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Polar Molecules Research Paper

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What is a molecule? Well, simply put it's just a group of atoms bonded together. However, there are special molecules; these are polar and nonpolar molecules. Molecules make us up, they are made up of atoms. Which have electrons, electrons are little balls with a negative charge, and like magnets opposite attract. This brings us to electronegativity. Electronegativity is a measure of the tendency towards an atom to attract a bonding pair of electrons. What is a polar molecule? Simply put, it's a particle that has two or more covalently bonded atoms. (A covalent bond is a bond where two atoms share their electrons to become stable ) With an asymmetric distribution of changes, this occurs to molecules that are asymmetric along at least one axis. …show more content…
Water has two hydrogen atoms that are bonded to an oxygen atom; however, the hydrogen atoms always bond with an 180-degree angle. Resulting in an oxygen side and hydrogen side. The oxygen is more unstable, so it's more electronegative than the hydrogen side. This means its oxygen side is more negative, and likewise, the hydrogen is more positive. When in close proximity they align in a lattice structure. This is where the hydrogen side of one faces the oxygen side of another. When frozen a polar molecule will tend to give maximal exposure to its adjacent sides. What could a non-polar molecule be? Simply put, it's a molecule with polar bonds but having a symmetrical molecular structure, or a molecule containing atoms of equal or almost equal electronegative. The electrons are distributed evenly with respect to the origin (middle ). More scientifically a nonpolar molecule is hydrophobic and will only dissolve on lipids (fats ) making it lipophilic. The bonds holding its atoms are generally covalent. This is because it can not form a hydrogen bond. The attractive force exerted is the London dispersion force. The London dispersion force is when one-hundred percent of the electrons in an

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