Freud phobias are actually displaced fears or conflicts. This experience has taught Mary that she definitely did not get this fear from observational learning because observational learning is something a person observed another person doing in which she did not. Mary has learned that her experience stems from classical conditioning as well as operant conditioning. Her reasoning behind this theory is because her fear is a result of falling down stairs and the negative reinforcement of that is Mary trying to avoid the stairs at all cost.
Mary never had a problem walking up the stairs until she fell, after further analyzing Mary’s situation Psychologist realized Mary’s behavior of walking up the stairs had changed and the consequence was falling. Since the consequence was added and it weakened Mary’s behavior the process was punishment. This experience stems from classical conditioning as well as operant conditioning. Extinction can be the removal of an object that a person is afraid...

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