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Police History Styles and Issues Paper

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Police History, Styles, and Issues Paper Jessica Redfield CJA 204 June 1st, 2015 Erica Veljica

Police officers have been around since back in the colonial days. Back then, they were not called police officers they were called watchmen. Back then, every citizen was a watchmen and they did not receive pay for their duties. However, some wealthy citizens paid others to do their duty for them. People did not start getting paid to Philadelphia started paying them in 1658. Crime started rising as more towns and cities were built this went on to the 1840’s when police became more organized. In the 1840’s New Metropolitan decided that police officers should start wearing uniforms. During this time police also started a movement to patrol 24 hours a day to keep everyone safe. During the Frontier America, the absence of government leads to confusing police reforms. During this time, the U.S Marshall Service was also developed. However, they only enforced federal laws these were politically appointed positions with no pay or training. Over time, Community Oriented Policing Problem Solving (COPPS) was formed. COPPS were lead to foot patrol by officers to bring back police interaction with the community. This was set up to help develop a cooperative bond between the police and the community.
The development of police styles has changed over centuries. Back in 1658 police officers were nonexistent. Every person in the community or town had the duty of protecting their town and dealing with any issues that may arise. Official policing did not occur to the 1840’s. Back then instead of people in the community dealing with issues there were certain officers who were assigned to keep the city and streets safe. Police gained the power to make arrests and another person known as judge now handed down their punishment.
The Department of Homeland Security has many branches under it. The first one is United States Citizenship and Immigration service (uscis). This department handles securing America’s promise of immigration by providing useful information to customers. They also grant U.S citizenship and immigration benefits. The next branch is United States Customs and Border protections (CBP). This department handles protecting our borders and keeping terrorists and weapons out of the U.S it’s also the biggest Department of Homeland Security. Next branch of Homeland security is the United States Coast Guard. (USCG). This department handles protecting the maritime economy and environment. They also defend our maritime borders and save those who are in trouble on the waters. Federal Emergency Management agency (FEMA) supports our citizens and first responders to ensure that if an event happens and need emergency supplies and extra people helping out they have the resources and food they need during a disaster. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLEC) gives career training to all officers and military personal help learn the skills they need to work on the force. United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement promotes homeland security and public security through criminal and governs border control, customs and immigration. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) protects transportations for community and lets citizens ensure freedom of movement. United States Secret Service (USSS) handles keeping president, mayors, governors, and high ranking office protection from any violence that could occur to these people. Management Directorate is works for the Departments risk-reduction mission. Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) provides the federal, state, and local officials with the technology capable of protecting the homeland. Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) works to detect and prevent governments to ensure a coordinated response if a nuclear attack should happen. Office of Health Affairs works to ensure proper preparation for response to incidents of medical significance. Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A) is responsible to act and look into threats that anything that would happen to the United States. Finally, Order of Policy coordinates the focus to develop Department-wide to protect the United States.
Primary focus on police patrol is to protect the citizens on the road and calls. Police get offenders off the street, and better protect the community. Police that make traffic stops can catch drugs, weapons, and offenders who might have warrants for their arrest. Whether it’s on the streets or in schools police try to help the community feel safe and give confidence to people knowing that they are out there to protect the citizens from any crime.
One issue that are affecting police departments is tax cuts. If the department are faced with tax cuts, they may have to remove officers and have a very strict amount of officers on duty and may take longer to respond to emergency calls. Lack of officers could also lead to more danger on the streets. Another are affecting police department’s officers being hurt in the line of duty. With the amount of riots and violence that is happening right now in major cities can take a toll on every officer mentally and physically every day at work, and home.

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