Free Essay

Planning and Implementation of Library Automation Bangladesh Perspective

In: Other Topics

Submitted By mhhc
Words 2996
Pages 12
Planning and implementation of Library Automation
Bangladesh perspective

Prepared by
M Hossam Haider Chowdhury
Associate Librarian, Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB)

For
Workshop on “Digitization of Medical Library and Information Services”, 2002, Mohakhali, Dhaka

Automation, i.e., dependency on machine, has remarkable influence at our work place. With the help of machine people perform their job comfortably and quickly and ultimately it increases people’s efficiency and effectiveness. In case of library the term “automation” basically means computerization of library activity. Computer influences all fields of human activity. Pandey S.K. Sharma describes influence of computer very nicely in his book on library automation.

“The invention and increasing use of computers in various fields of human activity is witness to the fact that the computer is considered to be essential component for all-round development. Computers’ entry and its continuance in almost all fields of human endeavor is due to its invincible qualities, viz., the splendid speed to act in nano-second, the superb capabilities to do unmanageable and impossible looking things, the unlimited capacity to store ocean of information on to tiny storage mediums, immense capability to perform repetitive jobs without fatigue, the radical power to sort, arrange, retrieve and disseminate information almost instantaneously etc., etc. Day by day it is becoming more and more indispensable for the society and has swayed all fields of human activities. Its use in the library is the need of the day and its application will certainly increase the use and utility of libraries.”9

Benefits of library automation

Increases storage capacity Organizes huge information easily and quickly Disseminates information efficiently Makes resource sharing easy and quick Avoids waste of time in repetitive works Accommodates increase work load with the available frame Increases communication facility Empowers access to information Ensures timely access to learning resources Opens avenue of better education Saves time of library personnel and users Increases performance of individual Facilitates marketing of library services Provides facility to surf on ocean of information Benefits the organization/institution and society

Areas for library automation

1. Administration and maintenance: Following tasks may be computerized: - Making employee’s directory - Duty chart - Duty roster for weekend/holidays - Record of committees - Library rules - Periodical statistics - Periodical reports - Stock verification - Leave record of employees - Internal office order

2. Acquisition - Vendor directory - List of books recommended - List of books approved - Placing orders to vendors - Receiving items’ list - Accessioning - Integration of Acquisition data with other library service modules

3. Classification: Though selection of notation is done manually, but the computer can support with respective key word. Stored classification number can show what is/are the key word(s) involved with same notation selected before.

4. Cataloguing - Integration with acquisition module - Printing catalogue cards - Searching a document from different angles - Preparing reading list on the basis of catalog - Establishing open access catalog with user friendly menus

5. Circulation - Integrating with acquisition and cataloging modules - Issue and return of library materials with use of ID number for materials and borrowers - Impose maximum limit of materials to be issued to a particular borrower - Maintaining different category of borrowers with different borrowing limits - Over ride the maximum limit if necessary - Show/print/e-mail reminder in respect of overdue books in a language preferred by the library, on time basis and user basis. - Charging/discharging with barcode - Inter library loan

6. Serial control - Input of bibliographic detail of periodicals - Output on various forms (such as consolidate list, subject wise list, frequency wise list, country of origin wise list etc.) - Editing, addition, deletion etc. - Search a particular issue - Issue reminder in respect of missing issues - Input articles’ information - Searching articles from different ways

7. Documentation - CAS - SDI - Preparation of subject bibliography - Electronic alert service

8. Electronic access - In house digitization - CD library - The Internet - Surfing - Subscription to electronic journals and libraries - Web page maintenance

9. Networking - LAN - MAN - WAN

(Most of the above points are taken from Mr. Sharma’s book. For detail description one may consult with his library automation book.)

Library database software

On the basis of one’s need and ability in terms of resources and skill, the area for automation will be considered. Acquisition, cataloguing and circulation modules of computerization are frequently used in any library. One can even start computerization from cataloguing module and then initiate for circulation and acquisition modules respectively. But small or a new library may start form acquisition module and then go for catalogue and circulation module. Gradually the library can go for other modules.

For having modules, i.e., software, one may purchase from reputed vendor or develop internally. There are many tested library software in the market. Internationally reputed software is very expensive. Readymade software facilitates to have it in hand quickly. Being these software are already been tested, there is little possibility to disturb at the implementation phase and needs little maintenance initiative. Some vendors in Dhaka developed library software for some organizations or universities. Those are yet in test phase. But these Bangladeshi library software are comparatively cheaper. Dhaka University and Parliament Library procured internationally reputed software which is costly. Small or medium size library cannot effort to buy such software. In house development of software takes time, it can be one year or more. The software development process goes through system analysis, programme development, testing, implementation and maintenance. So skill manpower is needed not only for development but for maintenance also.

In the meantime some libraries, such as libraries of Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB), North South University, American International University, etc., developed their own database as per local need. As far I know none of these are complete library database. These databases mostly concentrate on circulation system of the library.

Library with economic hardship may write to UNESCO for CDS/ISIS software which is available with no cost. This particular software can be used for library catalogue at least. Working with CDS/ISIS will be a nice start for library computerization. However let us point out some qualities of a library application software6:

- DBMS features - High level integration - Data entry facility - Data updating/Editing - Search/Enquires with Boolean expression - Facility for developing query with structured query language by the user - Report/Display/Print - Menu driven and user friendly - Exchange compatibility; CCF, MARC, etc., even text - Reputation of sponsoring agency - Scope of local variation - Network compatible - Internet compatibility

Other software

Operating software: Windows 98, Windows 2000 professional, Macintosh OS, OS2, etc.
Operating software for Server: Windows 2000 Server, Novel, Linux, Unix, etc.
Word processing software: Word 97, Word 2000, WordPerfect, etc.
Database software: MS Access, Oracle, FoxPro, dBase, etc.

Hardware Requirement

Whatever software we take that will be installed in a computer. Now-a-days personal computer is very popular. Depending on the area of computerization, number of computers and work load, one library needs to plan for hardware procurement. Given bellow high and low performance computers specification and price:

Table 1: High Performance Computer (Estimated price)
|Components of computers |Price in Taka |
|Pentium IV Processor 1.2 GHz /Mother Board /RD RAM |23,700.00 |
|AGP 128 Gforce Ultra (with vedio in/out, capture, 3D glass) |48,000.00 |
|Zip drive |6,000.00 |
|HDD |5,600.00 |
|FDD |550.00 |
|DVD & CD Player (player & writer capacity 2.4GB |34,000.00 |
|Sound card creative platinum gold |25,000.00 |
|Speaker Boss 36 series |1,20,000.00 |
|Monitor LCD Display 17” |45,000.00 |
|Casing |4,500.00 |
|Mouse and Keyboard (wireless) |7,000.00 |
|UPS 1hr backup |25,000.00 |
|HP Colour laser Printer |90,000.00 |
| |3,34,351.00 |

Table 2: Low Performance Computer (Estimated price)
|Components of computers |Price in Taka |
|AMD K6 II 500 Mhz |2,800.00 |
|Motherboard |2,700.00 |
|RAM 128 MB |1,200.00 |
|AGP 16 MB |1,200.00 |
|FDD |550.00 |
|HDD |4,500.00 |
|CD ROM 52X |2,400.00 |
|Sound card creative vibra 128 |1,200.00 |
|Speaker |1,100.00 |
|Monitor 15” |6,700.00 |
|Keuboard & Mouse |500.00 |
|Casing |1,700.00 |
|Stabilizer |2,000.00 |
|Canon BJC 2000 Printer |2,400.00 |
| |30,950.00 |

Number of computers to be procured depends on load of use, facilities available and space of the library. Dedicated computers may be needed for catalogue or OPAC. Library having busy circulation unit will need separate workstations or PCs. Naturally in large library every section, in fact almost all persons of a section, needs independent PCs. The CD/AV section (if any) should have multimedia computers. All PCs may be connected through local area network (LAN). Star topology in LAN gives better performance. So at least a server will be needed to dominate the LAN. A large library may have several servers to perform specific job by a specific server, such as database server for maintaining central database. Star topology needs hub or switch which connects computers through cables. Of course some other accessories, i.e., network card, connector, etc., will also be needed for LAN. For better security one library may decide to use Unix operating system; in such case Unix machine should be procured.

Some other hardware may also be needed. Barcode reader or chips technology for circulation is essential for automated charging/discharging system. Scanner for scanning internal resources may be procured with a cost of Tk.7,000.00. CD writers are a useful addon for library. Library can make backups, save different databases and make copies of CD-ROMs for internal use with the CD writer. Medical library may keep medical records and photographs on CD-ROMs. Costing around Tk.25,000.00 medical library may procure digital camera with which the picture are simply copied from camera to PC.

Connecting with ISP

The Internet is now-a-days becoming an important, probably integral, part of a library. For the internet connection one library needs to have connection with the Internet Service Provider (ISP). Broadband connection proves efficiency over the dialup connection. Consider higher bandwidth for establishing cyber café section in your library. A list of Internet Service Provider given bellow (this list is taken from the web site of Bangladesh.net and form national daily the Independent 2002 July 14:p.9):

Dhaka : Access Telecom (Bangladesh) Ltd. Agni Systems Ltd. Aftab IT Ltd. Bangladesh Computer Council Bangladesh Online Ltd. Bdcom Online Ltd. Bijoy Online Ltd. Brac Bdmail Network CIMA Ltd. ConnectBD Ltd. Cyber Acts IT Ltd. Datanet Corporation Ltd. Dhakacom Ltd. Dhakarchithi.com Dotcom Network Drik Online Ltd. E-Net Communications Ltd. Fast Net Global link Telecommunication Ltd. Global online Services Ltd. Gonophone Grameen Cybernet Ltd. Grmeenphone Bangladesh Ltd. HRC Technologies Ltd. IDS Bangladesh Ltd. Information Services Network Ltd. InTech Online Ltd. KLBD Online Link-3 Technologies Ltd. Maisha Technologies Ltd. NCLL Neksus.com Network Computer Line Ltd Pradeshta Ltd. Proshika Prositel Bangladesh Ltd. Ranks ITT Raspit Data Management and Tele Ltd. Span Internetworks Ltd. Spark Systems Ltd. Spectra Solutions Ltd. Square Informatics Ltd. Techcious Electronics Tetrod (Bangladesh) Ltd Trans-Net Systems Ltd. Vas Digital Communications Ltd. Westec Ltd. Western Network Ltd. Your Cyber Gateway

Chittagong: AB Online Global Information Network(BD) Ltd. Gonophone Bangladesh Ltd. Echi-Net Ltd. ITech SpectraNet Spectra Solutions Ltd. Zero One

Khulna Information Services Network Ltd.

Rajshahi: LibraBd.Net Three Sons System Ltd.

Sylhet Bill Communications BTS Comminications (BD) Ltd. Gonophone Bangladesh Ltd. Spectra Solutions Sylhet Communication System Sysltech Vally Wester Network Ltd.

Cox’sBazar Grameen Shakhti

Power support

Power failure is a normal phenomenon in our country. The country is facing power shortage so we need to live with this problem. UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) is a solution for a short period. Power back up for long period IPS (Instant Power Service) may be installed with UPS. Rahim Afroz of Bangladesh is producing IPS.

Security

Securing libraries hard copy library may introduce the Integrated Book Protection System. This system installs sensor at the exit door of the library and affix labels in side the cover page of the books. Only sensor gate costs around Tk.6,00,000.00.

Human Resource Development

Computerized system is not a substitute for personnel. It is just a tool for managing library activity. Success of computerized system depends upon how effectively it is used by the people in performing their activity. These people should be trained properly. Very good system may flop due to mishandling of the system. Without appropriate personnel the system output cannot be maximized. In fact before procuring or developing a computerized system people working in libraries should become familiar with computers and computerized database system. This familiarity will help the library to procure or develop and install appropriate system. The system then can be run with a very little disturbance. Sustainability of the system depends on efficient and effective manpower. Of course appropriate and logical salary and status should be ensured to the skilled manpower for the sake of sustainability of the system.

Case of IUB Library Automation

Library of the Independent University, Bangladesh (IUB) has been utilizing information technology since 1993. At that time the IUB Library used DOS version CDS/ISIS for its catalogue. The IUB Library never use card catalogue. One computer of the IUB Library was engaged for both bibliographic search and information processing. In every succeeding year the library received at least one computer. In the year 2002 IUB Library received five computers at a time. Now it has twelve computers and one server, one twelve-port hub, one eight-port switch and a transceiver. In 1998 January the IUB Library received windows version of CDS/ISIS, i.e., WINISIS. After that the library’s main database is maintained with the WINISIS. Being CDS/ISIS has little capacity for number manipulation, the library developed a circulation system with the Microsoft Access to ensure putting automatic due date, calculate fines, etc. and installed it in mid 2000. The library also developed a separate system with MS Access for acquisition in 1999. For recording students’ roster work the IUB Library developed another system with MS Access in 1998. Microsoft Access again has limitation. Huge data makes it drastically slower. Finally the library decided to migrate into Oracle. Two IUB computer science students worked for developing a circulation software as part of their internship. They keep Oracle in backend and use Visual Basic in front end. They named it Librarium. It is now running. But yet it needs further development to make it a complete circulation software. For reporting we are depending on Crystal Report software. Yet we continue to keep our WINISIS database. There is a mechanism for transferring database from WINISIS to Librarium.

Limitations

There are some limitations of computerized system that may still remain in spite of best efforts taken in the development process. Information technology is growing very fast. So even the most advanced system bears some risk of becoming obsolete. Though flexibility is an important characteristic of computerization system yet it takes some effort to change the system. So it put some obstacles to any change process in the organization. Innovativeness and intuition of persons based on experience are very important for development. But computer lacks this ability which is the hallmark of a successful person. The other limitation of computerization is data entry, which is a slow manual operation. In spite of all the progress made in the field of information technology, we are still away from truly paperless office.5

Conclusion

How large could be a library? The limit in fact could be the sky. But resource constrain gives us no chance to touch the sky. I want to quote from Mr. Pandey again:

“No library can think of getting additional space every year, although collection will grow continuously. Weeding of library materials is a small solution because these cannot be weeded out as speedily as these are acquired. Computer application can solve this problem, as computer is capable of storing huge bulk of information on tiny storage mediums. Catalogue of the library can be stored easily on the primary/internal memory/storage mediums. Text of old volumes of serials, bulky reference books etc. can be stored in CD/ROM. Serials, abstracts, indexing periodicals etc. are already available in CD/ROM.”9

E-library provides access facility to other libraries and its users. Instead of acquiring library may try to have access to e-libraries elsewhere. IFLA 2003 Conference, Berlin, selects “Access Point Library” as its primary theme. Future library may be the centre for accessing into electronic resources. To prepare ourselves for future we should implement computerized system in our libraries. Commercial cyber café may come up to take the responsibility of information service. But they may not find subscription to e-resources feasible for their business. It’s the library’s duty to take appropriate step for smooth accessing to relevant resources and support research of the country and ensure people for the authentic information and their sources. Benefits of information technology can be reached to a broader range of users who would miss the opportunity to participate in the information age through the library.

References:

1. Bangladesh ISP Discussion Board http://www.bangladesh.net/web_guide/isp.htm 2. Gomez, Ricardo; Ospina, Anilica. The lamp without a genie : using telecenters for development without expecting miracles. In: The Journal of Development Communication 2001 Dec; 12(2):p. 3. Jensen, Mike. Information technology and infrastructure for telecenters : combining best practice with new developments. In: The Journal of Development Communication 2001 Dec; 12(2):p.130-137 4. Leintz, BP; Rea, KP. Data communications for business. St. Louis : Times Mirror/Mosby Coilege Publishing, 1987. 5. Mishra, J; Mohanty, A. Design of information systems ; a modern approach. New Delhi : Narosa Publishing House, 2000. 6. The new access codes for the ISP houses. In: The Independent 2002 July 14 : p.9 7. Post, GV; Anderson, DL. Management information system. 2nd edn. Boston : Irwin McGraw-Hill, 2000. 8. Schultheis, R; Sumner, M. Management information system : the manager’s view. 3rd edn. Chicago : Irwin, 1995. 9. Sharma, Pandey S. Fundamentals of library automation. New Delhi : Ess Ess Publications, 1995.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Churn Management

...Perspective Telecommunication Industry in Bangladesh Perspective Telecommunication Industry in Bangladesh Managing Churn in a Hypercompetitive Market Managing Churn in a Hypercompetitive Market Submitted to Farhana Sehreen Lecturer Department of Marketing Jahangirnagar University Submitted by Belal Hasan ID no. 1336 Session: 2009-10 Department of Marketing Jahangirnagar University Date: 12 September, 2013 August 16, 2013 To Farhana Sehreen Lecturer Department of Marketing Jahangirnagar University Subject: Submission of internship proposal Sir, I am glad to submit the internship report proposal on “Managing the churn in hypercompetitive market in Telecom Industry” as a requirement of internship program for the fulfillment of BBA Program In this report I would like to focus on strategies and application, execution model, current attack and defense to hold their position in perspective to other operator. I would like to scrutinize collect information for the report. I hope that the preparation of the report will help me to acquire knowledge about real life practice and help me in future. I will try to enhance my knowledge and make satisfactory report. I shall be happy to provide with any explanative information and clarification that might require. I hope that my potentiality will reach up to the mark of your expectation. Yours Sincerely Belal Hasan Introduction “Churn” is a common phenomenon that occurs in telecom......

Words: 8796 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

E-Banking in Bangladesh: an Exploratory Study on How the Banks Are Adopting with E-Banking

...E-banking in Bangladesh: An exploratory study on how the banks are adopting with e-banking E-banking in Bangladesh: An exploratory study on how the banks are adopting with e-banking Prepared for: Mr. Shubhankar Shil Assistant Professor School of Business Administration University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh Course Teacher Insurance and Leasing Prepared by: Muntasir Rashid Khan Student ID. 1268 BBA Program (1st Batch) Department of Finance & Banking JahangirnagarUniversity Savar, Dhaka-1342 March 08, 2012 Letter of Transmittal March 08, 2012 Mr. Shubhankar Shil Assistant Professor School of Business Administration University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh Subject: Submission of Term Paper Dear Sir: I have great pleasure to submit my required term paper on E-banking in Bangladesh: An exploratory study on how the banks are adopting with e-banking. I have provided my best effort to conduct this report. Now I am presenting my report for kind assessment and hope that it will fulfill your satisfaction. Any kind of suggestion or recommendation from your side will be highly appreciated. Thank you. Sincerely yours, |..................... | | | |Muntasir Rashid Khan | |Student ID. 1268 | BBA Program (1st Batch) Department......

Words: 6509 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Budget Speech of Bangladesh 2011

...Contents Issues Seeking Permission Page 1 Chapter I Introduction and Background Tribute, Acknowledgements, Pre-budget Consultations, Vision for prosperous Bangladesh, Expectations vis-à-vis Resource Constraints 1-4 Some Important Pledges: Implementation Progress Facing Recession, Achievements of Power and Energy Sector, Agriculture Sector, Land, Fisheries and Live Stock, Food Security, Roads and Bridges, Education, Health, Digital Bangladesh, Climate Change, Women and Children Welfare, Social Safety Net Programmes, Employment Generation, Rural Development, Population Census, Industry and Trade, Public Welfare and Good Governance, Immigration and Skill Development, Optimum Utilisation of Public Money 4-15 Macro-economy and the Global Perspective Growth, External Sector, Export, Import, Remittance, Current Account Balance, Foreign Exchange Reserve, Exchange Rate, Monetary Sector, Inflation, Economic Strategy 15-22 Revised Budget for FY2010-11 Revenue Situation, Revenue Mobilisation, ADP Utilisation, Total expenditure, Budget Deficit 23-25 Chapter II Some Key Sectors Power and Energy: Integrated Development i 25-98 26-31 Issues Program Power: Electricity Production Plan, Power Transmission and Distribution Line, Renewable Energy, Power Savings Energy: Use of Alternative Energy Sources, Gas Production, Exploration of Oil and Gas Page 26-29 29-31 31-47 Agriculture and Rural Development Agriculture: Agriculture Subsidy, Seeds, Hybrid......

Words: 47559 - Pages: 191

Free Essay

Digital Bangladesh

...Final Draft PERSPECTIVE PLAN OF BANGLADESH 2010-2021 ____________________________ MAKING VISION 2021 A REALITY General Economics Division Planning Commission Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh April 2012 Contents ABBREVIATIONS ...............................................................................................................................v PREAMBLE of the Perspective Plan (2010-2021) ............................................................................ 1 I. ............................................................................................................... Context of the Perspective Plan .................................................................................................................................................................. 1 II. .......................................................................................... Current state and Development Perspective .................................................................................................................................................................. 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................................... 2 CHAPTER 1: VISION FOR A PROSPEROUS FUTURE........................................................................ 10 1.1 The Vision ..........................................................................................................

Words: 49012 - Pages: 197

Free Essay

Right to Information in Bangladesh

...Executive Summary: Right to information refers to people’s right to have all the necessary information regarding the political, legal and similar areas which is directly correlated to their daily lives. In Bangladesh, though people have very limited or no information at all due to lack of willingness and ability to obtain the necessary information’s. Thus the general people should look forward how this bridge can be closed between themselves and the government officials to obtain the necessary and rightful information. The technology is advancing day by day throughout the world. Thus obtaining information has become much easier and flexible. Not only the general people but it is also the responsibility of those who are the holders of that information. They are also equally responsible for passing those to the general people with full efficiency and accuracy. Sadly due to the negligence of both parties this information flow is reduced compared to the early days since the nation’s independence in 1971. Lots of problem is faced by the nation’s citizens specially the people who belong to the rural areas. Due to unaware of their own right, thousands of people had faced difficulties on both professional and personal context. Our focus is on the factors of this decreased information flow as well as the initiatives to be taken which can reduce this massive problem in our country. Contents: • Introduction • Theoretical Overview • Findings ...

Words: 11239 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Not Prepared

...A Chronicle of Last Three Years: Building the Future Budget Speech 2012-13 Abul Maal Abdul Muhith Minister Ministry of Finance Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh Dhaka 24 Jaisthya 1419 7 June 2012 Contents Issues Permission Page 1 Chapter I: Introduction and Background Tribute, Acknowledgement, The Vision, Budget: A 1-4 Tool for Realising the Vision Chapter II: Macroeconomy and Global Perspective Global Perspective, Growth, External Sector, Remittance and Manpower Export, Current Account, 5-7 Foreign Exchange Reserve and Exchange Rate, Inflation, Monetary Policy Chapter III: Budget for FY 2011-12: Problems and Corrections Revised Revenue Targets, Revised Expenditure Targets, Budget Deficit, Revised ADP, Recent Economic Scenario, Economic Strategies Chapter IV: FY2011-12 Budget Structure Assumptions: Global Economy, Monetary and Fiscal Space, Sustained Growth in Agriculture, Private Sector Investment, Revenue Mobilisation, Inflation Structure: Estimates of Revenue Income, Estimates of Expenditure, Budget Deficit and Financing, Annual Development Programme, Overall Expenditure Structure Chapter V: Reform Programmes Public Financial Management: Medium Term Budget Framework, Multi-module Database (iBAS), Reforms in Expenditure Management, ADP Implementation, New Budget Classification Structure and District Budget, Information Technology in the Public Financial Management, Strengthening Audit Ensuring Private Participation in the Infrastructure Sector:......

Words: 47837 - Pages: 192

Free Essay

Software Export Bd

...Bangladesh Software Industry Chapter One Introduction Software industry is labor-intensive, has relatively low-entry barriers and few economies of scale and so offers lucrative opportunities for developing countries to join the ranks of the developed world. The scale and pace of growth in this sector is faster than in any other industry, and a number of developing countries having cheap, talented labor are attempting to emulate the success enjoyed by countries such as China, Thailand and India. The government in 1997 identified the software sector as a thrust sector for the overall economic growth of the country. Accordingly, a commission was formed under the ministry of commerce (later called JRC commission) to formulate some recommendations for the rapid growth of the software industry in Bangladesh. The commission identified four problematic functional areas namely: fiscal, human resource, infrastructure, and marketing, and provided some recommendations to overcome the barriers in software development in our country. By accepting these recommendations (however, some of these recommendations are yet to be implemented), the government had set a target to export yearly software worth two billion dollar (Tk 14,000 crore) by the year 2006. However the statistics (BCIT) reveal that the total earning from software sector during 2004-2005 was approximately Tk 88.34 crore. No doubt, this achievement lies far behind as it has been envisaged. In this research the......

Words: 11826 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

Contribuate of It Sector in National Income

...IBPS clerk interview best successful tips: all questions answered. Tweet Submitted by BeingHuman March 13, 2012 - 40 weeks 8 hours ago IBPS has been one of the most successful organizations in the recent months in giving the Indian job seekers a ray of hope to enter the banks. The public sector banks will be calling up nearly 1 lakh candidates for interview from the list of IBPS clerk passed candidates. The query for IBPS clerk interview pattern and techniques to crack them has been the major concern among the candidates in the recent reports. So, the most effective and best IBPS clerk interview success tips have been bunched up together in this article and presented before the candidates to get most out of the public sector and private sector bank clerical interviews in the coming months. This report has been made up by some of the successful candidates in PO and clerical interviews from the major banks. Lets get into the questions and their definite answers. Query on how should I present myself in front of the judging panel? Ans: You should be correct on time and keep an eye on your documents that they are properly stacked according to preference or not. It shows a disciplined character of the candidate towards the panel. Dress up in formals and keep hairs and nails neat and clean. When you are to enter the room, ask for permission in a calm yet confident tone. And ask if you can seat when you go in front of them, sit when they ask you to sit. Calmly be firm and......

Words: 22608 - Pages: 91

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...claim to have read the manuscript Of Changes and Transformations: Bangladesh Bank [July 2009-June 2013] highlighting changes the central bank has gone through in the past four years, but certainly had a cursory look at it. The publication of the book is of great significance at a time when the present government has just completed its four years in office. I welcome this initiative by Bangladesh Bank. I would like to thank Governor Dr. Atiur Rahman and others concerned with the project. The effort put in by the editors and their team of script writers to enrich the volume is certainly praiseworthy. I am extremely delighted to have the opportunity to write few words upon the book. Here I would like to touch upon the key aspects of the revolutionary changes that I have witnessed in Bangladesh Bank during the past four years. Firstly, digitization has taken place rapidly in the central bank and the whole banking sector was quick to follow suit. Secondly, mobile banking has been introduced and expanded significantly. This process will come its fruition with the introduction of PayPal payment system. Thirdly, revolutionary changes have taken place in CSR. Fourthly, Bangladesh Bank has achieved commendable success in financial inclusion program. Bangladesh Bank's role in involving the mass people into financial activities is undeniable. Finally, the establishment of Currency Museum is a great initiative of Bangladesh Bank. I would now like to say a few words on the economic......

Words: 93727 - Pages: 375

Premium Essay

Marketing

...[Chapter – 01] 1.0 Introduction: Every organization performs its task with the help of resources as men, machine, materials and money. Except manpower other resources are non-living but manpower is a live and generating resource. Manpower utilizes other resources and gives output. If manpower is not available then other resources are useless and cannot produce anything. Out of all the factors of production manpower has the highest priority and is the most significant factor of production and plays a pivotal role in areas of productivity and quality. In case, lack of attention to the other factors those are non-living may result in reduction of profitability to some extent. But ignoring the human resource can prove to be disastrous. In a country where human resource is abundant, it is a pity that they remain under-utilized. The people at work comprise a large number of individuals of different sex, age, socio-religious group and different educational or literacy standards. These individuals in the work place exhibit not only similar behavior patterns and characteristics to a certain degree but also they show much dissimilarity. Technology alone, however, cannot bring about desired change in economic performance of the country unless human potential is fully utilized for production. The management must therefore be aware not only organization but also employees and their needs. The human resource is critical and difficult to manage. It is because human behavior is highly......

Words: 10606 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Ict and Health System

...Acronyms used AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ART Antiretroviral Therapy ARVs Antiretrovirals BBC British Broadcasting Corporation BCC Behaviour Change Communication CFSC Communication for Social Change CSO Civil Society Organisation DFID Department for International Development FAO UN Food and Agricultural Organisation FBOs Faith Based Organisations FHI Family Health International GFATM Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria HDR Human Development Report HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus ICTs Information and communication technologies IEC Information, Education and Communication MAP Multi-country AIDS Programme MDGs Millennium Development Goals NGO Non-governmental Organisation PLWHA People living with HIV and AIDS PMTCT Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission STI Sexually Transmitted Infection TAC Treatment Action Campaign UNAIDS Joint UN Programme on HIV and AIDS UNESCO UN Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation USAID United States Agency for International Development VCT Voluntary Counselling and Testing WHO World Health Organization WTO World Trade Organization INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background In developing countries, preventable diseases and premature deaths still inflict a high toll. Inequity of access to basic health services affects distinct regions, communities, and social groups. Under-financing of the health sector in most countries has led......

Words: 12992 - Pages: 52

Premium Essay

Xlri Brochure

...Exploring Excellence PGDM (GM) (GMP 2013–14) AN AICTE APPROVED FLAGSHIP FULL-TIME MBA PROGRAM FOR EXPERIENCED PROFESSIONALS E-brochure http://www.placementkloud.com/xlrigmp 01 02 03 04 05 06 08 10 12 14 16 MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR Learning and growth are vital for a healthy environment in organizations. We at XLRI have structured our programmes in such a manner as to equip the future managers of tomorrow with learning, competencies and skills that can significantly contribute to the growth of the organization. XLRI has always been proudly associated with academic excellence, personal values and social concern. It has been the crucible of leadership training for over 60 years and its banner is held high by a fine breed of alumni who serve as “change agents” thereby adding a new dimension to their corporate role. This integral and value based formation will greatly assist our students to be innovative, competent and creative leaders. They are groomed in a manner as to serve as agents of continuous improvement and change. It was in 1997 that XLRI recognized an unfulfilled need for formal management training at middle and senior levels of corporate strata. The result of that thought process was the General Management Programme, which has ever since, transformed several industry professionals into veritable leaders who reflect the standards and values of XLRI at various organizations. Recognized by AICTE, the programme places emphasis on stringent admission......

Words: 25500 - Pages: 102

Premium Essay

Value Added Tax

...[pic] Department of Accounting Term Paper On [pic] (Value Added Tax) Submitted To – Supervisor Mrs. Ummea Hazera Khatun Assistant Professor Department of Accounting Lalmatia Mahila College Submitted By – Nilima Akther BBA (Honor’s) 2nd year Roll No. - 9808944 Registration No. – 1860636 Session – 2010-2011 Department of Accounting Lalmatia Mahila College Date of Submission – 21 May 2014 Acknowledgement At first I would like to express my gratitude to the almighty Allah. It is the part of BBA program to submit a term paper. And as a student of BBA program of Lalmatia Mahila College, I have to submit a term paper report. My term paper topic is “Value Added Tax”. I have completed this term paper with the supervision of the Department of Accounting of Lalmatia Mahila College. Her cordial assistance and advice have influenced me much to complete this task. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all my teachers of the Department of Accounting of Lalmatia Mahila College, who have conveyed all the knowledge and necessary information to make enable to complete my Term paper successfully and provide me the opportunity to prove myself in the vigorously competitive modern area. I would like to deliver my special thanks to all my classmates and my entire well-wishers for their inspiration without which I would not be able to complete this term paper report. Declaration I do hereby...

Words: 24456 - Pages: 98

Free Essay

Bosch Project

...chapter- 1 INDUSTRY PROFILE 1.1 Automotive Industry The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets and sells the world motor vehicles. In 2008, more than 70 million motor vehicles, including cars and commercial vehicles were produced worldwide. In 2007, a total of 71.9 million new automobile were sold worldwide. Around the word, there were about 806 million cars and light trucks on the road in 2007: the burn over 260 billion gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel yearly. The numbers are increasing rapidly especially in India and china. 1.2 India An embryonic automotive industry started in India in the 1940s. However for the next 50 years the growth of the industry was hobbled by the socialist policies and the bureaucratic hurdles of the license. Following, the economic liberalization in India from 1991 and the gradual easing of restrictions on industry, India has seen dynamic 17% annual growth in automobile production and 30% annual growth in export of automotive components and automobiles. India produces around 2 million automobiles currently. Total turnover of the Indian automobile industry is expected to grow from USF 34 billion in 2006 to 122 billion in 2016. Tata Motors has launched Tata Nano, the cheapest car in d world at USD 2200. Indian automotive industry is contributing a significant portion to overall Indians GDP. This sector is growing and promising a lucrative future. Automotive sector also provides wide business and employment......

Words: 6684 - Pages: 27

Free Essay

Bosch Company Part-a Project Report

...chapter- 1 INDUSTRY PROFILE 1.1 Automotive Industry The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets and sells the world motor vehicles. In 2008, more than 70 million motor vehicles, including cars and commercial vehicles were produced worldwide. In 2007, a total of 71.9 million new automobile were sold worldwide. Around the word, there were about 806 million cars and light trucks on the road in 2007: the burn over 260 billion gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel yearly. The numbers are increasing rapidly especially in India and china. 1.2 India An embryonic automotive industry started in India in the 1940s. However for the next 50 years the growth of the industry was hobbled by the socialist policies and the bureaucratic hurdles of the license. Following, the economic liberalization in India from 1991 and the gradual easing of restrictions on industry, India has seen dynamic 17% annual growth in automobile production and 30% annual growth in export of automotive components and automobiles. India produces around 2 million automobiles currently. Total turnover of the Indian automobile industry is expected to grow from USF 34 billion in 2006 to 122 billion in 2016. Tata Motors has launched Tata Nano, the cheapest car in d world at USD 2200. Indian automotive industry is contributing a significant portion to overall Indians GDP. This sector is growing and promising a lucrative future. Automotive sector also provides wide business and employment......

Words: 6684 - Pages: 27