Premium Essay

Pol Pot

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jordy147
Words 1701
Pages 7
Evaluate the impact of the Khmer Rouge on Cambodian society from 1975-1979

Cambodia became one huge labor camp under the Khmer Rouge. After deposing Lon Nol on 1975, the Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot began one of the most brutal regimes in human history. This not only changed the Cambodian society but also ultimately destroyed it. This was due to the extreme vision of communism, which Pol Pot wanted to implement for a perfect and a peaceful society.

Prince Norodom Sihanouk always tried to maintain Cambodia’s neutrality. But with Laos and Vietnam as its borders, he knew this was impossible. After the assassination of Diem in South Vietnam, Sihanouk condemned America’s policies; in turn he allowed Viet Cong bases in Cambodia. America in regard to this started ‘Operation Menu’ from 1969, to destroy the Viet Cong bases. When Sihanouk went to visit China on 1970, the CIA deposed him because he allowed North Vietnamese and Viet Cong to have sanctuaries in Cambodia. Sihanouk was replaced by pro-American and anti-Communist Lon Nol. This marked an end of a peaceful era in Cambodia.

As soon as Lon Nol gained the power, he ordered the communist to leave Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge and the Viet Cong in retaliation to this launched an attack against the Lon Nol government. After a five year civil war between Lon Nol’s Royal Cambodian army, Viet Cong, North Vietnamese and the Khmer Rouge and over 600 000 Cambodians died, Lon Nol left Cambodia on 1st April 1975. Seventeen days later the Khmer Rouge took over the city with the help of the Vietnamese and Norodom Sihanouk. Many felt relief that the war was over but this relief was short lived.

The Khmer Rouge were a radical political group, which was founded in 1960 as the Khmer Worker’s Party (KWP) under Saloth Sar. Young and Paris educated, Saloth Sar (later changed his name to Pol Pot) and his colleagues developed a...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

An Analysis of Pol Pot's Regime in Light of Machiavelli's the Prince

...matters of the Vietnam civil war by giving favors on both sides. When Lon Nol took over, however, Cambodia suddenly became a part of the Vietnam battlegrounds. He allowed the American troops to bomb away suspected hideouts of South Vietnamese guerillas located in southern Cambodia, resulting bombings that took almost 750,000 lives ( While these things were happening, the number of Khmer Rouge’s members was rapidly increasing. Khmer Rouge’s leader, Pol Pot, was a great admirer of the Maoist communism and launched an extreme campaign of reconstructing Cambodia and eradicating the pollution that “Western Society” inflicted on them. In the Machiavellian point of view, he is a very laudable prince for he was able to gain and expand his power to hold the entire state of Cambodia in his hands. He gave us a glimpse on how to effectively activate the virtú of a leader in order to make both his subjects and soldiers obey his every command. All Pol...

Words: 1547 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Marxism and neglected his studies. He lost his scholarship and returned to Cambodia in 1953 and joined the underground Communist movement. The following year, Cambodia achieved full independence from France and was then ruled by a royal monarchy. Map & Photos Cambodia and surrounding area. Pol Pot addresses a closed meeting in Phnom Penh after the 1975 Khmer Rouge victory. Young Khmer Rouge soldiers in 1975. Tuol Sleng Prison, the nerve center of the Khmer Rouge secret police. Today it's the Tuol Sleng Museum of Genocide. The Killing Fields at Choeung Ek. This mass grave, discovered in 1980, was one of the first proofs to the outside world of what had occurred during Pol Pot's regime. By 1962, Pol Pot had become leader of the Cambodian Communist Party and was forced to flee into the jungle to escape the wrath of Prince Norodom Sihanouk, leader of Cambodia. In the jungle, Pol Pot formed an armed resistance movement that became known as the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodians) and waged a guerrilla war against Sihanouk's government. In 1970, Prince Sihanouk was ousted, not by Pol Pot, but due to a U.S.-backed right-wing military coup. An embittered Sihanouk retaliated by joining with Pol Pot, his former enemy, in opposing Cambodia's new military government. That same year, the U.S. invaded Cambodia to expel the North Vietnamese from their border encampments, but instead drove them deeper into Cambodia where they allied themselves with the Khmer Rouge. From 1969 until......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Consider the Different Communities to Which You Belong: 1. What Is the Geopolitical Community in You Live? Why Is It Geopolitical? 2. What Is a Phenomenological Community to Which You Belong? Why Is It a

...A geopolitical community is a community that is defined by a specific boundary such as rivers, mountain or highways or jurisdictional boundaries which can be politically or geographically influenced. I live in St. Petersburg, FL and is bordered by three bodies of water, the Old Tampa Bay, Middle Tampa Bay, and Lower Tampa Bay, all of which form the Tampa Bay. Statistical and epidemiological studies are frequently based on date from specific geopolitical areas (Maurer & Smith, 2013). This is my geopolitical community because it is a geographical location. I may or may not have anything in common with my geopolitical community beside the location of home. My children do not go to the same school as the kids in the neighborhood. My husband and I work in another area. Our recreational activities usually takes place in other communities. Per Maurer & Smith (2013), the community one belongs to does not necessarily have to be the geographical location, but a community in terms of the members' feeling of belonging or sense of membership. This is a referred to as a phenomenological community. The phenomenological community does not automatically share a geographical location as does the geopolitical community. This type of community is a group of people who have shared similar values, interests, beliefs and goals. Examples of phenomenological communities include religious groups, social groups or profession. My phenomenological communities is my nursing organization,......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Demographic Transition

...Pol Pot Name: Tutor: Course: College: Date: Introduction Pol Pot was a young man who led the Khmer Rouge. Being a leader of the Khmer Rouge, Pol Pot led a rebellion alongside the regime of Cambodia. Due this, he was, therefore, elected leader of Cambodia in the year 1975. Pol Pot’s leadership was cruel, harsh and brutal. For instance, he confidently commanded civilians to move out of towns and cities into the country side. When they discarded his command, he forced them to move. This led to the creation of several camps and farms in the country side. However, the increased movement of people into the country side led to the accumulation of starvation and death of around half a million civilians (Weltig, 2009). As a leader, Pot demonstrated several character traits. His leadership was dominated by several negative traits. For instance, Pot was a harsh, cruel and brutal leader. He was interested in war and rejoiced when his country was under war. When he became the leader of Cambodia in 1975, pot established domination over the capital. He encouraged a war that occurred between his revolutionary army and Vietnamese representatives over border crisis. Compared to the traits mentioned in the text, pot portrays the characters of an infamous leader. Though he failed in his job, Pot had his own set economic goals (Haas, 1991). Pot was a self centered leader who was ignorant about his people’s rights. He was an ignorant leader who exhibited......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Expository Essay

...People with absolute power can either have a positive influence over society and make positive changes to the world, or the detrimental kind resulting in catastrophic loss of human life causing anarchy within societys. Some leaders with absolute power have used their power to change the world and inspire freedom and independence; other leaders have been positively evil and have used their power for influence, personal gain and notoriety. This essay will consider both points of view relating to how it affects the human lives and what effect it has on the society. Idi Amin was best known for his brutal regime and crimes against humanity while in power as President of Uganda from 1971-1979. In his time as leader he sent out killing squads to hunt down and murder those opposed to his views, which included people from every order and rank, including journalists, lawyers, homosexuals and students. He also expelled all Asians from Uganda in 1972. He then soon became known as the “Butcher of Uganda” for his brutality. It is believed that 300,000 people were killed during his presidency. He was once known to of said “You cannot run faster than a bullet” and this just is an example of his evil mind. A further example of a leader using he’s powers in a fatal grievous manner was Kim Jong-IL who was a dictator from North Korea who starved and tortured his people. 200,000 prisoners were held in labour camps, when they were too weak to work as they had been starved, he would either......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Children of Cmabodia

...Through Hell and Back Children of Cambodia’s Killing Fields by Dith Pran is a very moving book about the takeover by the Khmer Rouge under the rule of Pol Pot. It’s filled with stories from survivors who retell their story, and survival of the genocide. All stories were told by adults who went through the regime as children. All were survivors in a part of history. Now the children’s voices of Cambodia’s killing fields can be heard. The book was written to retell a piece of history, and to make sure the history is never lost. The survivors wanted people to be aware of what they had gone through. Sarom Prak wanted people notified what happened to the people of Cambodia (71). They wanted their stories to be heard throughout the world. They don’t want another genocide to happen again in Cambodia, or anywhere around the world. The children are making their stories examples of the pain that can be caused by genocide. They want make sure nobody ever has to go through the pain they had gone through. These children were survivors during a dark time in history in Cambodia. But their stories were not solely to retell their own, but also the ones who couldn’t. The people who died during the regime were never able to let their stories be heard. These stories were also made to honor everyone who died during the Khmer Rouges ruling whether from malnutrition, malaria, getting beat or getting shot. Three different survivors added at the end of their story that they......

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Cambodia is located in southeastern Asia where it borders Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam. In addition, Cambodia is a worldwide export business that exports items such as rice, cotton, and rubber. The Cambodian official language is Khmer, which is the oldest language with written record of any Southeast Asian language in stone inscriptions dating back to the seventh century. The language contains 66 consonant symbols, 35 vowel symbols, 33 superscripts, and 33 subscripts. For that, Khmer is a very hard and complex written language. Historically, Cambodia was conquered by France. At that time, only the elite people were offered a higher education with the French. Only the poor or rural people used the Khmer language. After 1979 and the end of Pol Pot’s rule, Khmer language became used in schools and public literature. Although, the Khmer language is an official language, illiteracy of percentage is high. In rural places, people have problems learning how to read or write Khmer. There are only a few schools in rural areas, and many rural people can’t pay tuition, books, and other resource fee‘s. Elders mainly continue to only speak Khmer while school...

Words: 1262 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Contraversy About Loung Ung

...“Murder! You deserve to die a slow, painful death” (205). One must think that whoever muttered these words must have been stripped of their sanity, but in First they Killed my Father, by Loung Ung, loss of sanity is anything but out of place. After, Loung Ung like many other Cambodians, and her family were forced to leave their homes to go work in the rice fields for little food, to support the war against the Youns. This memoir consists of the terrors she went through as a five year old, until she left for U.S.A as an eight-year old. However, many people question Loung on her credibility and reliability. In this paper we will examine the controversy of whether Loung is worthy of one's trust. There are those who believe that Loung has both reliability and credibility; for she has gone through the genocide and saw many of the horrors that the Khmer Rouge brought unto her people. After Loung had strangles a girl through anger, she was transferred to a child’s labor camp. In this camp, on her “First night at camp the two groups gather around a roaring bonfire and listen to the latest propaganda” (205). This is reliable because there are other stories similar to these. There other articles that back this up, this is verifiable. Then there is when Lounge Ung proves her credibility. One day, when she is living with the Youns,"I watch without the old woman slowly walks to him up to him, hammer in hand...and brings it crashing down into the prisoners head"......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Managing Diversity

...Managing Diversity in the Workplace At workplace, valuing diversity means creating a work environment that respects and includes variation individual by maximizing the potential of all employees or in which every employee feels included. It means acknowledging that other people, other races, other voices, and other cultures have an equal claim on the world. Valuing diversity is the recognition that there are many ways of viewing the world, solving problems, and working together. Diversity in the workforce is rapidly increasing. Businesses and organizations are living up to the great melting pot image the United States has always been popular for. Employees now reflect a diversity of cultural perspectives, ethnic backgrounds, ages, genders, physical abilities, and levels of education. This wave of multiculturalism is here to stay and cannot be ignored. It is in need of attention in order to uphold the well-being and success of businesses and organizations all over the country. . In the workplace it is very common to have co-workers that are of a different ethnic background than yourself as well. I believe that it is a huge benefit to work with people from a different ethnic background. The workplace needs all types of diversity. It is said to have a positive effect. In the workplace, we need diversity to become more inventive and open to change. The behavior of an employee is shaped by relationships with co-workers. To succeed in this highly competitive environment, we......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Youth Sports

...Individual Final Project ETH/125 July 20, 2012 Maudine Johnson Individual Final Project Throughout this course I have discovered a variety of alternate viewpoints about diversity within the United States we have discussed. Feeling more knowledgeable about the subject with a grander appreciation, and realizing that going into personal experiences with an open mind will continue to help me to relate with others. Getting to know someone who is different from you can be challenging, and stepping out of the norm to be willing to listen or observe others and their beliefs will help lead society toward a less discriminatory, and prejudice country. My past had prevented me from taking that extra step to understand others, instead I chose to avoid them because they were not like me or did not share my same beliefs. As a teenager I possibly ignored those who were different than I, in fear of lowering my reputation status. Growing up as a child I was very unaware of the depth of discrimination and prejudice that was lingering in our country. Hawaii is a state where children are sheltered from the rest of the United States. It is almost as if we are in our own world. Although I miss living there near the rest of my family along with the island life, I am extremely grateful that my parents decided to move us to California while I was still young enough to absorb “street smarts” but, I am also thankful that living in Hawaii allowed me to see......

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Multicultural Working Force Training

...Multicultural working force training Diversity can create several challenges to the work force if the employees are not educated on multicultural management. According to Matt Alderton, employers have “got to educate themselves, train their employees and seize interpersonal opportunities that they may previously have skirted.” (Alderton, 2008). Training employees on the different cultures of their co-workers will make it easier for the employees to work with one another and therefore will make for a more trusting and productive working environment. Training employees on the benefits of communicating among themselves should be one of the primary concerns to the multicultural workforce. Not only is communication among co-workers important, but it can help to eliminate frustrations among co-workers and it can also help in the avoidance of serious safety hazards. If you have workers who cannot communicate well, and do not understand the safety regulations and requirements that the company has enforced, they could be endangering themselves and others as well. Communication barriers can easily affect a company and its employees. According to Myelita Melton, president of SpeakEasy Communications, who specializes in diversity education, there are several ways to communicate with employees who speak different languages. These strategies are: 1. Ask questions 2. Offer English instruction 3. Study important words 4. Hire a translator Asking questions to those who do not......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Introduction The novel Ragtime takes place in America in the early 1900's. It illustrates several life stories and destinies all woven together in different ways. Most of the characters in the novel are pure fictitious but some historical men and women from the era are featured. We get to met Houdini, the biggest illusionists of his time, JP Morgan, one of the wealthiest men in America, Henry Ford, the founder of the Ford Motor Company and Emma Goldman, an anarchist and political activist. One of the main characters, and the main focus of this analysis is the Latvian, Jewish immigrant referred to as Tateh. We follow Tateh and his daughter Sha's progression through the different stages of becoming assimilated in the American melting pot that is the American culture. Main Body Tateh and his family arrived to America in the beginning of the nineteenth century. This was a time in history when immigrants, mostly europeans were flowing into New York. Between 1901 and 1910 as many as 8.8 million people arrived from overseas (Duncan and Goddard, 2009:66) all stepping of the boat filled with dreams and hopes of a better life in “the land of opportunity”. The reality in New York was different. The streets were dirty, crime was increasing along with the growing population and assimilation was not easy. “The officials changed names they couldn't pronounce and tore people from their families... “They were despised by New Yorkers. They were filthy and illiterate...”Every......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Psy Team Paper

...the social, economic, and intellectual world. Diversity is valued because it helps to encourage growth, personal and professional (Schaefer, 2012). The important thing to learn is that as a society we can remember that it’s not about Black, White, Asian, Hispanic or Latino ethnicities but constantly focused on being one with my brothers or my sisters. We could use these words in our everyday lives to face any situation at hand (Kolb 2009). At the end of the day it’s about all our differences, melting into one pot and being stirred only to make a change. “The fusing process goes on as in a blast-furnace; one generation, a single year even—transforms the English, German, the Irish emigrant into an American. Uniform institutions, ideas, language, the influence of the majority, bring us in similar complexion; the individuality of the immigrant, almost even his traits of race and religion, fuse down in the democratic alembic like chips of brass thrown into the melting pot” (Munson-Coan, T). This article though written in 1875 says a significant amount about America. I think by 2050 the U.S. population will be going strong ( In the varying cultures, there are some that believe in ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism is one of the...

Words: 1332 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Strategic Quality Mgt & Customer Satisfaction

...Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts MGT-307 September 12, 2011 Farid Dalili Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts I will be discussing in this paper how the organizational culture, organizational behavior, diversity and communication is analyzed at Kaiser Permanente. I will define and explain how Kaiser Permanente uses the terminology and concepts in our hospital. Organizational Culture Organizational culture is the shared beliefs and values that make a difference in the behavior of organizational members. Culture plays an important role in stability and safety in an organization. Organization culture defines an organization's leadership and in order to understand its leadership, it is a must to first understand its culture. “Although it is relatively easy to conclude that what works well in one culture may not work as well in another, it is far harder to specify exactly how cultural differences affect things like motivation, job satisfaction, and ethical behavior.” (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2008). The organizational culture at Kaiser Permanente has started a program called “Live Well Be Well” for their employees. This program has really made a big difference at our facility. The employees have better understanding of their health, motivated to come to work everyday and work ethics have improved as well. . Employees rely on culture for the ability to respond to any circumstances, culture becomes hard core in many......

Words: 733 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Unit 5- Discussion Board

...Unit 5- Discussion Board: Overtime as the United States progressed and became more culturally diverse, the melting pot theory and the American mosaic concept were formed (M.U.S.E., 2010). During the 19th century, the melting pot theory was formed and described as a blending or fusion of society where different cultures and nations and mixed together to form a common culture. More recently, the American mosaic concept was shaped essentially stating people from different cultures and backgrounds come together in harmony adding their own unique contributions to society, otherwise known as multiculturalism. The American mosaic appears to be a bit more realistic in regards to our society. One reason behind this is everyone is different. The blending of different nationalities, cultures, and religions and forming of one common culture seems a bit outrageous. I think it would be truly unrealistic for individuals to give up their true identity, language, and/or culture to become basically one in the same. Additionally, I do not think it’s possibly for one and all to be considered the same when problems such as discrimination still exist (Carliner, 1975). As stated by Xiao-huang (1998), “the Asian-Pacific population in the United States grew from one million in 1965 to over nine million in 1995”(para.2). This is just one example of one ethnic group who has dramatically changed the American demographic. Asian Americans have made many contributions to American society. This......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2