Premium Essay

Policing and Society

In: Social Issues

Submitted By croweman33
Words 5063
Pages 21
Jeff Crowe
Policing and Society
Dr. Greenleaf
March 6, 2015
Question 1 The broken windows theory in policing has changed the way many law enforcement agencies, along with the officers within them, have to look at crime. Police have always responded to crime, that is the belief and that has always been their job. What happens, though, when provided with an idea that expresses that crime can be more preventative just by looking at and involving the community to participate? Policing traditionally has always been a response unit, providing its’ service after the fact (after a crime has happened). The broken windows theory counters that traditional style by looking outside of the traditional criminal justice system to see how crime is generated and solutions to fix and prevent it (Trojanowics, 1994). The broken windows theory has views closely related to community policing: The quality of life, as the ultimate goal of policing (Carter & Sapp 1994; Joseph 1994; Kelling and Coles 1996; Skogan 1990; Trojanowics 1994). This type of policing has broadened the goal to assist communities to maintain a safe environment where basic institutions (families, schools, churches, commerce) can effectively operate and thrive within the community (Kelling and Coles 1996). Apprehending criminals is no longer the only focus among law enforcement. Police and their agencies must now adapt to look at what needs to be done to maintain the quality of life in communities as well as alleviate citizen fear of crime. To prevent community decline and crime police agencies must us the strategic measure of disorder control.
Legitimacy refers to the judgments that the citizens make about police authority to make decisions about how to maintain social order and enforce the law. Therefore, (Police Executive Research Forum; PERF, 2014) legitimacy lies within the perceptions of the...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Policing Society Response

...|Discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group including city or state. | Part II Complete the following using the MySocLab Social Explorer Map: Income Inequality by Race located on your student website: • Select 1 racial group from the list below: o African American o Asian American o Arab American o Hispanic American/Latino o White/Caucasian • Write a 250- to 350-word summary of the economic, social, and political standings of that group. Use additional resources if necessary, from the University Library or your textbooks. African American’s have always been known as the lower class, either economically, socially or politically. They have been fighting to find a place in society since the beginning. Socially, they have been kept at the bottom and also were led...

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Policing U.S. Society Response

...Policing U.S Society Response CJS\210 Our government and our police departments have a very funny relationship with each other. They have one of those relationships were they can’t live with each other but they also can’t live without each other. In the US there are many different kinds of policing that fall under criminal justice. Depending on what department it is the government plays many roles. The United States does not have a national police system. Which means that we do not have a federal agency responsible for looking over police agencies to ensure that the minimum standards are meet? The government has made laws police are required to follow but that does not mean they do. An example would be the Miranda, law if the police do not advise you of the Miranda law when you are arrested you have the right to file an appeal once you have been convicted. The appeal would be filed in a federal court giving you a chance to have your case heard again. Many citizens have an issue with that because the police did not follow the law and you have to first be found guilty to even have a chance at the truth coming out. The government also provides police departments with different kinds of grants to help with changing in policing. The state government sets minimum standards for police in some areas. They also have the right to rule in an issue under there state constitution. Then you have the state codes that say what the police can and can’t do in......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

How Policing Is in the Society of the United States

... Assignment: Checkpoint Policing in U.S. Society Response How policing is in the society of the United States The relationship that the government and the law enforcement agencies, policing in society share is that the government makes up the laws. That people in society have to go by, to protect them and others from criminal acts that take place in the communities and the United States. Then they share the laws they made up to law enforcement agencies so when he or she is policing they are knowledgeable, of the new and old laws that they will uses in the field. They will understand how to use them correctly so they can protect people in society, and the country in know how to use it right to be fair with the law in society and U.S. as well. Which is stated by Gary Cordner, and Kathryn Scarborough on the site of www.hsaj.org that says" It was understood that federal laws, state laws, secrecy provisions, and security clearances all affect what can be shared in different situations. Also, it was presumed that most local police had longstanding communication channels with state and federal law enforcement (whether effective or ineffective), but not with intelligence agencies or the military."The relationship between the government, local, and state law enforcement agencies is very good within the community and United States with policing. Its helping them keep the criminal activity in the community, and......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Criminalogy

...Introduction Policing has always been a form of the criminal justice system.  Dating back to early civilization, people have always wanted some form of protection over themselves and their belongings.   Policing arose as a means of social control, subduing Indians through violence, and watching over slaves to prevent them from escaping and causing a riot.  Before the 1830’s, only watchman existed as a form of protection.  It wasn’t until crime began to grow around the 1861 when cities began to establish police forces to fight crime.  With crime and social problems evolving, the United States developed levels of policing.  Policing comes in three stages of development.  The first stage of policing is when the entire community share responsibility equally in contributing to the protection of the citizens and keeping order in the community.  This stage is called informal policing.   The second stage of policing is when the functions of the police are assigned to a specific part of the community or citizens.  This form is called transitional policing.  The third stage is called formal policing.  Formal policing is when certain members of society take an oath to protect and keep order of the community.    As society evolves, policing has gone from informal to formal due to the society going from having beliefs and values similar to society being dependent upon social control.  As a result, there was a little need for formal policing in early civilization because the......

Words: 1274 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cja/214 Week 1 Dq2

...What is policing? What is the definition of policing? There are several different definitions for the word policing. To me policing is the act of trying to maintain and uphold the law. Policing is a practice that has been put in force to maintain social order within society. Serving society in many different avenues, policing can be done through preventing crime, investigating crimes, and maintaining order throughout society. How would you classify the history of policing? I would classify the history of policing as evolving, and my reason for this is that because society is ever changing so in order for effective policing it needs to evolve with society. The policing that is done today is different than it was a hundred years ago, and I believe that effective policing has been done through trial and error, if it is not working or having an positive effect then we can change and tweak the method of policing. Our policing methods need to continue to evolve with the techno savvy society. What aspects of present-day policing would you change? Why? Explain. If I could change anything about the present day policing I would hold the police officers to higher standard. It is done daily were a police car is sitting at a light and will flip their lights on to go through the red light and then turn there lights right off. Where the officers in route to a call if so then why did they turn their lights right off? Maybe they had a good reason or maybe not. I can’t ......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Choose One Global Crime as a Case Study and Critically Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Transnational Policing of This Crime.

...evaluate the effectiveness of the transnational policing of this crime. This essay focuses on money laundering and argues the effectiveness of the transnational policing of this crime; money laundering is one of the world’s most prevailing organised crimes. This essay firstly defines policing from contrasting viewpoints of different philosophers as well as identifying modes of the police. I will explore the modes of policing and various definitions of policing; this essay considers definitions and approaches to policing through a transnational concept with influences from prominent figures within the ideology of transnational policing. The conventional process of money laundering is clarified together with implications of the how this global crime effects other crimes as well as society as a whole. Aided with two case studies I give examples of how money laundering takes place; taking into hindsight the effectiveness of the policing of money laundering. This essay also addresses the connection between money laundering and the risk society theory whilst also taking into consideration the contrasting views of domestic police modes and transnational police modes. Through addressing ways in which money laundering is combated through global organisations such as Interpol, I critically address significant notions of the policing of money laundering. Policing is typically understood as a method of crime control; however the term policing has different definitions. Bittner......

Words: 3023 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Criminal Justice

...Aspects of Policing ROBERT COLOMBO INTRODUCTION TO POLICE THEORY AND PRACTICES/ CJA 214 05282011 MR. ALAN HAZEN Policing is a diverse and prestige way of life. Policing is a subculture within society that is held to a higher standard due to a job that requires one make decisions in reference to taking away free individuals constitutional rights. Within the cultures of the policing society there are rules, policies, and regulations that have to be followed in order to ensure the citizens are being treated fairly but also making sure the law is being enforced correctly and without “Color of Law” violations. Issues such as use of force, utilizing weapons in certain manners at certain times, using technology and resources to best of the abilities of the department and officers within them, and other issues in policing, especially dealing with homeland security. A lot of issues encompass the policing community. Policing or law enforcement is a dangerous way of life. An officer faces the unknown at all times and the results of the wrong technique performed or practiced could result in a disastrous outcome. No matter what the dangers an officer faces there are more and more citizens becoming police officers daily. “Amazingly, though, despite the dangers of the job and the mounting challenges they must face, more than 800,000 sworn law-enforcement officers across our nation put their lives at risk each and every day to keep America safe.” (Floyd, 2007) When an......

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Public Policing vs Private Security

...Public Policing Versus Private Security Trina Burkett AJS/502 March 19, 2012 Dr. Pamela Knothe Public Policing Versus Private Security When comparing public policing to private security there are several similarities and differences between the two roles. Private security is paid by a private company or agency, whereas public policing is paid by government salaries and by tax payers. Public police officers have the authority to enforce laws and protect and serve society. Private security officers are paid to protect private property and personnel. Most of the duties that public policing and private security officers perform are similar. The services that both officers perform are to achieve similar goals, to prevent, and deter crimes. Public policing and private security officers serve as leaders while performing their duties. Public policing and private security officers have a positive impact on the criminal justice system. The impact that both of these companies have on the criminal justice system could be enhanced if both would team up, work together, and look toward the future. Other topics that will be discussed are the importance of a comprehensive security plan and its key components. There are several differences between public policing and private security. Even though both public policing and private security perform the same type of work, private security protects organizations and personnel. Public policing has the authority to enforce the......

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation

...will have a bigger change than the present. Another thing that will be talked about is the connections between the criminal justice system and society. Throughout the years, the connections between the criminal justice system and society have changed and there is a continuing change. It is important that the criminal justice system, any and all parts, and society to have a connection or a relationship. There will be a couple more things that will be discussed. These things are the recent and future trends and contemporary issues that affect the criminal justice system. The value of the criminal justice system in a changing society is another important topic that will be talked about. So, there will be many things talked about. In society today, we rely on our police to protect us in any and all ways that they can. Citizens want to be able to walk the streets and feel safe doing this. Society wants to feel safe in their homes or where ever they are. Years ago, people did feel safe on the street and in their homes. They felt so safe that they could leave their houses unlocked any time, or even their cars and did not have to worry about getting broken into or their cars being stolen. So, in this paper, the past, present, and future will show the differences and how much things have changed when it comes to crime, society, and the criminal justice system. In the past, the way police patrolled was totally different...

Words: 1058 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Policing Functions

...Policing Functions Policing Functions Policing functions are learning from experience, these functions follow current policing functions as well as those from the past. Policing functions at any level, whether it is local, state, or federal can be difficult at times because each level was made by someone or a few individuals carrying out their own ideas and responding to the circumstances that were present at that time. The way the police agencies are functioning now still needs improvement, but it has improved from the way they were functioning in the past. “Law enforcement in the United States is a large and extremely complex enterprise. There are almost 18,000 federal, state, and local agencies, along with a private security industry that employs over a million additional people” (Walker & Katz, 2008). Policing agencies implement many functions in order to protect society. Law enforcement agencies are responsible for maintaining the peace, preventing crime, and to provide the public with a service. These agencies are split up into local, state, and federal levels. These levels can work together, but they mainly work independently from the each other. Even though they may work together, each level has its very own set of responsibilities, techniques, and guidelines. Before society can understand how policing function has changed, society needs to understand what policing function means and how police functions came about. Police functions were identified by......

Words: 1373 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Sir Robert Peel on American Policing

...Sir Robert Peel on American policing Daniel Jackson JR CJA/214 11/26/11 Mark Logan Sir Robert Peel’s Position on Policing to the Diverse Needs of the Modern Day Society The necessity of an orderly society points out to be the most important ingredient of social, political, and economic progress. Many lawyers and magistrates had been trying to contribute to that effect especially those who are public servants. One of these administrators of justice is Sir Robert Peel who had contributed much for the benefit of the society through his famous position on policing to the diverse needs of the modern society. Sir Robert Peel was born last February 5, 1788 at the place called the Chamber Hall near Bury in Lancashire (Bloy, 2008, p. 1). He served twice as a Prime Minister in his country England and had parliamentary career until he died in the year 1850 (Bloy, 2008, p. 1). The family of Sir Robert Peel entered weaving and farming as livelihood in his early years and later moved into textile manufacture business that made them wealthy. There are nine (9) pointers for the position of Sir Robert Peel in policing that made his ideas last until this time. First, the primary mission of the police is the prevention of crime and disorder. There is no other purpose for the establishment of the police in the society but to prevent crimes. Second, police ability to perform their duties depends upon the......

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Police Influence on Society

...Police Influence on Society Stephanie Jennings CJA/344 February 11, 2013 Stephen Humphries Police Influence on Society There are different factors when it comes to the police influence on society. The factors can be both negative and positive on society. The police are in the community to protect and serve. The main purpose of law enforcement is to maintain order and to investigate criminal activity in the United States. The history of American policing was learned from Great Britain and adapted by America. The first ideal people to do the policing were healthy young boys and men that had come over with the Europeans on the first ships to venture to America (Trojanowicz, R. C., 1991). The main reason was to protect themselves from the natives who did not want to share their land. The natives, in time, became more settled and the two groups were able to live more successfully together. Policing became one of the primary duties of the Justices of the Peace. Evolution soon took hold of the colonies and they became cities and towns. This made it more of a priority to organize forms of law enforcement. In 1636, “The Night Watch” was born and it was to be a productive way to control the actions and criminal activities of the area of Boston. New York took the idea in 1651 and created the “Shout and Rattle Watch.” There was success and failures in both cities but Philadelphia felt that policing could be more productive is the area was divided and assigned to......

Words: 751 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Community and Problem-Solving Policing

...Community and Problem-Solving Policing CJS/210 July 17, 2011 Community and Problem-Solving Policing Introduction In the United States today there are modern laws that are used in policing which are called community and problem-solving policing. Both of these are known to be useful in the community and with the law enforcement when trying to prevent and control crime in the community. At the core of problem-solving policing is responding to the matters within each community all across the United States. With that being said community and problem-solving policing are both improvements to the police and society that understands the use for these methods. I am going to talk about community policing. This method of full-service is really personalized policing where police officers patrol and work in the same area day in and day out. Community policing is a law that is brought down from the police department to provide assistance with the public and also inside the community which is very effective in minimizing crime due to the aid received by the police and individuals in the community. As the community develops an involvement of proactive techniques of community policing certain should then be reduced and managed in a safer manner. Police officers on a daily basis face ethical concerns in which they are the ones that are more experience to handle or answer to them. With that being said a lot of those situations due involve letting people get away......

Words: 1220 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Trends in Criminal Justice

...Criminal Justice Practices: Past, Present, and Future Evaluation Paper In today’s society the world relies heavily on policing within their community’ citizens around the world want to feel safe, some as they walk the streets during the day and others while they sleep in their beds at night. Once upon a time citizens felt a great deal safer than they do today. People were not afraid to leave their homes and take strolls through the neighborhood at night, whenever they felt like walking to get some fresh air, thanks to the police. The policing throughout the city and in the neighborhood s made citizens feel safe, people were not afraid to leave their homes and sit outside on their front porches. However, as time began to change the world, policing changed as well. In this paper this author will evaluate the past, present and future trends in the interface between components of the criminal justice system and criminal justice connections with surrounding society which involves policing in the United States of America. Sometimes it’s better to let the things in the past, stay in the past but not when it comes to policing, back in the late 1800s and early 1900s police made people feel safe within their community. Police officers would walk the streets patrolling the neighborhood, standing on street corners talking to the neighbors in the community and actually getting......

Words: 1442 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Policy

... Abstract Community policing is a new idea that has been introduced to law enforcement. The program is federally funded and was created with the intentions of providing citizens the opportunity to work collectively along side with the police to diminish fear and crimes within communities. By examining police departments within the Unites States which has implemented community policing programs, a determination of whether there has been a positive or negative change can be concluded. Community policing, when implemented and organized properly is the ideal situation for police departments and the communities to build an alliance against crime. Community Policing Foot patrol or walking the beat are the many terms used to represent community policing. This community relationship has been a subject of discussion and research since the early 1900’s and still is today (Trojanowicz ,1986). Community policing was established with the idea of local law enforcement and the community working collectively, focusing on reducing and eventually preventing crime and social disorder. The strategy is to achieve a more valuable and proficient crime control, reduce terror of crime and improve quality of life. Community policing also helps the police gain the trust and cooperation of the community by having a strong presence in the area.  Most importantly, community policing helps to empower the community and prevent it from......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6