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Submitted By mariammodar

Words 1360

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Words 1360

Pages 6

. Spontaneity

We do agree upon that statement

As they are expressing their own points of view and they may never agree upon one definition as that definition is going to be changed according to the field they are working at and under what conditions

And all of them try to define planning through that it's a process that aim to achieve organizational goal but each author has his own way in how to reach that goal.

FIRST DEFINITION:

DEFINITION

PLANNING IS the first managerial function involves setting organizational vision, goals, and objectives.

AUTHERS' NAMES: William G. Nickels, James M. McHugh, and Susan M. McHugh.

BOOK TITLE: UNDERSTANDING BUSINESS.

EDITION: 6th Ed.

PUBLISHER: McGraw Hill.

COUNTRY: IRWIN.

YEAR: 2002.

PAGE NO.: 207.

DISCUSSION, ANALYSES, AND CRITICIZEM

- The authors defined planning as it is the first managerial function and about setting goals, vision, and objectives of the organization, BUT THEY mentioned that planning is only about setting goals but they didn't mention that the planning function is responsible also for deciding how those goals and objectives are going to be accomplished, and they also didn't mention the time horizon related to the plan and that it's also related to the future.

SECOND DEFINITION

DEFINATION

PLANNING IS a process that includes defining goals, establishing strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities.

AUTHOR'S NAME: Stephen P. Robbings.

BOOK TITLE: ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR.

EDITION: International ED.

PUBLICHER: Person, Prentice Hall.

COUNTRY: San Diego.

YEAR: 2005.

PAGE NO.: 5.

DISCUSSION, ANALYSES, AND CRITICIZEM

-The author defined planning as a process which means that it has its steps, HE didn't mention that it's a managerial...

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