Premium Essay

Plagiarism and Paraphrasing

In: English and Literature

Submitted By cjenkins
Words 941
Pages 4
Plagiarism and Paraphrasing

Step 1: Identify Plagiarism

Plagiarism v. Paraphrasing

Plagiarism is the claiming of another’s work as one’s own new and original idea. According to the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.), “paraphrasing is the summarizing or rearranging the order of a sentence or changing of some words.” In both cases, plagiarism and paraphrasing, one must give credit to the originating author of the work being presented. Plagiarism is detectable more easily now in the twenty first century with the use of computers and programs that will scan a document for plagiarized material. Another way to detect plagiarism is, if available, to have the original document at hand and view side by side the two documents.
Review of Example Provided In the example provided, the writer of the new document, to be submitted, did plagiarize by paraphrasing a portion of the sentencing he/she wrote. For instance, it may have been easier to just quote the author of the original text. Crossen (1994) wrote, “Yet unless there is evidence of misconduct … it is very difficult to discover and virtually impossible to prove that a piece of biomedical research has been tainted by conflict of interest.” The student paraphrased his writing with, “But it is hard to know if a conflict of interest between doctors, researchers, and the drug company stockholders has tainted the results.” By utilizing wording from the original text as one’s own new idea and moving words around in different orders the student is clearly paraphrasing. In the provided example that the student wrote, there is clearly two sentences that have been plagiarized. Those sentences were written by the student as, “Biomedical researchers incorporate strict rules of science into their work, which is examined by peers. Yet the resulting information can be warped for...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Plagiarism and Paraphrasing

...Plagiarism and Paraphrasing Rebecca Beck Walden University Plagiarism and Paraphrasing According to Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, to “plagiarize” is “to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own, to use (another's production) without crediting the source, to commit literary theft, to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source” (p. 946) and to “paraphrase” is “a restatement of a text, passage, or work giving the meaning in another form, the use or process of paraphrasing in studying or teaching composition” (p. 899). One can write in a scholarly voice while maintaining academic integrity through conscientious and meticulous efforts. Effective paraphrasing, proper citation of sources, and citation of one’s self are three ways students can insure their academic integrity. Paraphrasing isn’t simply changing a few words in the information you are trying to convey. To paraphrase effectively, one must restate the information in such a way that it is in your own words. Sometimes, you may have to borrow words or phrases because the author worded them in such a way that you can’t really convey the message without using them. It is okay to do this as long as you give proper credit to the author and their work. Using quotation marks will show that you took that information directly from the original piece of work, and properly citing the information will give credibility to your writing while giving......

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Essay On Plagiarism

...Plagiarism is one of the biggest problems in academics today. Plagiarism can be described as the act of borrowing and copying someone’s else words as one’s own without crediting the source. However, plagiarism can be unintentional, for instance, when a person lifts a passage from a source and forgets to put quotation marks around it or attempts to paraphrase, but instead changed only a few words. Plagiarism can also be described as the dishonest use of the work of others without crediting the source. However, an author can also use his or her previous work without citing it, which is known as self-plagiarism. Today, schools are the most affected by the issue of plagiarism. Most students admitted to plagiarizing work at some point during their studies (Madray 10). Most students do not...

Words: 1844 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

What Is Plagiarism?

...What is Plagiarism? According to Black’s Law Dictionary plagiarism is “The act of appropriating the literary composition of another, or parts or passages of his writings, or the ideas or language of the same, and passing them off as the product of one’s own mind” (Black & Nolan, 1990, p. 1150). Stated another way, plagiarism is the pilfering of another’s hard work, while taking the credit for oneself. ‘The word ‘plagiarism’ comes from the Latin word plagiarius, which means ‘kidnapper.’ Writers commit plagiarism when they ‘kidnap’ someone else's work without acknowledging the source” (Hooker, 2006). First of all there are countless explanations for why a student may plagiarize, in some cases students are just plain lazy and don’t want to go through the creative process, exerting the meticulous hard work that good writing requires. There are students that suffer from poor time management skills failing to realize the amount of study and research required to deliver a genuine analysis. Likewise there are those that persist in poor note taking habits, leaving out important bits of information here and there causing confusion when it’s time to put it all together. Additionally there are students who are unaware of proper citation technique (What is Plagiarism?, n.d.). Meanwhile, plagiarism falls into one of two categories, one is intentional plagiarism, and the other is unintentional plagiarism. In the case of intentional plagiarism the writer or student knowingly uses the......

Words: 1180 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Avoiding Plagarism

...writing need to be addressed to ensure academic honesty? 3. The importance of telling the reader where your information is from when you paraphrasing or quoting someone else. 4. The support that a tutor, editor, or proofreader can bring to the process. 5. A conclusion that reflects your perspective after completing the assignment. Avoiding Unintentional Plagiarism After reading the article by R.L. Foster avoiding unintentional plagiarism, I will be discussing the issues of paraphrasing and plagiarism. It is important to avoid plagiarism because it is important to give credit to the original authors, people who show academic honesty are trusted by their peers and professors, and people who make the effort to avoid plagiarism gain writing skills. R.L. Foster says the “following are the three common pitfalls.” 1. Inadequately Citing Original Work Because It Would Require Multiple Citations. This is when several sentences are needed to describe another’s ideas; it seem redundant to place a citation after each sentence, so there are times that a writer will sometimes reference selected ideas and not others 2. Paraphrasing to Avoid Quotation Marks. Foster says “paraphrasing means rephrasing original work such that the ideas are intact but the phrasing is completely different.” Foster also says “to avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you use: * another person’s idea, opinion, or theory; * any facts, statistics, graphs, drawing-any......

Words: 505 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Plagiarism

...Plagiarism Tamara Alston Liberty University Abstract This work will address the subject of plagiarism in writing. It describes the steps to writing an essay in APA style while suggesting to the student some ways avoiding the pitfalls of plagiarism. The topics covered are APA formatting, quotations, paraphrasing, summarizing, citations, and references. APA formatting assures that your paper is set up correctly. Quoting, paraphrasing, and citing are ways to avoid plagiarism. Students usually commit plagiarism accidently, but it is still very serious and can be a life-changing event. A student can be suspended or dismissed for purposeful plagiarism. A student may also be charged with plagiarism is their writings are published and they were plagiarized. There is no reason to take a chance of being accused of plagiarism when there are so many ways to prevent it including programs that will check your work. Keywords: APA, formatting, quotations, paraphrasing, citations, references, plagiarism When writing a paper in APA style, formatting is very important. APA style is the style most used for work in the area of the social sciences. An APA paper should be typed and double-spaced with one-inch margins. The preferred font is 12 pt. Times New Roman. Every page should have a page header including a running head even with the left margin and a page number even with the right margin (Angeli, Wagner, Lawrick, Moore, Anderson, Soderland, & Brizee, 2010). ...

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Student

...Students and Plagiarism Plagiarism in the education system has risen over the last few years and has become an issue with the instructors due to the many ways students can access information to plagiarize and it has become an issue for students who lack the knowledge of what plagiarism really is. Plagiarism is using someone else’s work such as essays and reports and using them as your own. It also means taking words or sentences from books, newspapers, journals, reports, the internet and essays and passing them off as your own work. Some definitions go as far as saying that plagiarism is stealing or theft of words from someone else and taking credit for the work. The following are considered acts of plagiarism: turning in papers that someone else has written but passing them off as your own; not quoting someone else’s words but using it as your own words; copying and pasting actual words from other sources and passing them off as your own; not sighting sources when writing papers; and using the same sentence structure of someone else’s but not giving credit for it. Common knowledge regarding plagiarism is information that is something already known by the individuals reading the papers. It is also something that the information can be found easily in basic reference sources. If information is found in five or more credible sources then it can be referred to as common knowledge. Also, you can ask yourself if the information is......

Words: 978 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A Class Divided

...June 2014 Avoiding Plagiarism Dylan, an Arts student picks John Steinbeck's The pastures of Heaven to write a paper comparing fiction in novel and film. He has to be careful with plagiarism that is what his professor talked about in the class. Before begin writing hence, Dylan wants to know more about plagiarism. Dylan, conscious about plagiarism copies direct quotations from the source and places quotation marks around it. He knows that copying a direct quotation from a source or a paper without placing quotation marks is counted as wrong work which is a plagiarism. He also acknowledges the quotations by crediting the source by work citing. Picking up a statement from a source and crediting means avoiding a plagiarism. Readers will have a clear idea about where the statement is extracted from. Quoting and paraphrasing, both are fine as long as their sources are credited. He takes Steinbeck's ideas or words and puts them into his own words, Dylan paraphrases by crediting the source by citing it. Paraphrasing is equally important as quoting to keep in mind while writing a paper to avoid plagiarism. If someone's ideas or words are taken without changing words, and is not quoted and not credited then it is considered a plagiarism. There are whole bunch of things Dylan has to consider while writing his paper. He should not have his friend or someone to write papers for him. Using a paper written by someone else other than himself is a plagiarism. Submitting a......

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Plagiarism

...Fair -y Tale Plagiarism According to Merriman-Webster (2012), plagiarism is defined as “to steal and pass off the ideas of others as one’s own without crediting sources” (para. 1). The videos “A Fair(y) use tale” (Faden, 2007) and “A guide to plagiarism” (cfccnc, 2009) demonstrate evidence of plagiarism in their entirety. Faden (Jas) does not acknowledge the source in statement “Federal law allows citizens to reproduce, distribute, or exhibit portions of copyrighted” (Jas) and “without the authorization of copyright holder” (Jas). Also, Faden does not acknowledge the source in statement “infringement of copyright” and “allowed for purposes of criticism, news reporting, teaching, and parody” (MacKenzie). The videos illustrate the authors committed “intentional plagiarism” (Murdoch University Dubai) by “failing to place quotation marks around a direct quote.” In Chapter three “Copyright Duration and the Public Domain”, unintentional plagiarism is evident by “paraphrasing or summarizing another’s work” (Jas) without acknowledging source that is evident in … “the law says copyright only lasts for a fixed amount of time” and “for example, Copyright used to last for a period of fourteen years” (Jas). This is against APA 6th Edition Manual (2009) which states “just as researchers do not present the work of others as their own (plagiarism), they do not present their own previously published work as new. . .” (p. 16). In making recommendations on “how to avoid plagiarism” in “A......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Opinion Piece

...This case study clearly demonstrates a form of plagiarism known as paraphrasing. Although Teresa claims she changed around the words of the text to make it her own; she still used “someone else’s ideas” (Junyk) and thoughts without citing accordingly. Many examples of paraphrasing exist within Teresa’s work. Throughout Teresa’s paragraph, many of her sentences consist of the same patterning sequence that the original passage follows. Her introductory sentence to the paragraph also reflects the same ideas presented in King Lear. Therefore, Teresa’s work not only follows similar sentence structure that is parallel to the original passage, but uses the same ideas and thoughts expressed in the academic source without properly citing reference to the author. Teresa has “failed to take into consideration the concepts of justice and human dignity that apply to sources in academic writing” (Junyk) through her lack of understanding of producing an essay using imitation. Essentially, she compromised her academic integrity as she knowingly took a passage from an academic source, altering it to make it her own. It is unclear whether this was done through intention or a lack of understanding. Many students may understand that copying and pasting from a source is an obvious form of plagiarism, but may not consider paraphrasing to be as well. Paraphrasing can also become challenging to acknowledge as a form of plagiarism, because it can sometimes be hard to distinguish between what you...

Words: 538 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Avoiding Plagiarism

...Avoiding plagiarism in college writing Michael Sales COLL 100 American Public University Michele Rigsby Avoiding plagiarism in college writing The word plagiarism can be described in multiple ways and it has various definition. According to the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary the word plagiarism is referred to as plagiarizing and the definition of plagiarizing is: “To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own”:” use (another’s production) without crediting the source”. Merriam-Webster (2013) Some individuals don’t have integrity, determination, self-motivation, and or self-worth when it comes to academic success and learning. Individuals have lied and cheated their way throughout the academic community for years, but thanks to the advance in technology it is harder for them to cheat and lie their way to success. This technology is system designed to notify the instructor and students whether or not the paper written has been plagiarized by gathering information from internet sources and even other student papers that may have already been submitted into the system. This system is great because even if the student used an author’s work and forgot to cite it, this can red flag the direct quote from the source and cite in which it was taken and cam give the student a chance to correct any errors dealing with none cited work Individuals are different and they learn different. There are many......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Plagiarism

...Avoiding plagiarism in college writing Michael Sales COLL 100 American Public University Michele Rigsby Avoiding plagiarism in college writing The word plagiarism can be described in multiple ways and it has various definition. According to the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary the word plagiarism is referred to as plagiarizing and the definition of plagiarizing is: “To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own”:” use (another’s production) without crediting the source”. Merriam-Webster (2013) Some individuals don’t have integrity, determination, self-motivation, and or self-worth when it comes to academic success and learning. Individuals have lied and cheated their way throughout the academic community for years, but thanks to the advance in technology it is harder for them to cheat and lie their way to success. This technology is system designed to notify the instructor and students whether or not the paper written has been plagiarized by gathering information from internet sources and even other student papers that may have already been submitted into the system. This system is great because even if the student used an author’s work and forgot to cite it, this can red flag the direct quote from the source and cite in which it was taken and cam give the student a chance to correct any errors dealing with none cited work Individuals are different and they learn different. There are many......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Plagiarism

...Plagiarism Terrence A. McCray, Sr. Liberty University Abstract While an individual is pursuing an education, writing and research integrity is a must. With the wealth and ease of both available and immediate information provided through the internet, college students are being faced with committing acts of plagiarism. Because of plagiarism, writing and research integrity has become an extreme challenged to maintain for college students, especially if they are not fully acquainted or knowledgeable of plagiarism. This challenge is not only identified among college students, there is evidence of plagiarism among those who should have firsthand knowledge of the rules of plagiarism (Calvano, 2012). In order for a college student to have success in college, one must be familiar with plagiarism and the consequences of guilt. The writer of this paper has attempted to provide the reader with a brief discussion of this vital subject which has caused many college students much grief. Plagiarism Attending college can be one of the most rewarding experiences one could ever have. Though the college experience is rewarding, it can also be extremely challenging. College students are required to perform and adhere to high levels of academic integrity, especially in the area of writing assignments. College students are being required by professors to write various forms of papers, which takes time and research. Each time a college student has a writing assignment,......

Words: 1307 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Writing an Essay: the College Way

...different techniques of writing a professional essay, like the differences between quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing. In an essay, the student must use the correct types of citation required and know the importance of citing sources properly and the consequences of citing improperly. Many of the courses at the college level require students to write an essay at one point or another. In the process of writing these essays, students will often use quotations to reinforce the argument or position presented in the essay. Quotations must be worded exactly as extracted from its source, and credit must always be given where it’s due. However, sometimes students may use paraphrasing as another way to support an idea. Paraphrasing is basically taking the information from a chosen source and expressing it in one’s own words instead of just repeating it word by word. On another note, summarizing will also be used whilst writing an essay. Instead of including an entire article to back up one’s position, a student can summarize that article by stating the most essential ideas portrayed in a concise manner. It is also a way to go over all the important ideas discussed in the student’s essay and come up with a clear and broad conclusion in order for the reader to grasp the most essential message from the essay. Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing require different types of citations. For paraphrasing and summarizing, one must only cite the...

Words: 901 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Plagiarism

...Abstract To avoid unintentional plagiarism you basically need to give credit where credit is do. In order to do this you must cite everything meaning where you found the information, who said it and where is it located. The importance of telling the readers where you got your information from when you are paraphrasing someone else is that if the reader is very interested in the topic and wants to do more research they will be able to exactly find where the information is located.Plagiarism Plagiarism is defined in the dictionary as the “wrongful appropriation,” close imitation,” or purloining and publication of another author’s language, thoughts, ideas, or Expressions, and the representation of them as one’s own original work. The importance of giving credit for works used that are not your own is very important because not only are u committing a criminal offense your also damaging your reputation, so writers should always cite where they found the information,give credit where credit is do ,and always do your own work. The modern concept of plagiarism is very immoral and goes against majority of people’s ethics and morals that they have been raised with. There are sum elements of writing that needs to be addressed to ensure academic honesty they are inadequately citing original work because it would require multiple citations, paraphrasing to avoid quotation marks, considering information on the world wide web different from that in print publications. The......

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pros And Cons Of Plagiarism

...HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM: USEFUL INFO, TIPS, AND FREE PLAGIARISM SCANNERS     WHAT IS PLAGIARISM?   Every student has heard of plagiarism, but what is it exactly? By definition, plagiarism is “the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own.”[i] In other words, plagiarism is theft. It is against the rules in all academic institutions and, though not a criminal offense, can be detrimental to one’s academic career. What happens to students who plagiarize is entirely up to their academic institution: consequences range from a stern warning to expulsion, depending on the severity of the case and the institution’s policy. Of course, not all plagiarism is done on purpose: often, students make citation errors or...

Words: 1428 - Pages: 6