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Point : Player-Owner Dispute Are Unnecessary

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Point : Player-Owner Dispute Are Unnecessary Kasus ini mengangkat tema perdebatan antara pemain dan pemilik klub olahraga mengenai pembagian keuntungan yang didapat dari liga profesional berbagai cabang olahraga di Amerika Serikat, seperti baseball, bola basket, dan hoki. Pemain dalam kasus ini adalah atlet profesional yang menerima gaji atas penampilan mereka di lapangan, sedangkan pemilik merupakan orang yang menginvestasikan kekayaannya pada sebuah klub olahraga profesional. Dalam olahraga amatir, tujuan utama yang dicapai adalah untuk meraih prestasi tertinggi dan menjadi juara. Olahraga profesional, selain menekankan pada unsur olahraga itu sendiri, juga menekankan pada unsur hiburan dan komersil sehingga jumlah uang yang dihasilkan pada olahraga profesional sangat besar. Penghasilan ini didapat dari hak siar televisi, sponsor, tiket pertandingan, dan hadiah yang didapat untuk setiap kemenangan yang diraih klub olahraga bersangkutan. Penghasilan tersebut masuk ke rekening klub. Sebagian disalurkan untuk menggaji pemain, pelatih, dan staf lainnya, serta untuk pengembangan klub, sedangkan sisanya merupakan keuntungan bagi pemilik klub. Jumlah uang yang dihasilkan dari bisnis olahraga profesional memicu terjadinya konflik antara dua pihak: pemain dan pemilik. Kedua pihak menginginkan bagian yang lebih besar atas keuntungan yang didapat klub. Pemilik sebagai investor merasa memiliki hak paling besar atas keuntungan klub karena mereka telah menginvestasikan kekayaan mereka untuk mengembangkan klub tersebut. Di sisi lain, para atlet merupakan “pekerja” pada industri ini yang setiap hari berlatih demi kemenangan tim. Para atlet lah yang menanggung resiko fisik dalam olahraga profesional sehingga mereka menuntut hak atas resiko yang mereka tanggung. Pihak lain yang terlibat dalam bisnis ini adalah penggemar klub yang rela mengeluarkan uang mereka untuk dapat menonton tim kesayangannya berlaga, membeli merchandise untuk menunjukkan kesetiaan pada tim yang dijagokan. Uang yang dikeluarkan para penggemar merupakan salah satu pemasukan terbesar sebuah klub olahraga profesional. Sebagai contoh, pada musim 2013/2014 rata-rata harga tiket pertandingan San Antonio Spurs adalah $57,25 dengan rata-rata jumlah penonton pada setiap laga kandang sebesar 18.415 per pertandingan. Artinya, untuk setiap laga kandang, San Antonio Spurs memperoleh pendapatan sebesar $1.054.258,75. Jika dikalikan dengan total 41 pertandingan di AT & T Center (markas San Antonio Spurs) maka total pendapatan dari penjualan tiket pada musim 2013/2014 adalah sebesar $43.224.608,75 atau sebesar 25,88% pendapatan klub. Pendapatan yang diterima atlet basket profesional di Amerika Serikat rata-rata sebesar $4.123.384. Jika dibandingkan dengan profesi lain, pendapatan atlet profesional ini jauh lebih besar jumlahnya dibandingkan dengan profesi lainnya yang bahkan lebih beresiko. Para pemilik klub sebagai investor memperoleh pendapatan dengan jumlah yang jauh lebih besar daripada para atlet. Konflik di antara pemain dan pemilik klub mengenai pembagian jumlah pendapatan dari liga olahraga sudah sering terjadi. Para penggemar, sekali lagi, hanya menjadi penonton atas konflik yang berlangsung di antara kedua belah pihak. Pemilik dan pemain, keduanya memiliki penghasilan yang besar, sama-sama memperebutkan jumlah uang yang besar untuk memperkaya diri mereka masing-masing. Konflik semacam ini tidak akan menemukan titik terang selama kedua pihak tetap menuntut bagian yang lebih besar atas pendapatan yang dihasilkan bisnis olahraga profesional sehingga terjadinya konflik tidak akan membawa pengaruh signifikan baik terhadap perkembangan klub, perkembangan bisnis olahraga, maupun terhadap penggemar olahraga bersangkutan. Malah, dengan adanya konflik seperti ini sangat dimungkinkan akan mempengaruhi kinerja tim dalam pertandingan. Oleh karena itu, seharusnya masing-masing pihak sadar bahwa konflik seperti ini tidaklah diperlukan.

Sumber tulisan ini disadur dari:
Anonim. 2014. Average ticket price San Antonio Spurs games (NBA) from 2006/07 to 2013/14 (in U.S. dollars). http://www.statista.com/statistics/220946/nba-average-ticket-price-for-san-antonio-spurs-games/. 12 Oktober 2014.
Anonim. 2014. NBA Team Valuations: San Antonio Spurs. http://www.forbes.com/ teams/san-antonio-spurs/. 12 Oktober 2014.
Anonim. 2014. NBA Attendance Report – 2014. http://espn.go.com/nba/attendance/_/ year/2014. 12 Oktober 2014

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