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Pico

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Submitted By ldankert
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PICOT is an acronym for the elements of the clinical question:

patient population (P),

intervention or issue of interest (I),

comparison intervention or issue of interest (C),

outcome(s) of interest (O),

and time it takes for the intervention to achieve the outcome(s) (T).

When Rebecca asks why the PICOT question is so important, Carlos explains that it's a consistent, systematic way to identify the components of a clinical issue. Using the PICOT format to structure the clinical question helps to clarify these components, which will guide the search for the evidence. A well-built PICOT question increases the likelihood that the best evidence to inform practice will be found quickly and efficiently.

Templates and Definitions for PICOT Questions5, 6
Question type Definition Template
Intervention or therapy To determine which treatment leads to the best outcome
In _____________________ (P), how does ______________ (I) compared with _________ (C) affect __________________ (O) within _________________ (T)?
Etiology To determine the greatest risk factors or causes of a condition
Are ______________________________ (P) who have ________________________ (I), compared with those without ________ (C), at ____ risk for ____________________ (O) over _____________________________ (T)?
Diagnosis or diagnostic test
To determine which test is more accurate and precise in diagnosing a condition
In ______________________________ (P), are/is ___________________________ (I) compared with ___________________ (C) more accurate in diagnosing _______ (O)?
Prognosis or prediction To determine the clinical course over time and likely complications of a condition
In ___________________ (P), how does ____________ (I) compared with ________ (C), influence _____________ (O) over _________________ (T)?
Meaning To understand the meaning of an experience for a particular individual, group, or community
How do ______________ (P) with _________________ (I) perceive ______________ (O) during _______________ (T)?

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