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Chapter I


Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis iis an English word that refers to a lung disease that is otherwise known as silicosis. It is the longest word in the English language published in a dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it is "an artificial long word said to mean a lung disease caused by inhaling very fine ash and sand dust."[1]

Silicosis is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust, and is marked by inflammation and scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs. It is a type of pneumoconiosis

Statement of the problem

1. What is the couse of Pneumoconiosis? 2. How can it be prevented? 3. What are the symptoms? 4. How can affect in our body?

5. What are the treatment?

Statement of the Hypothesis
HO1: .A pneumoconiosis cause by inhalation of every fine silicate or quartz dust which is found in volcanic ash.
HO2: Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis is fairly easy to prevent. Most countries do not have any volcanoes or any other places where silica dust exposure is likely. In case you live in one of the countries that does, here are few ways how to prevent this disease:

Do not go in or near an active or non-dormant volcano. Do not expose yourself to silica dust for long periods of time. If or long periods of time, cease breathing. If you are in or near you do happen to be exposed to silica dust for a long period an active or non-dormant volcano, cease breathing. Avoid a place or places that contain volcanoes. Do not inhale volcanic smoke or ash, for it contains silica dust, which causes pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis

HO3: The symptoms of pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis are similar to those of the common cold, except for the nose and mouth symptoms you get with a common cold. Here are the normal symptoms of pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis:
~ an awful cough
~ shortage of breath, or on the contrary, faster breathing
~ weight and appetite loss
~ a hoarse throat
~ increased vulnerability to tuberculosis, a serious lung disease
In addition, the four forms of the disease have some of their own symptoms:
~ Symptoms of the chronic form- swelling in the lungs and chest lymph nodes, as well as the symptoms listed above
~ Symptoms of the asymptomatic form- none
~ Symptoms of the acute form- same as above, plus very severe shortness of breath and low oxygen levels due to inflamed lungs and lungs filled with fluids
~ Symptoms of the accelerated form- same as above, but faster appearing symptoms and swelling.

HO4: . When inhaled, the blood cells release cytokines, stimulating fibroblast stimulation causes fibrosis. The dust also makes silicon-based radicals that release compounds that damage cells.
HO5: There is no specific and definite treatment to completely get rid of pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis, but there are treatments to remove the symptoms:
~ cough medicine
~ bronchodilators (medicine that causes bronchi to widen)
~ more oxygen
~ prescribed antibiotics
~ physical therapy for your chest
Also, if you know you have the disease and know where the source of silica dust is, move away from it to stop the disease from getting worse. And, if the disease does get worse, in some extreme cases people will need lung transplants.

Significance of the Study The researcher research this because they can give an idea to the people who not-known this kind of disease, so that because of this research they can be excellence how to prevent, cured and also they become wakens. Of course not only the readers can be excellence about this disease it also helps to the researcher and their relatives. Jm

Scope and Delimitation To my research I get this by surfing the internet, to get information about Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis, to make the details completed.

Definition of terms
Alcatraz island California in San Francisco bay.
Bootleg make, distribute, or sell illegally.
Cardiac of or relating to the heart.
Conviction the act of proving that a person is guilty of a crime in a court
Crime illegal act in general.
Evasion the action of evading something.
Gamble play games of chance for money; bet
Gangster a member of a group of violent criminals.

Massacre the action of evading something.

Negligible very small or unimportant.

Preferment the action of evading something.

Prohibition the act of not allowing something to be used or done.

Prosecuted institute legal proceedings against an organization.

Racketeer a person who makes money through illegal activities.[1]

Chapter II

Review of the Related Studies

Labor Racketeering

A profitable and common business of the organized criminal appearing after the start of Prohibition was labor racketeering. This type of crime involved the infiltration of gangsters into legitimate business; commonly workers' unions. The power of gangs such as Capone's, which was achieved from their successes in bootlegging, enabled them to make and back up the violent threats necessary to push their way into legitimate business. Anybody who was confronted by a gangster wanting in on their business knew they must yield in fear of being executed.
Alcohol and Al Capone

If in the year 1919--when the Peace Treaty still hung in the balance, and Woodrow Wilson was chanting the praises of the League, and the Bolshevist bogey stalked across .the land, and fathers and mothers were only beginning to worry about the Younger Generation-you had informed the average American citizen that prohibition was destined to furnish the most violently explosive public issue of the nineteen-twenties, he would probably have told you that you were crazy. If you had been able to sketch for him a picture of conditions as they were actually to be--rum-ships rolling in the sea outside the twelve-mile limit and transferring their cargoes of whisky by night to fast cabin cruisers, beer-running trucks being hijacked on the interurban boulevards by bandits with Thompson sub-machine guns, illicit stills turning out alcohol by the carload, the fashionable dinner party beginning with contraband cocktails as a matter of course, ladies and gentlemen undergoing scrutiny from behind the curtained grill of the speakeasy, and Alphonse Capone, multi-millionaire master of the Chicago bootleggers, driving through the streets in an armor-plated car with bullet-proof windows-the innocent citizen's jaw would have dropped. The Eighteenth Amendment had been ratified, to go into effect on January 16, 1920; and the Eighteenth Amendment, he had been assured and he firmly believed, had settled the prohibition issue. You might like it or not, but the country was going dry.

Al Capone's Whiskey Importation Turns into Cocaine Hydrochloride term paper 2175

Al Capone had been a juvenile delinquent and gained his "scarface" nickname after he was slashed across the cheek while working as a night club bouncer. The once small-time thug moved up and up to become the head of a huge villainous organization, believed to be responsible for at least 300 murders. The St. Valentine's Day Massacre in which seven members of a rival gang were lined up against a garage wall and gunned down, is probably the most notorious and bloody killing attributable to Capone's reign of terror in Chicago's 1920's. However, Capone was more prominent in going against the law of prohibition. While alcohol was outlawed, Capone smuggled whiskey from Canada to New York and then on to Chicago. Bringing in this illegal good is what made Capone $105 million in 1927 alone. Although alcohol is now legal, the United States is still a consumer of illegal substances. One of these main illegal imports is cocaine. It is shipped up from Central American countries and then distributed throughout the states. The problem is that it's not just a few key people as it was in the days of Capone, but many take part in this country to country business. The government tries to control the problem, but can't get off as easy as convicting them of tax evasion as it did to Capone.

Al Capone Does My Shirts

Al Capone Does My Shirts is set on Alcatraz Island in 1935. This novel offers an excellent opportunity to explore the challenges of life during the Great Depression, and the further obstacle of living within the compound of a maximum-security prison. There are multiple themes to explore, such as parent and child relationships, peer relationships, bullying, and dealing with disabilities. Though some classes may read the book faster, this novel study offers discussion, research and writing activities, and speaking and listening lessons for a three-week unit. Some activities may require several days to accomplish. For this reason, teachers may wish to select activities that best suit the students in specific classes. Please note that activities for the third week may require reflection on the entire novel. Each of the suggested activities is aligned with the Common Core Standards for Language Arts for grades 4–6.

Al Capone Does My Shirts is a novel by award-winning author Gennifer Choldenko. In this novel, Moose Flanagan and his family move to Alcatraz Island, where Moose's father has gotten a job as both electrician and prison guard for the federal prison situated on the island. Moose misses his friends back home and resents his mother for uprooting the family for another of her schemes to help his sister Natalie be normal. Almost immediately, Moose finds himself in trouble when the daughter of the warden, Piper, draws him into a scheme to make money off of the name of the most famous prisoner at Alcatraz, Al Capone. However, Moose soon learns he does not need Piper to find trouble. Al Capone Does My Shirts is a humorous novel that can also bring a tear to the reader's eye as Moose learns that family is worth fighting for.
The Racketeering of other Gangs Racketeering did not stop with infiltrating only legitimate businesses. Often, powerful gangs would terrorize other inferior gangs in order to steal a certain percentage of their profits. The inferior gangs found themselves faced with the proposition of either being killed and having their businesses destroyed by means such as bombing, or 'donating' some of their proceeds to the superior gangs. Again, as in racketeering in legitimate businesses, these types of threats were validated through the power granted by financial success and a high degree of organization resulting from income gained from bootlegging alcohol.[2]

Chapter III


In order to gather accurate and relative information about the topics the researcher has secured details from the available books found in the library of ST. THERESE ACADEMY and availability of the different websites in the internets for the complete information

Chapter IV

Interpretation and Analysis of Data

Who is Al Capone?

Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947) was an American who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit. His seven-year reign as crime boss ended when he was 33 years old.

Who is Johnny Torrio?

John "Papa Johnny" Torrio (born Giovanni Torrio; January 20, 1882 – April 16, 1957), also known as "The Fox" and as "The Immune", was an Italian-American mobster who helped build the criminal empire known as the Chicago Outfit in the 1920s that was later inherited by his protégé, Capone. He also put forth the idea of the National Crime Syndicate in the 1930s and later became an unofficial adviser to the Genovese crime family.

How Al Capone connected to Johnny Torrio?

Torrio was running a numbers and gambling operation near Capone’s home when Capone began running small errands for him. Although Torrio left Brooklyn for Chicago in 1909, the two remained close. Early on, Capone stuck to legitimate employment, working in a munitions factory and as a paper cutter. He did spend some time among the street gangs in Brooklyn, but aside from occasional scrapes, his gang activities were mostly uneventful.

In 1917, Torrio introduced Capone to the gangster Frankie Yale, who employed Capone as bartender and bouncer at the Harvard Inn in Coney Island. It was there that Capone earned his nickname “Scarface.” One night, he made an indecent remark to a woman at the bar. Her brother punched Capone, then slashed him across the face, leaving three indelible scars that inspired his enduring nickname.

How Al Capone involved to the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre?

Gang warfare ruled the streets of Chicago during the late 1920s, as chief gangster Al Capone sought to consolidate control by eliminating his rivals in the illegal trades of bootlegging, gambling and prostitution. This rash of gang violence reached its bloody climax in a garage on the city’s North Side on February 14, 1929, when seven men associated with the Irish gangster George “Bugs” Moran, one of Capone’s longtime enemies, were shot to death by several men dressed as policemen. The St.

Valentine’s Day Massacre, as it was known, was never officially linked to Capone, but he was generally considered to have been responsible for the murders.

Chicago’s gang war reached its bloody climax in the so-called St. Valentine’s Day Massacre of 1929. One of Capone’s longtime enemies, the Irish gangster George “Bugs” Moran, ran his bootlegging operations out of a garage on the North Side of Chicago. On February 14, seven members of Moran’s operation were gunned down while standing lined up, facing the wall of the garage. Some 70 rounds of ammunition were fired. When police officers from Chicago’s 36th District arrived, they found one gang member, Frank Gusenberg, barely alive. In the few minutes before he died, they pressed him to reveal what had happened, but Gusenberg wouldn’t talk.

Police could find only a few eyewitnesses, but eventually concluded that gunmen dressed as police officers had entered the garage and pretended to be arresting the men. Though Moran and others immediately blamed the massacre on Capone’s gang, the famous gangster himself claimed to have been athis home in Florida at the time. No one was ever brought to trial for the murders.

What is Al Capone case and why?

In 1931, Capone was indicted for income tax evasion for the years 1925-29. He was also charged with the misdemeanor of failing to file tax returns for the years 1928 and 1929. The government charged that Capone owed $215,080.48 in taxes from his gambling profits. A third indictment was added, charging Capone with conspiracy to violate Prohibition laws from 1922-31. Capone pleaded guilty to all three charges in the belief that he would be able to plea bargain. However, the judge who presided over the case, Judge James H. Wilkerson, would not make any deals. Capone changed his pleas to not guilty. Unable to bargain, he tried to bribe the jury but Wilkerson changed the jury panel at the last minute.

The jury found Capone not guilty on eighteen of the twenty-three counts. Judge Wilkerson sentenced him to a total of ten years in federal prison and one year in the county jail. In addition, Capone had to serve an earlier six-month contempt of court sentence for failing to appear in court. The fines were a cumulative $50,000 and Capone had to pay the prosecution costs of $7,692.29.
What the reason of Al Capone died? Al Capone spent the last year of his Alcatraz sentence, which had been reduced to six years and five months for a combination of good behavior and work credits, in the hospital section being treated for syphilis.

He was released in November of 1939 and taken to a hospital in Baltimore where he was treated until March of 1940. For his remaining years, Capone slowly deteriorated while staying at his Palm Island estate in Miami. On January 25, 1947, he died of cardiac arrest.[3]

Chapter V

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation


Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Caponewas an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit. His seven-year reign as crime boss ended when he was 33 years old.

Born in the borough of Brooklyn in New York City to Italian immigrants, Capone was a Five Points Gang member who became a bouncer in organized crime premises such as brothels. In his early twenties, he moved to Chicago and became bodyguard and trusted factotum for Johnny Torrio, head of a criminal syndicate that illegally supplied alcohol the forerunner of the Outfit and that was politically protected through the Unione Siciliana. A conflict with the North Side Gang was instrumental in Capone's rise and fall. Torrio went into retirement after North Side gunmen almost killed him, handing control to Capone. Capone expanded the bootlegging business through increasingly violent means, but his mutually profitable relationships with mayor William Hale Thompson and the city's police meant Capone seemed safe from law enforcement. However, the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre of gang rivals from the North Side Gang damaged Chicago's image, leading influential citizens to demand governmental action.

The federal authorities became intent on jailing Capone and prosecuted him for tax evasion in 1931. The case was highly politicized and both prosecutors and judge later received preferment. During prior and ultimately abortive negotiations to pay the government any back taxes he owed, Capone had made admissions of his income; the judge deemed these statements usable as evidence at the trial, and refused to let Capone plead guilty for a lighter sentence. Capone was convicted and sentenced to a then-record-breaking 11 years in federal prison. On January 25, 1947,Capone died of cardiac arrest after suffering a stroke. Capone's conviction had negligible effect on the prevalence of organized crime in Chicago.

The research questions for this study were:

1. Who is Al Capone? 2. Who is Johnny Torrio? 3. How Al Capone connected to Johnny Torrio? 4. How Al Capone involved to the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre? 5. What is Al Capone case and why? 6. What the reason of Al Capone died? This study is significance for us to know the effect entering crime advantage and disadvantage on this. In order to complete the researcher paper, the researcher gathered accurate and relative information about the topics the researcher has secured details from the available books found in the library of ST. THERESE ACADEMY and availability of the different websites in the internets for the details to complete.

HO1: Yes, while working at the Inn, Capone received his infamous facial scars and the resulting nickname "Scarface" when he insulted a patron and was attacked by her brother.

HO2: Yes. He became part of the notorious Five Points gang in Manhattan and worked in gangster Frankie Yale's Brooklyn dive, the Harvard Inn, as a bouncer and bartender.

HO3: Yes, because On February 28, 1931, Capone was found guilty in federal court on the contempt of court charge and was sentenced to six months in Cook County Jail. His appeal on that charge was subsequently dismissed.

HO4:Yes, by killing who against him using gun or knife

HO5: Yes, His ability to pay off guards and other prison officials made his life there relatively comfortable.


1. John kobler

2. Five point gang

3. Johnny Torrio

4. North Side Gang


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