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Policing Organizations in America

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Policing Organizations in America Policing organizations in America have different roles and functions at the federal, local and, state level. These roles fall under responsibilities and operational strategies. Although the federal government may be similar to state and local organizations there is difference in the role of federal employee. An Example of a federal agency is the FBI, Homeland security, and the DEA. Employees of this organization are allowed to make an arrest in any state or county, most of the federal agencies “do not provide basic services of protection and criminal investigation” (Walker & Katz, 2008, p. 76), which makes them different from the local and state organizations. Officers employed with the state troopers or highway patrols are employed with the state. Employment at the state level means that an officer is not allowed to make an arrest outside of the state. Officers on the local level are not allowed to make arrest outside of the city or county that employs them. All of these Agencies do have to follow the same code and depend on the federal laws. Police organizations have five primary responsibilities all of these responsibilities work together, which means they have similar structure both operational and administratively. The smaller departments do not have as much management and are much simpler. According to Walker and Katz (2008) “the typical police department is a bureaucracy, with a hierarchical structure and an authoritarian management style.” The large organizations usually have unions and have rank officers. The primary responsibilities the police should follow according to Pearson (1995-2010), are "enforce the law, arrest offenders, prevent crime, preserve the peace, and provide service.]” (summary, para. 2), enforce the law, arrest offenders, prevent crime, preserve the peace, and provide service....

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