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Submitted By bankster20
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History of Corrections

Abstract

The following details the history of punishment, or known today as corrections, in the United States court system. The courts once housed inmates in penitentiary during the colonials’ period; where inmates do religious service and work to correct themselves, the correctional system has evolve in major ways since then. The differences of the Pennsylvania system and the Auburn system are discussed. One of these systems allows inmate interaction, while the other does not. Also, how the court systems expedite or increase labor force to deal with increase workload is elaborated.

History of Corrections

Corrections The United State court system is unique to other countries because of the way they deal with criminals. Non-violent criminals are given the opportunity to correct themselves and ingrate back into society; they are not just imprisoned or put to death like other countries such as China. Correction is defined as “the range of community and institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and services for managing criminal offenders.” (Seiter 2011) The United States prison/jail have been dealing with overpopulation issues for quite sometimes, it has come to the point where it is only possible to incarcerate violent offenders for a long period of time because of resource issues. The system had to develop alternative sentence or punishment for nonviolent offenders. The system developed correction programs to ensure that the offenders are punished, but are also rehabilitated to be functional members of society again. The process is known is reintegration, defined as “a belief that after offenders complete their treatment inprison they need transitional care, and that the community must be involved in their successful return to society.” (Seiter 2011) Offenders are given specific deterrence during...

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