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Physical, Emotional, Cognitive and Behavioural Responses an Individual Is Likely to Experience in Response to a Newly Diagnosed Condition with a Poor Prognosis.

In: Science

Submitted By taiwokemmy
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Cancer has an important impact on the lives of many people in Australia. Apart from the non-melanocytic skin cancers, there are up to 80,864 new cases and 34,270 deaths due to the cancer in Australia in 1998. Due to the 1998 rates, it is likely that one of three men and one of four women will be directly affected by cancer by age 75.
Cancer is not just a disease, there are many types of cancer. It always start in different kind of places in the body such as the lungs, the breast, the colon, as well as in the blood. Cancers look alike in some ways, but they can be distinctive in the ways they grow and spread. Cancer is the name given to a number of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to segregate without stopping and spread into the surrounding tissues. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Ordinarily, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.
When the cancer develops, however, this systematic process breaks down. As cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they should die, and new cells form when they are not needed. These extra cells can divide without stopping and may form growths called tumours. Many cancers form solid tumours, which are masses of tissue. Cancers of the blood, such as leukaemias, generally do not form solid tumours.
Cancerous tumours are malignant, which means they can spread into, or invade, nearby tissues. In addition, as these tumours grow, some cancer cells can break off and travel to distant places in the body through the blood or the lymph system and form new tumours far from the original tumour. Unlike malignant tumours, benign tumours do not spread into, or invade, nearby tissues. Benign tumours can sometimes...

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