Free Essay

Planning and Design Analysis

In: Other Topics

Submitted By vannab
Words 1076
Pages 5
Planning and Design Analysis of a Qualitative Research Study
NUR/443 Evidence-Based Nursing Research and Practice

Planning and Design Analysis of a Qualitative Research

Introduction

A qualitative research is a “systematic, subjective approach used to describe life experiences and give them meaning” (Burns & Grove, 2011). With this type of research, the data are collected through interviews, focus groups, observations, and review of documents. Thus, qualitative research uses words instead of numbers. This paper is going to analyze the planning and design of a qualitative research paper titled: Patient’s experience of pain and pain relief following hip replacement surgery, published in the Journal of Clinical Nursing on October, 2010.
Research questions

Although the research question or questions are not clearly labeled in the study, the research questions were as follows: 1) How do patients describe their experience with pain after hip replacement surgery?, 2) How do patients describe their pain relief following hip replacement surgery?, 3) How does pain affect patients after hip replacement surgery?
Problem
A research problem is “an area of concern in which there is a gap in the knowledge base needed for nursing practice” (Burns & Grove, 2011). In this research, it was identified that many patients undergo hip replacement every year and previous research has focused largely on the long-term effects of pain for these patients but not so much on their subjective, early postoperative pain experience.
Purpose
A research purpose is “a clear, concise statement of the specific goal or focus of a study” (Burns & Grove, 2011). The purpose of the research study was to describe patients’ experience of pain and pain relief following hip replacement surgery (Joelsson, Olsson, & Jakobson, 2010).
Hypothesis
A hypothesis is “a formal statement of the expected relationship(s) between two or more variables in a specified population. The hypothesis translates the research problem and purpose into a clear explanation or prediction of the expected results or outcomes of selected quantitative and outcome studies” (Burns & Grove, 2011). This qualitative research study does not have a hypothesis.
Independent and dependent variables
An independent variable is “an intervention or treatment that is manipulated or varied by the researcher to create an effect on the dependent variable. A dependent variable is” the response, behavior, or outcome that the researcher wants to predict or explain” (Burns & Grove, 2011). This study does not have independent or dependent variables. What this study has are demographic variables which are the qualities of subjects that are collected to describe the sample. The study included fifteen patients, a mixture of men and women, with an age range of 55-75 years old. All subjects had been diagnosed with osteoarthritis, had restricted mobility, and suffered from chronic pain.
Theoretical framework A theoretical framework is a group of concepts that are related, like a theory but not quite as well worked out. It guides the research, determines what to measure, and what statistical relationships to look for. This study does not have a theoretical framework.

Population Fifteen patients undergoing hip replacement surgery were included in the study. All participants gave their written consent for their participation after receiving written and oral information. Patients who had difficulty in understanding instructions or difficulty with Swedish were excluded (Joelsson, Olsson, & Jakobson, 2010).
Setting
The study was carried out at an orthopaedic unit of a hospital in the County of Vastra Gotaland in Sweden, which performs elective surgery. The postoperative pain management at the unit was adapted to the individual and was based on the following principles: Morphine injections subcutaneously during the first 48 hours after surgery followed by peroral pain relief with paracetamol, often in combination with dextropfoxifen or tramadol (Joelsson, Olsson, & Jakobson, 2010).
Sampling method The sample thus consisted of men and women in the age range 55–75. All had been diagnosed with osteoarthritis, had restricted mobility and suffered from chronic pain (Joelsson, Olsson, & Jakobson, 2010).
Practice application The results provide some indication that pain management for this group of patients in the early postoperative period needs to be improved to reduce the fear of moving and improve the process of regaining independence. Devoting more attention to the patients during the initial postoperative phase may be the key to improve the training and making it even more effective (Joelsson, Olsson, & Jakobson, 2010).

Theoretical framework The theoretical framework was not stated in this study.
Level of evidence The development of total hip replacement surgery has been very successful and patients are usually satisfied with the long-term results (i.e. Knutsson & Engberg 1999, Stomberg & Oman 2006). However, there are issues to be resolved. The findings in the study show that there are reasons for more active improvement of postoperative pain management, especially during the first few days after surgery (Joelsson, Olsson, & Jakobson, 2010).
Is the article useful for EBP, outcomes research, both, or neither? Explain your answer. The findings of this study shed empirical light on postoperative pain experience and pain alleviation among patients who undergo hip replacement surgery. It is useful for evidence base practice because it enables health practitioners of all varieties to address healthcare questions with an evaluative and qualitative approach. It can also be useful for outcome research because it was informed by the perspectives, interests and values of patients throughout the research process, from the selection of research questions to the dissemination of research results. The results provide some indication that pain management for this group of patients in the early postoperative period needs to be improved. The patients experienced intense pain during the first and subsequent postoperative days. The pain intensity gradually decreased with the length of stay, which is also in line with results from previous studies (Stomberg & Oman 2006, Niemi-Murola et al. 2007).
Conclusion
Qualitative research is often used to generate possible ideas or concepts which can then be used to formulate a hypothesis in quantitative studies. Qualitative research lacks some components that are found in a design of a quantitative research. It requires a less restrictive concept of design than the traditional quantitative research approach which has rigor and control.

References
Joelsson, M., Olsson, L., & Jakobson, E. (2010). Patient's experience of pain and pain relief following hip replacement surgery. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19(), 2832-2838.
Stomberg MV & Oman UB (2006) Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty: a perioperative pain experience. Journal of Clinical Nursing 15, 451–458.
Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2011). Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence-based practice (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Planning and Design Analysis

...Planning and Design Analysis Grid Your Learning Team has been assigned two articles to analyze for assignments in Weeks Three and Four. One article is a qualitative research study, and the other is a quantitative research study. Identify which article is which, and then complete the table where applicable. Write no more than three sentences in each cell of the table. Qualitative: Living with Incurable Cancer at the End of Life-Patients’ Perceptions of Quality of Life Quantitative: Dance and movement program improves quality-of-live measures in breast cancer survivors Qualitative Quantitative Research question What is the patients’ perception of quality of life in incurable cancer at the end of life? What effect does dance and movement have on breast cancer survivor’s quality of life? Problem Can illness affect a patient’s quality of life perceptions? Can dance and movement affect quality of life and shoulder function in breast cancer survivors that were treated in the last 5 years? Purpose To evaluate what an incurably ill person’s perspective of quality of life is. To analyze the effects of dance and movement on shoulder function and quality of life for cancer survivors who were treated within the past 5 years....

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Mup Syllabus

...|Units | |MUP1101 |History of Human Settlement & Planning Principles |3 |0 |0 |1.0 | |MUP1103 |Housing & Community Planning |3 |0 |0 |1.0 | |MUP1105 |Planning Theory and Techniques |3 |0 |0 |1.0 | |TRS1017 |GIS with introduction to Remote Sensing |3 |0 |0 |1.0 | | Sessional / Laboratory subjects | |MUP1102 |Planning Studio / Workshop I (With Field study) |0 |0 |12 |1.5 | |MUP 1104 |Urban Design |0 |0 |4 |0.5 | |Non-Credit Laboratory subject | |TRS1018 |GIS Lab |0 |0 |4 |0.5 | |...

Words: 6033 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Information System Strategic Planning

...Running head: INFORMATION SYSTEM STRATEGIC PLANNING Information System Strategic Planning, the Cost of Efficiency Student Name University Any Town, Virginia September 2010 Certification and Approval A Directed Research Project on Information System Strategic Planning the Cost of Efficiency: Is there a preferred approach to information systems planning, submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Strayer University in candidacy for the degree of Master’s of Science in Information Systems. Submitted by: _________________________Date: _______________ Approved by: ___________________________ Date: _______________ ABSTRACT Information systems’ planning is often costly to implement and maintain; however, sound planning practices may reduce expenses associated with the development processes. A Formal methodical approach to systems analysis, requirements engineering, systems design, development, and construction may offer a reduction in development and certain aspects of life cycle support expenses. Corporate expenses may reach approximately 5% of their gross income on information systems development and support. This equates to approximately $15,000,000 to $35,000,000 annually (Whitemarsh Information Systems Corp. 2008, p.). Information systems may cost significantly less....

Words: 6140 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Capstone

...Lovely Professional University, Punjab Course Code MGT519 Course Category Course Title OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Courses with numerical and conceptual focus Course Planner 16031::Gurpreet Kaur Lectures 3.0 Tutorials Practicals Credits 1.0 0.0 4.0 TextBooks Sr No T-1 Title Operations Management Reference Books Sr No R-1 R-2 Other Reading Sr No OR-1 OR-2 OR-3 OR-4 OR-5 OR-6 OR-7 OR-8 OR-9 OR-10 OR-11 OR-12 Journals articles as Compulsary reading (specific articles, complete reference) The four things that a service Business must get right HBR Article , Bang & Olufsen Design Driven Innovation : HBR , Smart Product Design : HBR , Mishina, Kazuhiro. Toyota Motor Manufacturing, U.S.A., Inc. HBS Case No. 9-693-019. Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, 1995. , Hammond, Janice H. Barilla SpA (A). HBS Case No. 9-694-046. Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, 1994. , Latour, Almar. Nokia Handles Supply Shock with Aplomb as Ericsson of Sweden Gets Burned. The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc., 2001. , National Cranberry Cooperative HBS #688122. From Case Map , John Crane UK Ltd Case : The CAD CAM Link . HBS #691021,24p , To Move or not to Move .Case of Cathay Pacific Airways ....

Words: 3895 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Proc 5820

...Supply Chain Network Analysis and Design: Location Analysis PROC 5820 7 May 2014 Summary The principal thesis of this paper is to discuss location analysis and its role in supply chain network analysis and design. The emphasis of site location is of strategic importance to all organizations seeking to maximize profits and minimize costs. The logistics/supply chain network design has six major planning steps in the process of designing a comprehensive logistics/supply chain network: The first step is to define the logistics/supply chain design process. The second step is to perform a logistics/supply chain audit. The third step is to examine the logistics/supply chain network alternatives. The fourth step is to conduct a facility location analysis, followed by the fifth step, which is to make decisions regarding network and facility location. The sixth and final step is to develop an implementation plan. Location analysis is also discussed in terms of the advantages and disadvantages of globalization and major location site factors. The discussion then describes the methods for evaluating major location site factors and making location decisions based on the evaluation. The paper concludes with discussing different modeling approaches and the need for comprehensive planning....

Words: 3038 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Sdlc

...Several systems development frameworks have been partly based on SDLC, such as the Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method (SSADM) produced for the UK government Office of Government Commerce in the 1980s.Eversince, according to Elliott (2004), " the traditional life cycle approaches to systems development have been increasingly replaced with alternative approaches and frameworks, which attempted to overcome some of t he inherent deficiencies of the traditional SDLC" . Systems Development Life Cycle The systems development life cycle (SDLC) is the overall process for developing information systems from planning and analysis...

Words: 1541 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Case Analysis Denver International Airport

...Running head: CASE REVIEW ANALYSIS OF THE DENVER INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 1 Case Review Analysis of the Denver International Airport And Its Baggage Handling System Warner Sherman CASE REVIEW ANALYSIS OF THE DENVER INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Table of Contents 2 Summary of Findings……………………………………………………………..………. 3 Background Information…………………………………………………….……............. 3 Problem Statement………………………………………………………………..…..…… 4 Analysis of Alternatives…………………………………………………………………… 4 Detailed Recommendations………………………………………………...……………... 5 Implementation and Evaluation…………………………………………………………… 6 References………………………………………………………………………………… 8 Appendix A.……………………………………………………………………………… 14 CASE REVIEW ANALYSIS OF THE DENVER INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Summary of Findings 3 There has been considerable controversy documented through case study over the inadequacy of project and risk management structure associated with the Boeing Airport Equipment (BAE) automation design technology for a new baggage transport system at the Denver International Airport (DIA). Research background conducted by Kerzner (2011) under Case 23 revealed a documented tenyear history of this complex project with inherent risks. In another case study conducted by Montealegre, Keil, and Robinson (2000), a risk practice methodology was presented through “lessons learned” for improved implementation of the project’s risk management structure....

Words: 4143 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Swot Analysis Guide

...SWOT Analysis Guide The comprehensive guide to the SWOT analysis method In the following guide we will introduce you to several widely used strategic planning methods. They enable business executives and strategists to evaluate options, plan for the strategic goals and implement the changes necessary to achieve those goals. The evaluation version of the guide Distribution note: You may NOT distribute the original or modified version of the document. Check more information about licensing in license.txt BSCDesigner.com AKS-Labs SWOT Analysis Guide Copyright © AKS-Labs Page 2 SWOT analysis: introduction and use of the method in the business environment If you are even remotely familiar with a business world, you have certainly heard about the competitive environment, strategic planning and business analysis. There are several different methods currently used in the business world and one of the most popular st strategic evaluation tools is the SWOT analysis. SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats SWOT can be further classified in to internal and external factors. Strength and weaknesses belong to the internal factors, and the opportunities and strength are classified as external factors. Why use SWOT analysis you might ask?...

Words: 1827 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sdlc

...Phase I: Planning 1-7 PowerPoint Presentation for Dennis, Wixom, & Roth Systems Analysis and Design, 3rd Edition Copyright 2006 © John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. This phase is the fundamental process of understanding why an information system should be built. The Planning phase will also determine how the project team will go about building the information system. The Planning phase is composed of two planning...

Words: 3126 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Contract Management Course Project 3

...These include but are not limited to Computer Systems Security Analysis, Computer Systems Analysis, Desktop Support, Help Desk Support, IT Operations...

Words: 2807 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Hahaha

...This methodology provides a template into which methods of analysis, design, coding, testing and...

Words: 1251 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Basics of Cost Planning & Cost Estimate

...PRE-CONTRACT COST PLANNING...

Words: 1428 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Project Risk Management

...It would also allow for brainstorming, document reviews, the Delphi technique, interviewing of key stakeholders, SWOT analysis, risks checklists, assumption analysis, diagramming techniques, cause and effect, and influence diagrams. Next, would be the process to meet to discuss the risks attributed with the management areas. The risks to scope, schedule, and cost. Considering the past project as a lessons learned, there were benefits that could be utilized that can limit the risks. The risks particularly associated with the second Oresund Bridge project is in its infrastructure. There are presently 4 lanes roadway and a two way railway with tunnels connected. With the current infrastructure, design, strategy, and logistics are all sure to be risks laden. We would need to have worked through all alternatives in this process to the strategy of adding to an already stellar structure. These risks would be associated with the scope of the project. When working through these risks,...

Words: 2042 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

1 Strategic Planning, Learning Theory, and Training Needs Analysis

...Running head: Assignment 1 Strategic Planning, Learning Theory, and Training Needs Analysis Assignment 1: Strategic Planning, Learning Theory, and Training Needs Analysis KorVina Hunter Professor Robert High BUS 407 December 9, 2011 The analysis phase defines what needs to be trained. Next, an instructional design is crafted to meet this need. Only after the design is complete are the instructional materials developed. During development, individual and group tryouts of the materials are conducted. Results are iteratively fed back into design and development. Evaluation is a central feature of ISD and is performed in each phase. The phases are: Phase 1: Analysis –Determine if training is the appropriate solution; if so, define training requirements Phase 2: Design – Define objectives, design the training program, and select training methods and media. Phase 3: Development- Develop all training materials in accordance with design. Conduct pilot training classes. Refine course, as necessary. Phase 4: Implementation – Implementing training, evaluate, and refine. Phase 5: Evaluation – Performed during development, during implementation, immediately after training, and six months or more after training. Most training design models contain five steps. One of the most commonly used models is the ADDIE model, which stands for analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation....

Words: 1322 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Exam

...Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The phase of the SDLC in which an information system is systematically repaired and improved is referred to as: 1) _______ A) maintenance B) implementation C) physical repair D) analysis 2) Which of the following is a true statement about RAD? 2) _______ A) RAD requires moderate user involvement. B) The bulk of the work in RAD takes place in the requirements planning phase. C) The focus of RAD is on system integration. D) The emphasis in RAD is generally less on the sequence and structure of processes in the life cycle and more on doing different tasks in parallel with each other and on using prototyping extensively. 3) Which of the following are deliverables for the analysis phase?...

Words: 3201 - Pages: 13