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Plat Overview

In: Other Topics

Submitted By amit1414
Words 1028
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National Aluminium Company (Nalco), a public sector unit (PSU), is
India's largest producer of alumina and the second largest producer of aluminium. It is considered to be a turning point in the history of
Indian Aluminium Industry. In a major leap forward, Nalco has not only addressed the need for self-sufficiency in aluminium, but also given the country a technological edge in producing this strategic metal to the best of world standards.. Following the discovery of large reserves of Bauxite ore in the east coast and the preliminary project work done by Bharat Aluminium Company Limited, NALCO was set up by the Government of India in 1981 to implement one of the largest multi-locational integrated Aluminium projects of the world with its own Captive Power Plant and Port Facilities. The technical collaboration of Aluminium Pechiney of France, the support of Eurodollar loans from a consortium of International Banks and the special dis-pensations of the Government of India and the Govt. of Orissa helped to implement the project expeditiously within the budgeted cost of Rs.2408 crore, under very difficult logistics of project management. Different segments of NALCO went into production in a phased manner starting from November 1985. Within a short span of time, the Company has emerged as a leader in the field of
Aluminium production in the country and also has made significant impact abroad. The Company has helped the country to make a quantum jump in production of Aluminium and has also been earning substantial foreign exchange through creditable export performances year after year.
VISION
To be reputed global company in the metals and energy sectors. And wants to involve himself in a challenging environment offeringscope for Growth & Development and an opportunity to apply himself to effectively contribute towards the world.
MISSION
 To achieve sustainable growth in business through diversification, innovation and global competitive edge.
 To continuously develop human resources, create safe working conditions, improve productivity and quality and reduce cost and waste.
 To satisfy the customers and shareholders, employees and all other stakeholder.
 To be corporate citizen, protective and enhancing the environment as well as discharging social responsibility in order to ensure sustainable growth.
 To intensify R&D for technology development.
NALCO: AN OVERVIEW
National Aluminium Company Limited (Nalco) is considered to be a turning point in the history of Indian Aluminium Industry.
In a major leap forward, Nalco has not only addressed the need for self-sufficiency in aluminium but also given the country a technological mental as per world standards.
Incorporated in 1981, as a public sector enterprise of the
Government of India National Aluminium Company Limited
(Nalco) is Asia's largest integrated aluminium complex, encompassing bauxite mining, alumina refining, aluminium smelting and casting, power generation, rail and port operations.
Commissioned during 1985-87, Nalco has emerged to be a star performer in production, export of alumina and aluminium, and more significantly, in propelling a self-sustained growth.
CORPORATE STRENGTH
 Captive Resources
 Advanced Technology
 Integrated Operations
 World-class Products
 Well-trained Manpower
 Sound Financial Management
 Care for Ecology & Environment
 Self-funded Expansions
 Expertise in project management
 Interactional Linkages in Technology & Market
CPP: (Captive Power Plant)
Close to the Aluminium Smelter at Angul, a Captive Power Plant of
1200 MW capacity.
1. Largest Captive Power Plant In India With Total Installed
Capacity Of 10 x120 Mw.
2. Running Unit Capacity : 10 X 120 Mw.
Implemented : 10 X 120 Mw.
3. Land Covered By
Main Plant : 953 Acres.
Auxiliaries : 1460 Acres.
4. Captive Rail System
Track Length : 28 Kms.
Loco Engine :Type-Wds-6,6 Nos.,
Coal Wagons : 45 Nos
Work Shop : Cater To 648nos. Rolling Stock.
(Coal & Alumina Wagons)
Coal Requirement : 16,000 Mt/Day.
For Six Units.
5. Power Requirement : 830 Mw.
Of Smelter Plant (960 Pots)).
6. Coal Storage Capacity : 1.5 Lakh Mt. (Old)
: 1.0 Lakh Mt. (New)
7. Water Storage Capacity. : 12 Lakh Cub.Mtr.
8. Ash Pond Capacity. : 22.7million Cub. Mtr.
9. Ash Water Recycling : 1350x3 Cub. Mtr./Hr.Capacity.
10. Water Intake System.
Pipe Line : 3x900 Mm Dia., 9Kms.
Pump House : 5 X2500 M
3
/Hr Pumps.
11. Ash Disposal : 4000-5500 Mt/Day.
THE SALIENT FEATURES:
 Micro-processor based burner management system for optimum thermal efficiency
 Computer controlled data acquisition system for on-line monitoring  Automatic turbine run-up system
 Specially designed barrel type high pressure turbine
 Electrostatic precipitators with advanced intelligent controllers
 Wet disposal of ash
The water for the Plant is drawn from River Brahmani through a 7 km long triple circuit pipeline. The coal demand is met from a mine of 3.5 million tpa capacity opened up for Nalco at Bharatpur in Talcher by
Mahanadi Coalfields Limited. The Power Plant is inter-connected with the State Grid.
THE PROCESS OF GENERATION OF POWER AT CAPTIVE
POWER PLANT, CPP
The basic energy conversion scheme in a thermal power plant is
Chemical energyHeat energyMechanical energyElectrical energy (fuel) (boiler) (turbine) (generator)
Electrical Energy is generated by eight (8) no's of identical Units each comprising of a Boiler, Turbine, Generator& associated Auxiliaries.
Based on the Modified Rankin Cycle, the Process converts the chemical energy of coal into thermal & then to kinetic energy, which is in turn converted to Electrical energy.
The vertical , single drum, natural circulation, tangentially fired,
Balanced Draught, Dry Bottom type boiler of 430 T/hr capacity (for
U# 7 & 8, the capacity is 395 T/Hrs) utilises the energy available to it by combustion of coal. Five pressurised Bowl Mills are provided in each Unit for pulverising the coal fed to their respective bunkers by
Coal Handling Plant (CHP) .The coal from Pulverisers is conveyed to the boilers by pressurised air supplied by 2 nos. of PA Fans. Oil from
FOPH is used as supporting fuel during start-up, shut down & flame stabilisation. The required combustion air is supplied by means of 2 no's of FD fans while the products of combustion are drawn out by 2 nos. of ID Fans to maintain a balanced draft in the Furnace. As the flue gas comes in contact with the water walls & steam tubes & coils of the boiler, heat transfer takes place and superheated steam is
generated.

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