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Police Report

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Police Report

Shelly Collins

Consider communication types for the prosecution, defense, witnesses, and the judge.

There are several types of different communication types that are used in the criminal justice process. The witness, prosecution, judge, and the defense, all have types of communication to get their points across effectively.

Prosecution

The prosecution uses various forms of both oral and written communication throughout the case, they use indictments, police and investigation reports as well as crime scene photographs. Oral forms of communication include presenting the opening and closing statements and arguments to the jury on the case. Oral communication is also shown between the judge, defense attorney, and prosecutor throughout the case.

Judge

The judge uses both oral and written forms of communication, written forms usually go to the juries which include instructional sheets on how to be a proper juror and written paperwork between both prosecution and defense attorney, which can be anything from a warrant to a bail amount. A judge also listens to the oral statements during the case to ensure the case is handled proper and asks questions or controls the prosecution or defense when needed. A judge may also give instructions to the jury during the case, such as acknowledging a piece of evidence or dismissing one, or dismissing a statement that may contaminate the case and jury. The judge may also hold a person in contempt for acting out in a courtroom or delaying the case, the judge will also make opening and closing statements addressing all those in the courtroom.

Defense

The defense in this situation disputed that Mr. Riff gained the $910.00, from a poker game, the evening of the robbery. Mr. Riff had five eyewitnesses who allegedly seen Mr. Riff collect the cash at the poker game, which included a Canadian five dollar bill. The witnesses stated that the sacks that Mr. Riff was charged with carrying that contained the money were issued to him at the poker game. Mr. Riff testified he grabbed the hammer to use as a security measure for him in order to protect his winnings. The defense disputes Mr. Riff tossed the hammer away prior to arriving home and in no way meant to steal from the market. The defense in this case exercised oral communication by exploiting the redundancy in this case. This was to establish that the eyewitness’s testimonies for this case was oral communication to the arriving officer. Their information was found during the police investigation for this case.

Witnesses

The witnesses in the Minnesota v. Riff case used oral communication when communicating with the police and the defense attorney. During the trial they would have used oral communication as well. The witnesses would also have used visual communication in describing to the judge, the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the jury, what they saw. Also, the witnesses would have used written communication during their personal statements to the police and the attorneys.

References:

National Prosecution Standards. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ndaa.org/pdf/NDAA%20NPS%203rd%20Ed.%20w%20Revised%20Commentary.pdf

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