Free Essay

Pm and Cabinet

In: Other Topics

Submitted By swilly29
Words 3396
Pages 14
08
Fall
How governments are formed

There are no codified rules in the UK to state how government is formed, in theory it is in the hands of the monarch – up until the 19thCentury this was largely a reality. However the monarch no longer plays any active role in this process. The party that wins a majority of seats in the House of Commons after a general election, its leader will be invited by the monarch to form a government.

2010 Coalition

* Conservatives were longest party in HoC but failed to win overall majority * Labour negotiated a coalition with LibDems and later the LibDems negotiated with both main parties for a coalition * Labour and LibDem did not make an overall majority * Gordon Brown later resigned and advised the Queen to ask Cameron to form a government either as a minority or in coalition with LibDems. * Cameron accepted and formed coalition with LibDem

‘The Government’

25 members are members of the HoL and 90 are MPs. MPs that are from the party that is in government ate not members of government! They are known as backbenchers and the members of government are known as frontbenchers. All members of government are appointed by the PM. The cabinet (22-23 members) meet regularly.

Ministerial selection

The PM must weigh up the qualities of individuals against the political consequences of appointing them.

Qualities that ideal ministers should possess: * Must be politically reliable * Must have potential * Should share their views * Managerial skills needed
Under coalition * How many cabinet posts do they have each? * Must discuss whom to elect together

Other forms of government

* Minority government – party forms a government without a parliamentary majority. Can never rely on getting legislation/financial budgets passed. It must therefore try to build a coalition of support from other parties. Therefore minority governments cannot attempt to do anything radical. * Coalition government – where two or more parties take part. There are two conditions that must be me: 1. Ministerial posts are shared between the coalition parties 2. There needs to be an agreement by all the coalition parties as to which policies can be accepted
There had been no coalition government in the UK from 1945 until 2010 – considered to be unnatural.

Different types of coalition: * Majority coalition – formed by 2 parties simply to create parliamentary majority. * Grand coalition – between 2 major parties – formed to create an overwhelming majority. * Rainbow coalition – between a larger number of parties, often of great varying philosophies. Normally one large party and several smaller ones. * National coalition – where all parties/selection of parties are invited to participate. Occur at times of national crisis and are designed to create unity.

Cabinet government in the past

Since the 1960s cabinet government has been gradually eroded and replaced by the notion of ‘prime ministerial government’

Cabinet realities that were taken for granted: * Represented the collective identity of government * Domestic and foreign policies made within cabinet * In order for a policy to be official it would need full cabinet approval * Disputes within government would have been resolved in cabinet * PM had a higher status than his/her colleagues but was often out voted within the cabinet

Cabinet government – A system of government where the cabinet is the central policy-making body.

Prime Ministerial domination

* 1960s PM became increasingly dominant within government, in the same period the role of media was becoming increasingly important. The media were choosing to centre on the PM alone as the spokesperson for the whole government. This caused the PM to be the presenter and the maker of government policy. * Thatcher took prime ministerial domination to a new level; after the election following the Falklands War (1982) Thatcher appeared to dominate the whole government machinery. She became to be either feared or respected by her colleagues. She was respected abroad almost as Churchill had been, and the media concentrated all their attention on her. Ultimately her own cabinet removed her in 1990 after her support for the highly unpopular poll tax. * She was replaced by John Major who brought back cabinet and collective decision-making. However the cabinet proved to be an obstacle in the way of Major’s attempts to improve our democracy. * Tony Blair 1997-2007 set about restoring personal control. He took prime-ministerial control to new heights. His style of leadership was often described as ‘sofa politics’; a form of practice of settling issues with individual ministers privately and informally. Blair’s style was also described as presidential; he often spoke on behalf of the nation rather than the head of government. His total domination of foreign affairs marked Tony Blair as one of the most dominant PMs. * Gordon Brown 2007-2010 could never dominate as Blair had done; he had a lack of media and public support and a gap in his legitimacy since he had never faced the electorate in the general election as a party leader. Commonly described as an ‘unelected PM’ * David Cameron 2010- faces domination within a coalition, where he must share power within 2 parties.

Prime Minister

Generally over the years the Monarch’s role has slowly decreased as more jobs have been put on the PM’s.

Sir Robert Walpole was the first ever prime minister (1720), he became PM because the king decided to appoint someone under the unofficial title of ‘prime minister’. Prime (number one) minister (helper). Until the 19th century the king chose who should be appointed and were all from the House of Lords. However all the government really did up until the 20th century was have control over money and who defends our country etc as the majority of tasks that are in government now weren’t invented back then.

Late 1800’s PM’s started to be chosen from the House of Commons and in 1860’s today’s method of election for the PM came into place, decreasing the role of the Monarch yet again.

The role of prime minister

The prime minister is the head of the UK government. One of the prime minister’s main jobs is to appoint ministers to run the governments departments. Today the prime minister’s authority comes from being the leader of the political party with the MP’s elected to the House of Commons.

Functions

1. Chief policy maker – although this role is clearly shared with other ministers, cabinet and with his party, there is no doubt that the PM is completely pre-eminent in making the governments policy. – Different in a coalition. 2. Head of government – this is a function that covers a number of roles. The PM is in charge of the machinery of government; he can create new posts and new departments as well as abolish them, establish committees and policy units and combine existing ones. This also means he is head of the civil service and can seek advice from its vast machinery. He also chairs cabinet meetings, determining their agenda and controlling the system of cabinet committees that underpins it. But above all, he determines which individuals should hold posts as ministers, senior judges and senior bishops and archbishops of the Church of England. 3. Chief government spokesperson – the PM must be the ultimate source of the official version of government policy to the media. The definitive expression of policy must come from the PM (no matter what party). This can however create an illusion that the PM creates all policy; this is wrong however it does mean that the PM can place his or her own interpretation on all policy. 4. Commander-in-chief of the armed forces – this role is exercised on behalf of the monarch who is no longer permitted to become involved with suck matters except purely on a ceremonial level. It is the PM’s decision and his decision alone whether to commit British troops into battle or not. He may of course seek advice but he has the final say. Examples of this include: * Margaret Thatcher ordered a military task force to the Falkland Islands in 1982 to drive out the Argentine invaders. * David Cameron ordered the Royal Air Force to enforce a ‘no-fly zone’ over Libya during the armed uprising there in 2011. This was later extended to missions to destroy the regime’s ability to carry out operations against the rebels and civilian populations. * We can also add the list of tasks and responsibilities of maintaining national security (controlling terrorism and emergency powers in emergency times such as a war) 5. Chief foreign-policy maker (international statesman) – this is a policy carried out for the monarch. Can mean anything from negotiating with foreign powers, to negotiating and signing treaties, to chairing international meetings. Tony Blair in particular concentrated on this role. The prime minister today must also conduct British relations with the EU. 6. Parliamentary leader – It is the role of the PM to lead his party in parliament. He must decide who shall be minister, but he is also in overall control of the government’s strategy within both houses.

Collective Cabinet Responsibility – all decisions are collectively supported by all members of the government in public for example; Claire Short and Jack Straw resigned from cabinet because they could no follow the principle of ‘collective responsibility’ when Tony Blair wanted to go to war in Iraq (2003)

Prime ministerial government – Prime Minister is at the centre of all policy making
Cabinet government – Cabinet collectively makes the decisions/policies

Sources of PM power and authority * The ruling party – power in parliament and country (members). PM has elective authority. When there is no overall majority, PMs authority comes from the largest party – e.g. Cameron in coalition and agreement with Nick Clegg * Royal Prerogative – Monarch retains power to carry out functions as head of state (theory+law) e.g. commands armed forces. Also appoints and dismisses ministers, decides general election date etc. However today these powers are delegated to PM. * Popular mandate – Party leader has become a significant factor in voting choices. Popular mandate causes stronger authority for PM. * Parliament – PM is a parliamentary leader. Has parliamentary authority with the support of the Hoc.

The PMs own personal qualities also effect the authority and power he/she holds; e.g. Margaret Thatcher

PMs ‘formal’ powers (enjoyable by all PMs) * Appointment and dismissal of ministers * Granting peerages and other honors * Head of civil service * Appointing senior judges and bishops * Commanding armed forces * Head of foreign relations * Maintaining national security * Chairing cabinet meetings

‘Informal’ powers vary according to circumstances * Making government policy * Parliamentary leadership * Controlling cabinet * National leadership

Limitations on PM power * Size of parliamentary majority – if it is low PM can never rely on parliamentary approval. Cameron enjoys a comfortable over other parties thanks to the coalition * Unity of the ruling party – If the PM can maintain a united leadership group then he/she can achieve much more than one who is constantly forced to maintain a cohesion * Public and media profile – when a good profile from the media is lost, the PM becomes a liability. Therefore the ruling party will be unwilling to accept their leadership * Enjoy confidence of cabinet and parliament – this is the ultimate limitation; if cabinet overrules PM there is nothing he/she can do. Policies of PM are meaningless until he/she secures parliamentary approval. Under coalition this becomes problematic * PMs may be hindered by own party opposition – PMs must always be careful not to lose the confidence of their own party (Margaret Thatcher) * Coalition problems – PM no longer in total control over policy. Cannot rely so much on parliamentary majority.

How PM loses power

Previously PMs have lost power by resigning for personal reasons or removed by the electorate

Prime ministerial vs. Presidential p61-266

President is head of state; prime minister is not (Queen). Prime minister does not have Presidents powers!! Just style is developing more like a president.

Ways in which we are more presidential now:

* Media image, very concerned of the media * Use of personal advisors * Effectively the PM is more like a president not legally! * Growth in the importance of foreign military affairs * Spatial leadership – PM’s believe to be ‘separate’ from the rest of the government (above gov)

Ways in which we are prime-ministerial now:

* Office of PM is flexible – what the holder wishes to make of it * Been a change of style rather than substance. Still subject to the constraints that have previously existed. * When PM try to stretch office powers to far, the constraints become increasingly strong * PM has no right to presidential status * David Cameron has been unable to dominate domestic politics

The PM IS now effectively a president | The PM is NOT effectively a president | PM perform most of the functions of a head of state | Has been no permanent change. | PMs now have extensive sources of advice of their own. 10 Downing Street increasingly resembles the inner circle in the presidential White House | In substance the role of the PM has not changed | Media tend to concentrate on PM as personal spokesman for the government | There are important forces that will rein in PM power. | Foreign and military affairs have become more important. The PM dominates these | PM is not actually head of state | Importance of spatial leadership in UK increasingly looks like a presidential style of leadership | |

Growth of 10 Downing Street - Foley

Was originally known as the cabinet office and did not directly involve themselves with policy until 1960s. Has since shifted from serving the government as a whole to mainly serving just the PM. It has also been far more concerned with development of policy. Effectively the PM has several hundred advisors who work for him.

Spatial leadership – PM separates themselves from its other members and so are able to act independently, but also to remain part of t he government itself. Thatcher and Reagan even criticised their own government.

President Blair – Tony Blair brought presidential ‘style’ to new heights. He dominated political agenda, but his preference was in foreign and international affairs. He appeared more comfortable in these roles, was more popular and gained serious respect abroad. However the British resented his presidential style, thus respect abroad was lost by lack of trust at home. The political opposition to him and his government was weak and so it can be said that Blair dominated not through his own efforts but through the failings of others.

President Cameron

Not as dominate as Blair: * Does not secure parliamentary majority * Not as ideologically united * More consensual politician than Blair * Constrained by the need to reduce government debt – unable to complete major reforms

Ministers and Departments

Examples * Treasury * Foreign Office * Department of Justice * Department for women and equality

Each department has two heads (minister + civil servant).
Minister = secretary of state and Civil Servant = permanent secretary.
Minister is normally a cabinet minister with junior ministers below him/her, normally known as ministers of state who do not sit in the cabinet. Private political advisors assist these ministers they help give political advise, etc. All secretaries and ministers of state are appointed by the PM, political advisors are appointed by the ministers themselves.

Ministers | Civil Servants | Appointed for political reasons | Appointed because they have specialist/administrative skills (politically neutral) | Temporary – appointed until PM says so | Permanent – expected to stay | Expected to hold political views and may have their own political agenda | Must have no political agenda, whatever their private views might be | Are politically committed to one party | May only suggest alternatives in a neutral way | Expected to make political decisions | Identify possible outcomes in a neutral way | Have to use judgments about the outcomes of decisions | Cannot be held publicly accountable for what they do | Have a high public profile | Will remain in position even if there is a change of government | Are publicly accountable for the performance of their department | | Will lose office if their party loses power | | TASKS | Set the political agenda | Gather info for policy making | Determine priorities for action | Provide alternative courses for action | Decide between political alternatives | Advise on consequences of decisions | Obtain cabinet and prime-ministerial approval for policies | Draft legislation | Steer proposals through parliament | Provide briefings for other ministers | Be accountable to parliament for policies and their implementation | Advise on implementation methods | Account to parliament for the general performance of their department | Organise implementation of policy | | Draft answers to parliamentary questions |

Open government

Refers to a policy of attempting to allow more access by the media and public to decision-making processes in government.
The freedom of information act 2005 has caused an opening up in the process of government, but progress has remained limited.
The requirement for civil servants to be neutral and anonymous has caused a lot of secrecy in government. So the concept of open government remains more of an aspiration than a reality.

Cabinet committees

A cabinet committee is a small group of cabinet ministers who meet and discuss a specific area of government policy, however most important decisions need wider approval. Some committees are permanent e.g. economic matters and some are temporary e.g. Olympic games. Larger areas of policy making also require specialised sub-committees. Examples of committees are: home affairs, foreign affairs and public expenditure. Over the years committees have effectively taken over the work of the full cabinet. The cabinet in full session does not have the time or information to be able to deal with most matters. The growth in the importance of committees has had an increasing effect on prime-ministerial control as the PM controls the creation of the committees. It is much easier for a PM to control a small group of ministers than the whole cabinet.

Cabinet today 1. When a dispute between ministers cannot be resolved, the matter may be brought to the full cabinet 2. There may also be circumstances where the PM decides that an issue should be resolved by a full cabinet session 3. In times of national emergency it is often seen as desirable that the whole cabinet should back government policies 4. It has become increasingly important for government to present a united front to the media and parliament and to ensure that policy is seen in the most favorable light possible 5. Just as parliament must legitimise all proposed legislation, so too must cabinet legitimise policy proposals and key decisions.

Cabinet under coalition government

Similarities | Differences | Remains dominated by PM | ‘Agreements to differ’ between coalition partners | Meetings are secret | LibDem leaders are to be appointed to cabinet/moved within cabinet | The collective identity of the government | Rules of collective responsibility are now weaker | All members are expected to defend publicly all cabinet decisions | There is a greater risk of conflict so the PM has to take more account of differing opinions |
Cabinet formation – single party

1. Will he chose a ‘balanced’ cabinet, containing all shades of political opinion or will he chose a team that is ideologically united? 2. Which individuals/who should fill the 22 posts that are available in modern cabinet?

What a PM would take into consideration when choosing individuals:

* Political allies from the past * Individual who can represent an important section * Great ability and widely respected? * Great potential and successful? * Old personal friends * Popular figures within public and media? * Political identity of the new government * Extremely able people – ‘will do a good job?’

Cabinet formation – coalition

1. PM must consult with coalition partner 2. Balance of party membership mirrors party strengths in HoC 3. PM must give a prominent role to the leader of the coalition partner

Individual ministerial responsibility

The convention that a minister should resign if their department makes a serious political/personal error. In practice, this usually means that a minister is responsible to parliament and must face questioning and criticism.

* PM must be prepared to face criticism from parliament * Resignations on the grounds of errors/excessive parliamentary criticism have been absent – ministers are much more likely to hang on to their jobs, even in the teeth of criticism * Parliament itself does not have the power to remove an individual minister from office – only the PM can * PM hardly takes responsibility anymore

2011 – immigration scandal – Theresa May blamed
1997 – Michael Cameron refused to resign
2002 – Steven Buyers did resign

Collective responsibility

In the UK all members of the government must collectively support all cabinet decisions, at least in public. It also implies that the whole government stands or falls, as one, on the decisions made by the cabinet.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Pm Ledarskap

...kollegialt styre där vi inte ser Gun och Sven som våra chefer utan mer som våra kollegor som har tagit på sig ansvaret att sköta det här. Men jag har också makt att säga till Gun att, nä den här ekonomistyrningskursen funkar dåligt, nu gör vi om den såhär.” 5. Analys Inom kunskapsöverföringen syns direkt koppling till övergångarna från tyst till explicit kunskap genom sättet respondenterna använder sig av teori med en övergång till praktik för att få en genomslagskraft inom undervisningen med hjälp av internalisering. Denna genomgång sker enligt Tobias Johansson främst i metodavsnittet av kursen eftersom att eleverna kan förstå sig på problemet teoretiskt men inte praktiskt. Genom att förklara hur ett pm ska skrivas, ges inte eleverna tillräckliga kunskaper för att genomföra ett pm arbete. Tobias Johansson förklarar det som att, även om du får det förklarat för dig hur du lagar en punktering, betyder det inte att du kan göra det vid första försöket. Det är i den aspekten som övning, repetition och emulering som klassas som tyst kunskap, ger större genomslagskraft. Den förändringen i lärande som sker mellan respondenterna sker i olika takter och på olika sätt. Tobias Johansson hade t ex en fast synpunkt på att vara den administrativa ledartypen eftersom att han såg att den typen var bristfällig i universitetsvärlden. Han väljer att ändra/förbättra sitt sätt att undervisa inom den ramen samtidigt som de olika stegen först framkommer när han märker att kursen inte fungerar......

Words: 9536 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Pm Questions

...you give us an example of this scenario?” “What type of development process, code, and tools have you worked with?” (This is industry-specific. The tools, processes, and technologies will vary, but this type of “drill-down” question will be asked.) “What are your short-term (1 year) and long term (5 years) goals?”  In addition to the questions above, which are for the most part company agnostic, I also prepare answers for these two questions that are specific to the job and company for which I’m interviewing, since these are ALWAYS asked: “What interests you about this job and company?  “What qualifies you for this job?”  That’s my list! If you’d like to see the original post and comments they were posted in a couple other PM groups: WHAT OTHER COMMON PROJECT MANAGEMENT INTERVIEW QUESTIONS HAVE YOU HEARD? If you have additional questions, or updates to the questions above, please post them here. Let’s help each other prepare for the next time one of us is headed off to a new job interview....

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Southern Cabinet Case

...Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Rio Piedras Facultad Administración de Empresas Departamento de Gerencia Caso Southern Cabinet Company Bill y Mike Norris 26 de noviembre de 2012 Introducción El propósito de este trabajo es evaluar la compañía de Bill, Southern Cabinet Company, para determinar estrategias que mejoren la empresa en la actual difícil situación económica y competencia en la industria. Las mismas estarán basadas en las predicciones del futuro sobre la industria, análisis del macro ambiente y microambiente, y las debilidades y fortalezas que posee la corporación. La unidad de negocios que será evaluada en este trabajo es la venta de gabinetes. Para realizar el análisis de este caso, primero debemos conocer el trasfondo de Bill Martin, el presidente de la compañía. Bill obtuvo su grado de escuela superior y en 1956 fundo la compañía de Southern Cabinet. Al comienzo Bill era el único empleado que había pero ya para el 1984 tenia a 38 personas trabajando con el. La compañía se estableció en una gran área metropolitana llamada Sunbelt. Para concluir el caso, se suministrarán recomendaciones acerca de las estrategias y del análisis realizado para superar las dificultades que atraviesa esta industria. De esta forma, la gerencia puede hacer prosperar el negocio por medio a la ventaja competitiva y crecimiento en potenciales consumidores. Objetivo principal El objetivo principal es determinar las estrategias necesarias para lograr el......

Words: 1885 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Pm Speech

...time. As I have stated earlier also, rapid economic growth is an imperative for our country. Without it, we cannot possibly achieve targets such as removal of poverty, provision of good quality education and health services and creation of new employment opportunities. The average rate of economic growth that we have attained in the last 9 years shows what we are capable of. However, economic growth has slowed down at present and we are working hard to remedy the situation. We have recently taken many steps to speed up the process of government clearances for industry, build an environment more conducive to trade and industry and increase investment in the economy. A special Cell has been set up to help big projects with clearances. The Cabinet Committee on Investment is working to remove hindrances in the way of stalled projects. Inadequate supply of coal had become a major problem affecting our efforts for increasing electricity generation. This has been resolved to a large extent. We will start work on a number of new infrastructure projects in the coming months. This includes 2 new ports, 8 new airports, new industrial corridors and Rail projects. To boost Foreign Direct Investment, we have recently enhanced the limit of such investment in many sectors and made its easier procedurally. In the coming months, we will see visible results of these efforts to increase investment. Our growth will accelerate, new employment opportunities will be generated and there will be......

Words: 2966 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Is Cabinet Government Dead?

...Is cabinet government dead? The cabinet is a ministerial group of the government that deals with certain areas in the country and abroad, There are 22 paid members of the cabinet that deal with many areas, the top man is David Cameron who is the Prime minister and the “First among equals” and because our current government is a coalition we have a deputy PM who is Nick Clegg, David Cameron picks the cabinet and they are not elected into cabinet but still hold onto their constituency, Cameron must pick his cabinet to benefit him and his country, if he places someone in cabinet who is very popular they may then challenge for leadership of the party, but cabinet is always the same, some prime ministers use it differently, like Thatcher and Blair, but is cabinet government dead? In 1979 a new prime minister was entering the government, this person was a lady called Margaret Thatcher, she is said to be the “Iron lady” and a woman that dominated her cabinet, she was knows as a prime minister that ignored her cabinet a lot of time as she was more of a presidential figure in government, but this could of all been different in her cabinet, during the start of her premiership in office she was a weak prime minister and her cabinet was very powerful, she needed something that would allow her to have power in her own government and for the rest of her terms in office, the first factor that helped her was the Iranian Embassy siege, which involved SAS members rescuing hostages in the......

Words: 1226 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

How Poweful Is the Pm?

...The PM is the most powerful person within the British political system, so believe he is now more powerful than ever due to his increased use of royal prerogative powers. The PM is powerful because he is head of the cabinet, including individual ministers and departments. But as important The PM is powerful in the sense that he was the ability to appoint cabinet ministers, dismiss them, promote and demote all ministers in government. He can select around 100 politicians from Commons and the Lords but can demote ministers in government such as Secretaries of States. The PM elects ministers who strongly support his ideologies or support his policies are appointed to respectable positions, whilst inner party opposition peers are selected to junior ministerial roles. These ‘opposition peers’ are often members of factions, in the Conservatives case that could be the “1922 Committee”. The PM can therefore influence their political careers and if careless actions occur this can lead to the end of that career. In October 2013, David Cameron had a cabinet reshuffle and of junior ministerial roles. For example, Baroness Warsi left the role as Tory Party co-chairman and was replaced by Grant Shapps. Andrew Langsley, a well-known MP who was part of the expenses scandal moved to lower profile roles. This would have been done in order to protect the reputation of him, as he wouldn’t want the electorate to think that troublesome/careless ministers still had a large influence in cabinet.......

Words: 1448 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Pm Revision.

...PM Revision. Section B Chapter 1: Project life cycle. There are four stages in the Project Life Cycle. 1. Defining stage. 2. Planning stage. 3. Executing stage. 4. Closing stage. Chapter 4: Draw the WBS. * Defining the Project * There are five steps: Step 1: Defining the Project Scope * Project Scope Checklist 1. Project objective 2. Deliverables 3. Milestones 4. Technical requirements 5. Limits and exclusions 6. Reviews with customer Step 2: Establishing Project Priorities Step 3: Creating the Work Breakdown Structure Step 4: Integrating the WBS with the Organization Step 5: Coding the WBS for the information system Chapter 5: Factors influencing the Quality of Estimation. Quality of Estimates 1. Planning Horizon 2. Project Duration 3. People 4. Project Structure and Organization 5. Padding Estimates 6. Organization Culture 7. Other (Non-project) Factors Chapter 6: How to draw Network diagram & Gantt chart * Draw Network diagram. ( See 162, 163, 166, 169, and 170 in textbook) * Gantt chart. ( See 175, and 176 in textbook) Chapter 9: Ways can reduce project duration. Reducing Project Duration to Reduce Project Cost * Identifying direct costs to reduce project time * Gather information about direct and indirect costs of specific project durations. * Search critical activities for lowest direct-cost activities to shorten project duration. *......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Pm 143

...the leader in workflow consulting”. Beck needs a strategy to get Beck where they want it to go in the future. Beck has to let all employees know the strategy. How can the employees help the company grow if they don’t know what is going on? Beck can be as good or bad as they want it to be. Its just the matter of communicating things so that people feel that they are apart of something instead of a tool to be used. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Reference Item B, p. 27. Ian Palmer, Richard Danford, Gib Akin. (2005). Managing Organizational Change: McGraw-Hill Irwin. [ 2 ]. Item 1 By Amanda Cantrell, CNNMoney.com staff writer March 29, 2006: 6:34 PM EST http://money.cnn.com/2006/03/29/technology/apple_anniversary/?cnn=yes [ 3 ]. Item 2 August 12, 2010, 12:32 pm Hyundai Is ‘On a Roll’ With Car BuyersBy CHERYL JENSEN http://wheels.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/08/12/hyundai-is-on-a-roll-with-car-buyers/ [ 4 ]. Item B, p. 151 Ian Palmer, Richard Danford, Gib Akin. (2005). Managing Organizational Change: McGraw-Hill Irwin. [ 5 ]. Item B, p. 126 Ian Palmer, Richard Danford, Gib Akin. (2005). Managing Organizational Change: McGraw-Hill Irwin. [ 6 ]. Item B, p. 151 Ian Palmer, Richard Danford, Gib Akin. (2005). Managing Organizational Change: McGraw-Hill Irwin....

Words: 2785 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Pm Adaptive

...I would recommend Adaptive project management methodology. The two aspects that make this method appropriate for the potential clients are; “Iterative decision-making or making choices based on learning from the outcomes of decisions previously taken and strategic flexibility or avoidance of irreversible decisions” (Virine, 2008). Adaptive PM will enable the organization to follow a structured PM system but will also provide the ability to change according to the organizations strategic plans and ongoing decision-making process. The organization is withholding the nature of the project; this would guide the project management to a structure that will be supportive the strategic impact, ability to refine the project based on needs, and lessons learned, and flexibility required for this project and the organization. Project management uses different methods to structure the project plan. Project management methodology allow the project manager and the organization to understand and see the project roadmap, milestones, timeline, risks, and manage desired outcome. Some of the methodologies utilized in project management are adaptive, Crystal Methods, Waterfall, and lean. As an example, the Waterfall method would not fit the potential client as its model does not allow change; it is fixed to methods, timelines and specified tasks (Tutorials Point). When analyzing which method is appropriate for the project, the desired outcome and strategic objects need to be clearly......

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Pm Skills

...context of the organisation and how it operates. the PM would have to have a good understanding of the environment in which they are working and the signifigance of events and peoples actions. 3. Briefly explain the differences between functional, matrix and project organisations. Describe how each structure affects the management of the project. Functional organisations are departmentalised into functional areas of common knowledge. A projectised organisation arranges their staff into project teams of various the various skills required to complete projects. Projects are the main output of project organisations such as a construction company. A matrix organisation has a combination of both functional structure and project teams where an individula employee may have 2 managers simaltaneously, say there functional line manager and a Project manager for a project team they are a member of. For example a management Accountant will have a CFO as their functional manager but during ERP implentation they may also report to the project manager in charge of the ERP implementation. The different organisations refelect the different power or infuence a project manager may have. In a functional organisation a PM would have very little or none, within a matrix org they would have more but not total since there would be dotted line reporting to the PM and a more direct report to a functional manager. In a project centric org, the PM would be the the full direct line report to all......

Words: 4586 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Tools for Pm

...Despite this enormous interest in projects and project management practices, success rates in many industries are at alarmingly low levels. In addition, bad news about high-profile projects continues to dominate the headlines – in both the public and private sectors (Venkataraman & Pinto, 2008). A lot of this bad news comes from the PM (Project Manager) not being educated on all the tools at his/her disposal to be better prepared to prevent the project from failing. In order for anything to succeed, it must have a strong foundation and the foundation for project management to succeed the PM should start with a WBS (Work Breakdown Structure). The work breakdown structure is said to be (if not the most important) one of the most important tools a project manager should possess. The WBS provides the basic processes needed in order to start the project such as the development of the schedule, budgeting, cost control, resource distribution, earned value analysis (EVA), and a host of other aspects available to PM to ensure the project starts out on the right track. The WBS is a hierarchy diagram of all the project activities in ordered to give the PM a visual of what should be completed and at what time frame it should be completed in. An example of using a WBS correctly would be building a installing a playground set for a school. The first thing listed on the work breakdown structure would be the project’s name and because installing a playground can have so many......

Words: 1692 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Main Conservative Members of the War Cabinet

...September 2013 Day Monday 30th Early AM Later AM Early PM Later PM Early Eve Later Eve Tuesday 1st Revision for Biology GCSE (1) Revision for Mathematics GCSE (1) Revision for English GCSE (1) Wednesday 2nd school school school Revision for History GCSE (1) Thursday 3rd school school school Revision for Religious Studies GCSE (1) Revision for Biology GCSE (1) Revision for Chemistry GCSE (1) Friday 4th school school school Revision for Mathematics GCSE (1) Revision for English GCSE (1) Saturday 5th school school school Revision for History GCSE (1) Sunday 6th school school school Revision for Religious Studies GCSE (1) Revision for Chemistry GCSE (1) October 2013 Day Monday 7th Early AM school Later AM school Early PM school Later PM Early Eve Revision for Biology GCSE (1) Later Eve Revision for Mathematics GCSE (1) Revision for English GCSE (1) Tuesday 8th school school school Revision for History GCSE (1) Wednesday 9th school school school Revision for Religious Studies GCSE (1) Revision for Biology GCSE (1) Revision for Chemistry GCSE (1) Thursday 10th school school school Revision for Mathematics GCSE (1) Revision for English GCSE (1) Friday 11th school school school Revision for History GCSE (1) Saturday 12th school school school Revision for Religious......

Words: 4403 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Pm Project

...activity List 4. PLM calls PD, CM’s, MEP coordinator and related personnel on a series of meetings for confirmation of activity list 5. PLM prepares the draft of partial network diagram a. b. c. d. e. Page 16 of 61 Project Management ENGG 951 Final Project a. b. c. d. e. f. g. 6. PLM calls PD, CM’s... etc. for series of meetings for confirmation of partial network diagram. 7. Resources are estimated for each Activity 8. CM and MEP coordinator confirm the duration of each activity on the diagram based on the realistic productivity of the labor and the crew size 9. PLM reviews the required resources and duration of activities prepared by the CM’s and MEP coordinator 10. PLM reports the results of review to the project manager(PM) and PD and get the confirmation 11. PLM input those data into the primavera software 12. PLM generates the following reports and plots: Project S-curve Critical path Summarized report by item Summarized report by sub-contractor Required manpower report Required material report Cash flow forecasting report 13. Series of meeting between all related personnel is conducted to finalize the project baseline schedule 14. PLM submits the baseline schedule to the PD for approval Page 17 of 61 Project Management ENGG 951 Final Project 5. Quality Management Plan: This Quality Management Plan establishes basic requirements for the quality management system which is applicable to Commodore Contracting Company. The scope of The Company......

Words: 9927 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Cabinet of Japan

...Powers 3.1 Powers exercised via the Emperor 3.2 Explicit powers 4. Current Cabinet of Japan 5. References 1. Introduction The Cabinet of Japan is the executive branch of the government of Japan. It consists of the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the Emperor after being designated by the National Diet, and up to nineteen other members, called Ministers of State. The Prime Minister is designated by the Diet, and the remaining ministers are appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Diet and must resign if a motion of no confidence is adopted by the Diet. The modern Cabinet was established in December 1885. It replaced the Daijō-kan, the imperial administration since the Nara period, that had been reactivated after the Meiji restoration as its modernized variation. Under the Meiji Constitution, the Prime Minister and the cabinet were appointed by and responsible to the Emperor. Since the Constitution of Japan came into effect in 1947, the cabinet was reformed, with the Prime Minister being elected by the Diet and the cabinet being responsible to the Diet. 2. Appointment Under the constitution, Cabinet ministers are appointed after the selection of the Prime Minister. A majority of the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister, must be members of the Diet, and all members must be civilians. Under the Cabinet Law, the number of Cabinet Ministers (excluding the Prime Minister) must be fourteen or less, but this......

Words: 1209 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Pm 598

...for residential building projects. Used blueprints and wiring diagrams to affect safe and correct work. Installed interior and exterior wiring. Tested voltage, resistance and phase angle in circuits to ensure safety. Operated a variety of tools including power saws, saw zaws, power drills, planers, jointers, and routers. Custom tile installation for bathroom, kitchen backsplash and fireplaces, ceramic tiles, and natural stone: marble, slate, travertine and query tile. XYZ Corp. April 2006 – Mar 2007 Carpenter Any Town, IL Tearing out and replace cabinets and carpet. Replace rotten sub flooring, lighting, and sinks, plumbing and electric. Installation Sheet rock and appliances. Hang interior doors Rout, hinge, shoe molding, caulking, install. BCD Inc. July 2005 – Feb 2006 Lead Carpenter Any Town, IL Residential home additions from start to finish. Replace and Install exterior windows and doors. Interior trim. Cabinet Installation. Building Decks. Install Exterior siding. Sheetrock repairs. Education New York High School June 1995 High School Carpentry Vocational Professional Education June 1997 Other Carpentry and Masonry 1 & 2 SPECIAL TRAINING 1999-2001 Carpenter Training, A1 Institute, New York Construction specialist Woodrow Zellner 2528 Cooks Mine Road Espanola, NM 87532 (111)-362-8858 woodrow_zellner@xymail.com Skills: • Strong familiarity with measuring equipments • Solid background in shaft and tunnel excavations • Experienced in......

Words: 3635 - Pages: 15