Free Essay

Police Patrol

In: People

Submitted By ayladuee
Words 938
Pages 4
English 215A
Bs Crim 3-2B

Due,Ayla Sophia M.
Manacmul,Roxanne H.
David,Cheryl Rose S.

Topic: POLICE PATROL

I. Definition of Police Patrol II. Goals and objectives of Police Patrol III. Purpose and Importance of Police Patrol IV. Different methods of Patrol V. Effectiveness of Police Patrol in the Community VI. Conclusion

I. Definition of Police Patrol
-According to the microsoft.com/2002/06/27/microsoft-encarta-reference-library-2003 the following are definition of Patrol/Police Patrol.
Patrol may refer to the regular tour made by a guard in a place in order to protect it or to maintain order.
Patrol could mean a person or a group (such as a police or military unit) sent to carry out a tour of duty in a certain place with a particular mission either for reconnaissance purposes or simply to provide protection

(PATROL is the backbone of the police department.the proof of this statement is that patrol force is the only division in the police organization that cannot be eliminated)

II. Goals and Objectives of Police Patrol
The following Goals and Objectives of Police Patrol are from the reference of Mrs.Elaine U. Bayag-O.The primary goals and objective of police patrol are, maintaining order protecting life and property. These are among the basic roles of government and government hires the police to perform these activities. 1. Preventing Crimes- Police attempt to prevent crime by trying to create a sense of omnipresence through routine patrol. 2. Arresting and prosecuting offenders- bringing charges against defendants is one of the primary methods used by the police to maintain order and to protect life and property. 3. Recovering stolen and missing property- Besides all of their other duties the,he police serve as the society’s foremost lost and found department. 4. Assisting the sick and injured- the police generally are the closest government agency to any problem because they are highly mobile. 5. Enforcing non-criminal regulation. 6. Delivering services not available elsewhere in the community. III. Purpose and Importance of Police Patrol
Based on the book of Dr.Agsalda,A.Z.(2007). Handbook on Police Patrol Operations with Police Communication System.Sta.Cruz,Manila:Philipppine College of Criminology-Manila Law College (PCCR-MLC). States the following purposes and importance of Police Patrol.
PURPOSES:
a) To reduce opportunity to commit crimes. b) To safeguard people and property. c) To preserve the peace.
(The Patrol provides the “EAR and EYES” of the department because of it contact with the public.)
IMPORTANCE:
1. Patrol is the essence of the police function. 2. The patrol is the single largest element police organization,and the actions taken by the police officers have a direct impact on ciizens. 3. The patrol function is also the most visible form of police activity furthering the community’s weel being and perception of the level of local government services. 4. The individual patrol officer represents the police organization in its contact with the community. 5. The individual patrol officer plays a major role in determining the quality of justice in a given community. 6. The police administrators must recognize and emphasize that the patrol officer is the most important member of the police organization and that all other police activities must be supportive of the patrol mission.

IV. Different methods of Patrol
From the book of Dr.Agsalda,A.Z.(2007). Handbook on Police Patrol Operations with Police Communication System.Sta.Cruz,Manila:Philipppine College of Criminology-Manila Law College (PCCR-MLC). The following are the different methods of Patrolling: A. Foot Patrol B. Automobile Patrol C. Bicycle Patrol D. Horse Patrol E. Motorcycle Patrol F. Marine Patrol G. Helicopter/Air Patrol H. Canine Patrol I. V. Effectiveness of Police Patrol in the Community * According to the Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment, conducted by the Police Foundation and published in 1974. This experiment tested the impact of three levels of patrolling strength, ranging from no patrol to twice the normal level. The results were surprising there were no differences in victimization, reported crime, fear of crime, public perception of police presence, arrests, traffic accidents, or anything else that was measured. Police patrols (not all police presence, just regular patrols) were virtually eliminated from five beats for an entire year and nobody noticed. Similarly, patrols were doubled in five other beats and nobody noticed. * No matter what the method of officer patrols used in a particular area, the ultimate goal of police officers is to protect and serve. The use of specially trained patrol officers on different types of patrols for specific sections of a city will provide more effective coverage where patrols are needed the most. and especially the people or the community will feel safe and less criminality when there is always a Police Patrol in their area.

VI. CONCLUSION

Today,we know that police visibility is important especially in the areas that always the crime rate is high.As we see police patrol is helpful for the civilians and in the community. When people or the community notice that police patrol is always visible in their area,they feel safe and less crime. Police patrol is very important because it lessens the possible crime that the criminals must commit. Hopefully our government, especially the Philippine national police must be focused on patrol and train more PNP officers for the safeness and peace in our society.

Bibliography microsoft.com/2002/06/27/microsoft-encarta-reference-library-2003 http://what-when-how.com/police-science/patrol-types-and-effectiveness-of-police/
Handbook on Police Patrol operations with Police Communication System
Handouts of Mrs.Elaine U. Bayag-O

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